bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ka islaami itihaas

islaam bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ka ek pramukh dharm hain. Bhaarat ki kul janasankhya ke 14.5%, Pakistan ke 97 %, Bangladesh ke 89%, Nepal ke 6%,bhootaan ke 1.1% log islaam dharm ke anuyaayi hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein] upamahaadveep ko islaam se sabse pehle arabi vyaapariyo ne saatavi shataabdi ke madhya mein avagat karaaya. islaam ka vyaapak failaav saatavi shataabdi ke ant mein mohammad-bin-kaasim ke sindh par aakraman aur baad ke muslim shaasako ke dvaara hua. is praant ne vishv ke kuchh mahaan islaamik saamraajyon ke uthaan evam patan ko dekha hai. saatavi shatabdi se lekar san 1857 tak vibhinn islaamik saamraajyon ne Bhaarat, Pakistan evam dusare desho par gahra asar chhoda hai. islaamik shaasak aapne saath madhya evam pashchimi Asia ki vibhinn kalaaen evam vijnyaaanan lekar upamahaadveep mein aayein. bhaarateeya evam islaamik kalaao ka sangam ne vishv ko kai anupam dharohar di

aarambhik kaal

mohammad-bin-kaasim ke raajya ki seemaaen

islaam ke pravesh ke pehle boddh evam hindu dharm upamahaadveep ke pramukh dharm the. madhya Asia aur aaj ke Pakistan evam Afghanistan mein boddh dharm shataabdiyon se fal fool raha tha. khaas kar ke silk rut ya resham maarg ke kinaare iska vyaapak failaav tha.

sindh praant

chhathavi shatabadi ke praarambh mein sindh faaras saamraajya ke aadheen tha. san 643 me rashidun saamraajya ne apne islaamik raajya ke vistaar ke liye saat senaaen saamraajya ke saat kono mein bheji. isame se ek sena faaras saamaraajya se sindh praant ke kuchh bhaag ko jeet kar lauti. islaamik senaaen sabse pehle khaleef umar ke netrutv mein san 644 mein sindh pahuchi. san 644 mein hi haakim ibn amr, shaahab ibn makhaarak aur abdullaah ibn utban ki senya tukadiyon ne sindhu nadi ke pashchimi kinaare par ek yuddh mein sindh ke raaj raseel ke oopar vijay praapt ki. khaleef umar ke shaasan mein sindhu nadi hi rashidun saamraajya ki seema ban gayi aur islaamik saamraajya uske paar nahi aaya. khaleef umar ki mrutyu ke pashchaat faaras saamraajya ke anya praanton ki tarah sindh mein bhi vidroh ho gaya. nae khaleef usmaan ne bhi sindh ki dayaneeya haalat ko dekhte hue sena ko sindhu nadi ko paar na karne ka aadesh diya. baad ke khaleef Ali ne bhi sindh ke andar pravesh karne mein koi khaas roochi nahi dikhaai.[1]

baloochistaan praant

san 654 tak baloochistaan ka vah bhaag jo ki aaj ke Pakistan mein hain rashidoon saamraajya ke andar aa gaya tha. khaleef Ali ke samay tak poora baloochistaan praant rashidoon saamraajya ke aadheen ho chooka tha.[2]baad ke satta sangarsh mein baloochistaan mein ek saamraajya shaasan naheen raha.

aitihaasik islaami dastaavej fatah-naama-sindh ke anusaar san 711 mein damaskus ke ummyad khaleef ne sindh evam baloochistaan ke liye do asafal abhiyaan bheje. in abhiyaanon ka uddeshya deybul (aaj ke Karachi ke najadeek) ke nikat samundari lutere jo ki arabi vyapaari jahaajon ko loot lete the unhein sabak sikhaana tha. yeh aarop lagaaya gaya ki sindh ke raaja aadheer in lutero ko sharan de rahe the. teesare abhiyaan ka netrutv 17 saal ke muhammad bin kaasim ke haathon mein tha usane sindh evam baloochistaan ko jeetate hue uttar mein multaan tak aapana raajya sthaapit kiya. san 712 mein kaasim ki sena ne aaj ke Hyderabad sindh mein raaja daahir ki sena ke oopar vijay praapt ki.

kuchh hi saalon mein kaasim ko bagdaad vaapas bhej diya gaya jiske baad islaami saamraajya dakshin Asia mein sindh aur dakshini Punjab tak hi simit rah gaya

arab muslimo evam baad ke muslim shaasako ke sindh evam Punjab mein aane se dakshin Asia mein raajanetik roop se bahut bada parivartan aaya aur jisne aaj ke Pakistan evam upamahaadveep mein islaami shaasan ki neenv rakhi.

sandarbh

  1. tarikh al khulf, bhaag :1, prushth 197
  2. Fatuh al buldan pg:386

pramukh islaamik shaasak