brahmaand (jain dharm)

jain dharm srushti ko anaadinidhn bataata hai yaani jo kabhi nasht naheen hogi. jain darshan ke anusaar brahmaand hamesha se astitv mein hai aur hamesha rahega. yeh brahmaand praakrutik kaanoonon dvaara niyantrit hai aur apni hi oorja prakriyaaon dvaara rakha ja raha hai. jain darshan ke anusaar brahmaand shaashvat hai aur ishvar ya kisi anya shakti ne ise naheen banaaya. aadhunik vigyaan ke anusaar brahmaand hamesha se astitv mein naheen tha, iski utpatti big bang se hui thi.[1][2][3]

anukram

dravya

jain darshan ke anusaar brahmaand mein kabhi kuchh nasht ya banaaya naheen jaata hai, ve bas ek roop se doosare mein badal jaate hain. jain darshan ke anusaar lok 6 dravyon se bana hai:

  • jeev (aatm tatv)
  • ajeev (jad tatv)
    • pudagl (maitar)
    • dharm dravya
    • adharm dravya
    • aakaash
    • kaal

lok

brahmaand

jain grantho mein brahmaand ke liye "lok" shabd ka prayog kiya gaya hai.

jain darshan ke anusaar 'lok' teen bhaag mein vibhaajit hai[4]:

  1. oordhv lok- devon ka nivaas sthaan
  2. madhya lok - manushya, tiryanch aur vanaspati
  3. adho lok- saat nark aur nigod

madhya lok

janboodveep

janboodveep mein 6 vishaal parvat hai jo ise 7 kshetron mein vibhaajit karte hai. in kshetron ke naam hai[5]:

  1. bharat kshetr
  2. mahaanideshak kshetr
  3. airaavat kshetr
  4. ramyak kshetr
  5. hairaanyavat kshetr
  6. hemava kshetr
  7. hari kshetr

kaal

anant samay ka chakr do bhaago mein vibhaajit hai . pehli chhamaahi hai aarohi kram, utsarpani (pragatisheel chakr). anya aadha hai avasarpani (pratigaami chakr) ya avarohi kram.

jain kaalachakr

avasarpani ke chhah aara (yug) hai :-

  1. sukham-sukham (bahut achha)
  2. sukham (achha)
  3. sukham-dukham (achha bura)
  4. dukham-sukham (bura achha) - 24 teerthankar ka yug
  5. dukham (bura) - aaj ka yug
  6. dukham-dukham (bahut kharaab)

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Joseph Silk (2009). Horizons of Cosmology. Templeton Press. pp. 208.
  2. Simon Singh (2005). Big Bang: The Origin of the Universe. Harper Perennial. pp. 560.
  3. Wollack, E. J. (10 December 2010). "Cosmology: The Study of the Universe". Universe 101: Big Bang Theory. NASA. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/. abhigman tithi: 27 April 2011. "The second section discusses the classic tests of the Big Bang theory that make it so compelling as the likely valid description of our Universe."
  4. jain 2011, pa॰ 36.
  5. jain 2011, pa॰ 40.

sandarbh soochi