bhaarateeya punarnaamakaran vivaad

Bhaarat ke shaharon ka punarnaamakaran, sn 1947 mein, angrejonke Bhaarat chhod kar jaane ke baad aarambh hua tha, jo aaj tak jaari hai. kai punarnaamakaranon mein raajanaitik vivaad bhi hue hain. sabhi prastaav laagoo bhi naheen hue hain. pratyek shahar punarnaamakaran ko kendreeya sarkaar dvaara anumodit hona chaahiye.

svatantrata praapti ke baad punarnaamaankit hue, mukhya shaharon mein hain: tiruvanantapuram (poorv triveindram), Mumbai (poorv Mumbai, ya Bombay), chennai (poorv Madras), Kolkata (poorv Calcutta), Pune (poorv poona) evam Bengaluru (poorv bangalaur).

anukram

punarnaamakaran ke kaaran

punarnaamakaran prastaavon ke bhinn bhinn kaaran hain:

  • sthaaneeya bhaasha ke naam ko angreji bhaasha mein vartani ke anukool banaane ke liye, angrejon/british upaniveshakon ne kai naamon ki galat vartani banaai (jaise Kanpur (Kanpur) ke liye (Cawnpore)) jise sudhaarane keliye naam badla gaya.
  • yooropiyaai mool ke naam ko bhaarateeya mool ke naam mein parivrtit karne hetu (jaise Madras = chennai)
  • muslim mool ke naam ko hindu mool mein badalne hetu.

vivaad

haalanki sthaaneeya raajaneetijnyaon aur itihaasavidon ne is abhiyaan ko saraaha, parantu kai anya khaaskar prabhaavit shaharon ke vyaapaari varg ne ise vaishveekaran ki or chaal mein ek kadam peechhe ki or bataaya.[1] Bengaluru ke sivaaya anya kisi sthaan par vivaad itna kaheen bhi naheen badha. 1 December,2005 ko Karnataka ke mukhya mantri]] shri dharm Singh ne ghoshit kiya, ki Karnataka sarkaar ne jnyaaanapeeth puraskrut you.aar.anantamoorti ka das shaharon ke naam unke kannad naamon se badalne ka prastaav sveekrut kiya hai. yeh naye naam 1 November,2006 se prabhaavi honge. adhikaansh maamalon mein naye naam shaharon ke naamon ko sthaaneeya nivaasiyon dvaara bola jaane wala naam hi tha. sthaaneeya samaachaar patron ne likha ki beingalaur ka naam ab Bengaluru ho gaya hai. iska kaaran tha, ki bangalaur mein, pichhle pandrah varshon se ded hajaar soochana praudyogiki companiyaan khul gayi hain, va shahar ko bhaarateeya silikaun valley kaha jaane laga hai. kai ameriki companyon ne apne kaaryaalaya bangalaur mein sthaanaantarit kiye, va jiski bhi naukri chhoot jaati thi, is kaaran vah use baingalaurd hua kaha karta tha. anya yeh maanate the, ki bangalaur bahut praanteeya hai, jabki bangalaur vishvavyaapi star par uchch-praudyogik (haai-tech) tha.

isse pehle Mumbai ko bhi Mumbai kiya gaya tha. naye badlaav british uchaaranon ko badalne par keindrit the, va hindu raashtravaadi party Shiv sena ke jor dene par hue the. ise lambe samay se maraathi va gujaraati log Mumbai va hindi bhaashi log Mumbai bolte the.[2][3]

naye va puraane naamon ka prayog

kai maamalon mein, puraane naam bhi anaupachaarik taur par prayog hote rahe, ya vishvavidyaalaya, sansthaanon aadi ke naam se jude hue chalte rahe. Mumbai uchch nyaayaalaya evam Madras uchch nyaayaalaya ke naam bhi badle gaye, jabki inki prejeedeinsi naheen badli gayeen. in shaharon ke bhaarateeya praudyogiki sansthaan abhi bhi I.I.ti. Bombay, va I.aai.ti Madras hi kaha jaata hai.

kai jagah par poorv upaniveshakon ke naam par bani imaaraton va sansthaanon ke naam bhi badle gaye hain. jaise Victoria tarmins ko badal kar chhatrapati shivaaji tarmins kiya gaya. yeh khaaskar Mumbai, chennai, Kolkata va Delhi mein hua hai. kintu kai dakshin bhaarateeya shaharon mein british kaal ke naam hi chal rahe hain.

prastaavit badlaav

anya prastaavit naamon mein pramukh hain: Ahmedabad ko karnaavati[4], Lucknow ko lakshmanapuri[5] ya lakhanapur[6], lakhanaavati[6], Patna ko paataliputr[7], Aurangabad ko saanbhaajeenagar[8], osmaanaabaad ko dharaashiv[8], Allahabad ko prayaag[6] ya teertharaaj prayaag[9], faijaabaad ko saaket[6], mugalasaraaya ko deenadayaalanagar[10], Bhopal ko bhojapaal[11], Indore ko indur[11], jabalapur ko jaabaalipuram[11], evam delhi ko Delhi, indraprasth.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • bhaarateeya jansthaanon ke punarnaamakaran ki soochi

sandarbh

  1. "India's Bangalore in name change". British Broadcasting Corporation News. 2006-11-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/6107082.stm. abhigman tithi: 2006-09-28.
  2. Samuel Sheppard Bombay Place-Names and Street-Names (Bombay: The Times Press) 1917 pp104-5
  3. Sujata Patel "Bombay and Mumbai: Identities, Politics and Populism" in Sujata Patel & Jim Masselos (Eds.) Bombay and Mumbai. The City in Transition (Delhi: Oxford University Press) 2003 p4; Suketu Mehta Maximum City. Bombay Lost and Found (New York: Alfred Knopf) 2004 p130
  4. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid-468087, prtpage-1.cms
  5. http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/01042001/Art22.htm
  6. a aa i E http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/15022001/Art08.htm
  7. http://news.smashits.com/NewsPrint.asp?nid=62938
  8. a aa http://www.islamicvoice.com/2001-08/community.htm#bac
  9. http://www.expressindia.com/news/ie/daily/20010312/ied12028.html
  10. http://www.rediff.com/news/1999/feb/11deen.htm
  11. a aa i http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid-828162, prtpage-1.cms

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