chaudhari charan Singh

chaudhari charan Singh
चौधरी चरण सिंह

kaaryakaal
28 July 197914 January 1980
poorvavarti moraaraji Desai
paravarti indira gaaaindhi

janm 23 December 1902
Flag of British India noorapur, british Bhaarat
mrutyu 29 May 1987
raajanaitik dal janta party
jeevan sangi gaayatri devi
santaan ajeet Singh (putr)
jayant chaudhari (pautr)

chaudhari charan Singh (23 December 1902 - 29 May 1987) Bhaarat ke saatavein pradhaanamantri the. unhonne yeh pad 28 July 1979 se 14 January 1980 tak sambhaala. chaudhari charan Singh ne apna sampoorn jeevan bhaarateeyata aur graameen parivesh ki maryaada mein jiya.

anukram

jeevani

charan Singh ka janm ek jaat parivaar me hua tha. svaadheenata ke samay unhonne raajaneeti mein pravesh kiya. svatantrata ke pashchaat vah Ram manohar lohiya ke graameen sudhaar aandolan mein lag gaye.

baaboogadh chhaavani ke nikat noorapur gaanv, tahaseel haapud, janapad Ghaziabad, kamishnari Meerut mein kaali mitti ke anagadh aur foos ke chhappar waali madhaiya mein 23 December,1902 ko aapka janm hua. chaudhari charan Singh ke pita chaudhari meer Singh ne apne naitik moolyon ko viraasat mein charan Singh ko saunpa tha. charan Singh ke janm ke 6 varsh baad chaudhari meer Singh saparivaar noorapur se jaani khurd gaanv aakar bas gaye the. yaheen ke parivesh mein chaudhari charan Singh ke nanhein hdaya mein gaanv-gareeb-kisaan ke shoshan ke khilaaf sangharsh ka beejaaropan hua. Agra vishvavidyaalaya se kaanoon ki shiksha lekar 1928 mein chaudhari charan Singh ne imaandaari, saafagoi aur kartavyanishtha poorvak Ghaziabad mein vakaalat praarambh ki. vakaalat jaise vyaavasaayik peshe mein bhi chaudhari charan Singh unheen mukadmon ko sveekaar karte the jinmein muvakkil ka paksh nyaayapoorn hota tha. Congress ke Lahore adhiveshan 1929 mein poorn svaraajya udghosh se prabhaavit hokar yuva charan Singh ne Ghaziabad mein Congress committee ka gathan kiya. 1930 mein mahaatma gaaaindhi dvaara savinya avajnyaa aandolan ke tahat namak kaanoon todane ka aahvaan kiya gaya. gaaaindhi ji ne ''daandi March'' kiya. aajaadi ke deevaane charan Singh ne Ghaziabad ki seema par bahne waali hindan nadi par namak banaaya. parinaamasvaroop charan Singh ko 6 maah ki saja hui. jail se vaapasi ke baad charan Singh ne mahaatma gaaaindhi ke netrutv mein swayam ko poori tarah se svatantrata sangraam mein samarpit kar diya. 1940 ke vyaktigat satyaagrah mein bhi charan Singh girfataar hue fir October 1941 mein mukt kiye gaye. saare desh mein is samay asantosh vyaapt tha. mahaatma gaaaindhi ne karo ya maro ka aahvaan kiya. angrejon Bhaarat chhodon ki aavaaj saare Bhaarat mein goonjane lagi. 9 August 1942 ko August kraanti ke maahaul mein yuvak charan Singh ne bhoomigat hokar Ghaziabad, haapud, Meerut, mavaana, sarathana, bulandashahar ke gaaainvon mein gupt kraantikaari sangathan taiyaar kiya. Meerut kamishnari mein yuvak charan Singh ne kraantikaari saathiyon ke saath milkar britaaniya hukoomat ko baar-baar chunauti di. Meerut prashaasan ne charan Singh ko dekhte hi goli maarane ka aadesh de rakha tha. ek taraf police charan Singh ki toh leti thi vaheen doosari taraf yuvak charan Singh janta ke beech sabhaayein karke nikal jaata tha. aakhirkaar police ne ek din charan Singh ko girfataar kar hi liya. raajabandi ke roop mein dedh varsh ki saja hui. jail mein hi chaudhari charan Singh ki likhit pustak ''shishtaachaar'', bhaarateeya sanskruti aur samaaj ke shishtaachaar ke niyamon ka ek bahumoolya dastaavej hai.

raajaneetik jeevan

Congress ke lauhar adhiveshan mein poorn Swaraj ka prastaav paarit hua tha, jisse prabhaavit hokar yuva chaudhari charan Singh raajaneeti mein sakriya ho gaye. unhonne Ghaziabad mein Congress committee ka gathan kiya. 1930 mein jab mahaatma Gandhi ne savinya avajnyaa aandolan ka aahvaan kiya to unhonne hindan nadi par namak banaakar unka saath diya. jiske liye unhein jail bhi jaana pada.[1]

vo kisaanon ke neta maane jaate rahe hain. unke dvaara taiyaar kiya gaya jameendaari unmoolan vidheyak raajya ke kalyaanakaari siddhaant par aadhaarit tha. ek July 1952 ko UP mein unke badaulat jameendaari pratha ka unmoolan hua aur gareebon ko adhikaar mila. unhonne lekhaapaal ke pad ka srujan bhi kiya. kisaanon ke hit mein unhonne 1954 mein uttar pradesh bhoomi sanrakshan kaanoon ko paarit karaaya. vo 3 April 1967 ko uttar pradesh ke mukhyamantri bane. 17 April 1968 ko unhonne mukhyamantri ke pad se isteefa de diya. madhyaavadhi chunaav mein unhonne achhi safalta mili aur dubaara 17 fravari 1970 ke ve mukhyamantri bane. uske baad vo kendra sarkaar mein gruhamantri bane to unhonne mandal aur alpasankhyak aayog ki sthaapana ki. 1979 mein vitt mantri aur upapradhaanamantri ke roop mein raashtreeya krushi va graameen vikaas bank [naabaard] ki sthaapana ki.[1] 28 July 1979 ko chaudhari charan Singh samaajavaadi paartiyon tatha Congress (you) ke sahayog se pradhaanamantri bane.

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. a aa "chaudhari charan Singh ka safaranaama". dainik jaagaran (Yahoo). 29 May 2013. http://hindi.yahoo.com/national-10433695-023303286.html. abhigman tithi: 10 October 2013.

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