bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan

bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan Bhaarat mein ati praacheen kaal se aaj tak hue manovaigyaanik adhyayanon aur anusandhaanon ka samagr roop hai.'bhaarateeya' kehne se yahi taatparya hai ki bhaarateeya sanskruti ki prushtabhoomi mein jis manovijnyaaan ka vikaas hua vah is kshetr mein Bhaarat ka vishesh yogadaan maana ja sakta hai.

anukram

bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan ki visheshataaeain

  • darshan ki shaakha
  • aatma ka vigyaan
  • vyaavahaarik
  • atisaamanya (super naurmal) tattvon ka vivechan
  • manoshaareerik (saaiko-fijikl)
  • chetna ke chaar star : jaagrut, svapn, susupt aur tureeya
  • panchakosh : annamayakosh, praanamayakosh, manomayakosh, vijnyaaanamayakosh, aanandamayakosh
  • anu mein vibhu
  • bhautik shareer ke atirikt sookshmashareer tatha kaaran shareer
  • dhaarmik manovijnyaaan - bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan aatmavikaas aur charitra-nirmaan mein sarvaadhik upayogi ho sakta hai.
  • maanav vyaktitv ki sanrachana : manushya mein 5 karmendriyaaain aur 5 jnyaaanendriyaaain hai, inke oopar man aur man ke pare buddhi hai.inke alaava manushya mool roop se aatma, purush athva jeev hai jo vyaktitv ki samast sanrachana ko chalaata hai. upanishdon aur geeta mein di gayi vyaktitv ki yeh sanrachana hi shaddarshanon evam vichaar ke anya kshetron mein bhi dikhaayi deti hai.

Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan ka vikaas

bhaarateeya daarshanik parampara is baat mein dhani rahi hai ki vah maanasik prakriyaaon tatha maanav chetna, sv, man-shareer ke sambandh tatha anek maanasik prakaarya jaise- sanjnyaaan, pratyakshan, bhram, avadhaan tatha tarkana aadi par unki jhalak ke sambandh mein keindrit rahi hai. durbhaagya se bhaarateeya parampara ki gahari daarshanik jadein bhaaratavarsh mein aadhunik manovijnyaaan ke vikaas ko naheen prabhaavit kar saki hain. Bhaarat mein iske vikaas par paashchaatya manovijnyaaan ka bhi prabhutv nirantar bana hua hai, yadyapi yahaaain evam videsh mein bhi iski ek alag pehchaan ke liye kuchh prayaas kiye gaye hain aur kuchh bindu sunishchit kiye gaye hain. in prayaason ne vaigyaanik adhyayanon ke maadhyam se bhaarateeya daarshanik parampara ki bahut si maanyataaon ki satyata sthaapit karne ka yatn kiya hai.

bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan ka aadhunik kaal Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya ke darshanashaastr vibhaag mein 1915 mein praarambh hua jahaaain praayogik manovijnyaaan ka pratham paathyakram aarambh kiya gaya tatha pratham manovijnyaaan prayogashaala sthaapit hui. Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya ne 1916 mein pratham manovijnyaaan vibhaag tatha 1938 mein anuprayukt manovijnyaaan ka vibhaag praarambh kiya.

Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya mein aadhunik praayogik manovijnyaaan ka praarambh bhaarateeya manovaigyaanik Dr. N.N. senagupta, jo vunt ki praayogik parampara mein America mein prashikshan praapt the, se bahut prabhaavit tha. professor gireendrashekhar Bose fraayad ke manovishleshan mein prashikshan praapt the- ek aisa kshetr jisne Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan ke aaranbhik vikaas ko prabhaavit kiya. professor Bose ne 'Indian saaikoenelitikl association' ki sthaapana 1922 mein ki thi. Mysore vishvavidyaalaya evam Patna vishvavidyaalaya mein manovijnyaaan ke adhyaapan evam anusandhaan ke praarambhik kendra praarambh hue. praarambh se manovijnyaaan Bhaarat mein ek sashakt vidyaashaakha ke roop mein viksit hua. manovijnyaaan adhyaapan, anusandhaan tatha anuprayog ke anek kendra hain. manovijnyaaan mein utkrushtata athva vaishishtya ke do kendra utkal vishvavidyaalaya, bhuvaneshvar tatha Allahabad vishvavidyaalaya, vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog dvaara sahaayata praapt hain. kareeb 70 vishvavidyaalayon mein manovijnyaaan ke paathyakram chalaae jaate hain.

durgaanand sinha ne apni pustak 'saaikolauji in A thard world kantri : di Indian eksapeeriyns' (1986 mein prakaashit) mein Bhaarat mein saamaajik vigyaan ke roop mein chaar charanon mein aadhunik manovijnyaaan ke itihaas ko khoja hai. unke anusaar, pratham charan svatantrata ki praapti tak ek aisa charan tha jab prayogaatmak, manovishleshanaatmak evam manovaigyaanik pareekshan anusandhaan par bahut bal tha jisse paashchaatya deshon ka manovijnyaaan ke vikaas mein yogadaan parilkshit hua tha. dviteeya charan mein 1960 tak Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan ki vividh shaakhaaon mein vistaar ka samay tha. is charan mein bhaarateeya manovijnyaaanikon ki ichha thi ki bhaarateeya pehchaan ke liye paashchaatya manovijnyaaan ko bhaarateeya sandarbhon se joda jaae. unhonne aisa prayaas paashchaatya vichaaron dvaara bhaarateeya paristhitiyon ko samajhne ke liye kiya. fir bhi, Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan 1960 ke baad bhaarateeya samaaj ke liye samasya-keindrit anusandhaanon dvaara saarthak hua. manovaigyaanik bhaarateeya samaaj ki samasyaaon ke prati adhik dhyaan dene lage. punashch, apne saamaajik sandarbh mein paashchaatya manovijnyaaan par atishya nirbharata ka anubhav kiya jaane laga. mahatvapoorn manovaijnyaaanikon ne us anusandhaan ki saarthakata par adhik bal diya jo hamaari paristhitiyon ke liye saarthak hon.

Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan ki nayi pehchaan ki khoj ke kaaran chaturth charan ke roop mein 1970 ke antim samay mein deshaj manovijnyaaan ka udaya hua. paashchaatya dhaaainche ko nakaarane ke atirikt bhaarateeya manovaijnyaaanikon ne ek aisi samajh viksit karne ki aavashyakta par bal diya jo saamaajik evam saanskrutik roop se saarthak dhaaainche par aadhaarit ho. is rujhaan ki jhalak un prayaason mein dikhi jinse paaramparik bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan par aadhaarit upaagamon ka vikaas hua, jo humne praacheen granthon evam dharmagranthon se liye the. is prakaar is charan ki visheshata ko deshaj manovijnyaaan ke vikaas, jo bhaarateeya saanskrutik sandarbh se utpann hua tha tatha bhaarateeya manovijnyaaan evam samaaj ke liye saarthak tha aur bhaarateeya paaramparik gyaan par aadhaarit tha, dvaara jaana jaata hai. ab ye vikaas satat roop se ho rahe hain. Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan vishv mein manovijnyaaan ke kshetr mein saarthak yogadaan kar raha hai. isi ke saath ham dekhte hain ki nae anusandhaan adhyayan, jismein tantrika-jaivik tatha svaasthya vigyaan ke antaraaprushtheeya svaroop samaavisht hain, kiye ja rahe hain.

Bhaarat mein manovijnyaaan ka anuprayog anek vyaavasaayik kshetron mein kiya ja raha hai. manovaigyaanik maatr vishisht samasyaaon vaale bachchon ke saath hi kaarya naheen kar rahe hain, ve chikitsaalayon mein naidaanik manovaigyaanik ke roop mein niyukt ho rahe hain, maanav sansaadhan vikaas vibhaag evam vigyaapan vibhaagon jaise company sangathanon mein, khelakood nideshaalayon mein, vikaas kshetrak tatha soochana praudyogiki udyogon mein niyukt ho rahe hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain