chirsammat bhautiki

aadhunik bhautiki ke chaar pramukh kshetr

chirsammat bhautiki (klaasikl fijiks) bhautik vigyaan ki vah shaakha hai jismein dravya aur oorja do alag avadhaaranaaen hain. praarambhik roop se yeh nyootan ke gati ke niyam va Maxwell ke vidyutachumbakeeya vikirn siddhaant par aadhaarit hai. chirsammat bhautiki ko saamaanyat: vibhinn kshetron mein vibhaajit kiya jaata hai. inmein yaantriki (ismein padaarth ki gati tatha us par aaropit balon ka adhyayan kiya jaata hai.), gatiki, sthaitiki, prakaashiki, ushmaagatiki (oorja aur ushma ka adhyayan) aur dhvaniki shaamil hain tatha isi prakaar vidyut va chumbakatv ke parisar mein drushtigochar adhyayan. dravyamaan sanrakshan ka niyam, oorja sanrakshan ka niyam aur sanveg sanrakshan ka niyam bhi chirsammat bhautiki mein mahatvapoorn hain. iske anusaar dravyamaan aur oorja ko na hi to banaaya ja sakta hai aur na hi nasht kiya ja sakta aur keval baahya asantulit bal aaropit karke hi sanveg ko parivrtit kiya ja sakta hai.[1]


anukram

itihaas evam vikaas

bhautik vigyaan ka aarambh chirsammat bhautiki ke vikaas se aarambh hota hai-bhautiki ka vikaas lagbhag 1890 se poorv aarambh ho chuka tha. chirsammat bhautiki mein padaarth va oorja do alag raashiyaan hain. jahaaain vah koi bhi vastu jismein bhaar hai tatha sthaan gherati hai padaarth ki shreni mein aati hai. oorja ko padaarth ke veg/chaal se dekha jaata hai. jiske anusaar jis vastu ki oorja jitni adhik hogi vah utani hi tej gati praapt karegi. chirsammat bhautiki, chirsammat yaantriki, ushmaagatiki va vidyutachumbakeeki ke kshetr mein naamak teen vruhat shaakhaaon mein siddhaant, niyam va avadhaaranaaon ke saath aavashyak roop mein hal ki jaati hai.[2]

bhautik vigyaan ki avadhaarana

mahaan kailatek bhautikshaastri richrd fenamain (1918:1988) ke anusaar vigyaan, brahmaand ke niyamon ka pata lagaane ke prayaas ke roop mein paribhaashit kiya ja sakta hai.[3]

nirdesh tantr

bhautiki ka aarambh kisi saapeksh vastu se hota hai. koi bhi bhautik raashi apne maatrak athva kisi anya raashi ka maapan kisi anya char raashi ke saapeksh kiya jaata hai. dik (samashti) mein kisi bhi vastu athva kan ki sthiti bataane ke liye ek nirdesh bindu ki aavashyakta hoti hai.

visthaapan, veg va tvaran

nirdesh tantr ka siddhaant bhautiki ki anya avadhaaranaaon se seedhe sambandh rakhata hai.

vivran

chirsammat siddhaant ke bhautiki mein kam se kam do matlab hain:

  1. pramaatra bhautiki ke shabdon mein, bhautiki ke praamitrikran rahit siddhaant ko "chirsammat siddhaant" kaha jaata hai.
  2. aapekshikta ke vishisht aur saamaanya siddhaant ke sandarbh mein, "chirsammat siddhaant", chirsammat yaantriki aur gaililiyo aapekshikta jaise anya siddhaanto ka anupaalan karta hai.

kshetr

chirsammat yaantriki
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nyootan ka gati ka dviteeya niyam
itihaas · samayarekha
is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

chirsammat bhautiki mein shaamil bhautiki ke siddhaant:

chirsammat aur aadhunik bhautiki mein antar

ye bhi dekhein

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sandarbh