chana

chana
Chickpea
बाएं: बंगाल किस्म; दाएं: यूरोपियाइ किस्म
baaen: Bengal kism; daaen: yooropiyaai kism
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: paadap
vibhaag: maignoliyofaaita
varg: maignoliyopseeda
gan: Fabales
kul: Fabaceae
upakul: Faboideae
prajaati: Cicer
jaati: C. arietinum
dvipd naam
Cicer arietinum
L.

chana chana ek pramukh dalahani fasal hai.

anukram

kaabuli chana

chane ki hi ek kism ko kaabuli chana ya prachalit bhaasha mein chhole bhi kaha jaata hai. ye halke baadaami rang ke kaale chane se apekshaakrut bade hote hain. ye afgaanistaan, dakshini Europe, uttari afreeka aur chili mein paae jaate rahe hain. bhaarateeya upamahaadveep mein atthaarahaveen sadi se laae gaye hain, va prayog ho rahe hain.[1]

chane ki kheti

fool aur fal sahit chane ka paudha
A - chane ka tana, shaakhaaeain evam pattiyaaain;
B - chane ki fali (tane ke saath lagi hui);
C - chane ka beej ya daana

neeche chana ki unnat utpaadan takaneek di gayi hai jo uttari Bhaarat ke liye vishesh roop se laagoo hoti hai-

buaai ka samay: samay par buaai 1-15 November va pachheti buaai 25 November se 7 December tak

  • beej ki maatraa: mote daanon wala chana 80-100 ki.gra. prati hekteyar ; saamaanya daanon wala chanaa: 70-80 ki.gra. prati hekteyar
  • beej upachaar: beemaariyon se bachaav ke liye theeram ya baavisteen 2.5 gram prati ki.gra. beej ke hisaab se upachaarit karein. raaijobiym teeka se 200 gram teeka prati 35-40 ki.gra. beej ko upachaarit karein.
  • urvarak: urvarakon ka prayog mitti pareekshan ke aadhaar par karein.
natrajan: 20 ki.gra. prati hekteyar (100 ki.gra. daai amoniym faasfet)
faasforas: 50 ki.gra. prati hekteyar
jink salfet: 25 ki.gra. prati hekteyar
  • buaai ki vidhi: chane ki buaai kataaron mein karein. gaharaai: 7 se 10 sein.mi. gaharaai par beej daalein. kataar se kataar ki dooree: 30 sein.mi. (desi chane ke liye) ; 45 sein.mi. (kaabuli chane ke liye)
  • kharapatavaar niyantran:

fralooklorelin 200 gram (sakriya tatv) ka buaai se pehle ya peindeemethaaleen 350 gram (sakriya tatv) ka ankuran se pehle 300-350 liter paani mein ghol banaakar ek ekad mein chhidkaav karein. pehli niraai-gudaai buaai ke 30-35 din baad tatha doosari 55-60 din baad aavashyakataanusaar karein.

  • sinchaai: yadi khet mein uchit nami na ho to paleva karke buaai karein. buaai ke baad khet mein nami na hone par do sinchaai, buaai ke 45 din evam 75 din baad karein.

paudh sanrakshan

katuaa soondi (egarotees ipaseelon)

is keede ki rokathaam ke liye 200 mi.li. fenavaalaret (20 E.si.) ya 125 mi.li. saaiparamaithreen (25 E.si.) ko 250 liter paani mein milaakar prati hekteyar ki dar se aavashyakataanusaar chhidkaav karein.

fali chhedak (helikovarapa aarameejera)

yeh keet chane ki fasal ko sabse jyaada nuksaan pahunchaata hai. isse bachaav ke liye 125 mi.li. saaiparamaithreen (25 E. si.) ya 1000 mi.li. kaarbaaril (50 dablyoo.pi.) ko 300-400 liter paani mein ghol banaakar us samay chhidkaav karein jab keeda dikhaai dene lage. yadi jaroori ho to 15 din baad dobaara chhidkaav karein.

uktha rog:

is rog se bachaav ke liye upachaarit karke hi beej ki buaai karein tatha buaai 25 October se pehle na karein.

jad galan:

is rog ke prabhaav ko kam karne ke liye rogagrast paudhon ko jyaada na badhne dein. rogagrast paudhon evam unke avashesh ko jalaakar nasht kar dein ya ukhaadkar gahra jameen mein daba dein. adhik gahari sinchaai na karein.

chana ke utpaadan ka vishv vitran

chana ka sabse jyaada utpaadan Bhaarat mein hota hai.

2013 mein chane (Chickpea) ka utpaadan
1961 se 2013 tak chane (Chickpea) ka utpaadan
chane ke pramukh utpaadak desh
(meetrik tan mein)
utpaadak raink (2013) desh 2010 2011 2012 2013
1 Flag of India.svg Bhaarat 7,480,000 8,220,000 7,700,000 8,832,500
2 Flag of Australia.svg Australia 602,000 513,338 673,371 813,300
3 Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan 561,500 496,000 291,000 751,000
4 Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 530,634 487,477 518,000 506,000
5 Flag of Myanmar.svg myaanmaar 441,493 473,102 500,000 490,000
6 Flag of Ethiopia.svg ithiyopiya 284,640 322,839 409,733 249,465
7 Flag of Iran.svg Iran 267,768 290,243 315,000 295,000
8 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 131,895 72,143 271,894 209,941
9 Flag of Canada.svg Canada 128,300 90,800 161,400 169,400
10 Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya America 87,952 99,881 151,137 157,351
vishv 10,897,040 11,497,054 11,613,037 13,102,023
Source: FAO[2] Source: FAO[3]

inhein bhi dekhein

daal

chane ko dal kar dono patrak alag alag hone par chane ki daal milti hai.


sandarbh

  1. [1]
  2. "Production of Chickpea by countries". UN Food & Agriculture Organization. 2011. http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx. abhigman tithi: 2013-08-28.
  3. "Production of Chickpea by countries". UN Food & Agriculture Organization. 2014. http://faostat3.fao.org. abhigman tithi: 2014-11-13.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain