chhaoo nrutya

chhaau ek aadivaasi nrutya hai jo Bengal, odeesa evam Jharkhand me lokpriya hai. iske teen prakaar hai- seraikellai chhaau, mayurbhanya chhaau aur puruliaa chhaau.

anukram

itihaas

kuchh vidvaanon ka maanana hai ki "chhaau" shabd sanskrut shabd "chhaaya" se liya gaya hai jiska arth chhaaya ya chhavi hai. sitaakaant mahaapaatr maanate hain ki chhaau shabd "chhaavani"se liya gaya hai jiska arth sainya shivir hai|

svaroop

chhaau nrutya saamarik bhangimaaon aur nrutya ka mishran hai. isame ladaai ki takaneek evam pashu ki gati aur chaal ko darshaaya jaata hai. ismein graameen gruhini ke kaam-kaaj par bhi nrutya prastut kiya jaata hai. ise purush nartak stri ka vesh dharakar karte hain. nrutya mein kabhi kabhi raamaayan aur mahaabhaarat ke ghatna ka bhi chitran hota hai. yeh nrutya jyaadaatar raat ko ek anaavritya kshetr me kiya jaata hai jise akhnd ya asaar bhi kaha jaata hai.

yeh nrutya paramparaagat lok sangeet ki dhun ke saath prastut kiya jaata hai. iske saath prayukt hone vaale vaadyayantron mein tarah-tarah ke dhol, dhumsa aur kharka ke saath mohuri evam shahanaai bhi shaamil hain.


chhaau nrutya ke visheshataaen

chhaau nrutya mukhya tarike se kshetriya tyohaaro me pradarshit kiya jaata hai. jyaadaatar vasant tyohaar ke chaitr parv pe hota hai jo terah din tak chalta hai aur isame pura sampradaaya bhaag leta hai| is nrutya me samprik pratha tatha nrutya ka mishran hai aur isame ladaai ki takaneek evam pashu ki gati aur chaal ko charchit kiya jaata hai| gaanv grahni ke kaam-kaaj par bhi nrutya prastut kiya jaata hai| is nrutya ko purush nartaki karte hai jo paramparagat kalaakaar hai ya sthaniya samudaaya ke log hai| ye nrutya jyaadaatar raat ko ek anaavritya kshetr me kiya jaata hai jise akhnd ya asaar bhi kaha jaata hai| paramparagat evam lok sngit ke dhun me yeh nrutya prastut kiya jaata hai| mohuri evam shahanaai ka bhi istemaal hota hai, tarah-tarah ke dhol, dhumsa aur kharka ka bhi prayog hota hai| nrutya ke vishay me kabhi kabhi raamaayan aur mahaabhaarat ke ghatna ka bhi chitran hota hai| chhaau nrutya mul rup se munda, maahaato, kalindi, pattaanik, samal, daroga, mohanti, bhol, acharya, kar, dube aur saahoo sampradaaya ke logo ke dvaara kiya jaata hai| chhaau naach ke sangeet mukhi, kalindi, dhada ke dvaara diya jaata hai| chhaau nrutya me ek vishesh tarah ka nakaab ka istemaam hota hai jo bngaal ke puruliaa aur seraikella ke sampradaayik aadivaasi mahaapaatr, mahaaraani aur sutradhar ke dvaara banaaya jaata hai| nrutya sngeet aur nakaab banaane evam ka kala aur shilp maukhik rup se preshit kiya jaata hai|


janajaateeya sanbaddhata

chhaau nrutya mul rup se munda, maahaato, kalindi, pattaanik, samal, daroga, mohanti, bhol, acharya, kar, dube aur saahoo sampradaaya ke logo ke dvaara kiya jaata hai| chhaau naach ke sangeet mukhi, kalindi, dhada ke dvaara diya jaata hai| chhaau nrutya me ek vishesh tarah ka nakaab ka istemaam hota hai jo bngaal ke puruliaa aur seraikella ke sampradaayik aadivaasi mahaapaatr, mahaaraani aur sutradhar ke dvaara banaaya jaata hai| nrutya sngeet aur nakaab banaane evam ka kala aur shilp maukhik rup se preshit kiya jaata hai|yeh mukhyat: kshetriya tyohaaro me pradarshit kiya jaata hai. vasant tyohaar ke chaitr parv par terah din tak chhaau nrutya ka samaaroh chalta hai. har varg ke adivaasi is nrutya me bhaag lete hai| Bengal ke mukhyamantri ko vishesh nyota diya jaata evam har saal ve is nrutya ka udaghaatn karte hai|

shailiyaaain

chhau nrutya ka aagmn seraikella me hua jo seraikella jile ke prashaashanik mukhyaalaya jhaarakhnd me maujud hai| puruliaa chhau Bengal ke puruliaa jile me dhum-dhaam se manaaya jaata hai aur mayurbhanya chhau orisha ke mayurbhanya jile me manaaya jaata hai| in teeno me sabse mukhya antar ye hai ki ye teeno shaili nakaab ka istemaal nahi karte hai| jahaan seraikella aur puruliya ke chhau nrutya me nakaab ka prayog hota hai, maturbhanya chhau me nakaab ka istemaal nahi hota hai| seraikella chhau ka takaneek k aagaman is kshetr ke nartaki evam abhineta ke dvaara kiya gaya hai| mayurbhanya chhau ka pradarshan nakaab ke bina hota hai jo ki seraikella chhau se milta julata hai| puruliaa chhau bhi nakaab ka prayog karte hai jo unke lok-kala ko pradarshit karat hai| seraikella aur mayurbhanya chhau ko raajakeeya sangarakshan mila evam puruliya chhau ka vikaas evam prayog khud logo ne kiya| seraikella chhau ke nakaab me bahut hi vistrit tarike se kitrim moti jari ka naksha hota hai| is tarah ka nakaab teen tarah ke maanaveeya charitra ko darshaata hai- saansaarik, chintan, evam hindu puraan ke charitra| kuchh nakaab me pashu-pakshi ko bhi darshaaya jaata hai puruliaa chhau aise nakaab ka istemaal karte hai jo kam vistrit hai evam ve hindu puraan ke tarah-tarah ke charitra aur ghatna ko darshaata hai| ye nakaab k shilp kumhaar ke dvaara kiya jaata hai jo hindu Dave evam devi ke mitti ke murti banaate hai jisk udgam chaurada gaanv me hota hai jo Bengal ke puruliaa jile me sthit hai|

lokapriya maadhyamon mein

  • chhaau nrutya ko 2012 ki hindi film barfi me shaamil kiya gaya hai. bahut saare bngaali film me bhi is nrutya ko dikhaaya gaya hai|

sandarbh

1.Chhau dance of Purulia, by Asutosh Bhattacharya. Pub. Rabindra Bharati University, 1972.

2.Barba, Eugenio; Nicola Savarese (1991). A dictionary of theatre anthropology: the secret art of the performer. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-05308-0.

3.Claus, Peter J.; Sarah Diamond, Margaret Ann Mills (2003). South Asian folklore: an encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-93919-4.


baahari kadiyaaain