computer vigyaan

computer vigyaan (computer vigyaan) ke antargat soochana tatha sanganan (computation) ke saiddhaantik aadhaaron adhyayan kiya jaata hai aur saath mein in siddhaanton ko computer pranaaliyon mein vyavahaar mein laane ki vidhiyon ka adhyayan kiya jaata hai. computer vigyaan ko praaya: kalan vidhiyon ke vidhivt (systematic) adhyayan ke roop mein dekha jaata hai aur computer vigyaan ka mool prashn yahi hai - kaun sa kaam (dakshataapoorvak) svat: kiya ja sakta hai? (What can be (efficiently) automated?)

computer vigyaan ke vividh kshetr

computer vigyaan mein bahut se up-kshetr hain. computer vigyaan se sambandhit kuchh sangathanon ke anusaar computer vigyaan ke chaar pradhaan kshetr hain jo is prakaar hain -

  • sanganan ka siddhaant (theory of computation)
  • kalan-vidhiyaaain evam aankadon ki sanrachana (algorithms and data structures)
  • prograaman vidhiyaaain evam prograaman bhaashaaeain (programming methodology and languages)
  • computer ke avayav tatha computer-shilp (computer elements and architecture)

uparokt ke alaava nimnalikhit upavishyon ko bhi computer vigyaan ke liye mahatvapoorn maana jaata hai-

  • sauftaver abhiyaantriki (software engineering)
  • krutrim buddhimtta (artificial intelligence)
  • sanganakeeya tantr-jaal evam sampreshan (computer networking and communication)
  • detaabes pranaali, saamaanaantar sanganan (database systems, parallel computation)
  • vitrit sanganan (distributed computation)
  • sanganak-maanav vaarta (computer-human interaction)
  • sanganakeeya chitrakala, parichaalan pranaali; aur(computer graphics, operating systems; and)
  • sankhyaatmak evam prateekaatmak sanganan (numerical and symbolic computation)

baahari kadiyaaain