bhaarateeya uchch nyaayaalaya

bhaarateeya uchch nyaayaalaya Bhaarat ke uchch nyaayaalaya hain. Bhaarat mein kul 24 uchch nyaayaalaya hai jinka adhikaar kshetr koi raajya vishesh ya raajyon aur kendra shaasit pradeshon ke ek samooh hota hain. udaaharan ke liye, Punjab aur Haryana uchch nyaayaalaya, Punjab aur Haryana raajyon ke saath kendra shaasit pradesh Chandigarh ko bhi apne adhikaar kshetr mein rakhata hain. uchch nyaayaalaya bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke anuchhed 214, adhyaaya 5 bhaag 6 ke antargat sthaapit kiye gaye hain.

nyaayik pranaali ke bhaag ke roop mein, uchch nyaayaalaya raajya vidhaayikaaon aur adhikaari ke sanstha se svatantr hain[1]

anukram

bhaarateeya nyaayik pranaali

uchch nyaayaalaya, jila nyaayaalaya ke saath, jo unke adheenasth hote hai, raajya ke pramukh deevaani nyaayaalaya hote hain. haalaanki uchch nyaayaalaya keval unhi maamalo mein deevaani aur faujadaari adhikaarita ka prayog karte hai, jinme uchch nyaayaalaya ke adheenasth nyaayaalaya saksham (vidhi dvaara adhikrut naheen) na ho, aarthik aabhaav ya kshetreeya adhikaar kshetr kaarano se. uchch nyaayaalaya kuchh mamalo me mool adhikaar bhi rakhate hai, jo raajya ya sangheeya kaanoon mein vishesh roop se naamit hote hai, jaise - company kaanoon ke maamalon ko keval ek uchch adaalat mein daakhil kiya ja sakta hain. haalaaainki, mukhya roop se uchch nyaayaalayon ke kaam nichli adaalaton ki appeal aur rit yaachika, Bhaarat ke samvidhaan ke anuchhed 226 ke tahat hota hain. rit yaachika uchch nyaayaalaya ka mool vidhikshetr bhi hain. pratyek raajya nyaayik jilon mein vibhaajit hota hai, jahaaain ek 'jila aur satr nyaayaadheesh' hota hain. use jila nyaayaadheesh maana jaata hai jab vah naagrik maamalo ki sunavaai karta hai aur satr nyaayaadheesh maana jaata hai jab vah aaparaadhik maamalon ki sunavaai karta hain. use uchch nyaayaalaya ke nyaayaadhish ke baad sarvochch nyaayik adhikaar hote hain. uske neeche naagrik adhikaar ke vibhinn nyaayaalaya hote hain, jinhe vibhinn raajyon mein alag alag naamon se jaana jaata hain.

nyaayaadheesh ki niyukti

uchch nyaayaalaya mein nyaayaadheeshon ki niyukti Bhaarat ke raashtrapati dvaara Bhaarat ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh aur raajya ke raajyapaal ke saath paraamarsh ke saath hoti hain. iske alaava, raashtrapati paraamarsh ke bina uchch nyaayaalaya ke nyaayaadheesh hastaantaran ke adhikaar ka prayog kar sakte hain[1]|

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain