brajabhaasha

bhaasha ka naam
boli jaati hai
kshetr
kul bolne vaale
bhaasha parivaar
  • {{{name}}}
lekhan pranaali devanaagari
bhaasha koot
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3

brujabhaasha moolat: bruj kshetr ki boli hai. (shreemadbhaagavat ke rachanaakaal mein "vraj" shabd kshetravaachi ho gaya tha. vikram ki 13veen shataabdi se lekar 20veen shataabdi tak Bhaarat ke madhya desh ki saahityik bhaasha rahane ke kaaran braj ki is janapadeeya boli ne apne utthaan evam vikaas ke saath aadaraarth "bhaasha" naam praapt kiya aur "brajaboli" naam se naheen, apitu "brajabhaasha" naam se vikhyaat hui. apne vishuddh roop mein yeh aaj bhi Agra, hindaun city,dhaulapur, Mathura, mainapuri, eta aur Aligadh jilon mein boli jaati hai. ise ham "keindreeya brujabhaasha" ke naam se bhi pukaar sakte hain.

brujabhaasha mein hi praarambh mein kaavya ki rachana hui. sabhi bhakt kaviyon ne apni rachanaaen isi bhaasha mein likhi hain jinmein pramukh hain sooradaas, raheem, rasakhaan, keshav, ghanaanand, bihaari, ityaadi. hindi filmon ke geeton mein bhi bruj bhaasha ke shabdon ka pramukhata se prayog kiya gaya hai.

anukram

bhaugolik vistaar

apne vishuddh roop mein brajabhaasha aaj bhi Agra, dhaulapur, hindaun city, Mathura, mainapuri, eta aur Aligadh jilon mein boli jaati hai. ise ham "keindreeya brajabhaasha" ke naam se bhi pukaar sakte hain. keindreeya brajabhaasha kshetr ke uttar pashchim ki or bulandashahar jile ki uttari patti se ismein khadi boli ki latak aane lagti hai. uttari-poorvi jilon arthaat badaayooain aur eta jilon mein ispar kannauji ka prabhaav praarambh ho jaata hai. dau॰ dheereindr varma, "kannauji" ko brajabhaasha ka hi ek roop maanate hain. dakshin ki or gvaaliyr mein pahuainchakar ismein bundeli ki jhalak aane lagti hai. pashchim ki or gudgaaainv tatha bharatapur ka kshetr raajasthaani se prabhaavit hai.

braj bhaasha aaj ke samay mein praathamik taur par ek graameen bhaasha hai, jo ki Mathura-Agra kendrit braj kshetr mein boli jaati hai. yeh madhya doaab ke in jilon ki pradhaan bhaasha hai:


ganga ke paar iska prachaar badaayooain, bareli hote hue naineetaal ki taraai, uttaraakhand ke udham Singh nagar jile tak chala gaya hai. uttar pradesh ke alaava is bhaasha ka prachaar Rajasthan ke in jilon mein bhi hai:

aur karauli jile ke kuchh bhaag ( hindaun city)| jiske pashchim se yeh raajasthaani ki up-bhaashaaon mein jaakar mil jaati hai.

Haryana mein yeh Delhi ke dakshini ilaakon mein boli jaati hai- freedaabaad jila aur gudgaaainv aur mevaat jilon ke poorvi bhaag.

vikaas yaatra

iska vikaas mukhyat: pashchimi uttar pradesh aur usase lagte Rajasthan va madhya pradesh mein hua. Mathura, bharatapur, hindaun city, dhaulapur, Agra, gvaaliyr aadi ilaakon mein aaj bhi yeh mukhya samvaad ki bhaasha hai. is ek poore ilaake mein brujabhaasha ya to mool roop mein ya halke se parivartan ke saath vidyamaan hai. iseeliye is ilaake ke ek bade bhaag ko brujaanchal ya brujabhoomi bhi kaha jaata hai.

bhaarateeya aaryabhaashaaon ki parampara mein viksit honevaali "brajabhaasha" shauraseni apabhransh ki kokh se janmi hai. jab se gokul vallabh sanpradaaya ka kendra bana, brajabhaasha mein Krishna vishyak saahitya likha jaane laga. isi ke prabhaav se braj ki boli saahityik bhaasha ban gayi. bhaktikaal ke prasiddh mahaakavi mahaatma sooradaas se lekar aadhunik kaal ke vikhyaat kavi shri viyogi hari tak brajabhaasha mein prabandh kaavya tatha muktak kaavya samay samay par rache jaate rahe.

svaroop

janapadeeya jeevan ke prabhaav se brajabhaasha ke kai roop hamein drushtigochar hote hain. kintu thode se antar ke saath unamein ekaroopata ki spasht jhalak hamein dekhne ko milti hai.

brajabhaasha ki apni roopagat prakruti aukaaraant hai arthaat iski ekavachaneeya punling sanjnyaaaeain tatha visheshan praaya: aukaaraant hote hain; jaise khurapau, yaamarau, maaainjhau aadi sanjnyaa shabd aukaaraant hain. isi prakaar kaarau, gorau, saaainvarau aadi visheshan pad aukaaraant hai. kriya ka saamaanya bhootakaalik ekavachan punling roop bhi brajabhaasha mein pramukharoopen aukaaraant hi rahata hai. yeh baat alag hai ki uske kuchh kshetron mein "y" shruti ka aagam bhi paaya jaata hai. jila Aligadh ki tahaseel kol ki boli mein saamaanya bhootakaaleen roop "y" shruti se rahit milta hai, lekin jila Mathura tatha dakshini bulandashahar ki tahaseelon mein "y" shruti avashya pai jaati hai. jaise :

""kaarau chhora bolau"" -(kol, jila Aligadh).

""kaarau chhora bolyau"" -(maat jila Mathura).

""kaarau launda bolyau"" -(baran, jila bulandashahar).

kannauji ki apni prakruti okaaraant hai. sanjnyaa, visheshan tatha kriya ke roopon mein brajabhaasha jahaaain aukaaraantata lekar chalti hai vahaaain kannauji okaaraantata ka anusaran karti hai. jila Aligadh ki jalapadeeya brajabhaasha mein yadi ham kahein ki- ""kaarau chhora bolau"" (= kaala ladka bola) to ise hi kannauji mein kaheinge ki-""kaaro larika bolo. bhavishyatkaaleen kriya kannauji mein tiङaantaroopini hoti hai, lekin brajabhaasha mein vah krudantaroopini pai jaati hai. yadi ham "ladka jaaega" aur "ladki jaaegi" vaakyon ko kannauji tatha brajabhaasha mein roopaantarit karke bolein to nimnaankit roop pradaan kareinge :

kannauji mein - (1) larika jaihai. (2) bitiya jaihai.

brajabhaasha mein - (1) chhora jaaigau. (2) chhori jaaigi.

uparyukt udaaharanon se spasht hai ki brajabhaasha ke saamaanya bhavishyat kaal roop mein kriya karta ke ling ke anusaar parivrtit hoti hai, jab ki kannauji mein ek roop rahati hai.

iske atirikt kannauji mein avadhi ki bhaaainti vivruti (Hiatus) ki pravrutti bhi pai jaati hai jiska brajabhaasha mein abhaav hai. kannauji ke sanjnyaa, sarvanaam aadi vaakyapadon mein sandhiraahitya praaya: milta hai, kintu brajabhaasha mein ve pad sandhigt avastha mein milte hain. udaaharan :

(1) kannauji -""bau gao"" (= vah gaya).

(2) brajabhaasha -""bo gayau"" (= vah gaya).

uparyukt vaakyon ke sarvanaam pad "bau" tatha "bo" mein sandhiraahitya tatha sandhi ki avasthaaeain donon bhaashaaon ki prakrutiyon ko spasht karti hain.

kshetr vibhaajan

brajabhaasha kshetr ki bhaashaagat vibhinnata ko drushti mein rakhate hue ham usaka vibhaajan nimnaankit roop mein kar sakte hain :

(1) keindreeya braj arthaat aadarsh brajabhaasha - Aligadh, Mathura tatha pashchimi aagare ki brajabhaasha ko "aadarsh brajabhaasha" naam diya ja sakta hai.

(2) budeli prabhaavit brajabhaasha - gvaaliyr ke uttar pashchim mein boli jaanevaali bhaasha ko yeh naam pradaan kiya ja sakta hai.

(3) Rajasthan ki jayapuri se prabhaavit brajabhaasha - yeh bharatapur tatha uske dakshini bhaag mein boli jaati hai.

(4) sikravaadi brajabhaasha - brajabhaasha ka yeh roop gvaaliyr ke uttar poorv ke anchal mein prachalit hai jahaaain sikravaad raajapooton ki bastiyaaain pai jaati hain.

(5) jaadobaati brajabhaasha - karauli ke kshetr tatha chanbal nadi ke maidaan mein boli jaanevaali brajabhaasha ko "jaadaubaari" naam se pukaara gaya hai. yahaaain jaadau (Yadav) raajapooton ki bastiyaaain hain.

(6) kannauji se prabhaavit brajabhaasha - jila eta tatha tahaseel anoopashahar evam atarauli ki bhaasha kannauji se prabhaavit hai.

brajabhaashi kshetr ki janapadeeya brajabhaasha ka roop pashchim se poorv ki or kaisa hota chala gaya hai, iske liye nimnaankit udaaharan drashtavya hain :

jila gudgaaainva mein - ""tamaaso dekhne koo gaye. aapas main jhagro ho rahyau ho. tab gaano band ho gayo.""

jila bulandashahar mein -""launda gaum koo aayau aur bahoo soo bolyau kai main naukri koo jaaङagau.""

jila Aligadh mein - ""chhora gaaainm kooain aayau auru baoo te bolau (bolyau) kai main naukri kooain jaaङago.""

jila eta mein - ""chhora gaum kooain aao aur baoo te bolo kai main naukri kooain jaauaingo.""

isi prakaar uttar se dakshin ki or ka parivartan drashtavya hai-

jila Aligadh mein -""gu chhora mere ghar te chalau gayau.""

jila Mathura mein -""bu chhora mere ghar tain chalyau gayau.""

jila Agra mein -""muktau rupaiya apni baiyari kooain bheji dayau.""

gvaaliyr (pashchimi bhaag) mein - "baanain ek bokara paal lao. tab bau aanand sai raibe lago.""

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain