bhaarateeya van seva


bhaarateeya van seva (bhaavise) ek ko teen akhil bhaarateeya seva ke anya do ki jaane waali bhaarateeya prashaasanik seva aur bhaarateeya police seva ki hai. bhaavise 1966 mein akhil bhaarateeya seva adhiniyam 1951 ke tahat banaaya gaya tha. baharahaal, yeh ek achhi tarah se aayojit bhaarateeya van seva, jo british raaj ke dauraan 1865 se 1935 ke astitv ka keval ek punaruddhaar kiya gaya. bhaavise adhikaariyon ki aupachaarik prashikshan ki shuruaat vaapas 1867 ke liye jab paaainch ummeedavaaron France aur Germany mein prashikshan se gujarana karne ke liye chayan kiya gaya tithiyaaain. yeh 1885 ke liye France aur roos ke beech yuddh ke kaaran ek chhoti todne ke alaava ko jaari rakha. 1885 1905 tak, bhaavise pariveekshaarthi ke prashikshan koopar ke hil, London, jahaan 173 adhikaariyon ko prashikshit kiya gaya par aayojit kiya gaya. 1895 aur 1927 ke beech bhaavise pariveekshaarthi ka prashikshan, Oxford, Cambridge aur edinbarg ke vishvavidyaalayon mein aayojit ki gayi thi. 1920 mein, Bhaarat sarkaar, prashikshan Bhaarat mein 1926 mein shuroo ki bhaavise pariveekshaarthi ek kendra aur van anusandhaan sansthaan ki sthaapana karne ke liye parinaami deharaadoon mein sthit hai ki prashikshit kiya ja sakta hai ki aitihaasik faisala liya. yeh 1932 hai, jab adhikaariyon ke liye maang ki kami ke kaaran, yeh tha band hone tak jaari raha. Bhaarat adhiniyam 1935 ki hai, jo anantim soochi mein vaaniki hastaantarit ki sarkaar hai, bhaavise prashikshan ki samaapti ke parinaamasvaroop. bhaavise adhikaariyon ki sevaanivrutti ke saath, prashikshit foresters ki maaaing ko aur is prakaar bhaarateeya van kaalej 1938 mein paida hua tha utpann ho. is Superior van seva adhikaari, vibhinn raajyon se bharti, IFC mein is prakaar ki seva ke sab Bhaarat charitra banaae rakhane prashikshit kiya gaya. is seva ka mukhya janaadesh vanon ke prabandhan mukhyat: lakdi ke utpaadon ke liye ek nirantar aadhaar par yeh dohan karne ke liye vaigyaanik tha. yeh is samay aa gaya hai ki jungle ke bade tracts sthiti niyantran mein aarakshan ki prakriya ke maadhyam se bhaarateeya van adhiniyam, 1927 ke antargat laaya gaya ke dauraan kiya gaya.

jungle ke prabandhan ki praanteeya sarkaar ke haathon mein 1935 mein aur van vibhaag ne sambandhit raajya sarkaaron ke tahat desh ke van prabandh kar rahe hain aaj bhi chali gayi. vaaniki ke vishay ke baad se varsh 1977 mein samavarti soochi mein sthaanaantarit kiya gaya, kendra sarkaar ne van ke prabandhan ki neeti ke star par vishesh roop se ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaata hai.

 british kaal mein ke roop mein lakdi ke utpaadon ke utpaadan ke liye vanon ke prabandhan ka mukhya jor bhi 1976 mein krushi par raashtreeya aayog ki sifaarishon mein 1966.The bhaavise ke punargathan ke baad jaari van prabandhan mein ek meal ka patthar paari thi. yeh pehli baar hai ki logon ki dhaarana ke baayomaas ki jaroorat hai aur saamaajik vaaniki ke maadhyam se vistaar gatividhiyon ko sambodhit mein dhyaan rakha gaya tha karne ke liye shuroo ki gayi thi. nirantar upaj ki avadhaarana ke logon mein aur van kshetron ke aaspaas rahane ki jaroorat hai baayomaas ke saath agraanukram mein sambodhit kiya. baraabar ka prabandhan karne ke liye jor vaas sanrakshit kshetr mein diya gaya tha aur desh ki jaiv vividhta sanrakshan. aaj vahaaain par 2700 bhaavise adhikaariyon ne desh mein seva kar rahe hain. raajyon aur kendra shaasit pradeshon ke vibhinn mantraalayon aur sansthaaon donon mein raajya aur kendra sarkaar mein kaam desh ke praakrutik sansaadhanon, unamein se ek achhi sankhya mein prabandh mein 31 van vibhaagon ki seva ke alaava. 

sangh lok seva aayog (sangh lok seva aayog), Bhaarat sarkaar ke adheen ek shareer, ek pratiyogi pareeksha vigyaan ki prushthabhoomi ke saath snaatakon ke liye khula aayojit dvaara bhaavise adhikaariyon rangarooton. likhit pareeksha yogyata ke baad, ummeedavaaron, Delhi praani udyaan mein chaar ghanton mein purushon aur mahilaaon ke liye 14 kimi ke liye (25 kimi paidal ek pareekshan ek saakshaatkaar se gujarana karne ke liye) aur ek maanak chikitsa svaasthya pareekshan kiya hai. chayanit adhikaariyon ki shaikshik prushthabhoomi mein vartamaan rujhaan snaatakottar vigyaan, engineering, krushi aur vaaniki sahit uchch yogyata ko darshaata hai. adhikaariyon ka ek kaafi badi sankhya mein vibhinn vishyon mein snaatakottar hain.