bhautik bhoogol

pruthvi ke dharaatal aur vataavaran ka rangeen chitr

bhautik bhoogol (Physical geography) bhoogol ki ek pramukh shaakha hai jismein pruthvi ke bhautik svaroop ka adhyayan kiya jaata hain. yeh dharaatal par alag alag jagah paayi jaane waali bhautik parightanaaon ke vitran ki vyaakhya va adhyayan karta hai, saath hi yeh bhoovijnyaaan, mausam vigyaan, jantu vigyaan aur rasaayanashaastr se bhi juda hua hai. iski kai upashaakhaaeain hain jo vividh bhautik parightanaaon ki vivechana karti hain.

bhautik bhoogol se jude vishay aur iski shaakhaayein

  • srushtivrnan vigyaan
  • khagoleeya bhoogol : yeh paarthiv ghatnaaon ka adhyayan karta hai, jismein mukhya roop se pruthvi ki satah ke saath-saath soorya, chandrama aur sauramandal ke grahon ko shaamil kiya jaata hai.
  • bhoo-aakruti vigyaan : yeh pruthvi ke sthalaroopon ka adhyayan karta hai. iske antargat jal, vaayu aur himaani ke aparadanaatmak, parivhanaatmak aur nikshepaatmak kaaryon dvaara sthalaroopon ki utpatti va vikaas shaamil hai.
  • shail
  • samudra vigyaan : yeh mahaasaagareeya tal ki gaharaaiyon, dhaaraaon, pravaal bhittiyon aur mahaadveepeeya visthaapan aadi se sambandhit mahaasaagareeya sanghatakon ka adhyayan karta hai.
  • jalavaayu vigyaan : jalavaayu vigyaan vaayumandaleeya dashaaon aur sambandhit jalavaayavik aur mausami parightanaaon ka adhyayan hai. iske antargat vaayumandaleeya sanghatan, jalavaayavik pradeshon tatha mausamon aadi ka adhyayan shaamil hai.
  • bhookamp vigyaan
  • jvaalaamukhi
  • bhoovijnyaaan
  • jaiv bhoogol : yeh sthaan ki jaivik ghatnaaon ke adhyayan se sambandhit hai, vishesh taur par vividh prakaar ke vanaspatiyon aur vanya jeevon ke vitranon ka adhyayan karta hai. jaiv bhoogol ko paadap ya vanaspati bhoogol, jantu bhoogol aur maanav paaristhitiki ke roop mein upavibhaajit kiya ja sakta hai.
  • paaristhitiki
  • himnad vigyaan
  • paadap vigyaan
  • mruda bhoogol : yeh vividh mruda nirmaan prakriyaaon ke saath-saath iske bhautik, raasaayanik aur jaivik sanghatakon, rang aur prakaar, sanrachana va vitran aur vahan kshamata aadi ka bhi adhyayan karta hai.
  • khanij vigyaan

sandarbh

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