bulgaariya

Рaеaпaуaбaлaиaкaа Бaaъaaлaaгaaаaaрaaиaaя
Republika Balgariya

bulgaariya ganatantr
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: bulgaariyn: Сaaъaaеaaдaaиaaнaaеaaнaaиaaеaaтaaо пaaрaaаaaвaaи сaaиaaлaaаaaтaaа
(hindi: "ekta se shakti")
raashtragaan: Mila Rodino
("pyaari janmabhoomi")
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
sofiya
42°a41′aN 23°a19′aE / 42.683°aN 23.317°aE / 42.683; 23.317
raajabhaasha(eain) bulgaariyn
nivaasi bulgaariyaai
sarkaar sansadeeya lokatantr
svatrantata
kshetrafal
- kul 111,001.9 varg kilometer (102vaan)
42,858 varg meal
- jal (%) 0.3%
janasankhya
- 2005 janaganana 7,761,000 (92vaan)
- 2001 janaganana 7,932,984 [1]
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2005 praakkalan
- kul $62.292 billion (64vaan)
- prati vyakti $9,223 (66vaan)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2003) 0.808
bahut uchch · 55vaan
mudra lev (BGN)
samay mandal EET (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) EEST (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+3)
doorabhaash koot 359
Internet teeeladi .bg

bulgaariya dakshin-poorv Europe mein sthit desh hai, jiski rajdhani sofiya hai. desh ki seemaaen uttar mein romaaniya se, pashchim mein Serbia aur mesedoniya se, dakshin mein grees aur Turkey se milti hain. poorv mein desh ki seemaaen kaala saagar nirdhaarit karti hai. kala aur takaneek ke alaava raajanaitik drushti se bhi bulgaariya ka vajood paaainchaveen sadi se najar aane lagta hai. pehle bulgaariyn saamraajya (632/681 - 1018) ne na keval baalkan kshetr balki poore poorvi Europe ko anek tarah se prabhaavit kiya. bulgaariyn saamraajya ke patan ke baad ise otoman shaasan ke adheen kar diya. 1877-78 mein hue rus-Turkey yuddh ne bulgaariya raajya ko pun: sthaapit karne mein madad ki. dviteeya vishv yuddh ke baad bulgaariya saamyavaadi raajya aur poorvi block ka hissa ban gaya. 1989 mein kraanti ke baad 1990 mein saamyavaadiyon ka satta se ekaadhikaar samaapt ho gaya aur desh sansadeeya ganaraajya ke roop mein aage badhne laga. yeh desh 2004 se naato ka aur 2007 se yooropiyn union ka sadasya hai.

itihaas

bulgaariya jo yoonaan aur istaanbul ke uttar mein basa hai maanav basaav ki drushti se bahut puraana hai. montaana ke paas 6800 saal puraana ek pattikaalekh paaya gaya hai jismein chaar panktiyon mein kuchh 24 chinh bane paae gaye hain - isko padh paana abhi sambhav naheen hua hai par isse ye anumaan lagta hai ki yahaaain us samay se maanav rahate honge. san 1972 mein kaala saagar ke tat par sthit vaarna mein sone ka khjaana paaya gaya tha jis par raajasi chinh bane the jisse ye anumaan lagta hai ki bahut puraane samay mein bhi yahaaain koi raajya ya satta rahi hogi - haaainlaanki is raajya ke jaateeya mool ka pata naheen chal paaya hai.

saamaanyat: thresiyon ko bulgaaron ka poorvavarti maana gaya hai. thres ke logon ne trauya ki ladaai (1200 isaapoorv ke aaspaas) mein hissa liya tha. iske baad 500 isaapoorv tak unka ek saamraajya sthaapit hua tha. sikndar ne 332 isaapoorv mein is par adhikaar kar liya aur 46 isvi mein romanon ne. iske baad Asia se kai samoohon ka aagaman aarambh hua. slaav jaati ke logon ne 581 mein bijentaain ke roman saamraajya ke saath shaanti samjhaute par hastaakshar kar liya. san 864 mein boris pratham ne paranparaavaadi isaaiyat ko raajadharm banaaya aur seereelik lipi ko apna liya. arabon ki senaaon ko hara diya gaya.

san 1018 tak bulgaar saamraajya ka ant bijentaain aakramanon se ho gaya. san 1185 se 1360 tak doosare bulgaar saamraajya ka raajya raha. uske baad usmaani (automan) turk logon ne is par adhikaar kar liya. san 1877 mein roos ne otoman saamraajya par hamla kar diya aur unhein hara diya. san 1878 mein teesare bulgaar saamraajya ka udaya hua. 1980 mein turkon ke khilaaf chalaae gaye abhiyaan mein 30000 turk bulgaariya chhodkar Turkey chale gaye. isse do dashak pehle grees mein bhi aisa hi abhiyaan chala tha. 1989 mein vahaaain communist party ki naram shaakha ka shaasan sthaapit hua.

yeh bhi dekhiye

sandarbh