bhaugolik soochana tantr

digital eliveshan pratiroop, maanachitr aur vektar data

bhaugolik soochana tantr ya bhaugolik soochana pranaali athva sankshep mein jee॰aaai॰aesa॰, (angreji Geographic information system (GIS)) computer haardaveyar aur software[1] ko bhaugolik soochana ke saath ekeekrut kar inke liye aankade ekatran, prabandhan, vishleshan, sanrakshan aur niroopan ki vyavastha karta hai.[2][3]


bhoogoleeya nirdeshaank pranaali ko mukhyat: teen tareekon se dekha ja sakta hai.

  • detaabes : yeh detaabes sansaar ka ananya tareeke ka detaabes hota hai. ek tarah se yeh bhoojnyaaan ki soochana pranaali hoti hai. buniyaadi taur par jee॰aaai॰aesa॰ pranaali mukhyat: sanrachanaatmak daataabes par aadhaarit hoti hai, jo ki vishv ke baare mein bhaugolik soochakon ke aadhaar par bataati hai.
  • maanachitr : yeh aise maanachitron ka samooh hota hai jo pruthvi ki satah sabandhi baatein vistaar se bataate hai. yeh detaabes ke liye intarafes ka kaarya bhi karte hain aur inke jariye sthaanik pruchha (spatial query) ki ja sakti hai.
  • pratiroop : yeh soochana parivartan upakaranon ka samooh hota hai jiske maadhyam se vartamaan daataabes dvaara naya daataabes banaaya jaata hai.

anukram

anuprayog

is praudyogiki ka prayog vaigyaanik anusandhaan, sansaadhan prabandhan (risors management), sampatti prabandhan, puraataattvik kaarya, shahareekaran va aparaadh vigyaan mein hota hai. udaaharan ke taur par jee॰aaaai॰aaes ke dvaara ye pata lagaaya ja sakta hai ki kaun se kshetron mein pradooshan kitna hai? is pranaali ke maadhyam se aakadon ko saralata se samjha aur vargeekrut ja sakta hai.[4]

san 1962 mein Canada ke onteriyo mein pratham bhoogoleeya nirdeshaank pranaali banaayi gayi thi. yeh Canada ke sangheeya van evam graameen vikaas vibhaag (Federal dipaurtameint of faurestri aur rooral development) dvaara banaayi gayi thi. iska nirmaan dau॰ Roger taumalisn ne kiya tha. is pranaali ko Canada jyograafik inafaurameshan system kaha jaata hai aur iska prayog Canada land inveintari dvaara aankade ekatrit aur vishleshit karne hetu kiya jaata hai. iske maadhyam se Canada ke graameen kshetron ki jameen, krushi, paani, vanya-jeevan aadi ke baare mein jaankaari ekatrit ki jaati thi.

Bhaarat mein bhi janasankhya sthirta kosh is kaarya ko kar raha hai. maanachitron aur janasankhya aankadon ke adviteeya ekeekaran ke jariye samast Bhaarat mein 485 jilon ke maanachitr taiyaar kar chuka hai jo pratyek jile, iske up-prabhaagon aur pratyek gaanv ki janasankhya tatha svaasthya suvidhaaon se doori ki sthiti darshaate hain. pratyek gaanv tak pahunchaai gayi suvidhaaon ki vishmata ko bhi maanachitron mein darshaaya gaya hai ve suvidhaaen vahaaain upalabdh karaai jaaen jahaaain unki atyadhik aavashyakta hai.[5]bhaarateeya krushi anusandhaan sansthaan sudoor sanvedan, ji.I.S., anukaran maudals tatha sambandhit detaabes aankadon ka upayog karte hue ganga-yamuna kshetron mein fasalon ki utpaadakata ka nirdhaar karta hai.[6]

jee॰aaai॰aesa॰ software

bhaugolik soochana tantr ke pramukh software ILWIS, IDRISI, ArcGIS ityaadi hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain