bhaarateeya parmaanu pareekshanabhaarat me parmaanu pareekshanasanpaadit kareinin pareekshan ka mukhya uddeshyasanpaadit kareinbhaarat ke paanch parmaanu pareekshanasanpaadit kareinparamaanu hathiyaaron ka vinaash asambhavasanpaadit karein

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bhaarateeya parmaanu aayog ne pokharan mein apna pehla bhoomigat parikshan 18 May 1974 ko kiya tha. halaaki us samay Bhaarat sarkaar ne ghoshana ki thi ki Bhaarat ka parmaanu kaaryakram shaantipoorn kaaryo ke liye hoga aur yeh pareekshan Bhaarat ko urja ke kshetr mein aatmanirbhar banaane ke liye kiya gaya hai. baad mein 11 aur 13 May 1998 ko paaainch aur bhoomigat parmaanu pareekshan kiye aur Bhaarat ne swayam ko parmaanu shakti sampann desh ghoshit kar diya. is pareekshan ke pratikriya svarup Pakistan ne bhi iske turant baad 28 May 1998 ko parmaanu pareekshan kiye. Pakistan ko swayam ko parmaanu shakti se sampann raashtra ghoshit karne ke baad us samay ninda jhelni padi jab Pakistan ke parmaanu vaigyaanik abdul kaadir Khan jo Pakistani parmaanu kaaryakram ke janak maane jaate hain, par chori chhupe parmaanu takaneek Libya, Iran aur uttar Korea ko bechne ka pardaafaash hua.





anukram

Bhaarat me parmaanu pareekshan

Bhaarat me 11 va 13 May 98 ko buddh-sthal par Rajasthan ke pokharan me do teen parmaanu visfot hone se saare vishv me tahalaka mach gaya tha. ab Bhaarat bhi parmaanu shaktiyon me sampann hai. pareekshan ke in dhamaako se saara sansaar chakeet rah gaya. pareekshan sthal ke aas-paas ke makaano me bhi daraarein pad gayi. kintoo raashtr ke is mahaan upalabdhi ke saamane logon ko apne gharo ke tutane se itni chinta nahi hui jitni prasannata is mahaan safalta se hui. pradhaanamantri atal bihaari Vajpayee 20 May ko buddh-sthal pahunche. vahi pradhaanamantri ne desh ko ek naya naara diya 'jaya javaan-jaya kisaan-jaya vigyaan'. sabhi deshavaasi pradhaan mantri ke saath-saath garv se bhar uthe. in pareekshanon ka asar paramaanoo sampann desho par bahoot adhik hooaa. amareeka, roos, France, Japan aur cheen aadi desho ne Bhaarat ko aarthik sahaayata na dene ki dhamaki bhi di. kintoo Bhaarat in dhamakiyon ke saamane naheen jhuka.

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in pareekshan ka mukhya uddeshya

in pareekshanon ko karne ka mukhya uddeshya vishv ko yeh bata dena tha ki padosi deshon ki saamarik yogyata ka ve muainh tod uttar dene mein samarth the. apni sooraksha or bachaav karne ke leee ve aatm-nirbhar the. Bhaarat me in pareekshanon ka virodh karne vaale viksit desh yeh bhul gaye the ki Bhaarat me 1947 me ek aur 1998 me paaainch parmaanu pareekshan hooe the. jab ki iske pehle poore vishv me 2052 parmaanu pareekshan kiye ja chuke the. in me se amareeka ne sabse adhik ऍse pareekshan 1945 se ab tak 1032 kiye hai. is ke atirikt soviyt sangh rup ne 715, France ne 210, Britain ne 457 or cheen ne 44 parmaanu pareekshan kiye hai. Pakistan or ijaraail ke baare me praay: kaha jaata hai ki ve bhi parmaanu pareekshan ki kshamata rakhate hai aur kabhi bhi unki or se parmaanu pareekshan ka samaachaar mil sakta hai.

Bhaarat ke paanch parmaanu pareekshan

Bhaarat ke kul paanch mukhya parmaanu pareekshan hai. un ko mukhya roop se chaar shreniyon mein baaainta ja sakta hai. ye chaar tarah ke parmaanu pareekshan kiye hai - (1) vikhndaneeya bam ya fishn divaais bam: yeh paramaanu bam banaaye jaane ke liye kiya gaya saamaanya pareekshan tha jiski kshamata san 1974 me kiye gaye pareekshan ke samaan arthaat 15 kilo tan thi. (2) kam kshamata wala visfot ya lo yeelt divaais: iski kshamata 10 kilo an se neeche arthaat ikaai kilo tan kshamata tak hi seemit maanate hai. is pareekshan ka ek uddeshya ऍse aankade praapt karna tha jis se aage jaakar prayogashaala mein computer aadhaarit pareekshan kiye ja sakein. (3) haaidrojan bam pareeksha ya tharmo nyookilyar divaais: ise aaj super bam bhi kaha jaata hai. iski vinaashak kshamata saamaanya parmaanu bam ki tukana mein sau se hajaar guna taka adhik hai. parmaanu bam ki visfotak kshamata ko kilo tan me maapate hai jabki haaidrojan bam ki kshamata ko megawatt mein naapate hai. (4) sab kilo tan parikshan Bhaarat me 13 May ko pun: do parikshan kiye gaye. ye parikshan sab kilotan ya ek kilotan se kam kshamata vaale the. is parikshan ke baad yeh daava kiya gaya hai ki in se Bhaarat mein computer aanukaran ev prayogashaalaaon mein kiye jaane vaale apakraantik parikshan ki kshamata praapt karaleech hai.

parmaanu hathiyaaron ka vinaash asambhav

aaj vishv me lagbhag 60 hajaar parmaanu hathiyaar hain jin ko nasht karne me kam se kam 20 se 25 varsh lageinge. nirstreekaran ke falsvarup keval 10 hajaar parmaanu hathiyaar hi nasht ho sake. is se spsht hai ki parmaanu hathiyaaron ka khatra to bana hi rahega. isliye Bhaarat ne apni aatmaraksha ke liye yeh prayaas kiya hai.