bhaarateeya raashtreeya abhilekhaagaar

Bhaarat ke raashtreeya abhilekhaagaar mein Bhaarat sarkaar ke aprachalit abhilekhon ka bhandaaran kiya jaata hai. iska prayog adhiktar prashaasakon aur shodhaarthiyon ke dvaara kiya jaata hai. yeh Bhaarat sarkaar ke paryatan aur sanskruti mantraalaya se sambaddh ek kaaryaalaya hai. iski shuruaat Calcutta (ab Kolkata) mein March 1891 mein inpeeriyl record dipaartameint ki sthaapana ke saath hui thi. 1911 mein jab raashtreeya rajdhani ko Calcutta se badalkar nai Delhi kiya gaya us samay is abhilekhaagaar ko bhi nai Delhi sthaanaanaantarit kar diya gaya. apne vartamaan bhavan mein yeh san 1926 mein sthaanaanaantarit hua. yeh abhilekhaagaar 'prathamokt' naam se nai Delhi ke Janpath aur raajapath ke chauk ke paas laal aur safed pattharon ke ek bhavya bhavan mein sthit hai. praakrutik kaarakon se abhilekhon ki raksha ke liye aadhunik vaigyaanik saadhan upalabdh karaaye gaye hain.

parichay

is vibhaag ko san‌ 1891 mein East India company ke samay se ikatthe hue sarkaari abhilekhon ko lekar rakhane ka kaam saunpa gaya tha. us samay iske adhikaari spasht roop se yeh naheen jaante the ki, iska kya kaam hoga? abhilekhasamooh avyavasthit avastha mein pada tha. Bhaarat sarkaar ka dhyaan is or tab gaya jab England aur vels ke abhilekhon ke sambandh mein niyukt raajakeeya aayog ne san‌ 1914 mein bhaarateeya abhilekhon ki avyavasthit avastha par tippani ki. falat: san‌ 1919 mein Bhaarat sarkaar ne bhaarateeya abhilekhon ke sambandh mein apni sifaarishein bhejane ke liye ek bhaarateeya aitihaasik abhilekh aayog niyukt kiya. us aayog ki sifaarishon ke falasvaroop abhilekhon ki avastha mein dheere dheere sudhaar hota gaya. aaj iska mukhya kaam, sarkaar ke sthaayi abhilekhon ko sainbhaalakar rakhana tatha prashaasanik upayog ke liye maaaingane par sarkaar ke vibhinn kaaryaalayon ko upalabdh karaana. iska doosra pramukh kaarya, sarkaar dvaara nishchit avadhi tak ke abhilekh, shodhaarthiyon ko shodhaakaarya ke liye upalabdh karaana. shodhaarthi abhilekhaagaar ke shodhakaksh (research room) mein baithakar shodhakaarya karte hai.

sarkaar ke ve sabhi abhilekh samay-samay par yahaaain abhirksha hetu bheje jaate hain jo ab apne sambaddh vibhaagon, kaaryaalayon, mantraalayon aadi mein to prachalit (kareint) naheen hain kintu, sarkaar ke sthaayi upayog ke hain. inke atirikt bhootapoorv vaasaamaatya bhavanon (rejideinsiyon), vileen raajyon tatha raajaneetik abhikranon ke bhi abhilekh yahaaain bheje jaate hain. is abhilekhaagaar ke ispaat ke taakon par is samay lagbhag 1,03,625 jildein aur 51,13,000 bina jild baindhe pralekh (dastaavej) hain. kul milaakar 13 karod prushthayugm (foliyo) hain. inke atirikt bhaarateeya sarvekshan vibhaag (sarve of India) se 11,500 paandulipi maanachitr aur vibhinn abhikranon ke 4,150 mudrit maanachitr praapt hue hain. mukhya abhilekhamaala san‌ 1748 se aarambh hoti hai. isse poorv ke varsho ke bhi hitkaari abhilekhasangrahon ki pratilipiyaaain India aafis, London se maingaakar rakhi gayi hain. in jildon mein san‌ 1707 aur 1748 mein East India company aur uske karmachaariyon ke beech kiye gaye patravyavahaar yahaaain par mool mein ek atoot maala ke roop mein milte hain aur vah british Bhaarat ke itihaas ka ek anupam srot hai. isi prakaar mool kansalteshans bhi bahut mahatvooparn hain. inmein East India company ke prashaasakon dvaara likhe gaye vrutt (minits), gyaapan (memoranda), prastaav aur saare desh mein vidyamaan company ke abhikrtaaon (agenton) ke saath kiya gaya patravyavahaar hai. is desh ki rahan-sahan aur prashaasan ka lagbhag pratyek pahaloo inmein milta hai. abhilekhon mein videshi hit hi saamagri aur poorvi chitthiyon ka ek sangrah bhi hai. in chitthiyon mein adhiktar chitthiyaaain faarasi bhaasha mein hain. parantu bahut si sanskrut, arabi, hindi, baangla, udiya, maraati, tamil, telugu, punjabi, barmi, cheeni, syaami aur tibbati bhaashaaon mein bhi hain. haal ke varsho mein England, France, Holland, Denmark aur amareeka se Bhaarat ke liye hitkaari saamagriyon ki anachitr-prati-lipiyaaain (maaikrofilm kaapeej) bhi praapt ki gayi hain.

maaainge jaane par sugamata se nikaalkar dene ke liye in abhilekhon ko bahut saavadhaani se taakon par vargeekaran, pareekshan aur kramabaddh karke rakha jaata hai aur unki soochiyaaain taiyaar ki jaati hain.

jo kaaryaalaya apne abhilekh yahaaain bhejate hain ve pehle unamein se anupayogi abhilekhon ko nikaalkar nasht kar dete hain. nasht karte samay kaheen ve prashaasanik aur aitihaasik moolya ke abhilekhon ko bhi na nasht kar dein isliye yeh abhilekhaagaar unako abhilekhasanchayan ke sambandh mein salaah deta hai aur is kaam mein unka pathapradarshan karta hai. sanchayan ke sambandh mein vishmata door karne ke liye is abhilekhaagaar ne vibhinn mantraalayon se aae hue prativedanon ke aadhaar par abhilekhasanchayan ka ekavidh (yoonifaarm) niyam taiyaar kiya hai. baahar se aane vaale abhilekhon ka pehle vaayushodhan (ear kleenig) tatha dhooman (fyoomigeshan) kiya jaata hai. vaayu shodhan ke dvaara abhilekhon mein se dhool hata di jaati hai aur dhooman ke dvaara haanikaarak keedon ko nasht kar diya jaata hai.

abhilekhon ka parirkshan (sainbhaal) is abhilekhaagaar ke sabse mahatvapoorn kaaryon mein se ek hai. yeh kaam abhilekh pratisanskaar (marammat) ki vibhinn vidhaaon dvaara pralekhon, unke kaagajon tatha syaahiyon aadi ki avasthaaon ko dhyaan mein rakhakar yathochit reeti se kiya jaata hai. is kaam ko suchaaroo roop se karne ke liye abhilekhaagaar ne apni hi shodh prayogashaala bana rakhi hai. ismein kaagajon tatha syaahiyon aadi ke namoonon ka, abhilekh-pratisanskaar ke liye unki upayuktata aadi jaanane ke sambandh mein pareekshanakaarya kiya jaata hai. prayogashaala mein aise saadhanon tatha reetiyon aadi ki khoj bhi ki jaati hai jisse abhilkhon ko adhik se adhik deerghajeevi banaaya ja sake.

abhilekh parirkshan (sainbhaal mein bha-pratilipikran) (fotoduplikeshan) vidha se bhi sahaayata li jaati hai. anuchitran vidha (maaikrofilming proses) dvaara puraane aur bhidur abhilekh ka lagaataar anachitran kiya ja raha hai taaki yadi kabhi mool abhilekh apahat ya nasht ho jaaeain to unki pratilipiyaaain sainbhaalakar rakhi ja sakein. iske atirikt anuchitr pratilipiyon ko upayog mein laane se jahaaain mool abhilekhon ki aayu adhik lambi ho sakti hai vahaaain Bhaarat ke vibhinn bhaagon mein sthit shodhaarthiyon ko shodhaarth saste moolya par abhilekhon ki pratilipiyaaain mil sakti hain.

yeh abhilekhaagaar is samay sansaar ke sabse bade abhilekhaagaaron mein se ek hai. iske kaaryakalaapon ke prashaasan, abhilekh, prakaashan, praachya abhilekh aur shaikshanik abhilekh tatha parirkshan aadi naamon se chhah sanbhaag (diveejn) hain. pratyek shaakha apne shaakhaaprabhaari tatha sanbhaag adhikaari (diveejn aafisr) ke dvaara apna kaaryakalaap nirdeshak ko bhejati hai.

baahari kadiyaaain