bhautik raashi

bhautik raashi vastut: koi bhautik gun hai jise maapa ja sakta hai arthaat koi aankik maan diya ja sakta hai.

antararaashtreeya maapan shabdaavali ki paribhaasha ke anusaar-

bhautik raashi kisi vastu, padaarth ya parightana ka gun hai tatha is gun ko sankhyaatmak maan evam koi maanak sandarbh pradaan kiya ja sakta hai.

at: kisi bhautik raashi Q ko ek sankhyaatmak maan tatha ek ikaai (ya maatrak) ke gunanafal ke roop mein abhivyakt kiya jaata hai.

Q = N x U

anukram

udaaharan

udaaharan ke liye, 'ke moolyon' taapamaan ',' maatra ',' dabaav, 'aanavik' maas 'aur' aantarik 'oorja bhautik kisi bhi gas ki seemit maatra mein raajya ka varnan kar rahe hain,' maujooda 'teevrata badal jaata hai ki sankhya,' aur ' chunbakeeya 'permittivity bhautik poori tarah se' chunbakeeya kshetr 'teevrata ka varnan ek solenoid ke kendra mein maatra rahe hain.

vibhinn bhautik raashiyon ke beech ganiteeya kaarya karne ke liye parimaan kalan (quantity calculus) ka upayog kiya jaata hai.

kam ghanatv gaison ke baad se (kam se saamaanya vaayumandaleeya dabaav) apne taapamaan ke saath unki aanupaatik maatra ka vistaar, ve tharmaameetar ke roop mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai. is tarah ke ek gas ek chhaaya hua glaas apni topi ke maadhyam se kaha ki hava mein faili katori (mein rakha ja sakta hai) ek keshika tube paara ki ek boond ke andar jo bhaagane se gas seemit hoga.

ab ham celcius degree aur celcius paimaane par paribhaashit kar sakte hain:

kaanch ka katora ke baad paara drop ki keshika star par mark lambe samay paryaapt barf ke paani mein 'shanivaar hai. mark kaanch ka katora ke baad paara drop star kaafi der tak ubalate paani mein 'shanivaar hai. is ank se oopar pichhle jaaega. 100 mein keshika tube par 2 chihnon ke beech antaraal ko samaan roop se vibhaajit antaraal ya diveejanon door. ek 'degree celcius ab' ya 'degree' celcius degree celcius ya '1 'katora-seemit gas hai ki sirf ek prabhaag dvaara ki paara drop vruddhi kar dega taapamaan mein parivartan hai. ham [ti] = '1 ° 'si' ke roop mein taapamaan ke liye antarraashtreeya ikaai ke liye kam likhne celcius 'ki degree hai. agar 30 prabhaagon dvaara paara drop ugata hai, taapamaan 30 × 1 degree celcius ki vruddhi hui hai

is udaaharan se ek bhautik 'maatra kyoo' ko ek sankhyaatmak moolya () kyoo aur maap ki ek ikaai [kyoo] ke beech utpaad ke roop mein vyakt kiya hai.

kyoo kyoo = () × [kyoo] ... yeh spasht ho jaata hai jab ya uske gunajon ikaaiyon ke upagunak mein ek bhautik maatra (equivalently) vyakt karte hain - udaaharan ke liye hai lanbaai meter ya [L] = 1 mi dvaara maapa aur kilometer ki doori (kimi) ek meter se adhik hai, jabki 'mileemeetar '(mimi) ek submultiple, ki is tarah ke 1 mi = 0,001 kimi = 1000 mimi hai.

agar ek football ki geind ke vyaas hai, kehte hain, 0.3 mi = 0.3 × 1000 mimi to = 300 mimi jo ek hi maatra mein hai, lekin alag alag ikaaiyon mein vyakt kiya. isi tarah agar 'efil tauvar 324 meter ooaincha hai to 324 meter = 324 × 0,001 kimi = 0.324 kimi hai.

bhautik raashiyon ke prateek

aamtaur par, bhautik maatra ke liye prateekon laitin yoonaani ya itailik prakaar mein likha varnamaala ka ek akshar hone ke liye chuna jaata hai. aksar aur prateekon subscripts superscripts dvaara sanshodhit kar rahe hain, taaki nirdisht karne ke liye ve kya se sambandhit - udaaharan ke liye 'ek aam taur par lagaataar dabaav mein gatij oorja aur kshamata cp garmi niroopit kiya jaata hai. (Subscripts ki shaili mein antar not: "" Kashmir shabd ka sankshipt naam "kaineteeks", jabki "" pi hai bhautik maatra ke prateek "" dabaav ke bajaay shabd ka sankshipt naam hai "dabaav".)

maatra ke liye chinh 31 ISO, IUPAP laal kitaab aur IUPAC hari kitaab se antararaashtreeya sifaarishon ke anusaar chuna jaana chaahiye. udaaharan ke liye, bhautik maatra mein 'jan ke liye sifaarish ki prateek' mi hai aur maatra 'chaarj' ke liye sifaarish ki prateek> kya hai ukhgjkhjkhjkvbfkshskdf;.kshlkchksh;chk.ksh;chlmksh.ch;,.mkshch;lkdsjfkm;chkjsdpgiojjdsg;dlfmbv ;hkftpiktg[oekrtve[pods[pvlsd[lvksh.';v, ch'v. b, ch /b. /. chvbl/chkshfsdfdfdgfyghgjhkjkjoiov

bhautik raashiyon ke maatrak ya ikaaiyaaain

aamtaur par, bhautik maatra ke liye prateekon laitin yoonaani ya itailik prakaar mein likha varnamaala ka ek akshar hone ke liye chuna jaata hai. aksar aur prateekon subscripts superscripts dvaara sanshodhit kar rahe hain, taaki nirdisht karne ke liye ve kya se sambandhit - udaaharan ke liye 'ek aam taur par lagaataar dabaav mein gatij oorja aur kshamata cp garmi niroopit kiya jaata hai. (Subscripts ki shaili mein antar not: "" Kashmir shabd ka sankshipt naam "kaineteeks", jabki "" pi hai bhautik maatra ke prateek "" dabaav ke bajaay shabd ka sankshipt naam hai "dabaav".)

maatra ke liye chinh 31 ISO, IUPAP laal kitaab aur IUPAC hari kitaab se antararaashtreeya sifaarishon ke anusaar chuna jaana chaahiye. udaaharan ke liye, bhautik maatra mein 'jan ke liye sifaarish ki prateek' mi hai aur maatra 'chaarj' ke liye sifaarish ki prateek> kya hai

bhautik maatra ki vaiktar rahe hain ke liye chinh bold itailik prakaar hain. agar, udaaharan ke liye, u ek kan ki gati, to uske veg ke liye seedhi ankan hai you hai

dhyaan dein ki thos sankhya, akshar se chihnit bhi un, hamesha (imaandaar roman) prakaar ke hote hain, jaise: 1, 2, E ke liye (praakrutik laghuganak ka aadhaar), main (kaalpanik ikaai ke liye) ya 3.14 ke liye π (...). thos kaaryon ka paap α jaise prateekon roman prakaar bhi hona chaahiye. vikipeediya ke dvaara paalan naheen kiya haalaanki, gh dx mein jaise oparetaron ko bhi roman type kiya jaana chaahiye.

oiiiijcjnnknknikikikikn bucetaussioljmknknkn== aadhaar raashi, vyutpann raashi tatha bima (Base quantities, derived quantities and dimensions) ==

ek bhautik maatra ke shaareerik aayaam dhaarana fooriyr dvaara 1822 mein shuroo ki gayi thi. sammelan se, ek bhautik maatra aayaami maatra aadhaar par banaaya gaya system mein aayojit kar rahe hain, jinmein se pratyek apne swayam ke aayaam hone ke roop mein maana jaata hai. maatra mein (ISQ) ke antarraashtreeya pranaali aur unke isi SI ikaaiyon ke saat aadhaar maatra nimn taalika mein soocheebaddh hain. anya sammelanon maulik unit (tatarakshak pot aur MKS ikaaiyon ki pranaali jaise ki ek alag sankhya mein ho sakta hai).

antarraashtreeya ikaai ikaai ke liye aayaam ke liye maatra prateek SI mool ikaai prateek ke liye aadhaar maatra ka naam prateek system lambaai: - L, ex, aar, aadi L meter meter samay: - ti ti doosra hai

jan - puroosh, puroosh kilo kilogram

bijli: vartamaan - main, main main ek ampere Thermodynamic taapamaan: - ti θ Kelvin Kashmir padaarth ki maatra: - N n til mol chamakadaar: teevrata chaturth - Jammu Candela seedi

anya sabhi maatra maatra mein praapt kar rahe hain ke baad se unke aayaamon ke gunan aur vibhaajan ke aadhaar maatra ke un logon se praapt kar rahe hain. udaaharan ke liye, bhautik maatra veg aadhaar maatra lanbaai aur samay se praapt hota hai aur aayaam / L ti. hai kuchh vyutpann bhautik maatra 1 aayaam diya hai aur kar rahe hain dimensionless maatra mein hone ke liye kaha.

vyaapak aur gahan raashiyaaain (Extensive and intensive quantities)

ek maatra kaha jaata hai

jab iski vyaapak parimaan subsystems ke liye additive hai (vaulyoom, jan, aadi) gahan jab parimaan pranaali (taapamaan, dabaav, aadi ke vistaar ke svatantr hai) kuchh bhautik maatra mein aadesh aur unke arth yogya prefixed hain:

vishisht karne ke liye ek maatra jo prati unit vishisht ooshma kshamata (jaise jan vyakt ki hai ullekh joda gaya hai) chav ke liye ek maatra jo prati unit padaarth ki maatra chav ke roop mein raashi (vyakt ki hai ullekh joda gaya hai) vahaaain bhi bhautik udaaharan ke liye vyaapak hai ki na to aur na hi gahan ke roop mein vargeekrut kiya ja sakta hai maatra, koneeya gati, kshetr, bal, lanbaai aur samay hai.

bhautik raashiyaaain vastut: bhautik gunon ki nirdeshaank hain

shabd bhautik maatra ka arth hai aam taur par achhi tarah se (samajh mein har koi samajhta kya ek aavadhik ghatna, ya ek bijli ke taar ke pratirodh ki aavrutti dvaara matlab hai). yeh spasht hai ki taapamaan ki tarah maatra ka ek set - vilom taapamaan - logarithmic taapamaan ke peechhe, vahaaain ek dhaarana gunaatmak: thanda garm gunavatta hai. yeh ek aayaami antariksh gunavatta se adhik hai, ham alag alag chun sakte hain: taapamaan, ulata taapamaan, aadi anya gunavatta rikt sthaan nirdeshaank bahuaayaami hain. udaaharan ke liye, ek aadarsh maadhyam ki lochadaar sampattiyon, ham 21 coefficients ka pratinidhitv karne ki jaroorat hai ki lochadaar kathorata ke 21 ghatakon kiya ja sakta hai cijkl tensor, ya lochadaar anupaalan (kathorata tensor ke vyutkram tensor ke 21 ghatakon mein), ya uchit do mein se kisi ka tensors (chhah eigenvalues aur 15 kon) tatvon, aadi fir se, ham chayan kar rahe hain ek 21 aayaami antariksh gunavatta par nirdeshaank. is sthaan par, pratyek bindu ek vishesh lochadaar maadhyam pratinidhitv karta hai.

yeh hamesha sambhav hai kisi bhi gunavatta antariksh ke do ank ke beech ki doori ko paribhaashit hai aur yeh doori hai, andar ek saiddhaantik sandarbh vishisht paribhaashit di. udaaharan ke liye, do aavadhik ghatna apne kaal, T1 aur ti 2, ya unke aavruttiyon, νa1 aur νa2 dvaara lakshan varnan kiya ja sakta hai. doori ka hi paribhaasha hai ki kuchh spasht roop se paribhaashit invariances sammaan hai = di | mein pravesh karein (T1 / ti 2) | | = pravesh (νa1 / νa2) |.

in vichaaron bhautiki mein prabhaav hai. jaise hi ham sveekaar karte hain ki peechhe saamaanya bhautik maatra vahaaain gunavatta rikt sthaan hai, jo saamaanya maatra mein hi vishesh kar rahe hain in sthaanon par gunavatta nirdeshaank aur kaha ki vahaaain ek antariksh mein ek meetrik hai, nimnalikhit savaal uthata hai ki ham aantarik roop se bhautiki karte hain, yaani sakte hain, ham seedhe shaareerik gunavatta ki dhaarana ka upayog bhautiki viksit kar sakte hain aur meetrik hai aur vishesh roop se upayog kar ke bina bhautik maatra ke kisi vishesh vikalp bina (yaani, nirdeshaank)? vaastav mein, bhautiki (aur kar sakte hain? chaahiye) ja ke kisi vishesh pasand ki svatantr roop se viksit ki gunavatta rikt sthaan, arthaat par nirdeshaank, bhautik maatra ke kisi vishesh pasand ki svatantr roop se ausat darje ka bhautik gunon ka pratinidhitv karte hain.

inhein bhi dekhein