botsavaana

botsavaana ganaraajya
Republic of Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana

dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: pula (varsha)
raashtragaan: Fatshe leno la rona (yeh hamaari bhoomi)
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
gabaaroni
25°a40′aS 25°a55′aE / 25.667°aS 25.917°aE / -25.667; 25.917
raajabhaasha(eain) angreji, setsavaana
nivaasi batsavaana
sarkaar sansadeeya lokatantr
- raashtrapati Ian khaama
svatantrata sanyukt raajashaahi se
- tithi 30 sitmbar 1966
kshetrafal
- kul 581,730 varg kilometer (47vaan)
224,610 varg meal
- jal (%) 2.6
janasankhya
- 2010 janaganana 2,155,784[1] (144vaan)
- 2001 janaganana 1,680,863
- ghanatv 3.4/varg kimi (229vaan)
8.9/varg meal
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2009 praakkalan
- kul $25.399 arab$[2]
- prati vyakti $13,992$[2]
sakal ghareloo utpaad (saanketik) 2009 praakkalan
- kul $11.630 arab$[2]
- prati vyakti $6,406$[2]
gini (1993) 63[1]
bahut uchch
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.683[3]
madhyam · 109vaaain
mudra pula (BWP)
samay mandal kendreeya afreeki samay (UTC+02)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) laagoo naheen (yoo॰atee॰asee॰)
yaataayaat chaalan disha baaen
doorabhaash koot +267
Internet teeeladi .bw
botsavaana ka maanachitr

botsavaana ganaraajya (angreji: Republic of Botswana, shvaana: Lefatshe la Botswana), afreeki mahaadveep ke dakshin mein sthit ek sthal-ruddh desh hai. 30 sitmbar 1966 ko Britain ki sanyukt raajashaahi se svatantrata milne se poorv ise british sanrakshit raajya, bechuaanaalaind ke naam se jaana jaata tha. svatantrata praapti ke baad british raashtramandal ke antargat is desh ne ek naya naam botsavaana apna liya. svatantrata praapti ke baad yahaan lagaataar svatantr aur nishpaksh lokataantrik chunaav aayojit kiye ja rahe hain. Zimbabwe,angola, jaanbiya aur dakshin Africa iske padosi desh hain.

bhaugolik drushti se botsavaana ek sapaat desh hai aur iske lagbhag 70% bhaag mein kaalaahaari marusthal faila hai. iske dakshin aur dakshinpashchim mein dakshin Africa, pashchim aur uttar mein naameebiya tatha uttarapoorv mein Zimbabwe sthit hai. yeh sirf ek bindu par jaambiya se milta hai.

yeh ek chhota sa desh hai, jiski janasankhya sirf 20 lakh hai. svatantrata ke samay yeh Africa ke kuchh sabse gareeb deshon me se ek tha jiska sakal ghareloo utpaad prati vyakti maatr 70 ameriki dollar tha, lekin tab se lekar ab tak botsavaana ne aarthik roop se tarakki ki hai aur ab iski ginti Africa ke madhyam aay vaale deshon mein hone lagi hai. iski arthavyavastha vishv ki kuchh sabse teji se badhti arthavyavasthaaon mein se hai, jiski ausat vruddhi dar 9% ki hai aur antarraashtreeya mudra kosh ke 2010 ke anumaan ke anusaar iska sakal ghareloo utpaad (kraya shakti samata) prati vyakti lagbhag 14,800 ameriki dollar ke baraabar hai.

bade star par vyaapt gareebi, asamaanata aur nimn maanav vikaas soochakaank ke baavajood botsavaana ne, sushaasan aur vyaapak aarthik vitteeya prabandhan dvaara samarthit vikaas ke staron par prabhaavashaali roop se tarakki ki hai. sakal ghareloo utpaad ka 10 pratishat shiksha par vyaya kiye jaane se is kshetr mein mahatvapoorn shaikshik upalabdhiyon haasil hui hain aur desh mein lagbhag lagbhag sabhi ke liye muft shiksha ka praavadhaan kiya gaya hai, haalaanki is sabke baavajood desh mein paryaapt kaushal aur kaaryabal ka abhaav hai. berojgaari ki dar bhi lagaataar 20 pratishat ke saath uchch star par bani hui hai. shahari kshetron ki tulana mein graameen kshetron mein ghareloo aay kaafi kam hai, haalaanki graameen kshetron mein gareebi ki dar mein giraavat I hai, lekin abhi bhi vo shahari kshetron ki tulana mein kaafi adhik hai. sarkaar ki or se echaaaivi /eds ki davaaon ki ni:shulk upalabdhata ke chalte echaaaivi/eds sankraman ki dar mein abhootapoorv kami darj ki gayi hai.

heere aur maans baajaar par buri tarah nirbhar desh ki arthavyavastha mein, vividhta laane ke prayaas kiye ja rahe hain.

sandarbh

yeh bhi dekhein

sinhaavalokan
nirdeshiyaayein