butaras ghaali

butaras butaras -ghaali
Naelachohanboutrosghali-2.jpg
March 2013 mein butaras ghaali

la fraankofoniye ke mahaasachiv
pad bahaal
16 November 1997 – 31 December 2001
poorva dhikaari jen luis Roy
uttara dhikaari ebdyyu diof

sanyukt raashtra ke mahaasachiv
pad bahaal
1 January 1992 – 31 December 1996
poorva dhikaari jeviyr perij di kuiyaar
uttara dhikaari kofi annaan

videsh mantri Libya
kaaryakaari
pad bahaal
17 September 1978 – 17 fravari 1979
pradhaanamantri mamadoh salem
mustafa khaleel
poorva dhikaari muhammad Ibrahim kaamel
uttara dhikaari mustafa khaleel
pad bahaal
17 November 1970 – 15 December 1999
pradhaanamantri mamadoh salem
poorva dhikaari isamaail fahami
uttara dhikaari muhammad Ibrahim kaamel

janm (1922-11-14) 14 November 1922 (aayu 93 varsh)
kaahira,misr
mrutyu 16 fravari 2016(2016-02-16) (umr 93)
kaahira, misr
raajaneetik dal arab sosalist union (misr)(1978 se pehle)
national demokrutk party (misr)(1978–2011)
nirdaleeya(2011–vartamaan)
jeevan sangi liya Maria butaras-ghaali
shaikshik sambaddhata kaahira vishvavidyaalaya
university of peris
raajaneetik adhyayan sansthaan, peris

butaras butaras-ghaali (بaaطaaرaaس بaaطaaرaaس غaaاaaلaaى Buṭarus Buṭarus Ghāalīa , Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ˈaabotɾaaos ˈaaɣaaæaaːaali]; 14 November 1922 - 16 February 2016) misr ke ek raajaneta aur raajanayik the. ve sanyukt raashtra ke chhatthe mahaasachiv ke roop mein apni sevaaeain bhi di. is pad par rahate huye ye yoogoslaaviya ke golamaal aur ravaanda narasanhaar sahit kai vishv sankaton se ghire rahe.

anukram

praarambhik jeevan aur shiksha

butaras-ghaali ka janm kaahira mein 14 November 1922 ko hua tha. unke daada butros ghaali 1908 se 1910 tak misr ke pradhaanamantri rahe hain, jinki hatya kar di gayi thi.[1]

unhone 1946 mein kaahira vishvavidyaalaya se uchch shiksha praapt karne ke pashchaat peris vishvavidyaalaya se antarraashtreeya laaain mein pi H di ki degree li. saath hi unhone 1949 mein antarraashtreeya sambandh par aadhaarit diploma kiya. 1954 se 1955 tak ve Columbia vishvavidyaalaya mein research skaular rahe. 1963 se 1964 tak ve Hague academy of international law ke anusandhaan kendra ke nideshak tatha 1967 se 1968 tak ve peris vishvavidyaalaya ke faculty of law mein vijiting professor.rahe. 1979 mein ve kaahira vishvavidyaalaya mein antarraashtreeya kaanoon aur antarraashtreeya sambandh par aadhaarit vishay padhaane hetu praadhyaapak niyukt huye, jahaan ve 1999 tak kaaryarat rahe. is dauraan unhone 1975 mein raajaneetik aur saamarik adhyayan kendra aur 1980 mein raajaneetik adhyayan ke afreeki society ke adhyaksh pad par bhi kaarya kiya. ve kyoonjhi vishvavidyaalaya ki angeebhoot ikaai "di grejuyat Institute of pees stadi" ke maanad rektar bhi rahe hain.[2]

raajaneetik jeevan

unka raajaneetik jeevan mistr ke taatkaalik raashtrapati Anwar al saadaat ke shaasan kaal mein biksit hua. 1974 se 1977 tak ve arab soshalist sangh ke keindreeya samiti ke sadasya rahe hain. 1977 se 1991 tak ve mistr ke videsh mantri ke roop mein apni sevaaeain di. is dauraan unhone misr ke raashtrapati saadaat aur ijaraayal ke pradhaan mantri ke beech shaanti samjhaute mein ek badi bhoomika nibhaai. [3]

sanyukt raashtra kairiyr

sanyukt raashtra ke sheersh pad mahaasachiv hetu ve 1991 mein chune gaye, ve is pad par rahate huye kaafi vivaadaaspad bhi rahe. 1992 mein ve shaanti ke liye ek agenda prastut kiya, jismein kai sujhaav nihit the ki kaise sanyukt raashtra hinsak gatividhiyon par kaaboo pa sakta hai. haalaanki, sanyukt raashtra ke 1994 ke dauraan ravaanda narasanhaar ke kaaran unke kaarya ki vifalta ke liye unki khoob aalochna huyi thi. is narasanhaar mein ek lakh se adhik log maare gaye the, kintu angola civil yuddh mein hastakshep ke liye sanyukt raashtra mein samarthan juta paane mein unhone asamarthata jataai thi. apne kaaryakaal ke dauraan yoogoslaav yuddhon ke kaaran yoogoslaaviya ke soshalist sangheeya ganaraajya ke vightan ke baad unki pratishtha sanyukt raashtra aur sanyukt raashtra mein sanyukt raajya America ki bhoomika ki prabhaavasheelata par ulajh kar rah gayi thi. 1996 mein ghaali ko 2001 tak ke liye agale kaaryakaal hetu pun: nirvaachit karne ka prastaav sanyukt raashtra suraksha parishad mein dason sadasyon ki matayakyata na hone ke kaaran paarit naheen ho saka aur is pad par agali avadhi ke liye kofi annaan niyukt kiye gaye.

baad ke dinon mein

1997 se 2002 tak butaras ghaali la fraankofoniye, French bhaashi deshon ke ek sangathan ke mahaasachiv rahe. 2003 mein unhein misr ke maanav adhikaaron ki raashtreeya parishad ke nideshak ke roop mein niyukt kiya gaya, jahaan ve 2012 tak bane rahe. unhone 2003 se 2006 tak dakshin kendra ke board ke adhyaksh ke roop mein bhi seva ki. vartamaan mein ve vikaasasheel deshon ke ek antararaashtreeya anusandhaan sangathan Hague international law academy ke prashaasanik parishad ke adhyaksh hai. ghaali ne April 2007 ke baad sanyukt raashtra sansadeeya vidhaanasabha ki sthaapana ke liye chhede gaye ek abhiyaan ka samarthan kiya tha aur ve appeal karne vaale praarambhik hastaaksharakartaaon mein se ek rahe the. is abhiyaan ke liye ek sandesh mein unhonne vaishvik star par naagrikon ki lokataantrik bhaageedaari sthaapit karne ki aavashyakta par bhi bal diya.[4][5] sanprati sangharsh nivaaran hetu satat vikaas aur saanskrutik samvaad ki disha mein kaarya karne vaalon ko Jacques shiraak foundation ki or se pratyek varsh diye jaane vaale puraskaaron ki jury ke ve sadasya bhi hain.[6]

granth soochi

  • sanyukt raashtra ke mahaasachiv rahate huye unhone N agenda for pees likha, iske atirikt unke do sansmaran aur prakaashit huye, jo nimn hai :
  • ijeepts road too jeroosalam isaraail, misr shaanti sandhi ke baare mein.
  • anavaainkuisd : A you S-you N saga sanyukt raashtra mein apne kaaryakaal ke dauraan.

mrutyu

butaras ghaali ka nidhan kaahira ke ek aspataal mein 16 February 2016 ko 93 varsh ki aayu mein ho gaya.[7]

sandarbh

baahya links

raajaneetik kaaryaalaya
poorvaadhikaari
isamaail faahami
videsh mantri (misr)
kaaryakaal

1977
uttaraadhikaari
muhammad ibraheem kaamel
poorvaadhikaari
muhammad ibraheem kaamel
videsh mantri (misr)
kaaryakaal

1978–1979
uttaraadhikaari
mustafa khaleel
Diplomatic posts
poorvaadhikaari
jeviyr perij di kuiyaar
sanyukt raashtra ke mahaasachiv
kaaryakaal

1992–1996
uttaraadhikaari
kofi annaan
poorvaadhikaari
jen luis Roy
la fraankofoniye ke mahaasachiv
kaaryakaal

1997–2002
uttaraadhikaari
ebdau diof