bundeli bhaasha

bundelakhand ke nivaasiyon dvaara boli jaane waali boli bundeli hai. yeh kehna bahut kathin hai ki bundeli kitni puraani boli hain lekin theth bundeli ke shabd anoothe hain jo saadiyon se aaj tak prayog mein hain. keval sanskrut ya hindi padhne vaalon ko unke arth samajhna kathin hain. aise saikadon shabd jo bundeli ke niji hai, unke arth keval hindi jaanane vaale nahi batala sakte kintu bangala ya maithili bolne vaale aasaani se bata sakte hain.

praacheen kaal mein bundeli mein shaasakeeya patra vyavahaar, sandesh, beejak, raajapatr, maitri sandhiyon ke abhilekh prachur maatra mein milte hai. kaha to yaha‍ bhi jaata hai ki aurangajeb aur shivaaji bhi kshetr ke hindu raajaaon se bundeli mein hi patra vyavahaar karte the. theth bundeli ka shabdakosh bhi hindi se alag hai aur maana jaata hai ki vah sanskrut par aadhaarit naheen hain. ek-ek kshan ke liye alag-alag shabd hain. geeto mein prakruti ke varnan ke liye, akeli sandhya ke liye bundeli mein ikkees shabd hain. bundeli mein vaividhya hai, ismein baanda ka akkhadpan hai aur narasinhapur ki madhurata bhi hai.

dau॰ Virendra varma ne hindi bhaasha ka itihaas naamak granth mein likha hai ki bundeli bundelakhand ki upabhaasha hai. shuddh rup mein yeh Jhansi, jaalaun, hameerapur, gvaaliyr, orachha, saagar, narasinhapur, sivni tatha hoshangaabaad mein boli jaati hai. iske kai mishrit rup datiya, panna, charakhaari, damoh, baalaaghaat tatha chhindavaada ke kuchh bhaagon mein paae jaate hain.kuchh kuchh baanda ke hisse mein bhi boli jaati hai

bundeli ka itihaas

vartamaan bundelakhand chedi, dashaarn evam kaarush se juda tha. yahaan par anek janajaatiyaan nivaas karti theen. inmein kol, nishaad, pulind, kiraad, naag, sabhi ki apni svatantr bhaashaaen thi, jo vichaaron abhivyaktiyon ki maadhyam theen. bharatamuni ke naatya shaas‍aatr mein is boli ka ullekh praapt hai, shabar, bheel, chaandaal, sajar, dravidodbhava, heena vane vaaranam va vibhaasha naatakam smrutam se banaafari ka abhipret hai. sanskrut bhaasha ke vidrohasvarup praakrut evam apabhransh bhaashaaon ka vikaas hua. inmein deshaj shabdon ki bahulata thi. hemachandr soori ne paamarajanon mein prachalit praakrut apabhransh ka vyaakaran dashavi shati mein likha. madhyadesheeya bhaasha ka vikaas is kaal mein ho raha tha. hemachandr ke kosh mein vindh‍aayeli ke anek shabdon ke nighantu praapt hain.

baarahaveen sadi mein Damodar pandit ne ukti vyakti prakaran ki rachana ki. ismein puraani avadhi tatha shauraseni braj ke anek shabdon ka ullekh milta hai. isi kaal mein arthaat ek hajaar isvi mein bundeli poorv apabhransh ke udaaharan praapt hote hain. ismein deshaj shabdon ki bahulata thi. pan॰ kishori laal Vajpayee, likhit hindi shabdaanushaasan ke anusaar hindi ek svatantr bhaasha hai, usaki prakruti sanskrut tatha apabhransh se bhinn hai. bundeli ki maata praakrut shauraseni tatha pita sanskrut bhaasha hai. donon bhaashaaon mein janmane ke uparaant bhi bundeli bhaasha ki apni chaal, apni prakruti tatha vaakya vinyaas ko apni maulik shaili hai. hindi praakrut ki apeksha sanskrut ke nikat hai.

madh‍aayadesheeya bhaasha ka prabhutv avichhann rup se isa ki pratham sahas‍aatraabdi ke saare kaal mein aur iske poorv kaayam raha. naath tatha naag panthon ke siddhon ne jis bhaasha ka prayog kiya, uske svarup alag-alag janapadon mein bhinn bhinn the. vah deshaj pradhaan lokabhaasha thi. iske poorv bhi bhavabhooti uttar raamacharit ke graameenajanon ki bhaasha vindh‍aayeli praacheen bundeli hi thi. sanbhavat: chandel naresh gandadev (san 940 se 999 E.) tatha uske uttaraadhikaari vidyaadhar (999 E. se 1025 E.) ke kaal mein bundeli ke praarambhik roop mein Mehmood gajanavi ki prashansa ki katipya panktiyaan likhi gayi. iska vikaas raaso kaavya dhaara ke maadhyam se hua. jaganik aalhaakhand tatha paramaal raaso praudh bhaasha ki rachanaaen hain. bundeli ke aadi kavi ke rup mein praapt saamagri ke aadhaar par jaganik evam vishnudaas sarvamaanya hain, jo bundeli ki samast visheshataaon se mandit hain.

bundeli ke baare mein kaha gaya hai: bundeli ba hai jaun mein bundelakhand ke kaviyn ne apni kavita likhi, baarata likhve vaaran ne vaarata (gadya) likhi. ja bhaasa poore bundelakhand mein ekai rup mein milt hai. boli ke kai rup jaga ke hisaab se badalat jaat hain. jaai se kahi gayi hai ki kos-kos pe badle paani, gaanv-gaanv mein baani. bundelakhand mein ja hisaab se bahut si boli chalan mein hain jaise danghaai, chauraasi pavaari aadi.

bundeli ka s‍aavaroop

bundelakhand ki paati paddhati mein saat svar tatha 45 vyanjan hain. kaatantr vyaakaran ne sanskrut ke saraleekaran prakriya mein sahayog diya. bundeli paati ki shuruaat ona maasi gh maukhik paath se praarambh hui. vidur neeti ke shlok vinnaayake tatha chaanakya neeti channaayake ke rup mein yaad karaae jaate the. vanik priya ke ganit ke sootr rataae jaate the. nam: siddh mane ne shri ganeshaaya nam: ka sthaan le liya. kaayasthon tatha vaishyon ne is bhaasha ko vyavahaarik svarup pradaan kiya, unki lipi mudiya nimn maatra viheen thi. svar baiya se akshar tatha maatra gyaan karaaya gaya. chali chali bijn vakhon I, kaan se I ka ka lyaai ... vaakya vinyaas maulik the. praacheen bundeli vindh‍aayeli ke kalaapi sootr kaalpi mein praapt hue hain.

inhein bhi dekhein


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