chandrama

chandrama Moon symbol
Full moon in the darkness of the night sky. It is patterned with a mix of light-tone regions and darker, irregular blotches, and scattered with varying sizes of impact craters, circles surrounded by out-thrown rays of bright ejecta.
pruthvi ke uttari golaarddh se dekha gaya poorn chandra
upanaam
visheshan loonar, selenik
periyepsis 363,295 kimi
(0.0024 eyoo)
epoaipsis 405,503 kimi
(0.0027 eyoo)
ardh mukhya aksh 384,399
(0.00257 AU)[1]
vikendrata 0.0549[1]
parikraman kaal 27.321582 d (27 d 7 h 43.1 min[1])
sanyuti kaal 29.530589 d (29 d 12 h 44 min 2.9 s)
ausat parikraman gati 1.022 kimi/second
jhukaav 5.145° kraantivrutt se[2] (pruthvi ki bhoomadhyarekha se 18.29° aur 28.58° ke beech)[1]
aaroh paat ka anulamb regressing by one revolution in 18.6 years
Argument of perigee progressing by one revolution in 8.85 years
svaami grah pruthvi
bhautik visheshataaeain
maadhya trijya 1,737.10 km (0.273 Earths)[1][3]
vishuvateeya trijya 1,738.14 km (0.273 Earths)[3]
dhruveeya trijya 1,735.97 km (0.273 Earths)[3]
sapaatata 0.00125
paridhi 10,921 km (equatorial)
tal-kshetrafal 3.793saaaincha:Esp km2 (0.074 Earths)
aayatan 2.1958saaaincha:Esp km3 (0.020 Earths)
dravyamaan 7.3477saaaincha:Esp kg (0.012300 Earths[1])
maadhya ghanatv 3.3464 g/cm3[1]
vishuvateeya satah gurutvaakarshan 1.622 m/s2 (0.165 4 g)
palaayan veg 2.38 km/s
naakshatr ghoornan
kaal
27.321582 d (samakaalik)
vishuvateeya ghoornan veg 4.627 m/s
aksheeya naman 1.5424° (kraantivrutt se)
6.687° (kaksheeya tal)[2]
albedo 0.136[4]
satah ka taapamaan
equator
85°aN[5]
nyoon maadhya adhi
100 ke 220 ke 390 ke
70 ke 130 ke 230 ke
spasht parimaan −2.5 to −12.9[a]
−12.74 (maadhya poorn chandra)
koneeya vyaas 29.3 se 34.1 aark meenat
vaayu-mandal[6]
satah par daab 10−7 Pa (din)
10−10 Pa (raat)
sanghatan Ar, He, Na, K, H, Rn

chandrama pruthvi ka ekamaatr upagrah hai. yeh saur mandal ka paachavaaain sabse vishaal praakrutik upagrah hai. pruthvi ke madhya se chandrama ke madhya tak ki doori 384,403 kilometer hai. yeh doori pruthvi ki paridhi ke 30 guna hai. chandrama par gurutvaakarshan pruthvi se 1/6 hai. yeh prathvi ki parikrama 27.3 din me poora karta hai aur apne aksh ke chaaro or ek poora chakkar bhi 27.3 din mein lagaata hai. yahi kaaran hai ki chandrama ka ek hissa ya face hameinsa pruthvi ki or hota hai. yadi chandrama par khade hokar pruthvi ko dekhe to pruthvi saaf saaf apne aksh par ghoornan karti hui najar aaegi lekin aasmaan mein usaki sthiti sada sthir bani rahegi arthaat pruthvi ko kai varsho tak nihaarate raho vah apni jagah se tas se mas naheen hogi | pruthvi- chandrama-soorya jyaamiti ke kaaran "chandr dasha" har 29.5 dinon mein badalti hai. aakaar ke hisaab se apne svaami grah ke saapeksh yeh sauramandal mein sabse bada praakrutik upagrah hai jiska vyaas pruthvi ka ek chauthaai tatha dravyamaan 1/81 hai. bruhaspati ke upagrah lo ke baad chandrama doosra sabse adhik ghanatv wala upagrah hai. soorya ke baad aasmaan mein sabse adhik chamakadaar nikaaya chandrama hai. samudri jvaar aur bhaata chandrama ki gurutvaakarshan shakti ke kaaran aate hai. chandrama ki taatkaalik kaksheeya doori, pruthvi ke vyaas ka 30 guna hai iseeliye aasmaan mein soorya aur chandrama ka aakaar hamesha saamaan najar aata hai. jab chandrama apni kaksha mein ghoomta hua soorya aur pruthvi ke beech se hokar gujarata hai aur soorya ko poori tarah dhak leta hai to use sooryagrahan kehte hai.

antariksh me maanav sirf chandrama par hi kadam rakh saka hai. soviyt raasht ka loona-1 pehla antariksh yaan tha jo chandrama ke paas se gujara tha lekin loona-2 pehla yaan tha jo chandrama ki dharati par utara tha. san 1968 mein keval naasa Apollo kaaryakram ne us samay maanav mission bhejane ki upalabdhi haasil ki thi aur pehli maanavayukt ' chandra parikrama mission ' ki shuruaat Apollo -8 ke saath ki gayi. san 1969 se 1972 ke beech chhah maanavayukt yaan ne chandrama ki dharati par kadam rakha jisme se Apollo-11 ne sabse pehle kadam rakha | in missiono ne vaapasi ke dauraan 380 ki. gra. se jyaada chandra chattaanon ko saath lekar laute jiska istemaal chandrama ki utpatti, usaki aantarik sanrachana ke gathan aur uske baad ke itihaas ki vistrut bhoovaijnyaaanik samajh viksit karne ke liye kiya gaya. aisa maana jaata hai ki kareeb 4.5 arab varsh pehle pruthvi ke saath vishaal takkar ki ghatna ne iska gathan kiya hai.

san 1972 mein Apollo-17 mission ke baad se chandrama ka daura keval maanavarahit antariksh yaan ke dvaara hi kiya gaya jismein se visheshakar antim soviyt lunokhod rovar dvaara kiya gaya hai. san 2004 ke baad se, Japan, cheen, Bhaarat, sanyukt raajya America aur Europeeya antariksh agency mein se pratyek ne chandra parikrama ke liye yaan bheja hai. in antariksh abhiyaanon ne chandrama par jal-barf ki khoj ki pushti ke liye vishishth yogadaan diya hai. chandrama ke liye bhavishya ki maanavayukt mission yojana sarkaar ke saath saath niji vitt poshit prayaason se banaai gayi hai. chandrama ' baahya antariksh sandhi ' ke tahat rahata hai jisse yeh shaantipoorn uddeshyon ki khoj ke liye sabhi raashtron ke liye mukt hai.

anukram

bhautikeeya gun

chandrama ki aatanrik sanrachana

aatanrik sanrachana

chandrama ek vibhedit nikaaya hai jiska bhoorasaayaanik roop se teen bhaag krasht, meintal aur kor hai. chandrama ka 240 kilometer trijya ka lohe ki bahulata yukt ek thos bheetari kor hai aur is bheetari kor ka baahari bhaag mukhya roop se lagbhag 300 kilometer ki trijya ke saath taral lohe se bana hua hai. kor ke chaaron or 500 kilometer ki trijya ke saath ek aanshik roop se pighli hui seema parat hai.

Earth and Moon to scale

sanghaat khadd

sanghaat khadd nirmaan prakriya ek anya pramukh bhoogarbhik prakriya hai jisne chandrama ki satah ko prabhaavit kiya hai, in khaddon ka nirmaan kshudragrahon aur dhoomaketuon ke chandrama ki satah se takaraane ke saath hua hai. chandrama ke akele najadeeki paksh mein hi 1 kimi se jyaada chaudaai ke lagbhag 3,00,000 khaddon ke hone ka anumaan hai. [7] inmein se kuchh ke naam vidvaanon, vaigyaaniko, kalaakaaron aur khojakartaaoain par hain |[8] chandra bhoogarbhik kaalakram sabse pramukh sanghaat ghatnaaon par aadhaarit hai, jismein nektaaris, imbriym aur oriyeintel shaamil hai, ekaadhik ubhari satah ke chhallon dvaara ghira hona in sanrachanaaon ki khaas visheshata hai.

chumbakeeya kshetr

chandrama ka kareeb 1-100 nainotesla ka ek baahya chumbakeeya kshetr hai. pruthvi ki tulana mein yeh sauvein se bhi kam hai. It does not currently have a global dipolar magnetic field, as would be generated by a liquid metal core geodynamo, and only has crustal magnetization, probably acquired early in lunar history when a geodynamo was still operating.[9][10] Alternatively, some of the remnant magnetization may be from transient magnetic fields generated during large impact events, through the expansion of an impact-generated plasma cloud in the presence of an ambient magnetic field—aathis is supported by the apparent location of the largest crustal magnetizations near the antipodes of the giant impact basins.[11]

chandrama ki utpatti

sandarbh

  1. a aa i E u oo A sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; W06 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  2. a aa sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; Lang2011 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  3. a aa i sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; NSSDC naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  4. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; Saari naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  5. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; Vasavada1999 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  6. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; L06 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  7. moon fekt smart-1, Europeeya antariksh agency 2010, 12 May 2010 ko liya gaya |
  8. gejetari of plenetari nomenaklechar : ketegari for neming feechars on plenets end setelaaits ameriki bhoovaijnyaaanik sarvekshan, 8 April 2010 ko liya gaya |
  9. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; GB2009 naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  10. "Magnetometer / Electron Reflectometer Results". Lunar Prospector (NASA). 2001. http://lunar.arc.nasa.gov/results/magelres.htm. abhigman tithi: 17 March 2010.
  11. Hood, L.L.; Huang, Z. (1991). "Formation of magnetic anomalies antipodal to lunar impact basins: Two-dimensional model calculations". J. Geophys. Res. 96 (B6): 9837–9846. Bibcode 1991JGR....96.9837H. doi:10.1029/91JB00308.

baahari kadiyaaain

the va b
saur mandal
सूर्य बुध शुक्र चन्द्रमा पृथ्वी Phobos and Deimos मंगल सीरिस) क्षुद्रग्रह बृहस्पति बृहस्पति के उपग्रह शनि शनि के उपग्रह अरुण अरुण के उपग्रह वरुण के उपग्रह नेप्चून Charon, Nix, and Hydra प्लूटो ग्रह काइपर घेरा Dysnomia एरिस बिखरा चक्र और्ट बादलSolar System XXVII.png
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sandarbh truti: "lower-alpha" naamak sandarbh-samooh ke liye <ref> taig maujood hain, parantu samooh ke liye koi <references group="lower-alpha"/> taig naheen mila. yeh bhi sambhav hai ki koi samaapti </ref> taig gaayab hai.