chili

chili ganaraajya
Repúablica de Chile (Spanish)
uddeshya: "By right or might"
adhikaar se ya taakat se
raashtragaan: Himno Nacional de Chile (Spanish)
rajdhani
(evam sabse bada shahar)
seintiyaago
33°a26′aS 70°a40′aW / 33.433°aS 70.667°aW / -33.433; -70.667
aadhikaarik bhaashaaen Spanish
Demonym chiliyn
Government pratinidhitv lokatantr
svatantrata
pehli raashtreeya sainya sarkaar
ghoshana
maanyata
vartamaan samvidhaan
- jal (%) 1.07²
janasankhya
- June 2009 estimate 16,928,873 (60vaan)
- 2002 census 15,116,435
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
- kul
$243.044 billion (-)
- Per capita $14,510 (-)
HDI (2006) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.874 (uchch) (40vaan)
mudra peso (CLP)
samay mandal anupalabdh (UTC-4)
- Summer (DST) anupalabdh (UTC-3)
Internet TLD .cl
doorabhaash code 56
vidhaai ikaai vaalapaaraiso mein sanchaalit hoti hai..
istar aailaind aur isle saala A gomej shaamil; antaarkatika mein daava kiya gaya 12,50,000 varg kilometer (4,80,000 varg meal) shaamil naheen.

chili dakshin ameriki mein endij parvat aur prashaant mahaasaagar ke beech sthit lamba aur sankara desh hai. desh ke uttar mein peru, uttar-poorv mein boleeviya, poorv mein arjenteena aur dakshin chhor par drek paisej sthit hai. yeh dakshin America ke un do deshon (doosra ikvaador) mein se hai, jiski seemaaen Brazil se naheen milti hai. desh ke pashchim ka poora bhaag prashaant mahaasaagar se laga hua hai, jiski lanbaai 6,435 kimi se bhi adhik hai. dakshin America mahaadveep ke madhya se dakshin chhor tak faile is desh ki jalavaayu mein bhi vividhta dekhi jaati hai.

anukram

naam

shabd chili ki utpatti ke baare mein vibhinn siddhaant hain. 17 veen sadi ke Spanish itihaasakaar Diego di rosels ke anusaar, inkaas ek pikoonche aadivaasi mukhyamantri ke naam ka bhrashtaachaar se akonkaaguaa "mirch" ki ghaati kaha jaata hai ("mukhiya") inka ke samay kshetr jo shaasan tili kaha jaata hai, 15 veen sadi mein vijay. chili naam ke ek shahar aur ghaati vahaan gaya tha, jahaan peroo mein kaasama ghaati, ke saath ki akonkaaguaa ki ghaati ki samaanata ke liye ek aur siddhaant ank.

anya siddhaanton chili ya "samudra samudri pakshi" "pruthvi ki chhor" jiska arth hai ek ameriki mool shabd se apne naam praapt kar sakte hain ka kehna hai; iska matlab yeh ho sakta hai jo maapuche shabd mirch, se "bhoomi samaapt ho jaati hai, jahaan" ya "barf" ya "pruthvi ke gahre bindu" ya to arth kveshuaa chiri, "thand", ya mirch, se. mirch ke liye jimmedaar thaharaaya ek aur mool sthaaneeya star par trile ke roop mein jaana ek pakshi ke geet ki onomaatopoik cheele-cheele-maapuche nakali hai.

Spanish kaunkeestaadoras inkaas se is naam ke baare mein suna hai, aur 1535-36 mein peroo se dakshin Diego di Almagro ki pehli Spanish abhiyaan ke kuchh bache khud ko "mirch ke purushon" kaha jaata antat:, Almagro naam ke saarvabhaumikran chili ke saath shreya diya jaata hai, jaise maapocho ghaati ke naamakaran ke baad. puraane vartani "mirch" "chili" par svich karne se pehle kam se kam 1900 tak angreji mein upayog mein tha.

itihaas

chili ke itihaas mein aam taur par vartamaan chili ke kshetr mein maanav basti ki shuruaat se is din ko lekar baarah avadhiyon mein vibhaajit hai

bhoogol

chili dakshini golaarddh mein sthit ek desh hai. unhonne khud ko ek saptaah mein teen mahaadveepeeya desh, yaani samajhta paas ya teen mahaadveepon par pradeshon ka daava hai. is arth mein, kshetr mahaadveepeeya chili mein baanta gaya hai, dveepeeya chili, 'dveepeeya chili mahaadveepeeya' aur 'dveepeeya chili samudreeya "aur chili antaarkatik kshetr mein upakhand, praadeshik daava sandhi ke praavadhaanon ke anusaar mein nilambit kar diya hai chili unke hastaakshar ke bina, ek hastaaksharakarta hai, jinmein se antaarkatik, ek chhoot ka gathan kiya.

arthavyavastha

seintiyaago mein chili ke keindreeya bank ne desh ke liye keindreeya bank ke roop mein kaarya karta hai. chili mudra chili peeso (CLP) hai. chili maanav vikaas, pratispardha, prati vyakti aay, vaishveekaran, aarthik svatantrata aur bhrashtaachaar ke kam dhaarana mein laitin ameriki deshon ke pramukh, dakshin America ke sabse adhik sthir aur samruddh deshon mein se ek hai. July 2013 ke baad se, chili, isliye ek viksit desh ke roop mein ek "uchch aay arthavyavastha" ke roop mein vishv bank dvaara maana jaata hai aur hai.

janasaankhyiki

chili ki 2002 ki janaganana mein 15 lakh logon ki aabaadi ki soochana di. janasankhya vruddhi ki dar ki vajah se giraavat ka janm dar ko 1990 ke baad se kam ho gayi hai. 2050 tak ki aabaadi lagbhag 2.02 karod logon tak pahunchane ki ummeed hai. desh ki aabaadi ka lagbhag 85 pratishat 40 pratishat greater saintiyaago mein rahane ke saath, shahari kshetron mein rahati hai. 2002 ki janaganana ke anusaar sabse bada sankulan 824000 se 56 lakh logon ke saath greater saintiyaago, 861,000 ke saath greater kaunsepshan aur greater vaalapaaraaiso hain.

vibhaag

1. saanatiaago (rajdhani)

2. kaunsepsion

3. vaalapaaraaiso

4. entofgaasta

5. ikeeke

6. temuko

7. pyorto maunt

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sanskruti

chili ki sanskruti apekshaakrut sajaateeya aabaadi ke saath hi dakshin America ke aaraam karne ke sambandh mein desh ki bhaugolik alagaav ko darshaata hai. aupaniveshik kaal se, chili sanskruti svadeshi (jyaadaatar maapuche) sanskruti ke saath Spanish aupaniveshik tatvon ka mishran kiya gaya hai.

gailari

yeh bhi dekhiye