black sabbaath

Black Sabbath
prushthabhoomi ki jaankaari
nivaas Birmingham, England
shaili Heavy metal
sakriya varsh 1968–
record lebal Vertigo, Warner Bros, Sanctuary, IRS, Reprise, Epic
sambandhit pradarshan Mythology, Heaven & Hell, GZR, Rainbow, Dio, Deep Purple, Black Country, Badlands
jaalasthal/website www.blacksabbath.com
vartamaan sadasya
Tony Iommi
Ozzy Osbourne
Geezer Butler
Bill Ward
pichhle sadasya
See: List of Black Sabbath band members


black sabbaath ek angreji rock band hai, jise 1968 mein toni iyomi (gitaar), oji ojabaurn (mukhya gaayak), teri "geejar" butler (baas) aur bill ward (drum aur taalavaadya) ne Birmingham mein banaaya. band mein kai baar sadasya parivartan hue, so iske kul baais poorv sadasya hain. mool roop se arth (Earth) naam se ek bhaari blooj-rock band banaaya gaya tha, jisne tantr-mantra aur dahashat-prerit geeton ko gitaar ke saath gaana-bajaana shuroo kiya, so isne apna naam badalkar black sabbaath rakh liya aur 1970 ke dashak mein isne anek plaitinm record praapt kiye. jaadoo-tona aur haurar theem ke saath jude hone ke baavajood, black sabbaath ne drags aur yuddh jaise saamaajik aur raajaneetik muddon par bhi geet taiyaar kiye.

sarvakaalik pehle aur sabse prabhaavashaali hevi metal baindon mein se ek ke roop mein,[1] black sabbaath ne 1970 mein chaugune-plaitinm pairaanauyad jaisi release ke jariye shaili ko paribhaashit karne mein madad ki. [2] MTV ne unhein sarvakaalik "mahaanatam metal band" ke roop mein aanka,[3] aur VH1 ne "hard rock ke 100 mahaanatam kalaakaaron" mein led jeppelin ke baad unhein doosra sthaan diya. [4] akele sanyukt raajya America mein unke 15 million record bike.[5] rauling ston ne band ko '70 ke dashak ka the hevi metal kings' maana.[6]

gaayak oji ojabaurn ko uske peene ki lat ke kaaran band se 1979 mein nikaal diya gaya. usaki jagah renabo ke poorv gaayak rauni James diyo ko rakha gaya. diyo ki gaayaki aur geet lekhan sahayog ke saath kuchh elabam nikaalne ke baad, black sabbaath ne 1980 aur 1990 ke dashak mein Ian gilaan, glen Hughes, re gilen aur toni Martin jaise gaayakon se baari-baari se geet gavaae. 1992 mein, vaapas aaye iyomi aur butler ne dihyumanaaijar ki rikaurding ke liye diyo aur dramar vinni eppis ka saath diya. mool team 1997 mein osbaurn ke saath fir se aa juti aur ek live elabam ' riyooniyn jaari kiya. 1980 ke dashak ke aarambh/madhya ki iyomi, butler, diyo aur eppis ki team ko haiven end hel sheershak ke tahat 2006 mein sudhaar kiya gaya.

anukram

itihaas

sanrachana aur aaranbhik din (1968-1969)

1968 mein apne pichhle band maaitholauji se sambandh tootane ke baad, gitaar bajaane vaale toni iyomi aur dramar bill ward ne aston, Birmingham mein ek bhaari blooj band banaane ka prayaas kiya. donon ne baas gitaar bajaane vaale geejar butler aur gaayak oji ojabaurn ko bharti kiya, jo ek saath ek reyar breed naamak band mein kaam kiya karte the, ojabaurn ne ek sthaaneeya sangeet ki dukaan mein ek vigyaapan laga rakha tha: "oji jig ko gig ki jaroorat hai- usaka apna PA hai."[7] nae group ka naam shuroo mein the polka tlk blooj band rakha gaya (ojabaurn ne apni maan ke bathroom mein dekhe saste brand ke telakam paavadar ke naam par band ka naam rakha)[8] aur slaaid gitaar vaadak Jimmy filips aur saiksofon vaadak elan "aaker" Clark ko bhi band mein shaamil kiya. naam chhota karke polka tlk rakhane ke baad, usaka naam badalkar arth (Earth) kar diya gaya aur filips tatha Clark ke bina hi chaar-sadasyi team ne apna kaam jaari rakha.[9][10] arth naam se kaam karte hue band ne naurman hains likhit "the ribels", "song for jim" aur "vhen I kem daaun" jaise anek demo record kiye. [11]

arth ne England, Denmark aur Germany mein club sho kiye, unki soochi mein lambe viksit kiye gaye blooj jaims sahit Jimmy heindriks, blue cheeyar aur kreem ke kavar geet bhi shaamil hain. December 1968 mein, iyomi ne achaanak hi arth ko chhod diya aur jethro tul mein shaamil ho gaya.[12] haalaanki us band ke saath usaki kaaryaavadhi chhoti rahi, fir bhi iyomi ne roling stons rock end rol sarkas TV sho par jethro tul ke saath ek pradarshan kiya. jethro tul ke nirdeshan se asantusht hokar iyomi 1969 January mein arth mein vaapas aa gaya. "yeh theek naheen tha, so mainne chhod diya", iyomi ne kaha. "pehle mainne socha tha ki tul kaheen behtar hai, lekin vahaan mujhe ek neta ki kami mahasoos hui, jo Ian Anderson ka tareeka tha. jab main tul se vaapas aaya, to main ek nae drushtikon ke saath aaya. unhonne mujhe sikhaaya hai ki apne ko paana hai to iske liye kaam kiya jaaya.[13]

England mein 1969 mein sho karte samay band ko pata chala ki unhein ek anya arth naamak angreji dal samjha ja raha tha, tab unhonne apna naam fir se badalne ka faisala kiya. band ke poorvaabhyaas ke kamre ki sadak ke us paar ek theatre mein 1963 ki boris karlof ki haurar film black sabbaath dikhaayi ja rahi thi. film dekhne ke liye logon ki bheed dekh, butler ne socha ki "yeh ajeeb hai ki log itna paisa kharch karke daraavani filmein dekhte hain".[14] uske baad, osbaurn ne black sabbaath sheershak se ek geet likh daala, jo tantr-mantra lekhak denis vhitli ke kaarya se prerit tha,[15][16] saath hi us sapane se bhi use prerana mili jisme vah butler ki kaali chhaaya ko apne bistar ke paayataane ke paas khada dekhta hai.[17] myoojikl traaiton ka istemaal karke, jise "the devilj intaraval" bhi kehte hain,[18] geet ki apashaguni dhvani aur nishprabh geet ne band ko andhakaarapoorn disha mein dhakel diya,[19][20] 1960 ke dashak ke foolon ki bahaar, lok sangeet aur hippi sanskruti ke prabhutv ke lokapriya sangeet ke theek ulta tha. nai dhvani se prerit hokar, band ne August 1969 mein apna naam badalkar black sabbaath rakh liya,[21] aur daraavani filmon ke sangeet ke samakaksh banane ke prayaas mein usi tarah ki saamagri ke lekhan par dhyaan keindrit karne ka faisala kiya.

black sabbaath aur pairaanauyad (1970-1971)

December 1969 mein black sabbaath ne filips rikaurds ke liye hastaakshar kiye aur apni pehli ekal, "evil vuman" ko filips sahaayak fontaana rikaurds ke maadhyam se January 1970 mein jaari kiya. baad ki release ko filips ki navagathit pragatisheel rock lebal vartigo rikaurds ne sambhaala. haalaanki ekal chart mein sthaan paane mein vifal raha, fir bhi band ne nirmaata Roger ban ke saath apni pehli elabam record karne ke liye January ke ant mein do dinon ka samay studio mein bitaaya. iyomi rikaurding live ko yaad karte hain: "humne socha ki 'ise karne ke liye hamaare paas do dinon ka samay hai aur ismein se ek din mishran ke liye hai.' to humne live kaam kiya. oji ek hi samay mein ga raha tha, humne bas use ek alag booth mein daal diya aur ham baahar chale gaye. humne adhikaansh saamagri ko dobaara record naheen kiya."[22]

naamasroteeya black sabbaath shukravaar 13 February 1970 ko release ki gayi. elabam ne UK elabam chart mein 8vaan sthaan haasil kiya aur May 1970 mein US ke vaarnar brothers rikaurds dvaara release kiye jaane ke baad elabam bilbord 200 mein 23vein number par ja pahuncha.[23][24] haalaanki elabam ko vyaavasaayik safalta mili, lekin vyaapak roop se aalochakon dvaara iski nakaaraatmak aalochna ki gayi. rauling ston ke lestar baings ne elabam ki aalochna karte hue kaha "baas aur gitaar ke besure jaam anya sabhi myoojikl pereemeetar par kisi sanaki ki tarah ghudadaud karte lagte hain, fir bhi sahasparshaabhaav paida naheen kar paate."[25] aalochna ke baavajood paryaapt sankhya mein iski bikri hui, isse band ko apne pehle mukhyadhaara ke pradarshan ka mauka mila.[26] iske baad se US mein rikaurding industry association of America (RIAA) aur UK dvaara british fonograafik industry (BPI) ne ise platinum pramaanit kiya.[27][28]

US mein chart ki apni safalta ko bhunaane ke liye, black sabbaath ke jaari hone ke sirf chaar maheene ke baad hi, band June 1970 mein turant studio laut gaya. nai elabam ka naam shuroo mein "vaar pigs" naamak geet par [[vaar pigs|vaar pigs]] rakha gaya, jismein viytanaam yuddh ki aalochna ki gayi thi. lekin vaarnar ne viytanaam yuddh ke samarthakon ke gusse ke bhaya se elabam ka sheershak badalkar pairaanauyad kar diya. elabam ka aaranbhik ekal "pairaanauyad" studio mein hi antim minute mein likha gaya tha. jaisa ki bill ward bataate hain "elabam ke liye hamaare paas paryaapt geet naheen the aur toni ne bas gitaar bajaana (pairaanauyad) shuroo kiya aur bas itna hi. oopar se neeche tak ismein bees, pachchees minute laga."[29] ekal ko elabam se pehle September 1970 mein jaari kiya gaya aur Britain ke chart par chauthe sthaan par ja pahuncha, black sabbaath ke baaki ne sirf top ten haasil kiya.[24]

black sabbaath ne October 1970 mein Britain mein pairaanauyad ka doosra poora elabam jaari kiya. "pairaanauyad" ekal ki safalta ke kaaran elabam ne UK mein pratham sthaan praapt kiya. pairaanauyad ke UK release ke samay black sabbaath elabam ke tab bhi chart par rahane ke kaaran US ki release January 1971 tak rok kar rakhi gayi thi.March 1971 mein elabam ne US mein top ten mein sthaan paaya aur US mein chaalees lakh pratiyaan biki[30], radio se iska koi prasaaran naheen kiya gaya.[24] us yug ke rock sameekshakon dvaara fir se elabam ki aalochna ki gayi, lekin olamyujik ke aadhunik sameekshak jaise Steve hueya ne kaha pairaanauyad "sarvakaalik mahaanatam mein se ek aur bahut hi prabhaavashaali hevi metal elabam hai jo rock itihaas mein kisi anya record ki tulana mein hevi metal ki dhvani aur shaili ko paribhaashit karta hai".[2] 2003 mein, rauling ston patrika ki 500 mahaanatam elabamon ki soochi mein 130vaan sthaan praapt hua. pairaanauyad ki chart safalta ke kaaran band ne pehli baar December 1970 mein America ki yaatra ki, jisne elabam ke doosare ekal "aayaran main" ke release ko janm diya . haalaanki ekal sheersh 40 tak pahunchane mein vifal raha, fir bhi "aayaran main" black sabbaath ke sabse lokapriya geeton mein se ek bana raha, saath hi saath 1998 ke "saaiko main" ke aane tak US ekal mein band ke sarvochch chart mein raha.[23]

master of reality aur vaulyoom 4 (1971-1973)

February 1971 ko black sabbaath apne teesare elabam par kaam shuroo karne ke liye studio laut aaya. pairaanauyad ki chart safalta ke baad, band ko drags khareedne ke liye "nakadi se bhare breefakes" ke saath-saath studio mein adhik samay bitaane ka saamarthya praapt hua.[31] ward ne kaha, "hamalog kok mein dubaki laga rahe the, kya maja tha." "apars, daaunars, kvaalyuds, aap jo bhi chaahein. yeh manch par praapt ho jaata hai jahaan aap vichaaron ke saath aate hain aur unhein bhool jaate hain, kyonki aap bas isse baahar ho jaate hain."[32]

April 1971 mein nirmaan poora kar liya gaya aur pairaanauyad ki release ke chh: maheene baad July mein band ne master of reality jaari kar di. elabam ne US aur UK donon hi mein sheersh das mein sthaan bana liya aur do maheene se kam samay mein hi isne gold praamaanikta praapt ki,[33] aur antat: 1980 ke dashak mein[33] plaitinm pramaaneekaran tatha 21veen sadi ke aarambh mein double platinum praapt kiya.[33] master of reality mein "children of the grev" aur "sveet leef" jaise prashansakon ke pasandeeda geeton sahit black sabbaath ka pehla dhvanik geet bhi shaamil hai.[34] yug ki aalochanaatmak pratikriya fir se pratikool rahi, rauling ston ke lestar baings ne "anubhavaheen, seedha-saada, punaraavrutteeya, bakavaas geet" bataakar master of reality ko khaarij kar diya, yadyapi usi patrika ne baad mein 2003 mein sankalit unke 500 mahaanatam elabam ki sarvakaalik soochi mein ise 298 number par rakha.[35]

1972 mein master of reality ki duniya ki sair ke baad, black sabbaath ne teen saal mein pehli baar vishraam liya. jaisa ki bill ward kehte hain: "band bahut hi klaant aur thakaanagrast hone laga tha. ham bina ruke chalte rahe, saal-dar-saal lagaataar daura aur rikaarding karte rahe the. mujhe lagta hai ki pehle teen elabamon mein master of reality ek yug ke ant ki tarah ka tha aur humne agale elabam ke aane se pehle apna samay lene ka faisala kiya.[36]

June 1972 mein, record plant mein apne agale elabam par kaam shuroo karne ke liye loss enjils mein band fir se ikattha hua. rikaurding prakriya samasyaagrast hua, maadak dravyon ke sevan ke muddon ke parinaamasvarup kai samasyaaen paida huin. "kornukopiya" ke geet "siting in the midl of the room"[37] ki rikaurding par jaddojahad ke samay bill ward ko lagbhag band se nikaal diya gaya tha. "mujhe geet se nafarat hai, uske kuchh paitarn aise hain jo ki bas...bhayaanak hain, ward ne kaha. "mainne antat: is par kaaboo pa liya tha, lekin sabki pratikriya jo mujhe mili vo badi thandi thi. yeh is tarah ki thi 'theek hai, tum ab ghar jaao, filhaal tum kisi kaam ke naheen ho.' mujhe laga jaise main ise uda doonga, main nikaal diya jaane wala tha."[38] aarambh mein ek geet ke sheershak par elabam ka naam rakha gaya tha "snoblaaind", jo kokeen sevan ke baare mein tha. record company ne antim kshan mein naam badalkar black sabbaath vaulyoom 4 rakh diya, jis par ward ka kehna hai "1, 2, ya 3 naamak koi khand hai hi naheen, aise mein yeh naam sachmuch bahut hi bevakoofaana hai".[39]

black sabbaath vaulyoom 4 September 1972 ko jaari kiya gaya tha aur us yug ke aalochakon dvaara elabam ko fir se khaarij kar diye jaane ke baavajood isne ek maheene se bhi kam samay mein gold status haasil kiya,[40] aur yeh band ka lagaataar chautha elabam bana jiski das lakh pratiyaan US mein biki.[23][40] studio mein adhik samay bitaane ki vajah se band ne vaulyoom 4 mein strings, piyaano, aarkestra aur bahu-bhaag geeton jaisi nayi bunaavat ke saath prayog karne shuroo kiye. [41] pairaanauyad ke baad band ke pehle ekal ke roop mein "tumoroj dreem" geet jaari kiya gaya, lekin chart mein vifal raha.[42] US ke ek vyaapak daure ke baad band ne 1973 mein pehli baar Australia ki yaatra ki aur baad mein mukhya bhoomi Europe ki.

sabbaath bladi sabbaath aur sabotej (1973-1976)

vaulyoom 4 ke vishv daure ke baad black sabbaath apni agali release par kaam shuroo karne ke liye loss enjils laut aaya. vaulyoom 4 elabam se khush hokar, nae rikaurding vaataavaran ke liye band loss enjils ke rikaard plant studio laut aaya. yug ke sangeet ke nae aavishkaar karanevaale band ko yeh dekhkar taajjub hua ki isse pehle unhonne record plant ke jis kamre ka istemaal kiya tha vahaan ek "vishaal sinthesaaijar" rakha hua hai. band ne bail air mein ek ghar kiraae par liya aur 1973 ki garmiyon mein lekhan shuroo kiya, lekin ve maadak padaarth muddon aur thakaan ke kaaran koi bhi geet poora karne mein asamarth rahe. vichaar us tarah se baahar naheen aa pa rahe the jaise ki ve vaulyoom 4 mein aaye the aur isse ham sachmuch niraash hain" iyomi ne kaha. "mere kuchh karne ke intajaar mein sabhi vahaan baithe rahe. main kuchh bhi soch naheen pa raha tha. aur yadi mainne iska hal naheen nikaala, to koi bhi kuchh naheen kar paaega."[43]

manch par toni iyomi aur oji osborn.

loss enjils mein koi parinaam naheen aane se ek maheene ke baad, band England laut gaya, jahaan unhonne the faurest of deen mein kliyravel kaisal kiraae par liya. "humne tahakhaane mein abhyaas shuroo kiya aur yeh sachmuch lomaharshak tha, lekin vahaan ek maahaul tha, isse jaadoo jaisa hua aur vichaar fir se baahar aane shuroo ho gaye.[44] tahakhaane mein kaam karte hue "sabbaath bladi sabbaath" ke mukhya tukade par iyomi atak gaya, jo nai saamagri ka sur tay karta hai. Mike buchar ne London ke maurgan studio mein rikauding ki aur band staailish khand 4 mein kiye gaye shaileegat parivartan ko hataakar, nae gaane mein sinthesaaijars, strings aur jatil vyavasthaaon ko shaamil kiya gaya. yas keebordist rik vekamain ko ek satr ke vaadak ke roop mein laaya gaya, jisne "saabbara kadaabara" mein pradarshan kiya.[45]

November 1973 mein black sabbaath ne sameekshakon dvaara prashansit sabbaath bladi sabbaath jaari kiya. apne kairiyr mein pehli baar band ko mukhyadhaara ki press mein anukool sameekshaaon milni shuroo huin. rauling ston ke gaurdan Fletcher ne elabam ko "ek asaadhaaran manoranjak udyam" aur "ek poorn safalta se kam kuchh naheen" bataaya.[46] baad ke sameekshak jaise ki olamyujik ke eduaardo rivaadaaviya ne elabam ko ek" maastarapees, kisi bhi hevi metal sangrah ke liye aavashyak" bataate hue kaha ki ismein "ek nae praapt kaushal ki samajh aur paripkvata " pradarshit hoti hai.[47]elabam ne band ko US mein hui iski bikri par lagaataar paanchavaan plaitinm dilaaya,[48] UK ke chart mein chaar number aur US mein gyaarahavein number par ja pahuncha. January 1974 mein band ne duniya ki sair shuroo ki, jo 6 April 1974 ko ontaariyo, California ke California jam mahotsav mein samaapt hui. apne 200,000 prashansakon ko aakarshit karte hue 70 ke dashak ke paup diggajon reyar arth, imarsan, lek end paalamar, deep parpal, arth, vind end fire, seels end kroftas, black ok arkaansas aur igals ke saath black sabbaath najar aaya. sho ke ek ansh ko US mein ABC television ne prasaarit kiya, isse band ko vyaapak ameriki darshak mil gaya. 1974 mein band ne kukhyaat angreji prabandhak Don arden ke saath karaar karte hue prabandhan ko badal diya. iske chalte black sabbaath ka puraane prabandhan ke saath anubandh ko lekar vivaad khada ho gaya aur US mein ojabaurn jab manch par tha use samman thama diya gaya, yeh mukadama do saalon tak chala.[43]

February 1975 mein black sabbaath ne fir se England ke vilesden mein morgan studio mein apne chhathe elabam par kaam karna shuroo kiya, is baar dhvani ke maamale mein sabbaath, bladi sabbaath se jara alag hat kar kaam karne ki unhonne thaan rakhi thi. "ham yeh jaari rakh sakte the aur yeh chalta hi rahata aur adhik takaneek, orkestra ka upayog kar aur bhi bahut kuchh ke saath, jise ham log khaastaur par naheen chaahate the. hamalogon ne apne aapko tatola aur hamalog ek rock elabam karna chaahate the – sabbaath, bladi sabbaath vaakai ek rock elabam tha hi naheen."[49] July 1975 mein black sabbaath aur Mike buchar dvaara nirmit sabotej release ki gayi. ek baar fir aarambh mein elabam ki anukool sameekshaaen ki gayi, roling ston ke ke anusaar "pairaanauyad ke baad sabotej black sabbaath ka na keval ek badhiya elabam hai, balki yeh hamesha ke liye sarvashreshth bhi ho sakta hai",[50] haalaanki olamyujik jaise baad ke sameekshakon ne kaha ki "pairaanauyad aur vaulyoom 4 ki tarah ke elabam jin jaadui rasaayan se itne khaas bante hain, yeh daraasal bikhraav ki shurooaat hai".[51]

US aur UK donon deshon mein sabotej sarvashreshth 20 mein ja pahuncha, lekin yeh band ka pehla elabam tha jo US mein plaitinm ka darja haasil naheen kar saka, isne keval gold pramaanapatr haasil kiya.[52] haalaanki elabam ka sirf ek "M I going insain" chart mein naakaam raha, lekin sabotej ke "hol in the skaai" aur "simptam of the yunivrs" prashansakon ke pasandeeda rahe.[51] black sabbaath ne sabotej ke prachaar ke liye ud‍aaghaatak ke roop mein kis ke saath daura shuroo kiya, lekin November 1975 mein motorcycle durghatana ke kaaran osbaurn ke peeth ki maansapeshi fat jaane ke kaaran majaboor hokar unhein apna daura khatm karna pada. December 1975 mein band ki record companiyon ne band ke sahayog ke bagair bahut hi hit record vi sold aavar sol for rock 'N' rol sheershak se release kiya. elabam 1976 mein poore saal bhar chart mein raha, saath hi US mein iski do million pratiyaan biki.[53]

==="teknikl eksatesi" aur '"nevar se daai! (1976-1979) === June 1976 mein florida, Miami ke kraaiteriya stoodiyoj mein black sabbaath ne apne agale elabam par kaam karna shuroo kiya. sabotej mein thode samay ke liye dikhaai denevaale keebord vaadak Gary vudaraf ko dhvani ke vistaar ke liye band mein shaamil kiya gaya. 25 September 1976 ko teknikl eksatesi release hui, iski mishrit sameekshaaen aayeen. pichhle samay ki tulana mein pehli baar sameekshaaen bahut adhik anukool naheen theen, iske release hone ke do dashak baad olamyujik ne is elabam ko do sitaare dekar kaha ki band "asafalata ke khatarnaak daur par hai".[54] is elabam mein pichhle elabamon ki tulana mein ksheen aur anishtasoochak dhvani ko kam karke aur adhik sinthesaaijar aur tej raftaar vaale rock geet shaamil kiye gaye. teknikl eksatesi US mein sarvashreshth 50 tak pahunchane mein asafal raha aur lagaataar doosare saal elabam ne plaitinm darja praapt naheen kiya, haalaanki baad mein 1997 mein ise svarn praamaanikta di gayi.[55] elabam mein "darti vumen" ko shaamil kiya gaya, jo iska mukhya hissa raha, iske saath hi it‍aas olaraait mein bill ward ka pehla mukhya gaayan raha.[54] November 1976 mein opanars Boston aur ted nujeint ke saath US mein teknikl eksatesi ke prachaar ke liye daura shuroo hua aur April 1977 mein AC/DC ke saath Europe mein samaapt hua.[21]

November 1977 mein jab ve apne agale elabam ke liye abhyaas kar rahe the aur band ke studio ke pravesh karne se ekdam kuchh hi din pehle oji ojabaurn ne band chhod diya. "aakhiri sabbaath elabam mere liye bahut hi niraashaajanak tha", ojabaurn kaha. "main yeh isliye kar raha tha ki hamalog record company se kuchh praapt kar lein, keval thodi kamaai kar lene aur ek record nikaal lene ke liye."[56] October 1977 mein poorv fleetavud maik aur saavauya brown ke gaayak dev vaukar ko rehearsal mein laaya gaya aur band nae geeton par kaam karne laga.[23] black sabbaath mein pehli aur aakhiri baar vaukar gaate hue najar aaya BBC television kaaryakram mein "jooniyrs aaij" geet ke praarambhik sanskaran "luk! hiyr!" mein.[21]

varsh 2005 mein toni iyomi.

aarambh mein ojabaurn ne ek solo project ki taiyaari ki thi, jismein darti triks ke poorv sadasya John frejar-binni, teri hauraburi aur Andy biyrane the. January 1978 mein naya band jab rehearsal kar raha tha, tab ojabaurn ka hrudaya parivartan hua aur vah black sabbaath mein fir se shaamil ho gaya. "studio mein hamein jaana tha usase teen din pehle oji ne band mein vaapas aana chaaha", iyomi ne bataaya. "doosaron ke saath hamaara likha hua ek bhi geet usane doosaron ke saath naheen gaaya, isse hamaari pareshaani badhi. daraasal humne bagair gaane ke hi studio mein pravesh kiya. hamalog subah likha karte the taaki rirhasal karke ham raat ko gaana record kar sake. vaahak patte ki tarah yeh kathin tha, kyonki aapke paas samay naheen hota ki kisi cheej ki kamiyon par vichaar kar sakein. 'kya yeh theek hai? kya isse kaam theek tarah se ho paaega?' vichaar paida karna aur fir unhein itni jaldi record karavaana mere liye bahut kathin tha."[56]

band ne paanch maheene Canada ke toreinto ke saaunds exchange studio mein nevar se daai! ke lekhan aur rikaurding mein bitaaya. "ismein bahut samay lag gaya," iyomi ne kaha. "vaakai hamalogon ko nashe ki lat lag gayi thi, ham bahut nasha kar rahe the. satr mein ham pichhdte ja rahe the aur hamalogon ko kaam khatm karna pada, kyonki hamalog ekdam se dhutt the, so hamein kaam band karna pada. kisi se kuchh bhi theek naheen ho raha tha, ham sab har jagah apni-apni dafali baja rahe the. hamalog vaapas jaakar so jaaya karte aur agale din fir se koshish kiya karte."[56] September 1978 ko elabam release hua, UK mein baarahavein sthaan par aur US mein 69vein sthaan par pahuncha. press ki pratikriya fir se pratikool rahi aur usamein sudhaar naheen hua. olamyujik ke eduaardo rivaadaaviya ne iske release ke do dashak ke baad bayaan diya ki elabam ke "aspasht geeton se ekdam saaf ho jaata hai ki band ke sadasya kinheen niji samasyaaon se tanaavagrast aur maadak padaarthon ke sevan mein leen rahe hain".[57] elabam mein "nevar se daai" aur "hard road" ekal ko shaamil kiya gaya tha, ye donon hi UK mein 40vein sthaan par rahe aur "nevar se daai" ke pradarshan se band ko usaka doosra top of the paups praapt hua. US mein gold pramaanapatr haasil karne mein ise lagbhag 20 saal lag gaye.[58]

nevar se daai! ke prachaar ka daura May 1978 mein vain haalen ki shurooaat ke saath aarambh hua. sameekshakon ne black sabbaath ke pradarshan ko "thaka hua aur nirutsaahi" bataaya, yeh duniya ke daure par pehli baar nikle vain haulen ke "javaani ke josh se bharpoor" pradarshan ke ekdam se ulat tippani thi.[21] June 1978 mein band ke pradarshan ko haimarasmith odeon mein filmaaya gaya, jiski DVD banaakar baad mein nevar se daai ke naam se release kiya gaya. 11 December ko new maiksiko ke alabukyaarakyoo mein daure ka aakhiri sho tha aur band ke saath ojabaurn ki antim upasthiti (punarmiln tak) thi.

daure ke baad black sabbaath loss ejeinls laut aaya aur bail ear mein ek ghar usane fir se kiraaye par liya, jahaan usane agale elabam ki taiyaari mein lagbhag ek saal ‍abitaaya. record lebal ke dabaav aur ojabaurn ke dimaag mein koi nai kalpana ke abhaav mein niraash hokar 1979 mein tauni ne oji ojabaurn ko nikaal dene ka faisala kiya. "us samay, oji ek ant tak aa pahuncha tha," iyomi ne kaha. "hamalog bahut adhik maadak padaarthon ka sevan kar rahe the, bahut adhik kok, bahut saari anek cheejein le rahe the aur oji us samay har vakt nashe mein dhutt raha karta tha. hamalog rehearsal karne jaate the, par kuchh bhi naheen hota tha. yeh kuchh aisa tha jaise 'aaj rehearsal karna hain? naheen chhodo, hamalog kal kareinge.' yeh bahut hi bura tha ki hamalogon ne kuchh bhi naheen kiya. hamaara dimaag hi kaam naheen kar raha tha."[59] ojabaurn ke bahut kareebi dramar bill ward ko hi toni ne yeh khabar dene ke liye chuna. "mujhe ummeed hai ki main peshevar tha, kaash, vaakai main aisa naheen hota. jab main nashe mein dhutt hota hoon to main bahut hi bhayaanak ho jaata hoon," ward ne kaha. "sharaab nishchit taur par black sabbaath ke liye sabse jyaada nukasaanadeh cheejon mein se ek rahi. ek-doosare ko nasht karna hamaare naseeb mein bada tha. band vishaakt ho gaya tha, bahut hi vishaakt."[60]

haiven end hel aur maub rools (1979-1982)

black sabbaath prabandhak Don aarden ki beti shairaun aarden, (baad mein shairaun ojabaurn ke poorv gaayak rauni James diyo ko lene ka sujhaav rakha. aadhikaarik taur par diyo June mein shaamil hua aur band ne apne agale elabam ke liye lekhan ka kaam shuroo kiya. ojabaurn se ekdam se alag khaas tarah ki gaayan shaili vaale diyo ke band se judne se black sabbaath ki dhvani mein parivartan aaya. "kul milaakar ve poori tarah se ekdam alag the", iyomi bataata hai. "na keval gaayan mein, balki lahaje se bhi. oji bahut hi bada shomain tha, lekin diyo ke aa jaane se lahaja badal gaya, aavaaj bhi badal gayi aur sangeet ka drushtikon bhi alag ho gaya; yahaan ‍atak ki gaayaki bhi. diyo poora geet gaaega, jabki oji "aayaran main" ki tarah, geet ka anusaran karega. rauni aaya aur usane hamein lekhan ka ek doosra kon diya. [61]

black sabbaath mein diyo ki miyaad ke dauraan hevi metal upasanskruti ki lokapriyta ko badhaane ke liye "metal haurns" bhi laaya gaya. darshakon ka abhinandan karne ke liye, "buri nazar" se bachaav ke mool roop se ek andhavishvaasi kadam ko diyo ne apnaaya. tabase, vyaapak roop se prashansakon aur anya sangeetakaaron dvaara is mudra ki nakal ki jaane lagi.[62][63]

geejar butler ne asthaayi roop se September 1979 mein band chhod diya aur usaki jagah kvaartaj ke jyauf nikolas ko pehle baas par rakha gaya. nai sadasya mandali ne November mein kraaiteriya studio mein rikaurding ka kaam shuroo kiya. January 1980 mein butler ki vaapasi ke baad nikolas ko keebord ka jimma saunp diya gaya. 25 April 1980 ko jaari hui Martin birch dvaara nirmit [[haiven end hel|haiven end hel ]] ko aalochakon ki prashansa praapt hui. iske jaari kiye jaane ke ek dashak se adhik ke baad olamyujik ne kaha ki elabam " sabbaath ke behatareen rikaurdon mein se ek hai, isse band ka punarjanm hua lagta aur yeh fir se poori tarah oorjaavaan dikhta hai."[64] haiven end hel UK mein 9vein number par aur US mein 28vein number par pahuncha, sabotej ke baad chart par band ka yeh sabse ooncha elabam raha. elabam US mein elabam ki ek lakh pratiyaan bikeen,[65] aur band ne duniya ki ek vyaapak sair shuroo ki, 17 April 1980 ko Germany mein diyo ke saath apna pehla live pradarshan kiya.

black sabbaath ne 1980 mein "black end blue" yaatra mein blue oestar kalt ke saath poore America ka daura kiya, yaatra ke dauraan New York ke yooniynadel ke nassaaoo kolijiym mein pradarshit sho ka filmaankan bhi kiya gaya, jise black end blue naam se 1981 mein jaari kiya gaya.[66] 26 July 1980 ko, band ki cheep trik aur mauli haichet ke saath yaatra mein loss enjils ka memoriyl kolijiym 75,000 prashansakon se khachaakhach bhar gaya.[67] agale din, band 1980 ke green diwas par okalaind kolijiym mein dikhaai diya. jab ve yaatra mein the, tab black sabbaath ke England ke ek poorv lebal ne band se bina koi sahayog liye [[live eight laast|live eight laast ]] ka adhikaari bankar saat saal puraane ek pradarshan ka ek live elabam jaari kar diya. elabam british chart par paanchavein sthaan par ja pahuncha aur bataur ek ekal ke roop mein pairaanauyad fir se release hua, jo sheersh 20 par pahuncha.[23]

gaayak rauni James diyo

18 August 1980 ko, mineepolis, minesota mein ek sho ke baad, bill ward ko black sabbaath se nikaal diya gaya. "main badi teji se dooba ja raha tha", ward ne baad mein kaha tha. "main ek avishvasaneeya sharaabi tha, main chaubees ghante nashe mein rahata tha. jab main manch par gaya tha, tab manch utana chakaachaundh se bharpoor naheen tha. aisa mahasoos ho raha tha jaise ki main andar hi andar mar raha hoon. live sho khaali-khaali lag raha tha, raun vahaan se apne kaam ke liye ja chuka tha aur main bas gaya hi tha ki 'yeh chala gaya'. main rauni ko pasand karta hoon, lekin sangeet ke maamale mein vah ekdam se mere liye naheen tha."[68] ward ki sehat mein giraavat ko dekhte hue ward ko soochit kiye bina iyomi dramar vinni eppis ko le aaya. "unhonne mujhse baat tak naheen ki, mujhe meri kursi se hata diya gaya aur is baare mein mujhe bataaya bhi naheen. mujhe pata tha ki daure ko bachaane ke liye unhein ek dramar laana hi hai, lekin main saal-dar-saal band ke saath raha, tabase jab ham bachche the. aur fir vinni bajaane laga aur yeh 'ekdam bakavaas' jaisa tha? isse bada aaghaat laga.[69]

February 1981 mein band ka haiven end hel par duniya ki yaatra poori hui aur apne agale elabam par kaam shuroo karne ke liye ve studio laut aaye.[70] black sabbaath ke doosare studio elabam ka nirmaan Martin birch ne kiya aur gaayak ke roop mein rauni James diyo ko liya gaya, maub rools naamak is elabam ko October 1981 mein jaari kiya gaya, prashansakon ne jiska svaagat badi garmajoshi se kiya, lekin aalochakon mein vaisa utsaah naheen dikha. roling ston sameekshak J.di. konseedeen ne elabam ko ek sitaara dete hue kaha, "maub rools ne hamesha ki tarah band ko mand buddhi aur vaatagrast saabit kiya hai."[71] band ke pehle ke jyaadaatar kaam ki tarah, samay ne sangeet press ke vichaaron ko behtar banaane mein madad ki, iski release ke ek dashak se adhik ke baad, olamyujik ke eduaardo rivaadaaviya ne maub rools ko "ek shaanadaar record" bataaya.[72]elabam ko svarn praamaanikta mili,[73] aur UK chart par yeh sheersh 20 par pahunch gaya. England ke John lenan ke puraane ghar mein record ki gayi, is elabam ki sheershak pankti "maub rools", ko bhi 1981 ki animated film hevi metal liya kiya gaya,[70] haalaanki film sanskaran mein vaikalpik tech hai aur jo elabam sanskaran ke tech se alag hai.[70]

America ke dallaas, sain entoniyo aur siyetal mein maub rools ke vishv yaatra ke dauraan 1980 ki live eight laast ki gunavatta se naakhush band ne 1982 mein live evil sheershak ka anya live elabam record kiya.[74] elabam mishran prakriya ke dauraan, iyomi aur butler ka diyo ke saath jhagada ho gaya. . iyomi aur butler ne diyo par aarop lagaaya ki vah apni gaayaki mein taan dene ke liye raat ko studio mein chupake se abhyaas kiya karta hai. iske atirikt, diyo kalaakruti mein apni tasveeron se santusht se naheen tha.[75] "rauni chaahata tha ki kaam-dhaam mein usaki baaton ko adhik mahatva diya jaaya." iyomi ne kaha. "aur geejar uske saath pareshaan ho jaaya karta aur inheen sabke kaaran sadaandh paida hui. live evil ke samay sab alag ho gaye. rauni chaahata tha ki usaki baat adhik suni jaaya aur us samay jis engineer ka upayog hamalog studio mein kar rahe the use samajh mein naheen aata tha ki vah kya kare, kyonki rauni usase ek baat kehta tha aur ham usase kuchh aur kah rahe hote the. aakhirkaar, humne sirf itna kaha, 'bas bahut hua, band samaapt hua'".[76] "jab gaayan ki baat aati hai to mujhse koi naheen kehta ki kya karna hai. koi naheen! kyonki ve mere jitne achhe naheen hain, to main vahi karta hoon jo karna chaahata hoon," baad mein diyo ne kaha tha. "mainne live evil sunane se inkaar kar diya, kyonki usamein kai samasyaaen hain. yadi aap kredit dekho to gaayan aur drum paksh soochi se gaayab hain. elabam kholein aur dekhein ki vahaan toni ki kitni tasveerein hain aur meri tatha vinni ki kitni hain".[77]

November 1982 mein rauni James diyo ne apna band shuroo karne ke liye black sabbaath chhod diya aur dramar vinni eppis ko bhi apne saath le gaya. live evil January 1983 mein jaari kiya gaya tha, lekin paanch maheene pehle jaari aur sirf black sabbaath ke geeton se bharpoor platinum seling[78] live elabam oji ojabaurn' us par bhaari pad gaya.[21]

born agen (1983-1984)

baaki bache sirf do mool sadasya toni iyomi aur geejar butler ne band ki agali release ke liye nae gaayakon ka odishn shuroo kiya. vhaaitasnek ke David kovaradaale, Samson ke niki moor aur loan star ke John slomain jaison ke saath prayaas mein asafal rahane ke baad band ne rauneejems diyo ki jagah deep parpal ke poorv gaayak Ian gilain ko laane ka faisala kiya.[23][79] is projakt ko pehle black sabbaath ke naam se chalaana tay naheen tha, lekin record lebal ki or se isi naam ko rahane dene ke liye dabaav daala gaya.[79] June 1983 mein England ke oksafordashaayar ke shiptaun-on-cheravel ke the mainor studio mein band vaapas lauta, unke saath drum par tha, saumyata ke saath bill ward vaapas aaya.[79] prashansakon aur sameekshakon donon ki or se born agen ki mishrit samaalochana ki gayi. elabam UK chart mein chauthe number par raha aur US mein 39 vein number par.[42] baharahaal, iske release hone ke ek dashak ke baad olamyujik ke eduaardo rivaadeviya ne elabam ko "bhadda" karaar dete hue kaha ki "gilain ki niraashaajanak shaili aur haasya geet poori tarah se hataasha aur udaasi ke devataaon ke virodhaabhaasi hain. [80]

ward ne haalaanki elabam mein yogadaan diya tha, lekin sadak ki dabaav ke kaaran vah daura karne mein asamarth tha aur 1984 mein usane band chhod diya. "daura karne ke vichaar se main kaanp gaya," baad mein ward ne kaha. "daure ke naam se mujhe bahut dar lagne lagta tha, mainne apne dar ke baare mein kiseese naheen kaha, dar se peechha chhudaane ke liye main peene laga aur yeh badi galati thi."[81] ward ke sthaan par poorv ilektrik laait aarkestra dramar bev bevan ko born agen ke vishv daure par le jaaya gaya,[79] jo Europe mein daayamand head se shuroo hua aur baad mein US mein kvaait roet aur naait reinjar se. band 1983 reeding festival ki sheersh pankti bana, isse unke set ki soochi mein deep parpal geet "smok on the vaatar" jud gaya.

born agen ke prachaar daure mein stonaheinj smaarak ka ek vishaal set shaamil kiya gaya. set ki saamagri ke order dene mein band ki ek galati ke kaaran baad mein mokumeintari ke [[dis is spaainal taip|dis is spaainal taip ]] mein iski nakal ki gayi. jaisa ki geejar butler ne baad mein bataaya:

We had Sharon Osbourne's dad, Don Arden, managing us. He came up with the idea of having the stage set be Stonehenge. He wrote the dimensions down and gave it to our tour manager. He wrote it down in meters but he meant to write it down in feet. The people who made it saw fifteen meters instead of fifteen feet. It was 45 feet high and it wouldn't fit on any stage anywhere so we just had to leave it in the storage area. It cost a fortune to make but there was not a building on earth that you could fit it into.[82]

antaraal aur seveinth star (1984-1986)

March 1984 mein born agen daure ki samaapti ke baad, gaayak Ian gilaan ne black sabbaath chhod diya aur deep parpal mein dobaara shaamil hua, jiska ek lambe antaraal ke baad punargathan ho raha tha. usi samay bevan bhi chhodkar chala gaya aur gilaan ne tab tippani ki ki iyomi dvaara use aur bevan ko "kiraae ke log" mahasoos karaaya ja raha tha. uske baad band ne loss enjils ke ek agyaat David donaato ko gaayak niyukt kiya. nai sadasyamandali ne poore 1984 mein geet likhe aur abhyaas kiya aur ant mein nirmaata Bob ejarin ke saath October mein ek demo record ki gayi. parinaam se naakhush hokar band ne sheegra hi donaato se naata tod liya.[23] band ki asthir sadasyamandali se mohabhang hokar baas vaadak geejar butler ne ek ekal band banaane ke liye November 1984 mein black sabbaath chhod diya. "Ian gilaan ne jab sambhaala tha tabhi mere liye iska ant ho gaya tha", butler ne baad mein kaha. "mainne socha tha ki yeh sirf ek majaak hai aur mainne bas poori tarah se chhod diya tha. jab ham gilaan ke saath rahe tab ise black sabbaath ka ek elabam naheen maana jaana tha. elabam bana lene ke baad humne use vaarnar brothers ko diya aur unhonne kaha ki ve use ek black sabbaath elabam ke roop mein pesh karne ja rahe the aur ham kuchh kehne laayak naheen rah gaye the. sachmuch mera isse mohabhang ho gaya aur gilaan vaastav mein isse bada khinn hua. yeh sab ek elabam aur ek daure tak hi chala aur fir bas."[82]

butler ke jaane ke baad, ekamaatr shesh rah gaye mool sadasya toni iyomi ne black sabbaath ko antaraal par rakha aur keebord vaadak jyauf nikolas ke saath ek ekal elabam par kaam shuroo kiya. nai saamagri par jab kaam chal raha tha, tab black sabbaath ke mool sadasya ko Bob geldof ke live sahaayata ki or se ek kaaryakram pesh karne ka prastaav aaya; band raaji hua aur usane 13 July 1985 ko filaadelfiya sho mein pradarshan kiya.[21][79] 1978 ke baad manch par pehli baar mool sadasya ke akele dikhaai dene ke roop mein yeh ghatna chihnit hui aur iske jariye the hoo aur led jeppelin ka punarmiln bhi hua.[83] apne ekal kaam mein vaapasi karte hue, iyomi ne baas vaadak dev spitj aur dramar erik singar ko shaamil kiya aur shuroo mein judaas preest, poorv-deep parpal ke rob halaford aur trepeej gaayak glen Hughes aur black sabbaath ke poorv gaayak rauni James diyo sahit kai gaayakon ka upayog karna niyat kiya.[79] "hamalog elabam mein vibhinn gaayakon, atithi gaayakon ka upayog karne ja rahe the, lekin in sabko ek saath juta paana aur unki record companiyon se release karavaane ka kaam bahut mushkil tha. glen Hughes ek geet gaane ke liye saath aaya tha aur humne use poore elabam mein istemaal karne ka faisala kiya."[84]

band ne baaki bacha saal studio mein bitaaya, seveinth star ki rikaarding poori hui. vaarnar brothers ne toni iyomi ekal ke roop mein elabam ko release karne se inkaar kar diya, usane black sabbaath ke naam ke istemaal par jor daala.[85] band prabandhak, Don aarden ke dabaav par donon ke beech samjhauta hua aur elabam "black sabbaath fichring toni iyomi" naam se January 1986 mein jaari hua.[86] "isne keedon ke ek poore ‍adibbe ka munh khol diya," iyomi kehta hai, "kyonki main samajhta hoon ki agar hamalog ek ekal elabam bana paate to yeh kaheen adhik maanya hota."[87] thoda-bahut ek black sabbaath elabam jaisa lagne vaale seveinth star mein 1980 ke sanaset strip hard rock ke drushya se lokapriya hard rock ke aur bhi tatvon ko shaamil kiya gaya aur us yug ke sameekshakon dvaara usaki aalochna ki gayi; haalaanki baad mein olamyoojik jaise sameekshakon ne elabam ki saraahana karte hue kaha ki elabam ko "aksar galat samjha gaya aur kam karke aanka gaya."[85]

nayi team ne poori duniya ki sair ki taiyaari mein chhah hafton tak abhyaas kiya, haalaanki band ko fir se black sabbaath naam ke upayog ke liye majaboor kiya gaya. "main 'toni iyomi pariyojana' mein shaamil tha, lekin main black sabbaath upanaam mein shaamil naheen tha," Hughes ne kaha. "jo bhi ho black sabbaath mein hone ka vichaar mujhe naheen bha raha tha. glen Hughes black sabbaath mein usi tarah ga raha hai jis tarah metaalika mein James brown gaaya karta hai. yeh kaam aane wala naheen tha".[84][88] daura shuroo hone ke sirf chaar din pehle, gaayak glen Hughes ki band ke nirmaan prabandhak John dovaning se ladaai ho gayi gaayak ki kaksheeya haddi toot gayi. chot se Hughes ke gaane ki kshamata par bura asar pada aur band ne W.A.S.P. aur enthreks ke saath yaatra jaari rakhane ke liye gaayak re gilen ko shaamil kiya laaya, haalaanki ticket bikri ki kharaab haalat ko dekhte hue America ke kareeb aadhe kaaryakram radd kar diye gaye.[89]

isaai prachaarak jaif fenholt naamak ek gaayak ki sthiti black sabbaath ke andar aur baahar vivaadit hai. usaka kehna hai ki vah January aur May 1985 ke beech black sabbaath mein ek gaayak raha hai.[21] toni iyomi ne iski pushti kabhi naheen ki, haalaanki usane ek ekal release mein kaam kiya tha jo baad mein sabbaath elabam ke naam se release hua. Gary sharp-yang ki pustak sabbaath bladi sabbaath: the baital for black sabbaath mein fenholt ne iyomi aur sabbaath ke saath bitaaye samay ka byaura vistaar se diya hai.[90]

the itaranal aaidal, hedales kraus aur taaiar (1986-1990)

black sabbaath ne nirmaata jaif gliksamain ke saath nai saamagri par October 1986 mein mauntseraat ke air studio mein kaam shuroo kiya. shuroo se hi rikaurding samasyaaon se ghira raha, praarambhik satr ke baad gliksamain chhodkar chala gaya aur usaki jagah nirmaata vik kauparasmith-haiven ko laaya gaya. baas vaadak dev spitj "niji kaaranon" se chhodkar chal diya aur poorv renabo baas vaadak Bob daijali ko shaamil kiya gaya. daijali ne sabhi baas geeton ki fir se rikaurding ki ki aur elabam ke liye geet likhe, lekin elabam ke poora hone se pehle hi vah Gary moor ke band mein shaamil hone chala gaya, dramar erik singar ko bhi apne saath le gaya.[23] doosare nirmaata kauparasmith-haiven ke saath samasyaaon ke baad, nae nirmaata kris saanagarides ke saath band January 1987 mein England ke maurgan studio vaapas chala gaya. UK mein kaam karte samay naya gaayak re gilen ne John saaiks ke saath blue murder ka gathan karne ke liye achaanak hi black sabbaath chhod diya. band ne gilen ke geeton ki ri-rikaurding ke liye poorv-elaayans gaayak toni Martin aur kuchh taalavaadya ke ovaradabing ko poora karne ke liye poorv dramar bev bevan ko shaamil kiya.[21] nae elabam ke release hone se pehle, rangabhed yug ke dauraan black sabbaath ne dakshin Africa ki san city mein chhah sho karne ki peshakash sveekaar ki. band ko 1985 ke baad se dakshin Africa ka bahishkaar karanevaale aartists yunaaited ageinst apaartheed se jude kaaryakartaaon aur kalaakaaron ki ninda ka saamana karna pada.[91] dramar bev bevan ne pradarshan karne se mana kar diya aur usaki jagah poorv mein the klaish se jude teri chims ko rakha gaya.[21]

nirmaan mein lagbhag ek saal lagaane ke baad, [[itaranal aaidal|itaranal aaidal ]] 8 December 1987 ko jaari hua aur samakaaleen sameekshakon dvaara usaki upeksha ki gayi. on-line Internet ki sameekshaaen mishrit theen. olamyoojik ne kaha ki band mein "Martin ki shaktishaali aavaaj ne nai aag bhar di" yeh bhi kaha ki elabam mein " iyomi ke varshon mein sabse vajanadaar ke geeton" ko shaamil kiya gaya hai.[92] bleindar ne elabam ko do sitaare dete hue kaha ki elabam "sirf naam se black sabbaath hai".[93] elabam ko UK mein #66 mila, jabki US mein 168 par ja pahuncha.[42] band ne itaranal aaidal ke prachaar mein Germany, Italy aur pehli baar grees ka daura kiya. durbhaagyavash, dakshin Africa ki ghatna se naaraaj promotaron ki pratikriyaasvaroop, anya Europeeya sho radd kar diye gaye.[94] baassist dev spitj ne daure se pehle band chhod diya aur poorv mein varjeeniya vulf ke jo bart ko uske sthaan par rakha gaya.

itaranal aaidal ke kharaab vaanijyik pradarshan ke baad, black sabbaath ko vartigo rikaurds aur vaarnar brothers rikaard se hata diya gaya aur I.R.S. rikaurds ke saath samjhauta hua.[21] band ne 1988 mein vishraam ke liye samay liya aur fir August mein apne agale elabam par kaam shuroo karne ke liye kaam par laut aaya. itaranal aaidal ke nirmaan mein rikaurding museebaton ke parinaamasvaroop, toni iyomi ne band ke agale elabam ka nirmaan khud hi karne ka faisala kiya. "yeh poori tarah se ek nai shuruaat thi", iyomi kaha. "mujhe poori baat par punarvichaar karna pada tha aur nirnaya liya ki hamein fir se thodi saakh banaane ki jaroorat hai."[95] iyomi ne poorv renabo dramar koji Powell, lambe samay se keebord vaadak rahe nikolas aur satr baassist Lawrence kotal ko bharti kiya aur England mein ek "bahut hi sasta studio" kiraae par liya.[95]

black sabbaath ne April 1989 mein hedales kraus jaari kiya aur samakaaleen sameekshakon dvaara fir se najaraandaaj kar diya gaya. antat:, olamyoojik ne elabam ko chaar sitaare dete hue kaha ki hedales kraus "black sabbaath ka sarvashreshth gair-ojji ya diyo elabam hai".[96] ekal hedales kraus chart par 62 number par sthir hua, elabam UK chart par 31 number par aur US mein 115 number par pahuncha.[42] iyomi ki achhi mitr queen gitaar vaadak Brian me ne ek atithi ke roop mein "vhen death calls" geet par ekal pradarshan kiya." elabam ki release ke baad band ne poorv mein vhaaitasnek aur Gary moor samarthit band ke baas vaadak neel mure ko yaatra mein shaamil kiya.[23]

badakismat hedales kraus ka America daura May 1989 mein kingadam kam aur saaileint rej se shuroo hua, lekin tikton ki kam bikri ke kaaran aath sho ke baad yaatra radd kar di gayi.[21] September mein Europeeya daura shuroo hua, jahaan band ko chart safalta mili hui thi. Japani sho ke silsile ke baad, band ne garlaskool ke saath 23 taareekhon ki roosi yaatra aarambh ki. mikhaail gorbaachev dvaara 1989 mein pehli baar pashchimi deshon ke kalaakaaron ke liye apne desh ke dwaar khol diye jaane ke baad black sabbaath pehle baindon mein se ek tha jisne roos ki yaatra ki.[94]

February 1990 ko band hedales kraus ka anuvarti tiar record karne ke liye studio vaapas laut aaya. jabki takaneeki taur par iski avadhaarana elabam ki naheen thi, elabam ke kuchh geet ke theem naurvejiyn pauraanik kathaaon par aadhaarit hain.[21] 6 August 1990 ko tiar release hua aur UK chart mein 24 vein number par pahuncha, lekin yeh pehla black sabbaath release tha, jo US mein bilbord 200 naheen chataka paaya.[42] olamyujik yeh kehte hue ki band ne "mith ke saath metal ka ghaalamel kar ek bhayaanak milaavati sangeetamaya pradarshan kiya", jabki bleindar ne elabam ko mahaj ek star diya, Internet-yug yeh daava kiya ki "iyomi ne apne bahut hi maamooli sangrah se black sabbaath ka naam badnaam kiya", jaisi sameeksha ke saath elabam ko mishrit sameeksha ka munh dekhna pada.[97] tiar ke prachaar ke liye sarkas of power ke saath band ne Europe ka daura kiya, lekin UK mein bahut hi ticket ki bahut kharaab bikri ke kaaran antim saat taareekh radd ho gayi.[98] unke kairiar mein pehli baar band ne apne daure mein US ko shaamil naheen kiya gaya.[99]

dihyumanaaijar (1990-1993)

varsh 1990 mein ek pradarshan, donon rauni James diyo aur geejr butler (chitr) ne apna black sabbaath mein pratyuttar karne ki ruchi dikhaai.

August 1990 mein uske apne lauk ap the vulvas ke prachaar ke liye jab vah US daure mein tha minneapolis forum mein black sabbaath ke poorv baas vaadak geejar butler dvaara "niyon laait" ka pradarshan kiya gaya tha tab black sabbaath ka poorv gaayak rauni James diyo stage mein aaya. sho ke baad donon black sabbaath mein vaapasi ki dileekhvaahish jaahir ki. butler, jisne apne tatkaaleen sadasyon se kinaara kar liya tha, ne iyomi ko gaayak toni Martin aur baas vaadak neel murre ko hata dene ke liye raaji kar liya. "mainne bahut saare tareeke se khed jataaya", iyomi ne kaha. "tab hamalog ek achhe mod par the. humne tay [diyo ke saath judne ka] aur kyon, sahi maayane mein main naheen jaanta tha. ismein ek aarthik pahaloo tha, lekin vah yeh naheen tha. mujhe lagta hai ki yeh soch raha hoga ki hamaare paas jo kuchh tha, ham use vaapas haasil kar sakte hain.[95]

1990 mein black sabbaath ke agale release par kaam karne ke liye rauni James diyo aur geejar butler toni iyomi aur koji paavel se ja mila. November mein rehearsal ke dauraan dramar paavel ke ghode ke usi ke pairon par girte hue usaka mar jaane se uske kulhe ki haddi toot gayi thi.[100] elabam par kaam khatm karne mein asamarth paavel ki jagah poorv dramar vinni eppis ko laane se maub rools yug ke sadasyon ka punarmiln hua aur nirmaata reni hold maik ke saath band ne studio mein pravesh kiya. saal par band rikaurding samasyaaon se joojhata raha, mukhya roop iyomi aur diyo ki lekhan ke tanaav se raha aur bahut saare geeton ka kai-kai baar punarlekhan kiya gaya.[101] "dihyumanaaijar ne bahut lamba samay liya, bahut mehnat karna pada", iyomi kaha. "humne ismein bahut samay liya, isse elabam ki lagaat million dollar ho gayi, jo ki bahut hi moorkhataapoorn hai".[95] baad mein diyo ne elabam ko yaad karte hue ise bahut mushkil bataaya, lekin mehnat ka mol hota hai. "hamaare paase jo kuchh tha, hamalogon ne use nichod diya, mujhe lagta hai ki is kaaran yeh kaam kar gaya", unhonne kaha. "kabhi-kabhi us tarah ke tanaav ki jaroorat hoti hai, varana aap christmas elabam bana kar chhutti pa lete hain".[102]

antat: 22 June 1992 ko dihyumanaaijar release hua. US mein 30 June 1992 ko ripraaij rikaurds dvaara elabam release hua, is samay tak rauni James diyo aur naamaraashi ka band lebal ke saath anubandh ke tahat hi tha. yadyapi band ki mishrit sameeksha huireviews,[100][103], is dashak mein band ki yeh sabse badi vyaavasaayik safalta thi.[23] rock radio ekal mein "TV crimes" dvaara elabam ko choti ke 40 mein jagah di gayi, bilbord 200 mein isne 44 sthaan haasil kiya.[23] elabam mein time machine geet, jise veni'j world film ke liye 1992 mein record kiya gaya tha, ke sanskaran ko bhi shaamil kiya gaya tha. iske atirikt, bahut saare prashansakon ki dhaarana hai ki 'asli' black sabbaath se band ka saadrushya dikhaane ke liye badi shiddat se iske kuchh khaas jhalak ko dikhaaya gaya hai.

dihyumanaaijar ke prachaar ke liye July 1992 ko black sabbaath ne testaameint, dainajig, praung aur eksodas ke saath daura shuroo kiya. daure ke samay, poorv gaayak oji ojabaurn ke daure mein no mor toors naamak apne do sho ke dauraan black sabbaath ko uske solo ke liye aamantrit kiya. band is par sahamat ho gaya, gaayak rauneejems diyo ke alaava, jisne kaha:

I was told in the middle of the tour that we would be opening for Ozzy in Los Angeles. And I said, "No. Sorry, I have more pride than that." A lot of bad things were being said from camp to camp, and it created this horrible schism. So by [the band] agreeing to play the shows in L.A. with Ozzy, that, to me, spelled out reunion. And that obviously meant the doom of that particular project.[102]

ojabaurn ke sannyaas vaale sho karne se theek ek raat pehle, 13 November 1992 ko California ke okalaind mein ek sho ke baad diyo ne black sabbaath chhod diya. band ke saath do raat ke pradarshan ke aakhiri samay mein judas prist ke gaayak raub halaford bhi isse alag ho gaya.[104] iyomi aur butler ne bhi ojabaurn ke saath shaamil hue aur poorv dramar bill ward 1985 ke dashak mein live Ed kanasart ke baad pehli baar manch par black sabbaath ke saath kuchh samay ke liye manch par aaya.

kraus parpajej aur faurbidn (1993-1996)

dramar vinni eppis ne rauni James diyo ke solo band se judne ke liye riyooniyn sho ke baad band chhod diya, baad mein diyo ke streinj haaive aur engri masheens ne dikhaai diya. iyomi aur butler ne renabo band ke poorv dramar baubi rondineli ko saath liya aur poorv gaayak toni Martin ko bahaal kiya. mool black sabbaath ke tahat fir se release hone ke bajaae band studio mein nai saamagriyon par kaam karne ke liye lauta gaya. jaisa ki geejar butler ne safaai di:

It wasn't even supposed to be a Sabbath album; I wouldn't have even done it under the pretence of Sabbath. That was the time when the original band were talking about getting back together for a reunion tour. Tony and myself just went in with a couple of people, did an album just to have, while the reunion tour was (supposedly) going on. It was like an Iommi/Butler project album.[105]

record lebal ke dabaav mein aakar band ne satrahavaan studio elabam kraus parpajej 8 fravari 1994 ko black sabbaath ke naam ke tahat release kiya. bleindar ke elabam ko do sitaara dene ke saath paisa banaane ke maksad se likhe gaye 1994 ke saaundagaarden ke suparaananon elabam geeton ki tulana mein black sabbaath ko kaheen adhik achha bata kar iski fir se samaalochana hui.[106] olamyujik ke braidali toreno ne kraus parpajej ko "baurn agen ke baad ise pehla elabam bataaya jise sahi maayane mein sabbaath record kaha jaae."[107] UK mein 41vaan sthaan paakar yeh 40vaan sthaan paane se chook gaya, saath mein US bilbord 20 0 mein bhi 122vein sthaan par pahuncha. kraus parpajej ka gaana ivel I, jo sanyukt roop se vain haalen, gitaar vaadak idi vain haalen dvaara likha gaya tha, ko record lebal ke pratibandh ke kaaran shreya naheen diya gaya.[21] kraus parpajej ka protsaahan daura karte hue US mein morabid enjel aur motarahed ke saath February mein shuroo hua. April 1994 ko haimarasmith opolo mein live pradarshan ko filmaaya gaya, jise kraus parpajej live naam se VHS ke saath milaakar seedi ke roop mein release kiya gaya. June 1994 ko kaithedral aur gaudaspeed ke saath Europeeya daure ke baad dramar baubi ronadineli band se alag ho gaya aur usaki jagah dakshin Africa mein paanch sho ke liye asli black sabbaath ka dramar bill ward ko le liya gaya.

kraus parpajej ke liye daura khatm hone ke baad baas bajaanevaale geejar butler ne fir band chhod diya. "aakhirkaar mainne paaya ki sabbaath ke aakhiri elabam ke baad isse mera poori tarah se mohabhang ho gaya aur main chaah raha tha ki main jo cheej likh raha tha, usi par sabbaath kaam kare."[105] butler ne ek solo project GZR ke naam se taiyaar kiya aur use 1995 mein plastic plainet ne release kiya. elabam ka geet giving ap the ghost ko black sabbaath ka naam dene par toni iyomi ko etaraaj tha. us geet ki pankti : you plaijaraaijd end pairoidid/the maijik of aavar mining/A lejeind in yor on maaind/left all yor freinds bihaaind/you kain't edamit dait you'aar raung/the sprit is ded end gon .[108]

butler ke jaane ke baad haal hi mein vaapas aaye bill ward ne bhi band chhod diya. iyomi ne poorv sadasyon neel murre ko baas aur koji Powell ko drum mein fir se bahaal kar prabhaaveeshaali dhang se Tyr ke sadasyon ko fir se ikattha kiya. band ne baudi kaaunt ke gitaar vaadak irani si ko nae elabam nikaalne ke liye joda, jise 1994 ke aakhiri charan mein London mein record kiya gaya. is elabam ki visheshata baudi kaaunt ke gaayak aais ti se mehmaan gaayak ke roop mein ilyooshan of power gavaaya jaana tha.[109] nateejatan faurbidn June 1995 ko release hua, lekin US ya UK soochi mein shaamil hone mein asafal raha.[110][111] elabam par samaalochakon ne kaafi dhyaan diya; olamyujik ke braidali torrenano ne kaha "ubaaoo gaane ke saath bhayaanak prastuti aur udaaseen pradarshan ke kaaran utsaahi prasanshakon ke alaava yeh har kisi ke liye aasaani se door hone laayak raha",[112] ja‍aabaki bleindar patrika ne faurbidn ko ek sharmanaak ... sabse bekaar band kaha.[113]

black sabbaath ne June 1995 mein motarahed aur tiyaamait ke saath duniya ki sair shuroo kiya, lekin daure ke do maheenon ke beech dramar koji paavel ne shaareerik kaaran se band chhod diya aur usaki jagah poorv dramar baubi ronadineli ko liya gaya.

December 1995 mein Asiaee taareekhon ko poora karne ke baad, toni iyomi ne band ko kuchh dinon ke liye bitha diya aur black sabbaath ke poorv gaayak glen hajej aur judas prist ke poorv dramar dev haulaind ke saath solo elabam ke liye kaam karna shuroo kiya. elabam ke sankalan ke baad aadhikaarik roop se ise release naheen kiya gaya, haalaanki iske aane ke turant baad etth star naam se vyaapak roop se iski avaidh bikri ki gayi. the 1996 DEP sessions ke roop mein satr ke dramar Jimmy kopale dvaara haulaind ke drum ko fir se‍ record kar 2004 mein ise aadhikaarik roop se release kiya gaya.[114]

aadhikaarik roop se oji ojabaurn aur asli black sabbaath ke sadasyon ke saath punarmiln ke liye 1994 mein toni iyomi ne vartamaan sadasya mandali ko bhang kar diya. gaayak toni Martin ne daava kiya ki asli sadasyon ka punarmiln kaam mein hua tha kyonki 1992 mein oji ojabaurn ke kosta mesa sho ke liye band ka kuchh samay ke liye fir se ek hua tha aur isi ke saath I.R.S. record ke saath apne record karaar ko poora karne ke liye band ne elabamon ko release kiya. baad mein Martin yaad karte hue kehta hai ki faurbidn ek "poorak elabam raha jiski vajah se band lebal deal se baahar ho gaya, gaayak se door hua aur fir punarmiln hua. haalaanki mainne us samay is soochana ko kisi se chhipaaya naheen".[115] I.R.S. record ne 1996 mein band ke karaar ke saath hue poora karne ke liye ek sankalit elabam ko the sabbaath stons naam se release kiya, jismein baurn agen aur faurbidn se gaane liye gaye the.

ojabaurn riyooniyn (1997-2006)

varsh 2007 mein oji osborn.

1997 ki garmi ke dinon mein, ojabaurn ke solo band ke saath ojafest sah-sheershak mahotsav ke daure ke liye toni iyomi, geejar butler aur oji ojabaurn fir se ek saath hue. bill ward, jo ‍aapane solo project the bill ward band ke liye vachanabaddhata ke kaaran ismein bhaag lene mein asamarth tha, ki jagah ko ojabaurn ke dramar Mike bordin ko liya jaana is sadasya mandali ki visheshata rahi.[23] December 1997, ward ke is dal mein ward shaamil ho jaane se chaaron mool sadasyon ka pehla punarmiln hua, kyonki 1992 mein ojabaurn ke ritaarameint sho ho gaya tha". mool sadasyon ne birmingham NEC mein do sho record kiya jo 20 October 1998 ko double live elabam riyooniyn ke naam se release hua. riyooniyn bilbord 200 mein gyaarahavein number par pahunch gaya,[42] aur US mein yeh plaitinm ho gaya.[23][116] is elabam ke baad ekal aayaran main taiyaar hua, jisne black sabbaath ko geet ke pehli baar release hone ke tees saal baad best metal parafaurmeinshan ke liye pehla Grammy award dilaaya. riyooniyn ne aur bhi do studio track saaiko main aur seling maai sol taiyaar kiya, ye donon bilbord menastreem rock traikas soochi mein 20vein sthaan par rahe.[42]

1998 ki garmi ke dinon mein band ka Europeeya daura shuroo hone se kuchh hi din pehle, dramar bill ward ko dil ka daura pada aur asthaai roop se usaki jagah par vinni eppis ko laaya gaya.[117] US daura, jo January 1999 ko shuroo hua aur poori garmi tak jaari raha, ke ud‍aaghaatan ke liye paintera ke saath ward theek samay par laut aaya aur saalaana ojafest daure ka sheershak bana.[23] ojafest mein aane ke baad band ke sadasya jab solo saamagri par kaam karne lage to band thoda antaraal mein chala gaya. tauno iyomi ne apna pehla aadhikaarik solo elabam iyomi 2000 mein release kiya, jabki ojabaurn apne agale solo elabam daaun too arth par kaam karta raha.

2001 mein basant ke dinon mein nirmaata rik rooben aur chaar mool sadasyon ke saath black sabbaath nai saamagriyon par kaam karne ke liye studio vaapas aaya,[23] lekin vah satr tab rook gaya jab 2001 ke garmi ke dinon mein ojabaurn ko uske solo elabam ke geeton ko poora karne ke liye bula liya gaya.[118] "iske saath hi sab khatm ho gaya", iyomi ne kaha.. "iske baad hamalog vahaan fir naheen gaye aur yeh sharmanaak hai, kyonki (geeto) par iyomi ki tippani se band ke sadasyon ke liye un saamagriyon par ek saath kaam karna vaakai mushkil ho gaya tha.

It's quite different recording now. We've all done so much in between. In [the early] days there was no mobile phone ringing every five seconds. When we first started, we had nothing. We all worked for the same thing. Now everybody has done so many other things. It's great fun and we all have a good chat, but it's just different, trying to put an album together.[119]

March 2002 mein, Amy jeenevaala oji ojabaurn ne shurooaat MTV mein pehle rialiti sho the ojabaurnaj se ki aur jald hi poori duniya mein lokapriya ho gaya.[23] band ke paarshv taalika soochak ka laabh uthaane ke liye is sho ne bade paimaane par ojabaurn ka parichay darshakon se karaaya, century rikaurdas ne do-do live elabam paast laaivs release kiya, jiski khaasiyat 70 ke dashak mein record kiye gaye samaaroh ki saamagri ke saath anadhikrut roop se pichhle live eight laast elabam ko bhi shaamil kiya jaana tha. 2004 ke garmi ke dinon mein tab tak band antaraal mein hi raha jab tak ki ojafest 2004 aur 2005 mein ve mukhya samaachaar mein naheen laut aae. November 2005 mein, black sabbaath UK myujik hall of fame mein shaamil hua aur March 2006 mein gyaarah saal ki yogyata ke baad US rock end rol hall of fame mein shaamil kiya gaya.[120] puraskaar samaaroh mein maitalika ne black sabbaath ka do gaana hol in the skaai aur aayaran main band ko utsarg karte hue bajaaya[121]

the diyo iyars aur haiven end Dale (2006 se vartamaan samay tak)

For more details on this topic, see Heaven & Hell (band).
varsh 2007 mein kaitovis mein hevan end hel mein vini epees ka ek drum solo pradarshan

2006 mein jab oji ojabaurn ne black sabbaath ke rauni James diyo par release hue chuninda chaar geeton ko lekar ek sankalan the diyo iyars release kiya. release ke liye iyomi, butler, diyo aur appees gaane likhne ke liye fir se mile aur teen nae gaane record kiye. the diyo iyars 3 April 2007 ko release hua, bilbord 200 mein ise 54 vaan sthaan praapt hua, jabki menastreem rock traiks ki soochi mein ekal the devil kraaid 37 vein number par raha.[42] nateeje se khush hokar iyomi aur diyo ne duniya ki sair ke liye haiven end hel jamaane ki team mein fir se jud jaane ka nirnaya liya jabki unke sadasya mandali ke ojabaurn, butler, iyomi aur ward tab bhi aadhaakaarik roop se black sabbaath kahalaate rahe, nai sadasya mandali ne haiven end hel naam ka elabam ke baad kisi bhram se bachane ke liye apna yahi naam chuna. dramar vil ward shuroo mein isse judne taiyaar tha, lekin daura shuroo hone se pehle band sadasyon ke saath kuchh matabhed ke kaaran vah baahar nikal gaya.[122] ve poorv dramar vinni eppis dvaara sthaanaantarit kar diye gaye, isse prabhaavashaali dhang se fir se judi sadasya mandali ne maub rools aur dihyumanaaijar r elabam nikaala.

megaadeth aur laim of gaud se shurooaat karke haiven end hel ne US ka daura kiya aur 30 March 2007 ko New York mein ek live elabam aur DVD record kiya, jiska sheershak tha live fraum radio city myujik hall . diyo ne pushti ki ki ek naya studio elabam record karne ki band ki yojana hai,[123] jo ki nimn saal mein record kiya gaya. April 2008 mein band ne aanevaale ek nae box set aur the metal masters tour ke saath judas prist, motarahed aur testaameint mein unki bhaageedaari ki ghoshana ki[124] black sabbaath elabamon ko saamane rakhakar sabhi diyo ke box set, the rools of hel ke utkrusht sanskaran ka metal master tour dvaara samarthan kiya gaya. 2009 mein band ne apne pehle studio elabam the devil you no ki ghoshana ki, jo 28 April ko release hua.[125]

26 May 2009 ojabaurn ne iyomi ke khilaaf yeh aarop lagaate hue ki usane avaidh roop se band ke naam par daava kiya, New York ke Federal court mein ek mukadama daayar kiya. iyomi ne kaha ki ve akele band ke aise sadasya hain jo band ke saath poore ikataalees saal se rahe hain aur yeh ki unke band ke sadasyon ne 1980 ke dashak mein hi naam par se apna adhikaaron ko tyajya diya hai, isliye usane band ke naam par apne adhikaar ka daava kiya. haalaanki maamale mein, ojabaurn ne tredamaark par 50% maalikaana ka daava kiya, usane kaha hai ki use ummeed hai ki kaaryavaahi se chaar pramukh sadasyon ko baraabar ka maalikaana milega.[126]

apni aatmakatha "I M oji" ke prachaar ke liye haal hi mein diye ek saakshaatkaar mein ojabaurn ne kaha hai ki mool sadasyon ke saath punarmiln hoga ismein use sandeh hai, haalaanki vah punarmiln ko khaarij naheen karta hai. oji kehta hai, main yeh naheen kehta ki mainne kabhi naheen kaha ise (punarmiln) poora-poora likha hai, lekin ab mujhe lagta naheen ismein koi gunjaaish hai. par kaun jaanta hai ki bhavishya mein kya ho jaae? agar yahi mere naseeb mein hai to theek hai." ojabaurn iski tulana apni poorv premika ke paas lautane se karta hai, "jab main yuva tha meri premikaaen theen aur main chala jaata, oh, sachmuch mujhe vaapas shirli ke saath jaana achha lagta' aur tab tum yeh karte ho aur tum apne aap hi jaate ho, 'main yeh kya bakavaas raha hoon?'[127]

sangeet shaili

haalaanki black sabbaath ka aanevaale samay ke geeton ki mool dhvani aur niyat sangeet par keindrit dhyaan karna,[19] aksar teen suron ke madhyaantar ka upayog karna aur shaili mein parivartan ke daur se gujarana "devils intaravel" kahalaaya.[18] 1970 ke dashak ke lokapriya sangeet ke ekdam vipreet black sabbaath ki anpekshit dhvani ko us jamaane ke rock samaalochakon dvaara khaarij kar diya gaya.[23] shurooaat mein daraasal unke anek hevi metal vaale samakaaleenon ki tarah band ko rock radio par naheen bajaane diya gaya.[128]

band ka pramukh geetkaar ke roop mein, toni iyomi ne black sabbaath ke sangeet ke liye jyaadaatar geet likha, jabki ojabaurn geet ke dhun likhta aur baas vaadak geejar butler geet likhta. yeh prakriya kuchh aisi thi‍ ki iyomi, jo aksar nai cheejon ke saath tanaav mahasoos kiya karta tha, ke liye kuntha paida karne waali thi. "agar main apne saath kuchh naheen laata, to koi bhi kuchh naheen karta."[43] iyomi ke prabhaav par baad mein ojabaurn ne kaha:

Black Sabbath never used to write a structured song. There'd be a long intro that would go into a jazz piece, then go all folky... and it worked. Tony Iommi—aand I have said this a zillion times—aashould be up there with the greats. He can pick up a guitar, play a riff, and you say, 'He's gotta be out now, he can't top that.' Then you come back, and I bet you a billion dollars, he'd come up with a riff that'd knock your fucking socks off.[129]

black sabbaath ke shurooaati elabamon mein gitaar ko dheema kar diya gaya, isse sangeet aur bhi jyaada mahasoos kiya jaane laga.[23] black sabbaath ke aane se pehle 1966 mein gitaar vaadak toni iyomi, jo ek seat metal factory mein kaam karte hue durghatana ke shikaar ho gaye the, apne daahine haath ki do anguliyon ke poron ko gavaan baithe the. iyomi ne sangeet lagbhag chhod diya tha, lekin dijaango reenahaardat naam ka jaij gitaar vaadak ek dost tha, jiski do anguliyon ka upayog khtm ho gaya tha, useeke kehne par raaji hua.[130] reenahaardat ki prerana se, iyomi ne apne prabhaavit donon anguliyon mein plastic aur chamade ki bani topeenuma kaip pahana. gitaar vaadak toni ne apni anguliyon ki krutrimta ke saath halke string ka istemaal aur gitaar ki dityoon kiya, is asaavadhaani se sangeet mein anpekshit ehsaas paida hua.[130] band ke itihaas ke shurooaat mein iyomi ne C# dhun samet ek alag kism ke laghu dhun ya arddh adhosvar ko vyavasthit kar, ya saamaanya maanak dhun se aadhe charan neeche ka prayog kiya[131]

viraasat

hevi metal band mein black sabbaath sarvakaaleen prabhaavashaali hain. band ne apni shaili ki sanrachana mein madad ke saath jhande gaad dene wala pairaanauyad jaisa elabam jise roling ston patrika ne "sangeet mein chirkaaleen parivartan" kaha,[132] aur ise "beetals of the hevi metal" bhi kaha gaya, ka release hua[133] time maigjeen ne ise apne sarvakaaleen sarvashreshth 100 elabamon mein sthaan dete hue pairaanauyad ko hevi metal ka janmabhoomi kaha.[134] MTV ne black sabbaath ko apne sarvatkrushth das hevi metal baindon mein sthaan diya[135] aur VH1 ne unhein duniya ke 100 mahaan kalaakaaron ki apni soochi mein sthaan diya.[136] VH1 ne black sbbaath ke "aayaran main" ke ek geet ko unke 40 mahaanatam metal sangeet mein sthaan diya.[137] all myujik ke William roohelamain ne kaha:

Black Sabbath has been so influential in the development of heavy metal rock music as to be a defining force in the style. The group took the blues-rock sound of late '60s acts like Cream, Blue Cheer, and Vanilla Fudge to its logical conclusion, slowing the tempo, accentuating the bass, and emphasising screaming guitar solos and howled vocals full of lyrics expressing mental anguish and macabre fantasies. If their predecessors clearly came out of an electrified blues tradition, Black Sabbath took that tradition in a new direction, and in so doing helped give birth to a musical style that continued to attract millions of fans decades later.[23]

prabhaav aur naveenata

hevi metal par black sabbaath ka prabhaav lagbhag adviteeya raha hai, maitelika[11], aayaran maiden[138], sleyar[11], death[11], korn[11], mehem[11], venam[11], elees in chens, enthreks, distarbad, aaisd arth, melavins, opath,[139] painthara[11], megaadeth,[140] the smaising pankins,[141] sleepanot,[142] fo faaitars,[143] fiyr factory,[144] kaindalamaas,[145] aur gaudsamaas[146] samet anginat band isse bahut hi prabhaavit rahe hain.[146] spulatura, white jaumbi, type O negetiv, feth no mor, machine head, ssitm of A daaun aur monastar maiganet samet do gold seling shraddhaanjali elabam netiviti in black vaulyoom 1 aur 2 release hue.

metaalika ke laars ulareech ne, jisne apne sahayog James hetafild ko black sabbaath ke rock end rol hall of fame mein bhaarati karaaya, kaha "black sabbaath hevi metal ka paryaaya hai aur hamesha rahega",[147] jab ki hetafild ne kaha, "sabbaath ne shuroo se hi mujhe bakavaas ghatiya saaund ke beech gher liya aur ab yeh mere bheetar jajb ho gaya hai. toni iyomi hevi rif ka raaja hai."[148] gans N' rojej ke poorv gitaar bajaanevaale slesh ne pairaanauyad elabam par kaha: "iske poore record mein kuchh aisa hai ki jo jab aap chhote bachche hain aur aapka jhukaav is taraf ho gaya, fir to yeh ek alag hi tarah ki duniya hoti hai. yeh aapka dimaag ek doosare hi aayaam ki mod deta hai...pairaanauyad se sabbaath ka anubhav aisa hi hai; sanketaatmak roop se yeh bataata hai ki sabbaath ka aashay un dinon kya tha. toni ke bajaane ki shaili – vah 'pairaanauyad' ke liye bajaata hai ya "heven end hel" ke liye koi maayane naheen rakhata – vah bahut hi anootha hai."[148] enthreks ke gitaar vaadak Scott Ian ne kaha "bade saakshaatkaaron mein mujhse hamesha yeh savaal poochha jaata hai ki 'aapke sarvatkrusht paanch metal elabam kaun se hain?' apne liye is savaal ko main bahut hi sahajata se leta hoon aur hamesha sabbaath ke pehle paanch elabam ka naam leta hoon.[148] laim of gaud's ke kris edalar ne kaha: agar koi bhi jo hevi metal bajaate hain, kehta hain ki ve black sabbaath ke sangeet dvaara prabhaavit naheen hain, tab mujhe lagta hai ki ve jhooth bolte hain. mujhe to lagta hai ki sabhi hevi metal sangeet kisi na kisi tarah se black sabbaath dvaara prabhaavit hote hain."[149]

hevi metal mein agrani rahane ke alaava, hevi metal ki up-shaili stonar rock,[150] slej metal,[151][152] black metal aur doom metal ka bhi shreya unheen ko jaata hai. apni shaili mein gauthik sangeet ko shaamil karanevaalon mein se sabbaath avval hain.[153]

sadasya gan

vartamaan sadasya-mandali
  • oji ojabaurn- pramukh gaayak, haaramonika (1968-1979, 1985, 1994, 1997-2006)
  • toni iyomi - gitaar, keebords, baansuri (1968-2006)
  • geejr butler - baas, sinths (1968-1985, 1990-1994, 1997-2006)
  • bill ward - drams, taalavaadya (1968-1980, 1983-1985, 1994, 1997-2006)

diskograafi

For a more comprehensive list, see Black Sabbath discography
  • black sabbaath (1970)
  • pairaanauyad (1970)
  • master of riyaaliti (1971)
  • black sabbaath khand 4 (1972)
  • sabbaath bladi sabbaath (1973)
  • sabotej (1975)
  • tekneekal ekstasi (1976)
  • nevar se daai! (1978)
  • heven aind hel (1980)
  • maub rools (1981)
  • born agen (1983)
  • seveinth star (1986)
  • the itaranal aaidal (1987)
  • hedales kraus (1989)
  • tayar (1990)
  • dehumanijr (1992)
  • kraus parpauses (1994)
  • faurabiden (1995)

nots

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  7. ""Heavy Metal"". Seven Ages of Rock. 2009-03-05. 8 minutes in.
  8. Osbourne, Ozzy; Ayres, Chris, I Am Ozzy, Grand Central Publishing, pa॰ 63, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0446569895
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  153. skaarufi 2003, pej 105, "black sabbaath (2), ek atyant prabhaavashaali band, ne aag chalakar hard-rock bajaane ke liye aavashyak kaushal ke star ko kharaab kar diya, lekin unke vikrut aur tej kaaranaamon, unke daitya numa lakeeron, unke saamarik laya, unke neeras gaane aur unke bhayaavah vishay-vastuon, jo ek bhaavi madhyayugeen brahmaand drushya prastut karte the, ne black metal aur doom-metal ki neenv daali. dhun aur upakaran ke pratyek kaushal, unke sabse vishisht krutiyon, pairaanauyad (1971) aur master of reality (1971) ke naganya ghatak the. ve gauthik sangeet ke aavishkaarak to naheen the, lekin unhonne hi sabse pehle ise ek shaili mein parint kiya."

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saaaincha:Black Sabbath 6