dailekh jila

dailekh
jila
dailekh ki Nepal mein sthiti
raashtra Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal
kshetr madhya-pashchimaanchal
anchal bheri anchal
kshetr
• kul [
janasankhya (2012)
• kul 2,61,770[1]
samay mandal NPT (UTC +5:45)
Main language(s) nepaali
jaalasthal ddcdailekh.gov.np

dailekh jila Nepal ke bheri anchal ka ek jila hai. dailekh Nepal ke madhya pashchimaanchal vikaas kshetr va bheri anchal ka ek jila hai. yeh ek vikt pahaadi jilon ki shreni me gina jaata hai. is jile ki aakruti tribhujaakaar hai. yahaan ki sabse unchi choti "mahaabulek" aur sabse kam uchaainvaala sthaan "tallo dungeshvar" naamak sthaan hai. is jile ki seemaayein poorv mein bheri anchal ke jaajarakot jila, pashchim mein seti anchal ke achhaam jila dakshin mein bheri anchal ke surkhet jila aur uttar mein karnaali anchal ke kaalikot jile ke saath judi hui hain. is jile ki bhaugolik banaavat ko mukhyataya teen hisson mein baanta jaata hai.

  1. nadi tatiya kshetr tatha maidaani kshetr
  2. madhya pahaadi tatha mahaabhaarat parvat shrrunkhala kshetr
  3. uchch pahaadi tatha himaalayi kshetr

anukram

naamakaran

is jile ka naam iske jila mukhyaalaya dailekh naamak shahar ke naam par rakha gaya hai.[2] is sthaan ka naam "dailekh" kaise pada is sambandh mein kai kahaaniyaan prachalit hain. ek maanyata ke anusaar, praacheen kaal mein yeh sthaan maharshi dadheechi ki tapobhoomi tha is aadhaar par ise "dadhilekh" kaha gaya, baad mein iska naam badalkar dailekh kar diya gaya.

doosari katha yeh hai ki praacheen kaal mein yeh sthaan devataaon ka nivaas sthaan tha isliye ise devalok kaha jaata tha baad mein yeh apabhranshit hokar dailekh mein parivrtit ho gaya. ek teesari vyutpatti yeh bhi hai ki yahaan par tamaam dahi doodh milta hai isliye ise dailekh kaha gaya.

itihaas

dailekh jila baaise raajyakaal mein khas raajya ka sheetakaaleen rajdhani ke roop mein parichit dullu aur belaasapur do raajyaon mein vibhaajit tha. praacheen aur madhyakaal me do raajyaon mein vibhaajit is jileko shaahakaaleen Nepal purnaekeekaran abhiyaan mein gorakhaali Rajkumar bahaadur shaah ne san 1789 ke aaspaas Nepal mein joda gaya tathya aitihaasik varnanon me ullekh hai.[2] jilaake vibhinn jagah par rahe mandir, deval, shilaalekh aadi is jile ka aitihaasik parichay derahe hein. kaha jaata hai ki dailekh jila mukhyaalaya puraano bajaar sthit prasiddh kotagadhi puraana yuddhakilla ke roop mein tha. vi.san. 2009 saal pahile achhaam, surkhet aur jaajarakot jilaaon ke kuchh kshetr is mein jude hue the.[2] raaja rajauta unmulan ain vi.san. 2016 ke baad aadhunik Nepal ka prashaasanik dhaaaincha bamojim Gowda aur vi.san. 2018 saal baad yeh jila poorv me bhaireelek aur katteebhanyajyaaङag uttar mein mahaabulek, pashchim mein karnaali nadi, dakshin mein teenachula bhitr ka bhoobhaag ko dailekh jila ka simaaङakan kiya gaya tha.[2] dailekh jila ka dullu kshetr raana kaalin pradhaan mantri jang bahaadur raana ka baalyakaal biti jagah hai.

dailekh jila ne vi.san. 2007 saal ki kraanti mein pashchim Nepal mein agreem sthaan haasil kiya hai. tatkaaleen bhumeegat nepaali Congress paati ke dailaikh naaule katuvaal nivaasi sher Singh khadka ne kaalikot, jumla, achhaam, doti aadi pashchimi jilon ko kabja kiya tha. isi tarah vi.san. 2036 ka janamat sangrah mein aur 2046 ka jan aandolan mein bhi dailekh ke rang bahaadur shaahi, binod Kumar shaah, mani raaj regmi ganesh bahaadur khadka, Shiv raaj Joshi, rang naath Joshi, govind bandi, hem bahaadur shaahi, hark bahaadur shaahi, purn b. shaahi, bhadr b. shaahi, tark b. baduvaal, bajir Singh bi.k. chidaanand svaami aagi adhikaansh netaaon ne saath diya tha aur vi.san 2063 ka jan aandolan mein bhi upar naam diyegae vyaktion ke saath milkar kuchh naen neta jaise:- thir b. kaarki, ratnesh shreshth, Krishna bi.si. raaj b. budha, Ram prasaad jaisi aadi netaaon saath diya tha.[2]

bhoogol

havaai jahaaj se liya gaya dailekh jila ka chitr
  • akshaans: 28.35" se 29.8" uttar
  • deshaantar: 81.25" se 81.53" poorv
  • simaana: poorv jaajarakot, pashchim achhaam, uttar kaalikot, dakshin surkhet jila
  • kshetrafal: 1502 varg ki.mi. (desh ka kul bhoo-bhaag ka 1.02%)
  • sab se hocha sthaan: samudra satah se 544 mitr (tallo duङageshvar)
  • sab se uncha sthaan: 4168 mitr (mahaabulek)

raajanaitik hisaav se dailekh jila ko 49 ga.vi.s., 2 nagarapaalika, 2 nirvaachan kshetr aur 11 ilaakaaon mein vibhaajit kiya gaya hai:- [2] nadi tat se himaalaya tak faile yahaan ka dharaataleeya svaroop ko nimn likhit 3 hisson mein vibhaajit kiyaajaata hai[2]

  • nadi nirmit tat (544–1000mi.),
  • madhya pahaadi kshetr (1000–2100mi.)
  • mahaabhaarat shrrunkhala evam parvateeya bhoo-bhaag (2100 mi. se upar)

yeh dharaataleeya svaroop ne jila ka kramas: kariv 10%, 37% aur 53% bhoo-bhaag gher rakha hai. madhya pahaadi kshetr mein jila ka 85% se bhi jyaad janasankhya evam basti kendrit hai.[2]

prashaasanik vibhaajan

  • nirvaachan kshetr sankhya=2
  • ilaaka kshetr sankhya=11

dailekh jila mein pehle kul 60 ga.vi.s. (gram panyachaayat) the. 5 ga.vi.s.ko jodakar Narayan nagarapaalika banaaya gaya aur 6 ga.vi.s. ko jodakar dullu nagarapaalika banaaya gaya hain. haal is jila mein 49 ga.vi.s. aur do nagarapaalika rahe he.

sanskruti

dailekh jile mein bibhinn jaateeyon tatha bibhinn dharmaavalambeeyon ka basovaas hai. feer bhi yahaan par hindu dharmaavalambeeyon ki bishesh baahulyata hai. yahaan par hindooon ke sabhi tyohaar manaaye jaate hein. jaise:- dashain, tihaar, maaghi, hori, nayaan barsh, rakshaavandhan, haritaaleeka aadi sabhi tyauhaaron ko hindu dharmaavalambi ke alaava anya dharm ke log bhi manaate hue dekha jaata hai. yeh jila bahu jaati bahu bhaashi hune ke baavajud bhi yahaan hindu sanskruti ko hi jyaada maanyata diya jaata hai. hindu tyauhaaron ke dinon mein sarkaari chhutteeyaan padti hein aur jagah jagah par mele vagahara lagte hein.

paryatan

dailekh jila ek bikt pahaadi jila jarur hai par yeh jila paryatakon ke liye ati ramaneeya sthaan hai. yahaan puraane jamaane ke bane deval, kile, dargaah aadi jile ke har sthaanon par dekhaai dete hain. jaise:-

  1. jila mukhyaalaya nayaan bajaar sthit prashiddh kot gadhi ek puraana kila hai.
  2. bhurti gaanv va raavatakot sthit panyach devalon ko paandavonne banaaya hue nisaani kaha jaata hai.
  3. yahaan "panyachakoshi" naamak ek tirth sthal hai jahaan par paanch alag alag jagah par mandir hain jise panyachakoshi kaha jaata hai. "paaduka", "naabheesthaan", "shreesthaan", "kotila", "dhuleshvar" panyachakoshi tirth ke mukhya sthaan hain. yin sthaanon par kohi na kohi daivik gati vidhiyaan jarur dekha jaata hai. kis hi sthaanon par paani mein aag ki jyoti jalati hui dekha jaata hai to kis hi sthaan par jamin se dhul niklata dekha jaata hai. kaha jaata hai mahaabhaarat kaal mein yudhishtheer ka mukaavala naagarup ke raaja nahush ke saath panyachakoshi sthaan par hua tha. raaja yudhishtheer ne naag rupi nahuk ko gyaan diya tab nahuk mukti ko praapt hue naag rupi nahush ka shir shreesthaan par paau paaduka par naabh naabhisthaan par kaksh kotila par tha is hi tarah dhuleshvar par dhul gira tha.[3]

yis ke saath hi dailekh jila mein kai paryatakiya sthal hein jo paryatakon ka man chura sakte hein.

nepaali bhaasha ka pratham shilaalekh (daamu paal ka shilaalekh)

jila ke madhyapashchim hote bahti chhaamagaad aur poorv ke tarf bahti lohore do nadeeyon ka sangamasthal chupra dailekh jilaaka ati aakarshak bhaugolik sthal maana jaata hai. khas raaja naagaraaj ka himaali raajya ka sheetakaaleen rajdhani dailekh dullukshetr mein avasthit panyachakoshi teerthasthal madhye shreesthaan r naabhisthaan ke bhitr nitya prajvalit jvaala ji Nepal ka raashtriya star ka dhaarmik, aitihaasik tatha paryatakeeya sthal ke roop mein charchit hein. dailekh jila bhurti gaanv isthit ek saath rahe 22 devalon ko vishv sampada sambhaavya soochi mein raakhe gaye hein aur raavatakot gaavan mein rahe panyachadeval dailekh jila mukhyaalaya mein raha kot gadhi r dullu kshetr mein rahe keerti khamba, saat khamba, pataङageni darbaar, jangabahaadur raana ke pita baal narasinh kuvainr ka samaadhi sthal baaleshvar mandir jis ki chinaai puraane jamaane mein udad ka aata bhigokar liun (tagaar) banaakar ki gayi hai. yeh lagaayat anek pauraanik shilaalekh yahaan ke pramukh paryatakiya sthaan hein.[2]

dailekh jila ke paryatakiya sthaan

dailekh jila mein avasthit panchakoshi tirthasthal ka ek mandir jis ka naam hai dhuleshvar mandir

dailekh bhaugolik drushti se ek pahaadi jila hone se yahaan bahut saare paryatakiya kshetr rahe hein. Nepal ka pramookh maana janevaali panchakoshi tirthasthal isi jila mein avasthit hai. is ke saath hi nepaali bhaasha ka pehla shilaalekh dullu sthit daamupaal ka shilaalekh aur vaigyaaniko ke anusaar mrut jvaalaamukhi maanaagaya dhuleshvar is jila mein avasthit hein. is ke saath hi Nepal ka ek maatr petrol, gyaaains tatha mittitel ki khaani bhi is jila mein milne ki sambhaavana hai. praachin mat anusaar duङageshvar mein dadhichi rishi ka aashram raha vishvaas kiya jaata hai. isi tarah back ka lek ko mahaabhaarat ke paatr dronaachaarya ki tapobhoomi dronaachal parvat kahaajaata hai.[2]

dhaarmik sampada

pashchim dailekh ka toleepaata gaanv sthit thaama chaughara maiya ke mandir mein lagi bhaktajanon ki kataar

dailekh jilla devataaon ka vaas sthaan hai yahaan par kai dhaarmik sampadaayein rahe hein. yahaan ke kuchh dhaarmik sampadaaon ka naam prakaar hein.

dailekh jila ka layaaainti vindraasaini ga.vi.s. me raha vindrasaini devi ka mandir
  • buki maiya sthaan
  • bhvaani sthaan
  • panyachakoshi
  • shirsthaan
  • naabhisthaan
  • paadukaasthaan
  • dhuleshvar
  • dungeshvar
  • kotilaasthaan
  • thaama chaughera maiya sthaan
  • vindraasaini mandir
  • tiyaadi sthaan nepa
  • dharmagaddi dullu
  • baaleshvar mandir dullu
  • vilaasapur mandir
  • Narayan mandir
  • shikhar dvaari (ghoda daauni)

saanskrutik sampada tatha deval

bhurti gaanv sthit deval

nuvaakot se Bhaarat ka gadhvaal tak ke bhoo-bhaag mein vibhinn jagah mein praachin kaal mein deval nirmaan kiye gaye hein. parantu sab se jyaada sankhya me deval dailekh jila mein nirmaan kiye hein. sthaaniya jan vishvaas anusaar mahaabhaarat kaal ke paatr paandavon dvaara nirmaan kiye bataae gaye ye deval kyon aur kis prayojan ke liya nirmaan kiyegae hein, is ka aaj tak kohi thos pramaan naheen hai. dailekh jila ke vibhinn kshetron mein rahe deval aur anya sampada nimn prakaar hein.

  • bhoorti mein rahe deval
  • raavatakot mein rahe deval
  • raaneevan ke deval
  • anya vibhinn ga. vi. s. mein rahe deval
  • kirti khamb shilaalekh dullu
  • bhairabi
  • dullu darbaar pataangini ke deval tatha abhilekh
  • daamupaal ka shilaalekh
  • saatakhamb gamaudi
  • praachin dullukot
  • dailekh bajaar sthit kotagadi

paryatakeeya drushtikon se upar ullikhit sabhi sampada sthit sthaanon mein sadak ki pahunch hai. shit kaal mein savaari saadhan se yaatra karna sambhav hai. yeh sampadaaen tak pahunchane ke liya jila vikaas samiti aur gaavan vikaas samiti ke or se nirntar lagaani horahi hai. jitna pahunch ke liye sadak mein lagaani hui hai, is tulana mein yeh sampadaaon ka sanrakshan aur sambardhan mein lagaani ho nahi paaraha hai. sthaaneeya samudaaya ko bhi inki mahatva ke vishay mein samajh nahone ke kaaran yeh amoolya sampadaayein jeern avastha mein pahunche hein.

dailekh jila se udgam hue vibhinn jaateeyaan

dailekh jila ko vibhinn jaat jaateeon ka udgam sthal ke roop mein bhi liya jaata hai kyon ki is jile ke vibhinn sthaanon se udgam hue jaati ke log Nepal aur Bhaarat ke vibhinn jagahon par base hue hein. jaise ki :-

  • dullu se dulaal
  • baasi se basyaal
  • bad se baraal aur badaal
  • lamji se lamjel
  • nepa se Nepal jaati
  • laameechhaani se laamichhaane
  • layaaainti se luiaintel
  • bhurti se bhurtel
  • davada se davaadi
  • paraajul se paraajuli
  • dah se daahaal
  • katti se kattel
  • riju se rijaal
  • humegaanv se humaagaai
  • lamsu se lamsaal

ityaadi jagahon se upar ullekhit jaateeyon ka udgam hua maana jaata hai. upar ullekhit jaat ke log sansaar ke kisi bhi kone mein base hue hon vah log apna udgam sthaan ke roop mein dailekh jila ko pahachaanate hein.[2]

dailekh jila prashaasanik vibhaajan

dailekh jila ke ga.vi.s. aur nagar paalikaaon ka maan chitr

dailekh jila ko 49 ga. vi. s. (gaaun vikaash samiti/ gram panyachaayat), 2 nagar paalika, 2 saansadeeya kshetr aur 11 blaukon mein vibhaajeet kiya gaya hai. dailekh jila ke ga. vi. s./nagarapaalika ke naam soochi:-

  • nagarapaalika
  1. Narayan
  2. dullu
  • ga.vi.s.
  1. aval paraajul
  2. katti
  3. kaal bhairav
  4. kaasikaandh
  5. kaalika
  6. kusaapaani
  7. khareegaira
  8. khadkaavaada
  9. gamaudi
  10. goganapaani
  11. Gauri
  12. chaamunda
  13. chauraatha
  14. jaganaath
  15. jambukaandh
  16. daanda paraajul
  17. tilepaata
  18. toli
  19. toleejaisi
  20. dvaari
  21. naumule
  22. paganaath
  23. pilaadi
  24. piplakot
  25. baraah
  26. badakhola
  27. bada bhairav
  28. baaluvaataar
  29. baansi
  30. bindhyabaaseeni
  31. belapaata
  32. bhairi kaalikaathum
  33. bhavaani
  34. maalika
  35. mehatoli
  36. raakam karnaali
  37. raavatakot
  38. raaneevan
  39. rum
  40. lakaandr
  41. layaanti vindraasaini
  42. laakuri
  43. laalikaanda
  44. visaala
  45. salleri
  46. saattala
  47. singaudi
  48. sinhaasain
  49. seri

sandarbh

dekhein