bhooskhalan

kailforniya mein 1997 ke January maah mein hue bhooskhalan ka computer simuleshan
bhooskhalan

bhooskhalan (landslide) ek bhoovaijnyaaanik ghatna hai. dharaatali halchalon jaise patthar khiskana ya girna, pathareeli mitti ka bahaav, ityaadi iske antargat aate hai.

bhoo-skhalan kai prakaar ke ho sakte hain aur ismein chattaan ke chhote-chhote pattharon ke girne se lekar bahut adhik maatra mein chattaan ke tukade aur mitti ka bahaav shaamil ho sakta hai tatha iska vistaar kai kilometer ki doori tak ho sakta hai. bhaari varsha tatha baadh ya bhookamp ke aane se bhoo-skhalan ho sakta hai. maanav gativdhiyon, jaise ki pedon aaair vanaspati ke hataane, sadak kinaare khadi chattaan ke kaatne ya paani ke paaipon mein risaav se bhi bhoo-skhalan ho sakta hai.

bhoo-skhalan se pehle

bhoo-skhalan se pehle ki gayi taiyaari se aapko apne ghar tatha vyaapaar ko hone vaale nuksaan ko kam karne mein madad milegi tatha aapki jeevit bach nikalne mein sahaayak hogi. apni kaaunsil se pata lagaaen ki aapke ilaake mein pehle bhi kabhi bhoo-skhalan hua hai tatha unke dubaara kahaaain hone ki sambhaavana hai. dharati ke hilne ke chinhon ki jaaainch karein. in chinhon mein nimnalikhit shaamil hain:

  • darvaaje tatha khidikyon ki chaukhaton mein atakan
  • daraarein jahaan chaukhatein theek se naheen baith rahi hon ya fit ho rahi hon
  • daik tatha baraamade baaki ke saare ghar se kuchh doori par khisak ya jhuk rahe hon
  • dharati, sadak ya futapaath mein nai daraarein ya ubhaar aa gaye hon
  • pedon, ritening (pratidhaarak) deevaaron ya fensis (baadon) mein jhukaav aana
  • aise ilaake jo saamaanya roop se geele naheen hote vahaan paani ka achaanak niklana, risaav ya rookaav hona
yadi aapko lagta hai ki bhoo-skhalan hone wala hai

aapke liye yeh jaanana jaroori hai ki aise mein aapki turant kya pratikriya honi chaahiye • nishkraman karein (baahar niklein) tatha apne saath apni getaave kit (prasthaan ke samay saath le jaane ki peti) lekar jaaen • apne sthaaneeya civil difens emarajeinsi mainejamaint aafis se sampark karein • un padosiyon ko soochit karein jinke isse prabhaavit hone ki sambhaavana hai

bhoo-skhalan ke baad

• jo kshetr bhoo-skhalan se prabhaavit hai jab tak usaki poori tarah se jaaainch naheen kar li jaati, vahaan laut kar naheen jaaen • jab aisa karna surakshit ho jaae to beeme ke uddeshya se us ilaake ke photo kheenchein tatha notas (vivran) taiyaar karein

baahari kadiyaaain