bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan

bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan ka prashaasakeeya bhavan

bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan (Indian Institute of Science) Bhaarat ka vaigyaanik anusandhaan aur uchch shiksha ke liye agraganya shiksha sansthaan hai. yeh bangaluru me sthit hai. is sansthaan ki ganana Bhaarat ke is tarah ke ushkrushtatam sansthaanon mein hoti hai. sansthaan ne pragat sanganan, antariksh, tatha naabhikeeya praudyogiki ke kshetr mein ullekhaneeya yogadaan kiya hai.

anukram

itihaas

bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan (bhaavisan) ki parikalpana ek shodh sansthaan ya shodh vishvavidyaalaya ke roop mein jamashet ji nasaravaan ji tata dvaara, unneesaveen shataabdi ke antim varshon mein ki gayi thi. is parikalpana se lagbhag terah varshon ke lambe antaraal ke pashchaat 27 May 1909 ko is sansthaan ka janm hua.

bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan ki sthaapana 27 May san 1909 me svaami vivekaanand ki prerana se mahaan udyogapati jamashedaji nusaravaanaji tata ke dooradrushti ke parinaamasvaroop hui. san 1898 me sansthaan ki rooparekha va nirmaan ke liye ek taatkaalik samiti banaayi gayi thi. Nobel puraskaar vijeta sar William raamse ne is sansthaan ki sthaapana hetu bangalor ka naam sujhaaya aur maurees traivars iske pehle nideshak bane. 1956 mein vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog ki sthaapana ke saath, sansthaan deemd vishvavidyaalaya ke roop mein apne vartamaan svaroop mein sakriya hai.

is sansthaan ke praarambhik itihaas mein bhaarateeya uchch shiksha aur vaigyaanik shodh ka ek svarnim adhyaaya raha hai. sansthaan ki sthaapana mein anek khyaat vyaktiyon ka yogadaan raha hai. inmein pramukh hain - jamashet ji tata, svaami vivekaanand, jo sarvavidit Chicago yaatra mein unke sahayaatri the, Mysore ke mahaaraaja shri krushnaraaj vaadayaar chaturth, unki maata aur Bhaarat ke tatkaaleen vaayasaraaya laard karjan. durbhaagyavash, apni kalpana ko saakaar dekhne ke kuchh varsh poorv hi jamashet ji tata ka 1904 mein nidhan ho gaya. san 1909 mein british sarkaar ke bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan ka sthaapanaadesh jaari karne ke saath uchch shiksha aur shodh ke kshetron mein ek adviteeya prayog ka shubhaaranbh ho gaya. bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan saarvajanik tatha niji kshetr ki saajhedaari ka pehla udaaharan hai.

1958 mein is sansthaan ko samavishvavidyaalaya ka darja diya gaya.

parichay

bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan Bengaluru ke lagbhag 400 ekad utkrusht bhoomi mein vyaapt hai, jise March 1907 mein Mysore ke mahaaraaja dvaara udaarata-poorvak daan mein diya gaya tha. Mysore ke raajavansh dvaara diya gaya yeh yogadaan J N tata ke prastaavit sansthaan ke sthaan ke nirdhaaran ka kaaran raha hai. tata yeh naheen chaahate the, is sansthaan ke saath unka naam juda rahe. unka sapana tha ek aise sansthaan ke nirmaan ka tha, jo Bhaarat ke vikaas mein apna yogadaan de sake. bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan har prakaar se J N tata ki apekshaaon ko pratibinbit karta hai. Bengaluru aanevaale bha vi san ka pata lagaane ke liye abhi bhi sthaaneeya vyaktiyon se tata instityoot ka pata poochhate hain jo jamashet ji tata ke udaarata poorn kaarya ke prati satat shraddhaanjali hai. ek shataabdi ke beet jaane par bhi saarvajanik smruti mein jamashet tata ji ke mahaan prayaason ka saakshi bana raha hai.

yeh sansthaan keval do vibhaagon ke saath praarambh hua tha saamaanya va anuprayukt raasaayaniki tatha vidyut praudyogiki. iske pratham nideshak moris dablyoo traavars ne varsh 1906 ke ant mein Bhaarat aane ke turant baad sansthaan ko sangathit karne ka prayaas kiya. traavars ne, mukhya bhavan ke nirmaan ka kaarya praarambh kiya aaj Bengaluru ka ek seemaachihn ban gaya hai. aaranbhik vibhaagon kaarvanik raasaayanashaastr tatha jaiv raasaayan shaastr - ke baad varsh 1933 mein bhautiki vibhaag astitv mein aaya, jab si vi Raman is sansthaan ke pratham bhaarateeya nideshak bane.

vigat shataabdi mein apni sthaapana ke samay se hi bha vi san, vigyaan tatha abhiyaantriki mein anusandhaan tatha snaatakottar shiksha ke liye Bhaarat ka pramukh kendra raha hai. vigat sau varshon mein sansthaan ka vikaas Bhaarat mein vigyaan evam praudyogiki ke vikaas mein pratibinbit hua hai. deergh itihaas, shaikshik anusandhaan ki ek drudh parampara tatha vidvattaapoorv kaaryakalaapon ke liye anukool parivesh is sansthaan ko vidyaarthiyon evam shikshakon ke liye atyant aakarshak sthaan banaane vaale mahatvapoorn tatv ban gaye hain. jaise-jaise sansthaan ka vistaar hua naye-naye anusandhaan ke kshetr sthaapit kiye gaye hain - unamein se adhikaansh Bhaarat mein pehli baar bane hain. jaiv raasaayan se lekar antirksh abhiyaantriki tak ke kshetron mein sansthaan ke vibhaagon ne apna mahattvapoorn yogadaan diya hai anek sarkaari evam niji kshetron se sambaddh anusandhaan evam vikaas mein sansthaan ki raashtreeya bhoomika hai. sansthaan ke shikshak evam poorv chhaatron ne, desh bhar mein anekon naye sansthaanon tatha kaaryakramon ki sthaapana evam netrutv kiya tatha jo vaastavik arth mein raashtra ke utthaan evam vikaas ke liye is sansthaan ke pramukh yogadaan ko pratibinbit karte hain. homi bhaabha ne bha vi san ke bhautiki vibhaag mein kaaryarat hue hi tata moolabhoot anusandhaan sansthaan (teeaaiefaaar) tatha parmaanu oorja kaaryakram ke vichaaron ko janm diya tha. vikram saaraabhaai - bhaarateeya antariksh kaaryakram ke sansthaapak - is sansthaan ke bhootapoorv chhaatr rahe hain. unke asaamayik nidhan ke baad, bhaarateeya antariksh anusandhaan sangathan (isro) ka nirmaan sateesh dhavan ke dooradarshi ke netrutv mein kiya gaya jo us samay sansthaan ke nideshak the. pratham bhaarateeya praudyogiki sansthaan (IIT) Khadagpur ki sthaapana J si ghosh dvaara ki gayi thi, jo 1939-48 ke dauraan bha vi san ke nideshak rahe. is dauraan hi, sansthaan mein abhiyaantriki mein tvarit gati se anusandhaan kaarya kiya gaya. Bhaarat ke adhikaansh pratishthit vaigyaanik, chhaatr ya shikshak ke roop mein sansthaan se jude rahe hain. ji N Ramchandran, harishchandr, S raamasheshan, A Ramchandran, si N aar Rao tatha aar narasinh inmein ullekhaneeya hain. sansthaan ke bhootapoorv chhaatr, Bhaarat tatha videshon mein anekon pramukh sangathanon ke pradhaan rahe hain.

bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan, abhiyaantriki mein snaatakottar shiksha tatha vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki ki vibhinn shaakhaaon mein shodh kaaryakram va upaadhi pradaan karta hai. vigat varsh mein sansthaan mein 4 varsheeya snaatakottar shiksha (bi.S. upaadhi) kaaryakram praarambh kiya gaya hai jo chhaatron ke anusandhaan ke prati unmukh hone ke saath–saath vigyaan mein thos buniyaad pradaan karta hai. sansthaan ki anusandhaan prayogashaalaaeain aadhunik suvidhaaon se yukt hain. granthaalayon ka aadhunikeekaran pragati par hain. bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan prati varsh Bhaarat tatha videsh ke sainkadon vaigyaaniko tatha shodhaarthiyon ka aatitheya banta hai tatha anekon pramukh raashtreeya evam antarraashtreeya shaikshik kaaryakram ka kendra bindu hai.

vigat kuchh varshon mein vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki anusandhaan ka roop tvarit gati se parivrtit ho raha hai. apne sthaapana ke dviteeya shataabdi mein pahuainchate-pahuainchate sansthaan ne anekon naye-naye kaaryakalaap praarambh kiya hai. unamein se ullekhaneeya hai – ati sookshm vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki mein shodh kaaryakram. in kaaryakramon ka aashay raha hai – ati sookshm vigyaan ki shaakhaaon ki paaramparik seemaaon ko kam karna tatha etatdvaara, vigyaan ki pratyek shaakha mein anusandhaan ka unnayan karna. parivhan abhiyaantriki mein ek snaatakottar kaaryakram varsh 2010 mein praarambh kiya gaya hai tatha prabandhan mein snaatak kaaryakram ke saath-saath praudyogiki prabandh tatha vyavasaaya vishleshiki upashaakha ko is varsh praarambh kiya gaya hai. pruthvi-vigyaan, jalavaayu parivartan tatha tantrika vigyaan (nyoorosaains) ke kshetron mein naye kendra sthaapit kiye gaye hain.

yeh sansthaan vibhinn prakaar ke adhikramik kaaryakramon ke dvaara samaaj evam udyog ke saath antarkiyaaon mein kaaryarat hai. vaigyaanik evam audyogik paraamarsh kendra (seeesaaaisi) tatha navonmesh evam vikaas sangh (esaaaidi) ye donon kendra udyogon ke saath sambandh sthaapit karte hain. vaheen par shiksha nirantarata kendra (seeseei), kaaryarat vijnyaaaniyon evam abhiyantaaon ko apne shaikshik shakti ko samruddhi banaane ke liye avsar pradaan karta hai. yeh sansthaan sakriya roop se aise kaaryakramon ka aayojan tatha sanchaalan karta hai jo pratibha sampann yuva vidyaalayi chhaatron tatha snaatak kaksha ke chhaatron ko apne anusandhaanaatmak vyaavasaayik jeevan ka anusaran karne hetu prerana dete hain. sansthaan ka vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki mein yuva adhisdasyata kaaryakram yuva chhaatron ko greeshm kaal mein apne parisar mein shodh sambandhi kaaryakram mein sahabhaagi banane ka avsar deta hai. bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan Bhaarat sarkaar ke vigyaan evam praudyogiki vibhaag ke kishor vaigyaanik protsaahan yojana (keveepeevaaya) ka bhi sanchaalan karta hai. parisar par sthit Karnataka raajya ke vigyaan evam praudyogiki parishad ke saath sanposhaneeya praudyogiki kendra (seeesati) dvaara liye gaye kaaryakalaapon dvaara vishesh roop se mahatva diye gaye tatha saamaajik roop se sangat anusandhaan ke prati vachanabaddh hai.

is sansthaan ne varsh 2009 mein apne astitv ki ek shataabdi poori ki hai. vistaran evam naveekaran ke naye charan ke liye yeh suvidha praapt hua hai.


vigyaan shiksha mein daksh sansthaan ke ab tak ke nideshakon ki soochi mein ye mahaan naam hain-

maurees trevars, FRS, varsh 1909-1914,
sar A ji baurn, FRS, san 1915-1921,
sar M O forastar, FRS, 1922-1933,
sar si.vi. raman, FRS, varsh 1933-1937,
sar J.si. ghosh, [6] 1939-1948,
M S thekar, 1949-1955,
S bhagavantam, 1957-1962,
sateesh dhavan, 1962-1981,
di ke Bannerjee, 1971-1972,
S raamasheshan, [7] 1981-1984,
si N aar Rao, FRS, 1984-1994,
ji padmanaabhan, 1994-1998,
ji Mehta, 1998-2005,
pi. balaraam vartamaan mein varsh 2005 se sansthaan ke nideshak hain.

homi bhaabha, sateesh dhavan, ji. N. Ramchandran, sar si. vi. raman, raaja raamanna, si. N. aar. Rao, vikram saaraabhaai, jamashedaji tata, mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya, A. pi. J. abdul kalaam jese mahaan vigyaan se jude vyaktitv is sansthaan ke vidyaarthi rah chuke hain ya kisi na kisi roop mein bhaarateeya vigyaan sansthaan se jude rahe hain.

vikipeediya ke anusaar vishvastar par rainkig mein Indian Institute of saains beingalor ka pratham 100 mein sthaan hai. vigyaan shiksha praapt karne hetu yeh desh ka ek maatr Indian Institute hai jise deemd university ka darja praapt hai. ab tak sansthaan se snaatak ya shodh ke M.SC. (Engg), M.tech., M.bi.A. va peeech.di. paathyakram hi sanchaalit the par isi varsh 2011 July se apne pehle batch ke pravesh ke 100vein varsh se sansthaan ne vishv stareeya 4 varsheeya bi.S. paathyakram praarambh bhi kiya hai, jismein adhiktam kul 110 seatein hain. pravesh ke liye kishor vaigyaanik protsaahan yojana ko pramukh maapadand banaaya gaya hai, kuchh seatein I I ti J E E, tatha A I E E E tatha A I pi M ti ke uchch sthaan praapt bachcho ko bhi di jaati hain. haayar sekendari ki shiksha ke baad kaalej ejookeshan mein jo chhaatr keval number maatr laane ke uddeshya se padhaai nahi karna chaahate aur na hi faarmoole ratate hain varan jo padhne ko injaaya karte hain arthaat jinmein vigyaan ke prati naisargik anuraag hai, jo jeevan-yaapan ke liye keval dhanaarjan ke liye naukri hi nahi karna chaahate balki kuchh naya seekhakar kuchh naya karna chaahate hain, samaaj ko kuchh dena chaahate hain, unke liye jnyaaanaarjan ka yeh Bhaarat mein sarvashreshth vigyaan shikshan sansthaan hai.

sansthaan ka kaimpas 400 ekad hare bhare 100 se adhik prajaatiyo ke saghan vruksho se saji jameen par faila hua hai. Mysore ke mahaaraaja krushnaraaja vodayaar chaturth ke samay mein is sansthaan ka nirmaan kiya gaya tha. aaiaaiesasi parisar uttar bangalaur mein sthit hai jo shahar ke mukhya railway station se 6 ki mi, bas stand se 4 kilometer ki doori par hai. yashavantapur niktatam relve head hai jo lagbhag 2.5 ki॰ami॰ par hai. sansthaan bahut puraana hai aur tata Institute ke naam se auto riksha chaalak sahaj hi ise pahachaanate hain. parisar mein 40 se adhik vigyaan shikshan ke vibhaago ke bhavan hain, chhah kainteen (kaifeteriya), ek jimkhaana (vyaayaamashaala aur khel parisar), football aur cricket maidaan, nau purushon ke aur paaainch mahilaaon ke haustal hain, ek havaai patti, "JRD tata memoriyl laaibreri, ek bhavya computer kendra bhi hai jo Bhaarat ke sabse tej super kanpyootars mein hai. neno taiknaalaaji ki nai prayogashaala vishvastareeya aakarshan hai. khareedaari kendron, masaaj paarlar, beauty paarlar aur staaf ke sadasyon ke liye nivaas bhi parisar mein hai. yeh poornat: aavaaseeya shikshan sansthaan hai. mukhya bhavan ke baahar sansthaapak J.N. tata ki smruti mein unki aadamakad moorti sthaapit ki gayi hai.

DRDO, isaro, Bhaarat electronics limited, vaimaaniki vikaas agency, national eyarospes leboretareej, seeesaaaiaar, soochana praudyogiki vibhaag (Bhaarat sarkaar) ityaadi vaigyaanik sangathano se aaiaaiesasi anek pariyojanaao mein nirantar sahayog kar raha hai. kaarporet jagat ke saath taadaatmya banaane ke liye bhi sansthaan sakriya hai aur anek niji kshetr ki companiyaan kaimpas selekshan tatha product research mein sahayog hetu yahaan pahunchati hain. videshi shikshan sansthaano se bhi aaiaaiesasi anek M O you hastaaksharit kar raha hai.

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