cheen ki vishaal deevaar

yunesko vishv dharohar sthal
cheen ki vishaal deevaar
vishv dharohar soochi mein ankit naam
चीन की विशाल दीवार
desh Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg cheen
prakaar saanskrutik
maanadand i, ii, iii, iv, vi
sandarbh 438
yunesko kshetr Asia-prashaant
shilaalekhit itihaas
shilaalekh 1987 (11vaaain satr)

cheen ki vishaal deevaar mitti aur patthar se bani ek kilenuma deevaar hai jise cheen ke vibhinn shaasako ke dvaara uttari hamlaavaron se raksha ke liye paaainchaveen shataabdi isa poorv se lekar solahavi shataabdi tak banavaaya gaya. iski vishaalata ka andaaja isi baat se lagaaya ja sakta hai ki is maanav nirmit dhaanche ko antariksh se bhi dekha ja sakta hai.[1] yeh deevaar 6,400 kilometer (10,000 li, cheeni lanbaai maapan ikaai) ke kshetr mein faili hai.[2] iska vistaar poorv mein shaanahaaiguaan se pashchim mein lop nur tak hai aur kul lanbaai lagbhag 6700 ki॰mee॰ (4160 meal) hai.[3] haalaanki puraatatv sarvekshan vibhaag ke haal ke sarvekshan ke anusaar samagr mahaan deevaar, apni sabhi shaakhaaon sahit 8,851.8 kimi (5,500.3 meal) tak faili hai.[4][5][6] apne utkarsh par ming vansh ki suraksha hetu das lakh se adhik log niyukt the.[7] yeh anumaanit hai, ki is mahaan deevaar nirmaan pariyojana mein lagbhag 20 se 30 lakh logon ne apna jeevan laga diya tha.[8]

cheen mein raajya ki raksha karne ke liye deevaar banaane ki shuruaat hui aathaveen shataabdi isaapoorv mein jis samay kui (angreji :Qi), yaan (angreji :Yan) aur jaaho (angreji :Zhao) raajyon ne teer evam talavaaron ke aakraman se bachane ke liye mitti aur kankad ko saanche mein daba kar banaai gayi iton se deevaar ka nirmaan kiya. isa se 221 varsh poorv cheen kin (angreji :Qin) saamraajya ke anatargat aa gaya. is saamraajya ne sabhi chhote raajyon ko ek karke ek akhand cheen ki rachana ki. kin saamraajya se shaasako ne poorv mein banaayi hui vibhinn deevaaron ko ek kar diya jo ki cheen ki uttari seema bani. paanchaveen shataabdi se bahut baad tak dheron deevaarein bani, jinhein milaakar cheen ki deevaar kaha gaya. prasiddhatam deevaaron mein se ek 220-206 E.poo. mein cheen ke pratham samraat kin shi huaang ne banvaai thi. us deevaar ke ansh ke kuchh hi avashesh bache hain. yeh ming vansh dvaara banvaai hui vartamaan deevaar ke sudoor uttar mein bani thi.[9] nae cheen ki bahut lambi seema aakramanakaariyon ke liye khuli thi isliye kin shaasako ne deevaar ko cheen ki baaki seemaaon tak failaana shuroo kar diya. is kaarya ke liye atham parishram evam saadhanon ki aavashyakta thi. deevaar banaane ki saamagri ko seemaaon tak le jaana ek kathin kaarya tha isliye majadooron ne sthaaneeya saadhanon ka upayog karte hue parvaton ke nikat patthar ki evam maidaanon ke nikat mitti evam kankad ki deevaar ka nirmaan kiya. kaalaantar mein vibhinn saamraajya jaise haan, sui, uttari evam jinhonne deevaar ki samay samay par marammat karavaai aur aavashyakataanusaar deevaar ko vibhinn dishaaon me failaaya. aaj yeh deevaar vishv mein cheen ka naam ooncha karti hai, va yunesko dvaara 1987 se vishv dharohar ghoshit hai.

chitr deergha

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain

yeh saancha abhi nirmaanaadheen hai. aap ise poora kar sakte hain.