brahmaputr nadi

sukleshvar ghaat se kheencha gaya brahmaputr ka tasveer

brahmaputr (asamiya - বaa্aaৰaaহaa্aaমaaপaaুaaতaa্aaৰ, baangla - বaa্aaরaaহaa্aaমaaপaaুaaতaa্aaর) ek nadi hai. yeh Tibet, Bhaarat tatha Bangladesh se hokar bahti hai. brahmaputr ka udgam Tibet ke dakshin mein maanasarovar ke nikat chemaayung dung naamak himvaah se hua hai. iski lanbaai lagbhag 2700 kilometer hai. iska naam Tibet mein saanpo, arunaachal mein dihan tatha asam mein brahmaputr hai. yeh nadi Bangladesh ki seema mein jamuna ke naam se dakshin mein bahti hui ganga ki mool shaakha padma ke saath milkar Bengal ki khaadi mein jaakar milti hai. suvanashri, tista, torsa, lohit, Barack aadi brahmaputr ki upanadiyaan hain. brahmaputr ke kinaare sthit shaharon mein pramuk hain dibroogadh, tejapur env Guwahati. praay: bhaarateeya nadiyon ke naam streeling mein hote hain par brahmaputr ek apavaad hai. sanskrut mein brahmaputr ka shaabdik arth brahma ka putr hota hai.

anukram

brahmaputr ke anya naam

  • baangla bhaasha mein jamuna ke naam se jaani jaati hai.
  • cheen mein ya-loo-tsaang-poo chiyaang ya yaralung jaiganbo jiyaang kehte hai.
  • Tibet mein yaralung tsangapo ya saampo ke naam se jaani jaati hai.
  • madhya aur dakshin Asia ki pramukh nadi kehte hain.
  • arunaachal mein dihaang ke naam se jaani jaati hai.
  • asam mein brahmaputr kehte hain.

kahaani

brahmaputr hamaare hindu Bhagwan brahma ka putr hai. aaj ke samay me brahmaputr ke baare me atyaadhik kahaaniyaaain prachalit hai, par sabse adhik prachalit kahaani "kalika puraan" me milti hai. yeh samjha jaata hai ki parashuraam, Bhagwan vishnu ke ek avataar jinhone apni maata ko farase ke sahaare maarane ke paap ka pashchaataap ek pavitra nadi me nahaakar kiya. apne pita ke ek kathan ke maan ke kaaran (unke pita ne unki maata par shak kiya) isaliye unhone ek farase ke sahaare apni maata ka sheesh dhaङ se alag kar diya. is kaaran vah farasa unke haath se hi chipk gaya. anek muniyon ki salaah se vah anek aashrm gaye uname se ek tha "parashuram kund". tabhi se vah mahanadi kunad anek pahaadiyon se gheera hai. parashuraam ne unme se ek pahaadi ko tod kar logo ke liye us pavitra paani ko nikaala. is kaaran parashuraam ka farasa unke haath se nikal gaya. is kaaran unhein laga ki vah paap se mukt hai.

nadi ki lambaai (kilometer me)

brahmaputr nadi ki lambaai apne udgam sthaan mahaan himnad se lekar padma nadi mein milne tak lagbhag 2900 kilometer hai.

nadi ki gahra (meter aur foot)

brahmaputr nadi ke ek bahut hai aur sabse badi gaharaai hai, yeh ausat gaharaai 832 feet (252 meter) gahra hai nadi ki adhiktam gaharaai 1020 feet (318 meter) hai (252 meter) hai. sherapur aur jamaalapur mein hai, adhiktam gaharaai 940 foot (283 meter) tak pahuainchane mein. yeh 85 feet ki khaadi mein (26 meter) bahti hai. Tibet mein hai, yeh adhiktam gaharaai 1068 feet (321 meter) hai.

apavaah tantr

brahmaputr nadi ka maanachitr

is nadi ka udgam Tibet mein Kailash parvat ke nikat jima yaungajaung jheel hai. aarambh mein yeh Tibet ke pathaari ilaake mein, yaarlung saangapo naam se, lagbhag 4000 meter ki ausat uchaai par, 1700 kilometer tak poorv ki or bahti hai, jiske baad naamacha baarva parvat ke paas dakshin-pashchim ki disha mein muङaakar Bhaarat ke aroonaachal pradesh mein ghusati hai jahaan ise siyaang kehte hain.

unchaai ko teji se chhod yeh maidaanon mein daakhil hoti hai, jahaan ise dihaang naam se jaana jaata hai. asam mein nadi kaafi chaudi ho jaati hai aur kaheen-kaheen to iski chaudaai 10 kilometer tak hai. dibroogadh tatha lakhimpur jile ke beech nadi do shaakhaaon mein vibhkt ho jaati hai. asam mein hi nadi ki dono shaakhaaen mil kar majuli dweep banaati hai jo duniya ka sabse bada nadi-dweep hai. asam mein nadi ko praay: brahmaputr naam se hi bulaate hain, par boङao log ise bhullam-buthur bhi kehte hain jiska arth hai- kal-kal ki aavaaj nikaalna.

muhaana

iske baad yeh Bangladesh mein pravesh karti hai jahaan iski dhaara kai bhaagon mein bat jaati hai. ek shaakha ganga ki ek shaakha ke saath mil kar meghana banaati hai. sabhi dhaaraaen Bengal ki khaaङai mein girti hai.

sinchaai aur baadh niyantran

1954 ke baad baadh niyantran yojanaaeain aur tatabandhon ka nirmaan praarambh kiye gaye the, Bangladesh mein yamuna nadi ke pashchim mein dakshin tak bana brahmaputr tatabandh baadh ko niyantrit karne mein sahaayak siddh hota hai. tista baraaj pariyojana, sinchaai aur baadh, donon ki suraksha yojana hai. brahmaputr ya asam ghaati se bahut thodi vidyut paida ki jaati hai. jabki usaki anumaanit kshamata kaafi hai. akele Bhaarat mein hi yeh lagbhag ho sakti hai 12,000 megawatt hai. asam mein kuchh jalavidyut kendra banaae gaye hain. jinmein se sabse ullekhaneeya 'kopali haaidal project' hai aur anya ka nirmaan kaarya jaari hai.

nau-sanchaalan aur parivhan

Tibet mein laa—aatjoo (lhaatse dajong) ke paas nadi lagbhag 644 kilometer ke ek naukaayan yogya jalamaarg se milti hai. charmaavrut naukaaeain (pashu—aacharm aur baaains se bani naukaaeain) aur badi naukaaeain samudra tal se 3,962 meter ki ooainchaai par ismein yaatra karti hain. tsaangapo par kai sthaanon par jhoolate pul banaae gaye hain.

asam aur Bangladesh ke bhaari vaale kshetron mein bahne ke kaaran brahmaputr sinchaai se zyaada ant:sthaleeya nau—aasanchaalan ke liye mahattvapoorn hai. nadi ne panshchim Bengal aur asam ke beech puraane samay se ek jalamaarg bana rakha hai. yadyapi yadaa—aakada raajaneetik vivaadon ke kaaran Bangladesh jaane wala yaataayaat asta—aavyast hua hai. brahmaputr Bengal ke maidaan aur asam se samudra se 1,126 kilometer ki doori par dibragadh tak naukaayan yogya hai. sabhi prakaar ke sthaaneeya jalayaanon ke saath hi yantrachaalit laanch aur steemar bhaari bharakam kachcha maal, imaarati lakdi aur kachche tel ko dhote hue aasaani se nadi maarg mein oopar aur neeche chalte hain.

1962 mein asam mein Guwahati ke paas sadak aur rel, donon ke liye saaraaighaat pul banane tak brahmaputr nadi maidaanon mein apne poore maarg par bina pul ke thi. 1987 mein tejpur ke nikat ek doosra kaaliya bhomaura sadak pul aarambh hua. brahmaputr ko paar karne ka sabse mahattvapoorn aur Bangladesh mein to ekamaatr aadhan naukaaeain hi hain. saadiya, dibragadh, jorahaat, tejpur, Guwahati, govaalapaara aur dhuburi asam mein mukhya shahar aur nadi paar karne ke sthaan hain. Bangladesh mein mahattvapoorn sthaan hain, kureegraam, raahumaari, chilmaari, bahaaduraabaad ghaat, foolachari, sareeshaabaadi, jagannaathaganj ghaat, naagarabaadi, seeraaganj aur goundo ghaat, antim rel bindu bahaaduraabaad ghaat, foolachari, jagannaathaganj ghaat, siraajaganj aur govaalando ghaat par sthit hai.

adhyayan aur anveshan

brahmaputr ka oopari maarg 18veen shataabdi mein hi khoj liya gaya tha. haalaaainki 19veen shataabdi tak yeh lagbhag agyaat hi tha. asam mein 1886 mein bhaarateeya sarvekshak kinthoop (1884 mein prativedit) aur J.ef. needhaim ki khoj ne tsaangpo nadi ko brahmaputr ke oopari maarg ke roop mein sthaapit kiya. 20veen shataabdi ke pratham chaturthaansh mein kai british abhiyaanon ne tsaangpo ki dhaara ke pratikool jaakar Tibet mein jih—aka—atse tak nadi ke pahaadi darron ki khoj ki.

baahari kadiyaaain