chakravaat

is anuchhed ko vikipeediya lekh Cyclone ke is sanskaran se anuvaadit kiya gaya hai.

fravari 27, 1987 ko berint saagar ke oopar dhruveeya taap

chakravaat (saaiklon) ghoomti hui vaayuraashi ka naam hai.

iske do bhed hain :

  • (1) ushn valakiyk chakravaat (Tropical cyclone) tatha
  • (2) ushnavalayapaar chakravaat (Extratropical cyclone)

ushnavalayik chakravaat - ye vaayusangathan ya toofaan hain, jo ushn katibandh mein teevr aur anya sthaanon par saadhaaran hote hain. inse prachur varsha hoti hai. inka vyaas 50 se lekar 1,000 meal tak ka tatha apekshaakrut nimn vaayudaab wala kshetr hota hai. ye 20 se lekar 30 meal prati ghanta tak ke veg se chalte hain. inmein vaayughoornan 90 se lekar 130 meal prati ghante tak ka hota hai. ye vest Indies mein prabhanjan (hurricane) tatha cheenasaagar evam filipin mein bavandar (typhoon) kahe jaate hain.

ushnavalayapaar chakravaat - yeh madhya evam uchch akshaanshon ka nimn vaayudaab wala toofaan hai. iska veg 20 se lekar 30 meal prati ghante ke veg se sarpil roop se chalti hai. praaya: isse himpaat evam varsha hoti hai. donon prakaar ke chakravaat uttari golaardh mein vaamaavart (counter-clockwise) tatha dakshini golaardh mein dakshinaavart (clockwise) roop mein sanchaarit hote hain. ushnavalayapaar chakravaat mein saadharanataya vaayu-vichnal-rekha hoti hai, jo vishuvat ki or nimnavaayukeindr mein saikadon meal tak badhi rahati hai tatha garam evam nam vaayu ko thandi aur shushk vaayu se pruthak karti hai.

anukram

parichay

mausam vigyaan mein, chakravaat ek aisa band pariptr hai jiska taral padaarth, pruthvi ke samaan ek hi disha mein chakkar lagaata rahata hai.[1][2] ismein aamtaur par hava sarpil aakaar mein, pruthvi ke uttari golaarddh mein dakshinaavart aur dakshini golaarddh mein vaamaavart roop se ghoomti hai.

bade chakravaat vaale parisancharan lagbhag hamesha kam vaayumandaleeya dabaav[3][4] ke kshetron par keindrit rahate hain. sabse badi kam dabaav waali pranaaliyaaain kor dhruveeya chakravaat aur atirikt ushn katibandheeya chakraavaat kahalaati hain jo saainopateek paimaane par rahati hai. garm sat chakravaat jaise ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat, mesosaiklones aur dhruveeya kam chhote mesoskel ke bheetar rahati hain .ant: katibandheeya chakravaat madhyavarti aakaar ke hote hain.[5][6] ye chakravaat pruthvi ke baahar anya grahon par jaise mangal aur varun par bhi dekhe gaye hai.[7][8]


saaiklojeneesis, chakravaat gathan aur utkatata ki prakriya ke baare mein bataate hai.[9] chakravaati anshaatirikt ushn katibandheeya chakravaat bade akshaanshon vaale taapamaan par tarangon ka roop dhaaran karte hai jinhein baroklinik kshetr kaha jaata hai. yahi kshetr sankuchit hokar jab chakravaateeya parisancharan mein band hote hai ya ugr roop dhaaran karte hain tab vaataavaran mein badalate hain .baad mein yahi chakravaat thande keinndron ke roop mein ban jaate hai. ek chakravaat ka path 2 se 6 din ke chakr mein dhruveeya ya ushn katibandheeya kshetron mein pravaahit hota rahata hai.


mausam alag ghanatv waali havaaon ke do bhaagon ko alag karta hai aur mausaamik ghatna chakr mein sabse pramukh hota hain. hava ke ansh taapamaan ya aardrata mein alag ho sakte hai. majaboot thandi havaaen aamtaur par gambhir mausam mein toofaan ki sankeern patteeyon ke roop mein, kabhi kabhi prachand rekhaaon ke roop mein to kabhi sookhi rekhaaon ke roop mein dikhaai deteen hain . ve pashchim mein sanchalan kendra banaati hai aur aamtaur par pashchim se poorv ki or badhti jaati hain garm havaae chakravaat kendra ke poorv mein rahati hai aur jyaadaatar stretafaarm ke roop mein dikhaai deti hain. ye chakravaateeya path mein dhruv ki or badhti rahati hai. band kendra chakravaateeya jeevan chakr mein der se pravesh karte hai aur toofaani kendra ko lapet lete hai.


ushnakatibandheeya chakravaati ansh ushnakatibandheeya chakravaaton ke vikaas ki prakriya ka varnan karta hai. ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat avyakt garmi saarthak aandhiyon ki avyakt garmi ke kaaran sanchaalit hoti hain aur garm mool ki hoti hai.[10] chakravaaton sahi paristhitiyon mein, ant: ushn katibandheeya, atirikt katibandheeya aur ushnakatibandheeya charanon ke beech parivartan kar sakte hain. bhoomi ke oopar garm kor chakravaat misosaiklones ka roop dhaaran karte hai aur toofaan ka gathan bandhan bhi kar sakte hain.[11] misosaiklones se jalastanbh bhi ban sakte hain, lekin jyaadaatar uchch asthirta aur kam oordhvaadhar hava katarani ke vaataavaran se viksit hoti hai.[12]


sanrachana

sabhi chakravaaton ki kuchh samaan sanrachanaatmak visheshataaeain hain. jaise jo kam dabaav vaale kshetr hote hain, unka keinndr sabse kam vaayumandaleeya dabaav ke kshetr mein sthit hota hai aur paripakva ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat ke mukhya ansh ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.[2] [20][13] kendra ke paas, dhaar shakti dabaav (chakravaat ke kendra ke dabaav ki tulana mein chakravaat ke baahari dabaav mein) aur koriolis bal ko ek santulit anupaat mein hone chaahiye anyatha dabaav mein parivartan se chakravaat ka patan ho sakta hai.[14] koriolis prabhaav se ek bade chakravaat ke aaspaas ki vaayu ka pravaah uttari golaarddh mein dakshinaavart disha mein aur dakshini golaarddh mein vaamaavart disha mein ghoomta hai.[15](doosari or ek pratichkravaat, uttari golaarddh mein dakshinaavart disha mein aur dakshini golaarddh mein vaamaavart disha mein ghoomta hai)


banaavat

aaranbhik attirikt ushan katibandheeyakam dabaav kshetr chhavi par laal bindu ke sthaan par banta hai. chakravaati ansh ke praarambhik charan ke dauraan upagrah par aamtaur par lambavat (ek sahi kon par) patte ki tarah baadal gathan dekha jaata hai. oopari star ki jet dhaaraaki dhuri ka sthaan halke neele rang mein hai.

saiklojenesis, vaayumandal mein viksit chakravaateeya sanchalan (ek kam dabaav kshetr) ke majaboot hone se banta hai.[9] saiklojenesis, kai vibhinn prakriyaaon ke liye ek chhatareenuma pad hai, jinke parinaam se chakravaat ka vikaas ho sakta hai. yeh vibhinn paimaane par ho sakta hai. sooksham paimaane se le kar sankshipt paimaane tak .attirikt ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat thande sat chakravaaton ke roop mein parivrtit hone se pehle mausam ke agraant mein tarangon ke roop mein viksit hote hai. ushnakatibandheeya chakravaaton avyakt garmi mahatvapoorn aandhi gatividhi se sanchaalit hone ke kaaran hain aur garm mool ki hoti hai.[10] mesosaiklons bhoomi par sthit garm[10] chakravaaton ke kaaran bante hai aur toofaan ke gathan ka kaaran bhi bana sakte hain.[11] jalastanbh maisosaiklons se bhi ban sakte hai, par ve aksar uchch asthirta aur kam oordhvaadhar hava katarani ke vaataavaran se viksit hote hai.[12] saiklojenisis saiklosis ke vipreet hai, ismein ek vipreet chakravaateeya anuroop (uchch dabaav pranaali) hota hai jo uchch dabaav kshetr ka gathan karta hai -jise enateesaiklojenesis kaha jata hai.[16]


satah nimn banane ke anek tareeke hai. talaroop, poorv mein sthit uttar-dakshin pahaad par sthit kam dabaav vaale satah ko kam-star parantu adhik dabaav waali pranaali banane par majaboor kar sakte hain.[17] mesoskel ki jo bhi samabandhit pranaaliyaaain hai ve garm kor ko nimn satah banane ka kaaran bhi ban sakte hain.[18] yeh uthal-puthal aage ko ek lahar ki tarah ban jaata hai aur shikhar par nimn bana rahata hai. paaribhaashik roop mein yeh nimn chakravaat hi banega .yeh ghoorni pravaah apni anugaami ke maadhyam se kam dhruveeya hava ko thande agraant se bhoomadhya rekheeya vrutt mein aur pashchimi garm hava ko nichle dhruveeya vrutt se garm agraant mein dhakka deta hai. aamtaur par thanda frant, garam frant ki tulana mein tej gati se chalta hai aur uchch ghanatv waali havaaraashi jo chakravaat se aage hai, ke saath mil jaati hai aur uchch ghanatv waali havaaraashi jo chakravaat ke peechhe hai vah ek vyaapak garm kshetr ko utpann karti hai.[19] is samay ek band raashi ban jaati hai jo garm hava ko oopar dhakelate hue ek garm gart banaata hai jise troval kehte hai.[20]


ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat bante hai jab oopar uthati hava mein nami ke sankshepan dvaara chhodi gayi urja garm samudra jal ke oopar ek sakaaraatmak pratikriya paash ka kaaran banti hai.


ushnakatibandheeya saiklogenesis ek takaneeki shabd hai jo vaataavaran mein sthit ek ushnakatibandheeya toofaan ko viksit karne aur majaboot karne ke liye prayukt hota hai.[21] vah prakriya jiske jariye ushnakatibandheeya saiklojenesis ghatit hota hai, vah madhya akshaansh saiklojenesis ghatne se alag hota hain . ushnakatibandheeya chakravaati ansh, ek garam-sat chakravaat ko viksit karne mein sahaayak hota hai jo anukool mahatvapoorn vaataavaran ke kaaran banta hai. ushnakatibandheeya seklogenesis ki chhah mukhya aavashyakataaeain hain : paryaapt garm samudri satah ka taapamaan, vaayumandaleeya asthirta, nimn se madhya star vaale troposfiyr mein uchch aardrata, aavashyak koriolis bal, ek poorv astitv praapt nimn star ya uthal puthal aur kam oordhvaadhar katarati hava .[22]vishvabhar mein salaana, ushnakati bandheeya toofaanon mein se ausatan 86 ushnakatibandheeya toofaanon mein badal jaate hai. in mein se 47 toofaan / taakatavar aandhi ban jaate hain aur 20 gahan ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat bante hai. [39](saafir-Simpson ikaai par ye teesari shreni ke maape jaate hain)[23]


mesosaainklones tab bante hai, jab hava ki gati teevr ho badlaav aur/ya ooainchi ke saath disha ('hava katarani') nirdesh hokar vaataavaran ke nichle bhaag mein naali rupi gole mein ghoomate hue ek ansh sthaapit karte hain .ek toofaan ki sanvahani updraaft is katarani hava ko ek golaakaar abhivinyaas ko oopar se ek kinaare se uthaata hai (dharati ke samaannaanatar aur satah se lambavat) jiske kaaran saara ka saara upadraft ek oordhvaadhar stambh ke roop mein ghoomta hai. mesosaainklones saamaanya roop se apekshaakrut sthaaneeyakrut hain: ve sankshipt paimaane (saikadon kilometer) aur sookshm paimaane (saikadon meter) ke beech sthit hote hai. radaar imejari in suvidhaaon ko pahachaanane ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai.[24] toofaan ka kendra aamtaur par shaant hota hai aur ek jagah par sthit hota hai.


prakaar

chakravaaton ke chhah mukhya prakaar hain: dhruveeya chakravaat, dhruveeya kam, attirikt ushn katibandheeya chakravaat, ant:ushn katibandheeya chakravaat ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat aur mesosaainklones .


dhruveeya chakravaat

ek dhruveeya, upadhruveeya, ya aarkatik chakravaat (jo dhruveeya bhanvar bhi kahalaata hai)[25] ek kam dabaav wala vistrut kshetr hai, jo sardiyon mein majaboot hai aur garmiyon mein kamjor pad jaata hai.[26] ek dhruveeya chakravaat ek kam dabaav waali mausam pranaali hai jo 1,000 kilometer (620 meal)[44]2,000 kilometer (1,200 meal)[45]failata hai, ismein hava uttari golaarth mein uttaraavart disha mein aur dakshini golaarddh mein ek dakshinaavart disha mein ghoomti hai. uttari golaarddh mein, dhruveeya chakravaat mein ausatan do kendra hote hai. ek kendra baffin dweep mein aur doosari uttar poorv saaiberiya ke nikat hoti hai.[25] dakshini golaarddh mein, yeh 160 pashchim deshaantar ke paas ros aais shelf ke kinaare sthit ho jaata hai.[27] jab dhruveeya bhanvar shaktishaali hota hai to iska pravaah pruthvi ki satah ki or badh jaata hai. jab dhruveeya chakravaat kamjor hote hain, to mahatvapoorn sheet prakop badhne lagte hain.


dhruveeya kam

ek dhruveeya kam chhote paimaane par, kam samay tak jeevit kam dabaav pranaali hai jo donon uttari aur dakshini golaardh ke mukhya dhruveeya agraant ke saamane mahaasaagar kshetron par paayi jaati hai. yeh pranaali aamtaur par samaanaantar paimaane par kam dikhaai deti hai aur ek do din se jyaada jeevit nahi rah sakti hai. ve bade varg ke mesoskel mausam pranaali ka hissa hai. paaramparik mausam report se dhruveeya kam ka pata lagaana kathin hai aur uchch akshaansh prakriyaaon, jaise jahaajaraani, gas aur tel pletafaarmon ke liye ek khatra hain. dhruveeya kam ka ullekh anya shabdon se bhi kiya jaata hai, jaise ki dhruveeya mesoskal bhanvar, aarkatik toofaan, aarkatik kam aur thand hava ka dabaav .aamtaur par yeh shabd adhik jordaar pranaaliyon ke liye aarakshit kiya gaya hai jaha kam se kam 17 meter ki nikat-satah ki havaaen hai.


aatirikt ooshn katibandheeya chakravaat

ek aatirikt ushan katibandheeya chakravaat ka kaalpanik sankshipt chart Britain aur Ireland ko prabhaavit kar raha haisam bhaar parmaanu ke beech neele teer hava ki disha ka sanket karte hai jabki "" L "" prateek "kam" ke madhya bindu ka sanket karta hai. avarodhit, thande aur garm lalaat seemaaon par dhyaan de

ek attirikt ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat ek sankshipt paimaane par kam dabaav waali mausam pranaali hai jinke na to ushnakatibandheeya aur na hi koi dhruveeya visheshataaeain hain, jo taapamaan aur him bindu mein agraant aur samaanaantar dhaal mein judi hui hoti hai, ise vaise "baroklinik kshetr " kaha jaata hai.


'attirikt ushnakatibandheeya' shabd is tathya ka niroopan karte hai ki is prakaar ke chakravaat grah ke katibandhon ke baahar, madhya akshaanshon ke beech hote hain .in pranaaliyon mein unke kshetreeya gathan ya uttar ushnakateebandheeya chakravaat ke kaaran 'madhya akshaansh chakravaat' ke roop mein soochit kiya jaata hai, jahaaain attirikt ushnakatibandheeya sankraman hota hai[28][29]aur aksar mausam ka poorv anumaan lagaane vaalon aur aam janta ke dvaara 'kam' ya 'kam dabaav' varnit hota hain. ye har roj ki ghatnaaen hain, jo virodhi chakravaaton ke saath, dharati ke adhiktar hisse ke mausam ko banaati hain.


haalaanki atirikt ushnakatibandheeya chakravaaton ko lagbhag hamesha baroklinik kaha jaata hai, kyonki ye pashchimi hava ke taapamaan aur himbindu dhaar ke kshetron ke saath rahate hai aur kabhi kabhi ye barotropik bhi ban jaata hai jab chakravaat ke paas ka taapamaan vitran trijya ke saath ek samaan ho jaata hai.[30] ek atirikt ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat ek upakateebandheeya toofaan mein aur vahaaain se ek ant: ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat mein parint ho jaata hai agar yeh garm paani ke oopar rahata hai aur jo apni mool garami ko keindreeya sanvahan mein viksit karta hai.[10]


ant: ooshn katibandheeya

2007 mein Subtropical toofaan Andrea

ek ant: ushnakateebandheeya chakravaat ek mausam pranaali hai jiske kuchh lakshan ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat aur kuchh atirikt ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat ke hote hain. ye bhoomadhya rekha aur 50 vein samaanaantar ke beech ban sakte hain.[31]1950 ke dashak se hi antaariksh vigyaan shaastriyon ko yeh samajh mein naheen aa raha tha ki ise ve ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat kahein ya adhik ushn katibandheeya chakravaat kahein . iseeliye inhein ve ushnakatibandheeya samaan aur arddh ushnakatibandheeya kehte the jo sankar chakravaat bhi kahe jaate the[32]1972 tak mein raashtreeya hareeken kendra ne ise sarkaari taur par is chakravaat varg ko maanyata di.[33] ant: ushn katibandheeya chakravaaton ko 2002 se atalaantik besin se sarkaari ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat soochi se naam praapt hone lage.[31] unke paas vyaapak hava pratimaan hai, jo adhiktam hava ko thaam sakta hai jo ushnakatibandheeya chakravaaton ke mukaabale kendra se door sthit hote hai aur jo kamjor se lekar madhya star tak ke taapamaan tak paaya jaata hai.[31]


kyonki ye adhik katibandhon vaale chakravaaton se bante hain, jinka taapamaan anya kati bandhon se thanda hota hai, unke gathan ke liye prayukt samudra ke satah ka taapamaan ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat dahaleej ki tulana mein teen degree celcius, ya paaainch degree feranahaait se kam hota hai jo, 23 degree celcius ke aaspaas hota hain.[34]isse yeh pata chalta hai ki ant: ushn katibandheeya chakravaat paramparaagat seema ke baahar toofaani mausam mein bante hain . yadyapi ant:ushnakatibandheeya toofaanon mein kabhi-kabhaar hi toofaani havaaon ka dabaav hota hai, ve prakrutit: ushnakatibandheeya ho sakte hai yadi unke satv garm ho jaaeain to .[35]


ushnakatibandheeya

chakravaat Catarina, ek durlabh dakshin atalaantik ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat jise March 262004 ko antararaashtreeya antariksh station ki aur se dekha gaya .

ek ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat ek toofaani pranaali hai, jo ek kam dabaav kendra hai aur garajadaar toofaan, tej havaaen aur jyaada varsha deta hai. ek ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat, tab banta hai jab nam hava se garmi niklati hai, jiske parinaamasvaroop nam hava mein nihit baashp jaari ho jaata hai. ye alag garmi ghatakon dvaara banti hai aur anya chakravaateeya toofaano, jaise nor'isters, Europeeya aandhiya, dhruveeya kam, toofaani pranaaliya kahalaati hai.


yeh shabd 'ushnakatibandheeya' donon bhoogolik roopon ko soochit karta hai, jo ananya roop se globe ke ushnakatibandheeya kshetro mein paaye jaate hai aur samudri hava, ushnakatibandheeya hava samoohon mein banti hai.'chakravaat' shabd prakruti se toofaani chakravaat ko soochit karta hai, jo uttari golaarddh mein uttaraavarat aur dakshini golaarddh mein dakshinaavart ghoomate hai. sthaan aur shakti ke aadhaar par ushnakatibandheeya chakravaato ko anya naamon se bhi jaana jaata hai, jaise toofaan, aaaindhi, ushnakatibandheeya toofaan, chakravaati toofaan, ushnakatibandheeya dabaav, ya keval chakravaat.}saamaanyataya, ek ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat ko atalaantik besin aur prashaant mahaasaagar mein toofaan (ek praacheen central American hava ke devata, huraakaan, ke naam par) kaha jaata hai.[36]


haalaanki ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat atyant shaktishaali havaaon aur moosaladhaar baarish ka utpaadan kar sakte hain, ve uchch tarangon aur vinaashakaari toofaan ka utpaadan karne mein bhi saksham hain.[37] ve garm paani ke bade nikaayon par viksit hoti hai[38] aur jameen ke uppar hilne se unki taakat kam ho jaati hai.[39] isi kaaran ushnakatibandheeya toofaan se tateeya kshetron ko kaafi nuksaan ho sakta hai, jabki antardesheeya kshetr inse apekshaakrut surakshit rahate hain. bhaari varsha tathaapi, antardesheeya kshetron mein baadh ki sthiti utpann karte hain aur toofaani tarange samudra tat ke oopar vyaapak tateeya baadh ki sthiti paida karte hain .yadyapi maanav aabaadi par unke prabhaav vinaashakaari ho sakte hai, ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat sookhe ki sthiti se raahat dila sakte hai.[40] ve katibandhon se garmi aur oorja ko uthaakar sheetoshn akshaansh ki or le jaata hai, jiske kaaran ye vaishvik vaataavaran parisancharan tantr ka ek mahatvapoorn hissa ban jaate hai. parinaamasvaroop, ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat duniya bhar mein taapamaan ko apekshaakrut sthir aur garm banaae rakhane ke liye, pruthvi ke shobhamandal mein santulan banaae rakhane mein madad aate hai.


kai ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat us samay viksit hote hain jab vaataavaran mein ek kamjor uthal-puthal ke saath vaataavaran ki sthiti anukool hoti hai. doosare tab bante hain jab anya prakaar ke chakravaat ushnakatibandheeya visheshataaon ko praapt kar lete hain. ushnakatibandheeya pranaaliyaaain tab bahti havaaon ke saath shobhamandal mein chali jaati hai ; yadi sthiti anukool ho to, ushnakatibandh ashaant ho jaata hai aur fir vahaan ek kendra viksit ho jaata hai. varnakram ke doosare chhor par, agar pranaali ke aas paas ki sthitiyaan bigad jaati hain ya ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat bhoom bichhl bante hain, to pranaali kamzor ho jaati hai aur antat: nasht ho jaati hai. ek ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat attirikt ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat tab ban jaata hai jab vah uchch akshaansh ki or badhata hai agar iski urja ka mool sankshepan dvaara jaari ki gayi ho to vah garmi se badal kar hava raasheeyon ke beech vaataavaran mein badal jaata hai;[10] ek kriyaasheel drushti se kaha ja sakta hai ki, ek ushnakatibandheeya chakravaat apne atirikt sankraman ke dauraan ant: ushnakatibandheeya naheen banta .[41]


mesoskail

ek mesocycloneGreensburg, Kansas jalavraj ki aur se Dopplermausam radaar par dikhaaya gaya.

mesosaayaklon hava ka ek bhanvar hai, jo lagabhaga2 kilometer (1.2 meal)[86]10 kilometer (6.2 meal)[87] band toofaan ke vyaas mein (mausam vigyaan ka mesoskail), mein nihit hota hai.[42] hava uthati hai aur ek hi oordhvaadhar dhuri, ek hi disha mein ghoomti hai jaise kisi bhi golaarddh mein kam dabaav waali pranaali mein ghoomti hai. ve aksar toofaani hoti hain, arthaat ye ek sthaaneeyakrut kam dabaav ke kshetr se jude hote hain .[43] is tarah ke toofaano se satah par prachand havaaen chalti hain aur ole padte hain. meinsosaiklones aksar ek saath uchch koshika mein upadrafts ke saath paae jaate hain, jahaaain ve andhad ban sakte hain .har varsh lagbhag 1700 mesosaiklones sanyukt raajya America mein bante hain, lekin unamein se keval aadhe bhayankar toofaan bante hain.[11]

atirikt sthaleeya chakravaat


Hubble space teleeskop ke dvaara mangal grah par chakravaat aakrutik hote hai


chakravaat pruthvi ke liye niraale naheen hain.varun grah par chhote andhere bindu ki tarah chakravaati toofaan ullaasapoorn grahon par aam hain. yeh jaadoogar ki aaainkh ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai, kyonki yeh great Dirk spot ke vyaas se ek tihaai hai. isne 'jaadoogar ki aaainkh' ka naam paaya kyonki yeh ek aankh ki tarah lagta hai. yeh upasthiti jaadoogaron ki aaainkh ke beech mein ek safed baadal ke kaaran hota hai.[8] mangal ne bhi toofaani havaaon ka pradarshan kiya hai.[7]ullaasapoorn toofaanon, jaise great red spot aamtaur par galati se vishaal toofaanon aur chakravaateeya toofaano ke roop mein jaane jaate hain. baharahaal, yeh galat hai, kyonki vaastav mein yeh great red spot ek pratichkravaat vyutkram ghatna hai.[44]

sandarbh

  1. "cyclone circulation". Glossary of Meteorology . American Meteorological Society. http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary/search?id=cyclonic-circulation1. abhigman tithi: 2008-09-17.
  2. "cyclone1". Glossary of Meteorology . American Meteorological Society. http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary/search?id=cyclone1. abhigman tithi: 2008-09-17.
  3. "BBC Weather Glossary - Cyclone". BBC Weather. Archived from the original on 10-1-2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20060829214837/http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/weatherwise/glossary/c.shtml. abhigman tithi: 2006-10-24.
  4. "UCAR Glossary - Cyclone". University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. http://meted.ucar.edu/satmet/goeschan/glossary.htm#c. abhigman tithi: 2006-10-24.
  5. Robert Hart (2003-02-18). "Cyclone Phase Analysis and Forecast: Help Page". Florida State University Department of Meteorology. http://moe.met.fsu.edu/cyclonephase/help.html. abhigman tithi: 2006-10-03.
  6. [11] ^ orlaansaki, I 1975. i reshanal sabadevijn of skels for atamosferik proseses buletin of di amareekan meteerolojeekal society 56 (5), 527-530.
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  8. a aa [13] ^ naasa. historikl hurrikenes retreeved onn 2008-06-14 .
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  18. Raymond D. Menard1, end J.M. Fritsch A mesoskel konvektiv kaampleks - jenereted inershialli staabel vaarm kor vorteks
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  24. Roger Edwards. [2]di aanalaain tornaado ef A kyoo : freekuenteli aasked kvesshans abaut tornaadoes. retreeved aan 2008-06-14.
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  28. [55] ekstraalessan milliuni
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