bihaarashareef

bihaarashareef
jila
बिहारशरीफ स्थित बुखारी मस्जिद
bihaarashareef sthit bukhaari masjid
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Bihar
jila naalanda
vidhaayak daaain suneel Kumar
janasankhya 2,96,889 (2011 tak )
aadhikaarik bhaasha(eain) hindi, magahi, urdoo, angreji

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a07′aN 85°a31′aE / 25.11°aN 85.51°aE / 25.11; 85.51

bihaarashareef Bihar ke naalanda jile ka mukhyaalaya hai.

anukram

bhoogol

bihaarashareef 25°a07′aN 85°a31′aE / 25.11°aN 85.51°aE / 25.11; 85.51

  • samudratal se ooainchaai: 60 meetaras (200 feet)
  • taapamaan: garmi 43 °aC - 21 °aC, sardi 20 °aC - 6 °aC
  • ausat varsha : 1,000 mileemeetar

itihaas

bihaarashareef 10veen shataabdi mein paal raajavansh ki rajdhani raha tha. yahaaain par paaainchaveen shataabdi ka gupt kaal ka ek stambh hai aur yahaaain masjidein aur makbare hain. bihaarashareef mein ek vishaal bauddh Bihar (bauddh gyaan pratishthaan) odantapuri hai, jis par Bihar ka naam pada hai. 1869 mein iska nagarapaalika ke roop mein gathan hua tha. Patna se lagbhag 50 kilometer door sthit bihaarashareef praacheen kaal mein magadh ki rajdhani tha. yahaaain par Bhagwan buddh ne upadesh diye the. iske nikat hi yahaaain bauddh kaal ka prasiddh naalanda vishvavidyaalaya tha jahaaain door-door ke deshon ke log shiksha praapt karne ke liye aaya karte the.

jalavaayu

Bihar ke anya bhaagon ki tarah bihaarashareef mein bhi garmi ka taapamaan uchch rahata hai. greeshm ritu mein seedha sooryaatap tatha ushn tarangon ke kaaran asahya sthiti ho jaati hai. garm hava se banane waali loo ka asar shahar mein bhi maaloom padta hai. desh ke shesh maidaani bhaagon (yatha - Delhi) ki apeksha halaaainki yeh kam hota hai.

greeshm ritu April se aarambh hokar June- July ke maheene mein charam par hoti hai. taapamaan 46 degree tak pahunch jaata hai. July ke madhya mein maunasoon ki jhadiyon se raahat pahuainchati hai aur varsha ritu ka shreeganesh hota hai. sheet ritu ka aarambh chhath parv ke baad yaani November se hota hai. February mein vasant ka aagaman hota hai tatha holi ke baad March mein iske avsaan ke saath hi ritu-chakr poora ho jaata hai.

shiksha

school

  1. jila haai school
  2. aadarsh haai school
  3. badi pahaadi haai school
  4. prayaag laal saahu uchch bidhaalaya (sohasaraaya)
  5. savodainya uchch bidhaalaya (sohasaraaya)

college

  1. naalanda college (magadh vishvavidyaalaya)
  2. kisaan college (magadh vishvavidyaalaya)
  3. naalanda mahila college (magadh vishvavidyaalaya)
  4. Patel college (magadh vishvavidyaalaya)

aarthik

yahaaain ke nivaasi praathamik kshetr (krushi,matsya paalan) tatha truteeya kshetr(daaaiktar,engineer,vakeel,shikshak aadi) jaise rojgaar se jude hain.

sanskruti

vivaah

adhiktar shaadiyaan maata-pita ke dvaara hi nirdhaarit-nirdeshaanusaar hoti hai. vivaad mein santaan ki ichha ki maanyata parivaar par nirbhar karti hai. vivaah ko pavitra maana jaata hai aur talaak ki baat sochana (muslim parivaaron mein bhi) ek saamaajik aparaadh samjha jaata hai. shaadiyaaain utsav ki tarah aayojit hoti hai aur is dauraan saanskrutik kaaryakramon ki bharamaar rahati hai. kuchhek parvon ko chhod diya jaaya to vaastav mein vivaah ke avsar par hi lok-kala ki sarvottam jhaanki dikhaai deti hai. is avsar par kiye gaye kharch aur bhojon ki adhikta kai parivaaron mein vipnnata ka kaaran banta hai. dahej ka chalan jyaadaatar hindu evam muslim parivaaron mein bana hua hai.

parv-tyauhaar

hindu mahilaaeain teej, jeeteeya, chhath aadi bahut hi dhaarmik utsaah ke saath manaati haiain.
deevaali, durgaapooja, holi, basant panchami, shivraatri, raamanavami, janmaashtami hinduon ka mahatvapoorn lokapriytam parvo mein se hai, jabki musalamaano ka mahatvapoorn tyauhaar muharram, Eid aur bakareed hai. chhath is kshetr ke liye sabse pavitra tyohaar hai. iska mahatva ke roop mein yeh dharm ke sabhi baadhaaon ko khaarij kar deta hai dekha ja sakta hai. is utsav mein kharana ke utsav se lekar ardhyadaan tak samaaj ki anivaarya upasthiti bani rahati hai. yeh saamaanya aur gareeb janta ke apne dainik jeevan ki mushkilon ko bhulaakar seva bhaav aur bhakti bhaav se kiye gaye saamoohik karm ka viraat aur bhavya pradarshan hai.

Khan-paan

aabaadi ka mukhya bhojan bhaat-daal-roti-tarakaari-achaar hai. sarason ka tel paaramparik roop se khaana taiyaar karne mein prayukt hota hai. khichdi, joki chaaval tatha daalon se saath kuchh masaalon ko milaakar pakaaya jaata hai, bhi bhojya vyanjanon mein kaafi lokapriya hai. khichdi, praay: shanivaar ko, dahi, paapad, ghi, achaar tatha chokha ke saath-saath parosa jaata hai.

bihaarashareef ko kendreeya Bihar ke mishthaannon tatha meethe pakavaanon ke liye bhi jaana jaata hai. inmein khaaja, maave ka laddoo, moteechoor ke laddoo, kaala jaamun, kesariya peda, paraval ki mithaai, khoye ki laai aur chana marki ka naam liya ja sakta hai. in pakavaano ka mool inke sambandhit shahar hain jo ki bihaarashareef ke nikat hain, jaise ki silaav ka khaaja, baadh ka maave ka laai, maner ka laddoo, vikram ka kaala jaamun, gaya ka kesariya peda, bakhtiyaarapur ka khoye ki laai Patna ka chana marki, bihiya ki poori ityaadi ullekhaneeya hai. vaise yaha ki rabari kaafi mashahoor hai. iske atirikt in pakavaanon ka prachalan bhi kaafi hai -

  • puaa, - maida, doodh, ghi, cheeni madhu ityaadi se banaaya jaata hai.
  • piththa - chaaval ke choorn ko pise hue chane ke saath ya khove ke saath taiyaar kiya jaata hai.
  • tilkut - jise bauddh granthon mein palaala naam se varnit kiya gaya hai, til tatha cheeni gud banaaya jaata hai.
  • chivda ya chooda - chaaval ko koot kar ya daba kar patale tatha chauda kar banaaya jaata hai. ise praay: dahi ya anya chaajo ke saath hi parosa jaata hai.
  • makhaana - (paani mein ugane waali fali) iski kheer kaafi pasand ki jaati hai.
  • sattoo - bhoone hue chane ko peesane se taiyaar kiya gaya sattoo, dinbhar ki thakaan ko sahane ke liye subah mein kai logo dvaara prayog kiya jaata hai. isko roti ke andar bhar kar bhi prayog kiya jaata hai jise sthaaneeya log makuni roti kehte hain.
  • litti chokha - litti jo aante ke andar sattoo tatha masaale daalkar aag par seinkane se banta hai, ko chokhe ke saath parosa jaata hai. chokha ubale aaloo ya baingan ko goonthane se taiyaar hota hai.

aamish vyanjan bhi lokapriya hain. machhali kaafi lokapriya hai aur mugl vyanjan bhi bihaarashareef mein dekhe ja sakte hain.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

yahaan ka najadeeki havaai adda Patna ka jayaprakaash Narayan havaai adda hai. jo yahaan se 80 kilometer door hai. bhaarateeya vimaanapattan praadhikran dvaara sanchaalit lokanaayak jayaprakaash havaaikshetr, Patna (IATA code- PAT) antardesheeya tatha seemit antarraashtreeya udaanon ke liye Indian, Kingfisher, jet Airways, jet laait, go air tatha indigo ki udaanein Delhi, Ranchi, Kolkata, mumbai, Lucknow tatha kuchh anya nagaron ke liye niyamit rup se upalabdh hai.


rel maarg

raashtreeya rajdhani Delhi aur raajya ki rajdhani Patna ke atirikt yahaaain se gaya, naalanda, raajageer, Kolkata tatha anya mahatvapoorn shaharon ke liye seedhi trainein upalabdh hai.


sadak maarg

bihaarashareef sadak maarg dvaara raajageer (28 kimi), Patna (70 kimi), Ranchi, paavaapuri (10 kimi) tatha hilsa (30 kimi) se achhi tarah juda hua hai.

bihaarashareef ke aaspaas

  • Patna - Bihar ki vartamaan rajdhani jo praacheen magadh saamraajya ki bhi rajdhani thi yahaaain se lagbhag 80 kilometer uttar-pashchim mein sthit hai.
  • bodhagaya - bauddh dharm ke pravartak Bhagwan buddh ki jnyaaanapraapti sthali jo bauddhadharmaavalanviyon ke liye atyant paveetr sthal hai evam jise 2002 mein yunesko ne vishv dharohar sthali ghoshit kiya hai.
  • naalanda - praacheen bauddh gyaan-vigyaan ka kendra rahe naalanda vishvavidyaalaya ke dharohar wala yeh shahar bihaarashareef ke lagbhag 15 kilometer dakshin mein sthit hai.
  • paavaapuri - jainadharm ke 24vein teerthankar Bhagwan mahaaveer ki neervaanasthali hone ke kaaran jainadharmaavalanviyon ke liye atyant pavitra yeh shahar bihaarashareef aur naalanda ke beech sthit hai.
  • raajageer - vasumatipur, vruhadrathapur, giribraj aur kushagrapur ke naam se bhi prasiddh rahe raajagruh ko aajkal raajageer ke naam se jaana jaata hai. pauraanik saahitya ke anusaar raajageer bahma ki pavitra yagya bhoomi, sanskruti aur vaibhav ka kendra tatha jain teerthankar mahaaveer aur Bhagwan buddh ki saadhanaabhoomi raha hai. yeh na sirf ek prasiddh dhaarmik teerthasthal hai balki ek khubasoorat helth resaurt ke roop mein bhi lokapriya hai. yahaan hindu, jain aur bauddh teenon dharmon ke dhaarmik sthal hain.
  • gaya - falgu nadi ke tat par basa gaya ki prasiddhi mukhya rup se ek dhaarmik nagari ke rup mein hai. pitrupaksh ke avsar par yahaaain hajaaro shraddhaalu pindadaan ke liye jutate hain. yahaan ka vishnupad mandir paryatakon ke beech lokapriya hai.
  • hilsa - yeh naalanda jile ka ek anumandal hai. yeh bihaarashareef se 30 k.m.door hai. yeh Bihar ki rajdhani Patna ke lagbhag 45 kilometer dakshin-poorv mein sthit hai. yeh anek svaadheenata senaaneeyon ki janmabhoomi aur bhaarateeya svatantrata ke sangharsh ke daur mein ek pramukh kendra raha hai.
  • silaav - yeh gaanv naalanda aur raajageer ke madhya sthit hai. yahaan banane waali prasiddh mithaai khaaja ka svaad liya ja sakta hai.
  • soorajapur badgaanv - yahaan Bhagwan soorya ka prasiddh mandir tatha ek jheel hai. yahaan varsh mein do baar mele ka aayojan hota hai. ek vaishaakh (April-May) tatha doosra kaartik (October- November) maheene mein. in donon maheenon mein yahaan prasiddh chhath tyohaar manaaya jaata hai. door-door se log chhath utsav manaane yahaan aate hain.