chekoslovaakiya

Čaaeskoslovensko, Čaaesko‑Slovensko
chekoslovaakiya
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg

Flag of the German Empire.svg
1918–1992 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg

Flag of Slovakia.svg
ध्वज कुल चिन्ह
1920 se dhvaj 1990–1992 tak ka kul chinh
aadarsh vaakya
Pravda víaatěaazí
("satya jeetega"; 1918–1990; check bhaasha)
Pravda zvíaaťaaazí
("sach jeetega"; 1918–1990; slovaaki bhaasha)
Veritas vincit
("sach jeetega"; 1990–1992; laatini bhaasha)
raashtragaan
Kde domov můaaj aur Nad Tatrou sa blýaaska
Location of चेकोस्लोवाकिया
rajdhani praag (praaha)
bhaasha(eain) check aur slovaaki
sarkaar ganatantr
raashtrapati
- 1918–1935 tomaash maasaarik (Tomáaš G. Masaryk, pehla)
- 1989–1992 vaaklaav haavel (Váaclav Havel, antim)
pradhaan mantri
- 1918–1919 kaarel kraamaar (Karel Kramáař)
- 1992 yaan straasaki (Jan Stráaský)
itihaas
- aajaadi 28 October, 1918
- jarman kbja 1939
- jarman kbje se mukti 1945
- bantavaara 31 December, 1992
kshetr
- 1921 1,40,446 km² (54,227 sq mi)
- 1993 1,27,900 km² (49,382 sq mi)
janasankhya
- 1921 est. 1,36,07,385
ghanatv 96.9 /ki.mee² (250.9 /varg meal)
- 1993 est. 1,56,00,000
ghanatv 122 /ki.mee² (315.9 /sq mi)
mudra chekoslovaaki koruna
intaranet uchchatam domen .cs
doorabhaash code +42
vartamaan ISO 3166-3 code: CSHH
1997 ki sardiyon mein 42 doorabhaash code khtm kar diya gaya. usamein aane vaale doorabhaash nanbaron ko nae sire se check ganatantr, Slovakia aur liktenstaain mein baant diya gaya.

chekoslovaakiya madhya Europe mein sthit ek desh hua karta tha jo October 1918 se 1992 tak astitv mein raha. dviteeya vishvayuddh ke dauraan 1939 se 1945 ke ek antaraal mein iska jbaradasti Germany mein vilay kar diya gaya isliye vaastavikta mein yeh desh us jmaane mein astitv mein naheen tha, haalaanki aupachaarik roop se mitrapaksh shaktiyaaain tab bhi ise maanyata deti raheen. 1945 mein soviyt sangh ne iske ek poorvi hisse ko chekoslovaakiya se alag karke apne kshetr ka bhaag bana liya. sheet yuddh kaal mein chekoslovaakiya par saamyavaad (komyunist) shaasan raha aur yeh desh soviyt sangh ke netrutv mein gathit vaarasa sandhi ke mitrapaksh mein shaamil tha. soviyt sangh ke tootane par 1990 mein yahaaain bhi saamyavaad khtm ho gaya. dheere-dheere desh ke do mukhya samudaayon - check aur slovaak - ke beech tanaav badhta raha aur lagne laga ki ve ek raashtra mein milkar naheen rah paaeainge. 1992 mein raayashumaari (logon ka vibhaajan ke prashn par seedha matadaan) ki gayi aur janta ne desh ko baantane ka faisala chuna. 1 January 1993 ko desh bina kisi hinsa ke do alag raashtron mein baaaint gaya jinhein check ganatantr aur Slovakia ke naamon se jaana jaata hai. vishv mein anya deshon ke hue vibhaajanon ki tulana mein yeh bantavaara itne komal aur shaantipoorvak dhang se hue ki is ghatna ko itihaasakaar aur sameekshak kabhi-kabhi 'makhmali talaak' kehte hain.[1]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Building Peace: Practical Reflections from the Field, Craig Zelizer, Kumarian Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-56549-286-8, ... 1992 – Velvet Divorce, Czechoslovakia peacefully separates ...