daara shikoh

Dáará Shikúah with three sages with inscription
Shah Jahan Receiving Dara Shikoh

daara shikoh (janm 20 March 1615 - hatya 10 September 1659) mumataaj mahal ke garbh se utpann mugal samraat shaahajahaaain ka jyeshth putr tatha aurangajeb ka bada bhaai.

parichay

daara ko 1633 mein Yuvraj banaaya gaya aur use uchch mansab pradaan kiya gaya. 1645 mein Allahabad, 1647 mein Lahore aur 1649 mein vah Gujarat ka shaasak (Governor) bana. 1653 mein kandhaar mein hui paraajaya se iski pratishtha ko dhakka pahuaincha. fir bhi shaahajahaaain ise apne uttaraadhikaari ke roop mein dekhta tha, jo daara ke anya bhaaiyon ko sveekaar naheen tha. shaahajahaaain ke beemaar padne par aurangajeb aur muraad ne daara ke dharmadrohi hone ka naara lagaaya. yuddh hua. daara do baar, pehle aagare ke nikat saamoogadh mein (June, 1658) fir Ajmer ke nikat devaraai mein (March, 1659), paraajit hua. ant mein 10 September 1659 ko Delhi mein aurangajeb ne usaki hatya karva di. daara ka bada putr aurangajeb ki kroorata ka bhaajan bana aur chhota putr gvaaliyr mein kaid kar diya gaya.

soofeevaad aur tauheed ke jijnyaaasu daara ne sabhi hindu aur musalmaan santon se sadaiv sampark rakha. aise kai chitr upalabdh hain jinmein daara ko hindu sannyaasiyon aur musalmaan santon ke sampark mein dikhaaya gaya hai. vah pratibhaashaali lekhak bhi tha. "safeenaat al auliya" aur "sakeenaat al auliya" usaki soofi santon ke jeevanacharitr par likhi hui pustakein hain. "risaala A hakanuma" (1646) aur "taareekaat A hakeekat" mein soofeevaad ka daarshanik vivechan hai. "akseer A aajam naamak uske kavitaasangrah se usaki sarveshvaravaadi pravrutti ka bodh hota hai. uske atirikt "hasanaat al aarifeen" aur "mukaalam A baabaalaal O daaraashikoh" mein dharm aur vairaagya ka vivechan hua hai. "majama al baharen" mein vedaant aur soofeevaad ke shaastreeya shabdon ka tulanaatmak adhyayan prastut hai. 52 upanishdon ka anuvaad usane "seer-A" Akbar mein kiya hai.

hindu darshan aur puraanashaastr se uske sampark ka parichay usaki anek krutiyon se milta hai. uske vichaar ishvar ka shvik paksh, dravya mein aatma ka avataran aur nirmaan tatha sanhaar ka chakr jaise siddhaanton ke nikat parilkshit hote hain. daara ka vishvaas tha ki vedaant aur islaam mein satyaanveshan ke sabandh mein shaabdik ke atirikt aur kaai antar naheen hai. daara krut upanishdon ka anuvaad do vishvaasapathon - islaam aur vedaant - ke ekeekaran mein mahatvapoorn yogadaan hai.

raajaneetik paristhitiyon vash daara mein naastikvaad ki or ruchi hui, yeh nishchit roop se naheen kaha ja sakta. baalyakaal se hi usamein adhyaatm ke prati lagaav tha. yadyapi kuchh kattar musalmaan use dharmadrohi maanate the, tathaapi daara ne islaam ki mukhya bhoomi ko naheen chhoda. use dharmadrohi karaar diye jaane ka mukhya kaaran usaki sarv-dharm-sammishran ki pravrutti thi jisse islaam ki sthiti ke ksheen hone ka bhaya tha.

jaagatik sahishnuta aur Bhaarat mein hindu muslim ekta mein usane atoot vishvaas prakat kiya. in tatvon ko usane sadev dhaarmik prapanchon ke oopar maana.

sandarbh