chhaandogya upanishd

chhaandogya upanishd samavedeeya chhaandogya braahman ka aupanishdik bhaag hai jo praacheenatam das upanishdon mein navam evam sabse bruhadaakaar hai. iske aath prapaathakon mein pratyek mein ek adhyaaya hai.

anukram

parichay

brahmajnyaaan ke liye prasiddh chhaandogya upanishd ki parampara mein a. 8.15 ke anusaar iska pravachan brahma ne prajaapati ko, prajaapati ne manu ko aur manu ne apne putron ko kiya jinse iska jagat mein vistaar hua. yeh niroopan bahudha brahmavidon ne sanvaadaatmak roop mein kiya. shvetaketu aur uddaalak, shvetaketu aur pravaahan jaibali, satyakaam jaabaal aur haaridrumat Gautam, kaamalaayan upakosal aur satyakaam jaabaal, aupamanyavaadi aur ashvapati kaikeya, naarad aur sanatkumaar, Indra aur prajaapati ke sanvaadaatmak niroopan udaaharan soochak hain.

sanyaas pradhaan is upanishd ka vishay 8-7-15 mein ullikhit Indra ko diye gaye prajaapati ke upadeshaanusaar, apaap, jara-mrutyu-shokarahit, vijidhits, pipaasaarahit, satyakaam, satyasankalp aatma ki khoj tatha samyak gyaan hai.

mukhya maanyataaeain

sankshep mein chhaandogya upanishd ki mukhya maanyataaeain is prakaar hain:

  • srushti ke moolaaranbh mein ek aur adviteeya sat tha jisse asat ki utpatti hui. taittareeya upanishd mein asat se sat ki utpatti batalaai gayi hai, kintu shabd vaibhinnaya rahane par bhi donon ke taatparya samaan hain. is sat ko hi "brahm" kehte hain jisne ek se bahut hone ki ichha se srushtirchana karke usamein jeevaroop se pravesh kiya. is upanishd mein panchatanmaatron athva panchamahaabhooton ka varnan naheen aata balki tej, jal aur pruthvi in mool tatvon ke mishran se vividh srushti ka nirmaan maana gaya hai.
  • samast srushti naamaroopaatmak hai; yahaaain tak ki a. 7 mein naarad ko diye gaye sanatkumaar ke upadeshaanusaar chaturved, shaastr evam vidyaaeain naam roopaatmak hain aur inke mool mein jo nitya tatv hai vah brahm hai jo vaani, aajnyaa, sankalp, man, buddhi aur praan tatha avyakt prakruti se bhi pare apni mahima mein pratishthit hai.
  • jis prakaar nadiyaaain samudra mein vileen hokar samudra ho jaateen aur apni satta ko naheen jaanateen, is tatha anya drushtaanton se uddaalak ne shvetaketu ko samjha diya hai ki srushti ke samast jeev aatm-svaroop ko bhoole hue hain, vastut: unamein jo aatma hai vah brahm hi hai aur is siddhaant ko is upanishd ke mahaavaakya "tatvamasi" mein vaagbaddh kiya hai (6-8-16).
  • 3-16-17 ke anusaar manushya ka jeevan ek prakaar ka yagya hai jiski mahatta ka varnan karte hue kaha gaya hai ki is yajnyaavidya ka upadesh ghor aangirs ne "devakeeputr Krishna" ko kiya. kuchh vidvaanon ki dhaarana hai ki yeh Krishna avataari Bhagwan Krishna hain.
  • 3-14-15 mein purush ko kratumaya kehkar nishchit kiya gaya hai ki jiska jaisa kratu (shraddha) hota hai mrutyu ke pashchaat use vaisa hi fal milta hai. jinhein brahmajnyaaan naheen hua, aise punyakarm karanevaale devayaan aur pitruyaan maargo se punyalokon ko praapt karte hain kintu aajeevan paapaachaar karanevaale tiryak yoni mein utpann hote hain.
  • "sarvan khalvidan brahm", "aatmaivedan sarvan", "tatvamasi" ityaadi vaakya advait ka pratipaadan karte hain.
  • brahmajnyaaan ke liye nitaant aavashyak brahmachintan ke nimitt chitt ki ekaagrata anivaarya hai jiske liye brahm nirdeshak omkaar ki aur brahm ke sagun prateek jaise man, praan, aakaash, vaayu, vaak, chakshu, shrotr, soorya, agni, rudr, aaditya ya marut aur gaayatri ityaadi ki upaasana nirdisht ki gayi hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • satyakaam jaabaal
  • anaamadaas ka potha - chhaandogya upanishd ki prushthabhoomi par aadhaarit pandit hajaari prasaad Dwivedi ka upanyaas

baahari kadiyaaain


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