bukk rai pratham

vijyanagar saamraajya
sangam raajavansh
harihr rai pratham 1336-1356
bukk rai pratham 1356-1377
harihr rai dviteeya 1377-1404
virupaaksh rai 1404-1405
bukk rai dviteeya 1405-1406
Dave rai pratham 1406-1422
raamachandr rai 1422
veer vijay bukk rai 1422-1424
Dave rai dviteeya 1424-1446
mallikaarjun rai 1446-1465
virupaaksh rai dviteeya 1465-1485
praudh rai 1485
shaalv raajavansh
shaalv nrusinh Dave rai 1485-1491
thimm bhoopaal 1491
nrusinh rai dviteeya 1491-1505
tuluv raajavansh
tuluv naras naayak 1491-1503
veeranrusinh rai 1503-1509
Krishna Dave rai 1509-1529
achyut Dave rai 1529-1542
sadaashiv rai 1542-1570
araavidu raajavansh
aaliya Ram rai 1542-1565
tirumal Dave rai 1565-1572
shreerang pratham 1572-1586
veinkat dviteeya 1586-1614
shreerang dviteeya 1614-1614
raamadev aravidu 1617-1632
veinkat truteeya 1632-1642
shreerang truteeya 1642-1646

sangam raajavansh mein janme bukk (ಬaaುaaಕaa್aaಕ ; 1357-1377 E.) vijyanagar saamraajya ke samraat the. inhein bukk rai pratham ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. [1] bukk ne telugu kavi naachan soma ko sanrakshan diya.

14veen sadi ke poorvaardh mein dakshin Bhaarat mein tungabhadra nadi ke kinaare vijyanagar raajya ki sthaapana hui thi jiske sansthaapak bukk tatha uske jyeshth bhraata harihr ka naam itihaas mein vikhyaat hai. sangam naamak vyakti ke paaainch putron mein inheen donon ki pradhaanata thi. praarambhik jeevan mein Warangal ke shaasak prataaparudr dviteeya ke adheen padaadhikaari the. uttar Bhaarat se aakramanakaari musalamaani sena ne Warangal par chadhaai ki, at: donon bhraata (harihr evam bukk) kaanpili chale gaye. 1327 E. mein bukk bandi banaakar Delhi bhej diya gaya aur islaam dharm sveekaar karne par Delhi sultaan ka vishvaasapaatr ban gaya. dakshin lautane par bhaarateeya jeevan ka hraas dekhkar bukk ne pun: hindu dharm sveekaar kiya aur vijyanagar ki sthaapana mein harihr ka sahayogi raha. jyeshth bhraata dvaara uttaraadhikaari ghoshit hone par 1357 E. mein vijyanagar raajya ki baagdor bukk ke haathon mein I. usane bees varshon tak athak parishram se shaasan kiya. poorv shaasak se adhik bhoobhaag par usaka prabhutv vistrut tha.

shaanti sthaapit hone par raaja bukk ne aadarsh maarg par shaasan vyavasthit kiya. mantriyon ki sahaayata se hindoodharm mein navajeevan ka sanchaar kiya. isne Kumar kanpan ko bhejkar madura se musalmaanon ko nikal bhagaaya jiska varnan kanpan ki patni gangaadevi ne 'maduraavijyam' mein maarmik shabdon mein kiya hai. bukk swayam shaiv hokar sabhi maton ka samaadar karta raha. iski sanrakshata mein vidvat mandali ne saayan ke netrutv mein vaidik sanhita, braahman tatha aaranyak par teeka likhkar mahaan kaarya kiya. apne shaasanakaal mein (1357-1377 E.) bukk pratham ne cheen desh ko raajadoot bhi bheja jo smaraneeya ghatna thi. anek gunon se yukt hone ke kaaran maadhavaachaarya ne jaimini nyaayamaala mein bukk ki nimn prashansa ki hai:

jaagarti shrutimtprasang charit:
shri bukkan kshmaapati:.


bukk aur unke bhaai hakk (jinhein harihr pratham ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai) ke praarambhik jeevan lagbhag agyaat hai aur unke praarambhik jeevan ka adhikaansh varnan vibhinn maton par aadhaarit hai (inke adhik vistrut varnan ke liye lekh vijyanagar saamraajya dekhein). ek mat ke anusaar bukk aur hakk ka janm kuruba jaati mein hua tha aur ve Warangal ke raaja ki sena ke senaapati the.[1] muhammad bin tuglak ke haathon Warangal ke raaja ki paraajaya ke baad, bukk aur unke bhaai ko bandi banaakar Delhi bhej diya gaya. donon ko jabaran islaam mein dharmaantarit kiya gaya. bukk aur unke bhaai antat: vahaan se bhaagane mein safal hue aur unhonne apni hindu paramparaaen pun: apna leen evam braahman sant vidyaaranya ke maargadarshan mein vijyanagar saamraajya ki sthaapana ki. ek anya mat ke anusaar donon bhaaiyon ka sambandh hoyasal saamraajya se tha aur unka janm vartamaan Karnataka mein hampi praant ke paas hua tha tatha ve vanshaanugat roop se hoyasal raajya ke uttaraadhikaari the. haalaanki donon maton ki sateekata abhi bhi vivaadit bani hui hai, kintu ismein koi sandeh naheen hai ki bukk aur unke bhaai ko yuddh mein safalta ke liye aur saamraajya ke pratham shaasakon ke roop mein prashansa praapt hai.

bukk rai ke 21-varsheeya shaasanakaal (nooneej ke anusaar 37) mein, raajya samruddh hua aur iska vistaar jaari raha kyonki bukk rai ne dakshin Bhaarat ke adhikaansh raajyon par vijay praapt kar li aur apne saamraajya ki seemaaon ka satat vistaar jaari rakha. san 1360 tak unhonne aarkot ke shaanbuvaraaya ke raajya aur kondaavidu ke reddiyon ko paraajit kiya tatha penukonda ke aas-paas ka kshetr bhi jeet liya. bukk ne 1371 mein madurai ki saltanat ko paraajit kiya aur dakshin mein raameshvaram tak apne saamraajya ka vistaar kar liya. unke putr Kumar kampan ne sainya abhiyaanon mein unka saath diya. unki patni gangaanbika dvaara likhit sanskrut granth madhuraavijyam mein unke prayaason ka varnan kiya gaya hai. san 1374 tak unhonne bahamani sena ko haraakar tungabhadra-Krishna doaab ke niyantran praapt kar liya tha aur saath hi Goa, Orissa (oraya) ke raajya par bhi adhikaar kar liya tha tatha bukk ne silon ke jaafna raajya evam maalaabaar ke jemorinon ko bhi paraast kiya.

apne shaasan-kaal ke dauraan bukk ka bahamani sultaanon ke saath bhi sangharsh chalta raha. pehla yuddh mohammad shaah pratham ke kaal mein aur doosra mujaahid ke shaasan-kaal mein hua. aisa kaha jaata hai ki bukk ne apne shaasan-kaal ke dauraan ek pratinidhimandal cheen bhi bheja tha. bukk ki mrutyu san 1380 ke lagbhag hui aur harihr dviteeya unke uttaraadhikaari bane. yeh bhi ullekhaneeya hai ki bukk rai ke shaasanakaal mein vijyanagar saamraajya ki rajdhani, nadi ke dakshini bhaag mein, vijyanagar mein sthaapit ki gayi, jo ki puraani rajdhani anegondi ki tulana mein adhik surakshit aur rakshaatmak thi. yuddhon aur aantarik sangharshon ke baavajood, bukk rai ne nagar ke aantarik vikaas ko protsaahit karne ke safalta pai. unke shaasanakaal mein mahatvapoorn saahityik krutiyon ki rachana bhi hui. vidyaaranya aur saayan ke maargadarshan mein darjanon vidvaan raha karte karte the. vedon, braahmanon aur aranyakon par saayan ke bhaashya ka lekhan bukk ke prashraya mein hi hua.

sandarbh

  • dau॰ sooryakaant you. kaamat, kansaais history of karnaataka, emaseesi, Bangalore, 2001 (pun: prakaashit 2002)
  • Chopra pi.N., ti.ke. ravindran aur N. subramanyam history of south indiya S. chand, 2003. ISBN 81-219-0153-7
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise history of Karnataka, MCC, Bangalore, 2001 (Reprinted 2002)
  • Chopra, P.N. T.K. Ravindran and N. Subrahmaniam.History of South India. S. Chand, 2003. ISBN 81-219-0153-7
  1. a aa professor A. vi. narasinh moorti: reyar royal brothers: hakk end bukk

baahari kadiyaaain

poorvaadhikaari
harihr 1
vijyanagar saamraajya
1356 –1377
uttaraadhikaari
harihr 2