bheemabetaka paashaan aashray

yunesko vishv dharohar sthal
bheemabetaka ke paashaan aashray
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
vishv dharohar soochi mein ankit naam
bheemabaithaka ke shailachitr
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
prakaar saanskrutik
maanadand (iii)(v)
sandarbh 925
yunesko kshetr dakshin Asia
shilaalekhit itihaas
shilaalekh 2003 (27th satr)

nirdeshaank: 22°a55′a40″aN, 77°a35′a00″aE bheemabetaka (bheemabaithaka) Bhaarat ke madhya pradesh praant ke raayasen jile mein sthit ek puraapaashaanik aavaaseeya puraasthal hai. yeh aadi-maanav dvaara banaaye gaye shail chitron aur shailaashrayon ke liye prasiddh hai. in chitro ko puraapaashaan kaal se madhyapaashaan kaal ke samay ka maana jaata hai.

anya puraavasheshon mein praacheen kile ki deevaar, laghustoop, paashaan nirmit bhavan, shung-gupt kaaleen abhilekh, shankh abhilekh aur paramaar kaaleen mandir ke avashesh bhi yahaaain mile hain. bheem betaka kshetr ko bhaarateeya puraatatv sarvekshan, Bhopal mandal ne August 1990 mein raashtreeya mahattv ka sthal ghoshit kiya. iske baad July 2003 mein yoonesko ne ise vishv dharohar sthal ghoshit kiya hai.

ye Bhaarat mein maanav jeevan ke praacheenatam chinh hain. aisa maana jaata hai ki yeh sthaan mahaabhaarat ke charitra bheem se sanbandhit hai evam isi se iska naam bheemabaithaka pada. ye gufaaeain madhya Bhaarat ke pathaar ke dakshini kinaare par sthit vindhyaachal ki pahaadiyon ke nichle chhor par hain.[1]; iske dakshin mein satapuda ki pahaadiyaaain aarambh ho jaati hain.[2] inki khoj varsh 1957-1958 mein daaktar vishnu shreedhar vaakanakar dvaara ki gayi thi.

anukram

shailakala evam shailachitr

bheemabaithaka shailachitr

yahaaain 750 shailaashraya hain jinmein 500 shailaashraya chitron dvaara sajjit hain. poorv paashaan kaal se madhya aitihaasik kaal tak yeh sthaan maanav gatividhiyon ka kendra raha.[1] yeh bahumoolya dharohar ab puraatatv vibhaag ke sanrakshan mein hai. bheemabetaka kshetr mein pravesh karte hue shilaaon par likhi kai jaanakaariyaaain milti hain. yahaaain ke shail chitron ke vishay mukhyataya saamoohik nrutya, rekhaankit maanavaakruti, shikaar, pashu-pakshi, yuddh aur praacheen maanav jeevan ke dainik kriyaakalaapon se jude hain. chitron mein prayog kiye gaye khanij rangon mein mukhya roop se geruaa, laal aur safed hain aur kaheen-kaheen peela aur hara rang bhi prayog hua hai.[2]

shailaashrayon ki androoni satahon mein utkeern pyaalenuma nishaan ek lakh varsh puraane hain. in krutiyon mein dainik jeevan ki ghatnaaon se liye gaye vishay chitrit hain. ye hajaaron varsh pehle ka jeevan darshaate hain. yahaaain banaae gaye chitr mukhyat: nrutya, sangeet, aakhet, ghodon aur haathiyon ki savaari, aabhooshanon ko sajaane tatha shahad jama karne ke baare mein hain. inke alaava baagh, Singh, jangali suar, haathiyon, kutton aur ghadiyaalon jaise jaanvaron ko bhi in tasveeron mein chitrit kiya gaya hai

chitr:Rockpainting Bhimbetika.jpg
bheemabetaka ka shailachitr

yahaaain ki deevaarein dhaarmik sanketon se saji hui hai, jo poorv aitihaasik kalaakaaron ke beech lokapriya the.[2] is prakaar bheem baithaka ke praacheen maanav ke sanjnyaaanaatmak vikaas ka kaalakram vishv ke anya praacheen samaanaantar sthalon se hajaaron varsh poorv hua tha. is prakaar se yeh sthal maanav vikaas ka aaranbhik sthaan bhi maana ja sakta hai.

niktavarti puraataatvik sthal

bheemabetaka ke shailachitr

is prakaar ke praagaitihaasik shailachitr raayagadh jile ke singhanapur ke nikat kabara pahaad ki gufaaon mein[3], hoshangaabaad ke nikat aadamagadh mein, chhatarapur jile ke bijaavar ke niktasth pahaadiyon par tatha raayasen jile mein bareli tahaseel ke paatani gaaainv mein mrugeindranaath ki gufa ke shailachitr evam Bhopal-raayasen maarg par Bhopal ke nikat pahaadiyon par (chidiya tol) mein bhi mile hain. haal mein hi hoshangaabaad ke paas budhani ki ek patthar khadaan mein bhi shail chitr paae gaye hain. bheemabetaka se 5 kilometer ki doori par peingaavan mein 35 shailaashraya paae gaye hai ye shail chitr ati durlabh maane gaye hain. in sabhi shailachitron ki praacheenata 10,000 se 35,000 varsh ki aanki gayi hai.[4]

chitradeergha

door se dekhne par bheemabetaka gufa ka drushya
bheemabetaka ka praveshadvaar
gufa ke andar ka drushya
ghode par savaar aadmi
shail kachhap

sandarbh

  1. a aa "bheemabetaka ki gufaaeain" (hindi mein) (echateeem). inkredibl indiya. pp. 01. http://www.incredibleindia.org/hindi/heritage/bhimbetka.htm. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.
  2. a aa i "bheemabetaka ki pahaadi gufaaen" (hindi mein) (peeechapi). raashtreeya portal vishyavastu prabandhan dal. Bhaarat sarkaar. pp. 01. http://bharat.gov.in/knowindia/bhimbetka.php. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.
  3. "husainaabaad mein dhaai hajaar saal puraani sabhyata ke avashesh" (hindi mein) (echateeemael). Yahoo jaagaran. p. 01. http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/jharkhand/4_8_5354208.html. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.
  4. subramaniyn, pa.na.. "Bhopal ke irdagird aadi maanav ke pad chinh" (hindi mein) (echateeem). mallaar. world press. pp. 01. http://mallar.wordpress.com/2009/07/13/%E0%A4%AD%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B2-%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%87-%E0%A4%87%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%97%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A6-%E0%A4%86%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%BF-%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%BE/. abhigman tithi: 18 July 2009.

baahari kadiyaaain