chaarasadda jila

khaibar-pakhtoonakhva praant mein chaarasadda jila (laal rang mein)
chaarasadda ka mashahoor chappal baajaar

chaarasadda (urdoo: چaaاaaرaaسaaدaaہ, pashto: چaaاaaرaaسaaدaaې, angreji: Charsadda) Pakistan ke khaibar-pakhtoonakhva praant ke madhya bhaag mein sthit ek jila hai. is jile ki rajdhani chaarasadda naam ka hi shahar hai. yeh jila pehle peshaavar mahanagar ka hissa hua karta tha. maana jaata hai ki bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ki praacheen nagari pushkalaavati, jiska raamaayan mein bhi zikr aata hai, isi chaarasadda jile mein sthit thi.[1][2]

anukram

vivran

kohistaan jile mein san 1998 mein 10,22,364 logon ki aabaadi thi. iska kshetrafal kreeb 996 varg kimi hai. yahaaain ke jyaadaatar log pashto bolne vaale pashtoon hain. is jile mein do tahaseelein hain jinmein 46 sangheeya kaaunsilein aati hain.

itihaas

praacheenakaal mein chaarasadda gandhaar raajya ka hissa hua karta tha. 516 isaapoorv mein Iran ke hakhaamani saamraajya ne usapar kbja kar liya aur use apni saatavi saatraapi (praant) ka hissa bana liya. is se vah Iran ke samraat darayush pratham ke adheen ho gaya aur 336 isaapoorv mein sikandar mahaan dvaara hakhaamani saamraajya ko nasht karne tak usaka hissa raha. sikandar ki mrutyu ke baad 323 isaapoorv mein maurya raajavansh ke pratham samraat chandragupt maurya ne gandhaar ko apne adheen kar liya. isi vansh ke samraat ashok ne is kshetr mein bauddh dharm ka prachaar kiya aur stoop banavaae. isi kshetr mein hind-yavan raajaaon ka bhi kuchh bhaag mein jor raha. 630 isavi mein yahaaain se gujarane vaale cheeni teerthayaatri hven tsaang ne apne varnan mein yahaaain ke stoop ko 'po-loo-sha' ka naam diya aur kaha ki usaki paridhi (sarkamafrensa​) 4 kilometer thi. varnanon se yeh pata lagta hai ki chaarasadda ke poorvi bhaag mein ek hindu mandir tha aur uttar mein ek bauddh math tha. 1026 isavi mein Mehmood gjni ne is ilaake par kbja kar ke yahaaain ke jan-samudaaya ka islaameekaran kar diya.

chaarasadda ke kuchh puraatan sthal is prakaar hain -

  • sharakaragadh - yeh ek kila hai jo sikh saamraajya ke kaal mein sikhon dvaara chaarasadda tahaseel mein peshaavar shahar se 27 kimi pashchimottar mein shabakdar naamak chhoti si basti mein banavaaya gaya tha. Bhaarat mein british raaj dvaara kbja hone ke baad is shahar ko san 1897 mein mohamand pashtoon kbeele ne jala daala. iske baad iska navanirmaan karavaaya gaya tha.
  • beebi sayyada dheri - yeh chaarasadda tahaseel ke umaraj​aai gaaainv se aadha meal uttar mein sthit ek 18 meter (60 fut) ooaincha teela hai. maana jaata hai ki yeh ek stoop ka avashesh hai jo mahaatma buddh dvaara pravachan ke baad hariti naamak stri-daanavi ke bauddh dharm apna lene par banavaaya gaya tha. bauddh banane se pehle kaha jaata hai ki yeh daanavi bachche kha jaaya karti thi. is sthal par ek muslim mahila sant beebi sayyada ka ek smaarak bhi hai. puraane jmaane mein maanyata thi ki yahaaain ki ek chutaki mitti se chechak ki bimaari ka ilaaj kiya ja sakta tha.
  • shahar-A-naapurasaaain (شaaہaaرaaِ نaaاaaپaaرaaسaaاaaں, Shahr-i-Napursan, arth: 'na poochhe jaane wala shahar', 'vah shahar jise koi poochhata na ho', 'laavaaris shahar') - is sthal ko meer jiyaarat dheri bhi kaha jaata hai kyonki yahaaain ek chhoti si jiyaarat bhi hai. itihaasakaaron ke anusaar yeh ek prasiddh bauddh sthal tha jise 'aaainkhon ki bheint' stoop kaha jaata tha kyonki kisi pehle janm mein mahaatma buddh ne yahaaain kisi achhe kaarya ke liye apni aaainkhein balidaan curry theen. is teele se kanishk-kaal aur anya dauron ki vastueain baraamad hui hain.[3]
  • baala hisaar (ooaincha kila) - 'baala' ka matlab faarasi mein 'ooaincha' aur 'hisaar' ka arth 'kila' hota hai. dhyaan dein ki 'baala' ya 'buland' sanskrut ke 'bruhat' shabd ka sajaateeya shabd hai. yahaaain 1902 aur 1958 mein khudaai ki gayi aur itihaasakaaron ka maanana hai ki iska nirmaan Iran ke hakhaamani saamraajya ne chhathi sadi isaapoorv mein apne bhaarateeya ilaake par niyantran banaae rakhane ke liye karavaaya tha.[4]
  • palaatu dheri (پaaلaaاaaتaaو ډaaېaaرaaۍ, Palatu Dheri) - shahar-A-naapurasaaain se ek meal door yeh teela ek stoop ka avashesh hai jise hven tsaang ke anusaar ek deven naamak vyakti ne banavaaya tha. ismein se pehli shataabdi isavi kaal ke kuchh sikke aur kaalika devi ki pratima mili hai. iske alaava teen baasan mile hain jinhein aam naagrikon ne 'chaar chauthaaiyon ki sabha' (Community of the Four Quarters) naamak kisi sansthaan ko bheint kiye tha.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Prehistory And Harappan Civilization, Raj Kumar Pruthi, APH Publishing, 2004, ISBN 978-81-7648-581-4, ... City-sites like Charsadda (Pushkalavati) near Mardan, Bhita near Allahabad, Basarh (Vaisali) near Muzaffarpur, and Rajgirthe ancient capital of Magadha, were also touched but not persisted in ...
  2. Ancient India (The Cambridge history of India), Macmillan, 1922, ... The region in which the division of Hephaestion and Perdiccas was now encamped formed part of the realm of a raja, named by the Greeks Astes, whose capital was the town of Pushkalavati (Charsadda) to the north of the Kabul river ...
  3. A Burmese enchantment, Capt. Colin Metcalfe Enriquez, Thacker, Spink & Co, 1916, ... At Charsadda there were other big Budddhist monuments, notably the 'eye Gif Stupa,' so called because of a legend to the effect that the Buddha in a former life had given away his eyes in charity at that spot. The mound of debris at Mir Ziarat Dheri has been identified with this 'Eye Gift Stupa' ... the 'Eye Gift' of Shahr-i-Napursan (City of Not-Asking). Relic caskets were found in these and other big mounds ...
  4. Bradford University - The Bala Hisar of Charsadda, ... The Bala Hisar or "High Fort" is located on one of Asia's great thoroughfares ... Commanding the road from Delhi to Kabul, it is an imposing 20 metre high mound ... suggested that it was founded by the Persians in the sixth century BC as they consolidated the east of their empire ...