bhagavati charan varma

bhagavati charan varma
chitr:Bhagwati ver.jpg
bhagavati charan varma
janm: 30 August 1903
unnaav jila, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
mrutyu: 5 October 1988
Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: rachanaakaar, saahityakaar
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: naatak, kahaani, upanyaas
vishay: aadhunik hindi saahitya
pramukh kruti(yaaain): chitralekha

bhagavati charan varma (30 August 1903 - 5 October 1988) hindi ke saahityakaar the. unhein saahitya evam shiksha ke kshetr mein Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara san 1971 mein padm bhooshan se sammaanit kiya gaya tha.

anukram

parichay

bhagavati charan varma ka janm uttar pradesh ke unnaav jile ke shafeepur gaaainv mein hua tha. varmaaji ne Allahabad se bee॰ae॰, ela॰aela॰abee॰ ki degree praapt ki aur praarambh mein kavita lekhan kiya. fir upanyaasakaar ke naate vikhyaat hue. 1933 ke kareeb prataapagadh ke raaja saahab bhadari ke saath rahe. 1936 ke lagbhag film Corporation, Calcutta mein kaarya kiya. kuchh dinon 'vichaar' naamak saaptaahik ka prakaashan-sanpaadan, iske baad Mumbai mein film-kathaalekhan tatha dainik 'navajeevan' ka sampaadan, fir aakaashavaani ke kai keinndon mein kaarya. baad mein, 1957 se mrutyu-paryant svatantn saahityakaar ke roop mein lekhan. 'chitralekha' upanyaas par do baar film-nirmaan aur 'bhoole-bisre chitr' saahitya academy se sammaanit. padmabhooshan tatha Rajyasabha ki maanad sadasyata praapt.

kaaryakshetr

praarambh mein kavita lekhan fir upanyaasakaar ke naate vikhyaat. 1936 mein film Corporation Calcutta mein kaarya. vichaar naamak saaptaahik patrika ka prakaashan sanpaadan. iske baad Mumbai mein film katha lekhan tatha dainik navajeevan ka sanpaadan. aakaashavaani ke kai kendron mein kaarya. 1957 se svatantr lekhan. 'chitralekha' upanyaas par do baar film nirmaan aur bhoole bisre chitr par saahitya academy puraskaar. padmabhooshan tatha Rajyasabha ki maanad sadasyata praapt.

bhagavati charan varma aur hindi saahitya

hindi saahitya ka aadhunik kaal Bhaarat ke itihaas ke badalate hue svaroop se prabhaavit tha. svatantrata sangraam aur raashtreeyata ki bhaavana ka prabhaav saahitya mein bhi aaya. Bhaarat mein audyogeekaran ka praarambh hone laga tha. aavaagaman ke saadhanon ka vikaas hua. angreji aur paashchaatya shiksha ka prabhaav badha aur jeevan mein badlaav aane laga. ishvar ke saath saath maanav ko samaan mahatva diya gaya. bhaavana ke saath-saath vichaaron ko paryaapt pradhaanata mili. padya ke saath-saath gadya ka bhi vikaas hua aur chhaapekhaane ke aate hi saahitya ke sansaar mein ek nai kraanti hui. aadhunik hindi gadya ka vikaas keval hindi bhaashi kshetron tak hi seemit naheen raha. poore desh mein aur har pradesh mein hindi ki lokapriyta faili aur anek anya bhaashi lekhakon ne hindi mein saahitya rachana karke iske vikaas mein mahattvapoorn yogadaan kiya

bhagavati charan varma ki kuchh rachanaaeain

chitralekha

chitralekha na keval bhagavateecharan varma ko ek upanyaasakaar ke roop mein pratishtha dilaane wala pehla upanyaas hai balki hindi ke un virle upanyaason mein bhi gananeeya hai, jinki lokapriyta baraabar kaal ki seema ko laaainghati rahi hai.

chitralekha ki katha paap aur punya ki samasya par aadhaarit hai-paap kya hai? usaka nivaas kahaaain hai ? -in prashnon ka uttar khojane ke liye mahaaprabhu ratnaanbar ke do shishya, shvetaank aur vishaaladev, kramash: saamant beejagupt aur yogi kumaaragiri ki sharan mein jaate hain. aur unke nishkarshon par mahaaprabhu ratnaanbar ki tippani hai, ''sansaar mein paap kuchh bhi naheen hai, yeh keval manushya ke drushtikon ki vishmata ka doosra naam hai. ham na paap karte hain aur na punya karte hain, ham keval vah karte hain jo hamein karna padta hai.[1]''

prakaashit pustakein

upanyaas

  • patan (1928),
  • chitralekha (1934),
  • teen varsh,
  • tedhe-medhe raaste (1946)
  • apne khilaune (1957),
  • bhoole-bisre chitr (1959),
  • vah fir naheen I,
  • saamarthya aur seema (1962),
  • thake paaainv,
  • rekha,
  • seedhi sachchi baatein,
  • Yuvraj choonda,
  • sabahin nachaavat Ram gosaain,
  • prashn aur mareechika,
  • dhuppal,
  • chaanakya

kahaani-sangrah

  • morchaabandi

kavita-sangrah

  • madhukan (1932)[2]
  • tadantar do aur kaavyasangrah- 'prem-sangeet' aur 'maanav' nikle.

naatak

  • vaseehat
  • rupaya tumhein kha gaya

sansmaran

  • ateet ke garbh se

saahityaalochan

  • saahitya ke sidghaant
  • rup

sandarbh

  1. pustak.org
  2. hindi saahitya kosh bhaag-2 (naamavaachi shabdaavali) pru-400

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