bhaarateeya jyotishi

bhaarateeya jyotishi se abhipraaya un granthakaaron se hai jinhonne apne granth, Bhaarat mein viksit jyotish pranaali ke aadhaar par likhe. praacheen kaal ke jyotishganana sambandhi kuchh granth aise hain, jinke lekhakon ne apne naam naheen diye hain. aise granth hain vedaang jyotish (kaal E poo 1200); panchasiddhaantika mein varnit paaainch jyotish siddhaant granth. kuchh aise bhi jyotish granthakaar hue hain jinke vaakya arvaacheen granthon mein uddhrut hain, kintu unke granth naheen milte. unamein mukhya hain naarad, garg, paraashar, laat, vijyaanandi, shreeshen, vishnuchand aadi. alaberooni ke lekh ke aadhaar par laat ne mool sooryasiddhaant ke aadhaar par isi naam ke ek granth ki rachana ki hai. shreeshen ke mool vasishth siddhaant ke aadhaar par vasishth-siddhaant likha. ye sab jyotishi brahmagupt (shak sanvat 520) se poorv hue hai. shreeshen aaryabhat ke baad tatha brahmagupt se poorv hue hain. prasiddh jyotishiyon ka parichay nimnalikhit hai :

aaryabhat pratham
varaahamihir
brahmagupt
manu

rachanaakaal : shak sanvat 800 ke lagbhag, granth : bruhanmaanasakaran.

viteshvar

rachanaakaal : shank sanvat 821, granth : karanasaar.

bateshvar

inhonne siddhaant bateshvar likha hai, jise haal hi mein Indian instityoot ov aistronaumikl aind sanskrut research, nai Delhi, ne chhapaaya hai. alaberuni ke paas is granth ka ek arabi anuvaad tha aur usane iski bahut pranshasa ki hai. iski jyaapranaali anya siddhaanton ki jyaapranaali se sookshm hai. kuchh vidvaanon ke anusaar vitteshvar aur bateshvar ek hi vyakti the.

munjaal

inka rachanaakaal shak sanvat 854 hai. inka upalabdh granth laghumaanasakaran hai. inhonne ayanagati 1 kala maani hai. ayanagati ke prasang mein bhaaskaraachaarya ne inka naam liya hai. muneeshvar ne mareechi mein ayanagati vishyak inke kuchh shlok uddhrut kiye hain, jo laghumaanas ke naheen hain. isse pata chalta hai ki munjaal ka ek aur maanas naamak granth tha, jo upalabgh naheen hai.

aaryabhat dviteeya
chaturved

pruthoodak svaami, rachanaakaal : 850-900 shak sanvat ke bheetar. granth : brahmasfutasiddhaant ki teeka.

vijyanandi

rachanaakaal : shak san 888. granth : karanatilk.

shreepati

inka rachanaakaal shak san 961 hain. inhonne siddhaantashekhar tatha dheekotidkaran naamak ganit jyotish vishyak aur ratnamaala naamak muhoortt vishyak granth likha hai. sudhaakar Dwivedi ke anusaar inka ratnasaar naamak ek anya muhoort granth bhi hai. inki visheshata yeh hai ki inhonne jyaakhandon ke bina keval chaap ke anshon se jyaasaadhan kiya hai. ye naagadev ke putr the.

varun

rachanaakaal : shak san 962. granth : khandakhaadya teeka.

bhojaraaj

inka rachanaakaal shak san 964 hai. inka granth raajamrugaank hai. ismein inhonne brahmagupt ke siddhaant ke liye beejasanskaaron ko nikaala hai.

dashabal

inka rachanaakaal shak san 980 hai. iska granth karanakamalamaartand hai. iski visheshata yeh hai ki ismein saaraniyaaain di gayi hain, jinse grahon ki ganana sugam ho jaati hai.

brahmadev ganak

inke pita ka naam chandra tha. ye Mathura ke rahanevaale the. inka rachanaakaal shak san 1014 hai. inhonne karanaprakaash naamak granth likha hai. inhonne aaryabhateeyam ki gatiyon mein lall ke beejasanskaar karke use grahan kiya hai. inka shoonyaayanaansh varsh shak san 445 hai. inhonne ayanagati 1 kala maani hai1

shataanand

jagannaathapuri nivaasi shataanand ka rachanaakaal shak san 1021 hai. inka prasiddh granth bhaasvateekaran hai. inka shoonyaayanaansh varsh 450 tatha ayanagati 1 kala hai. inhonne ahargan ka saadhan spasht mesh se kiya hai. inki visheshata yeh hai ki inhonne grahagatiyon ko shataansh athva prati shat mein rakha hai, jisse ganit karne mein saralata ho jaati hai. yeh paddhati aadhunik dashamlav pranaali jaisi hai1

maheshvar

prasiddh ganit jyotishi bhaaskaraachaarya ke pita tatha guru, maheshvar, ka janmakaal shak san 1000 ke lagbhag hai. shekhar inka ganitjyotish ka granth hai. inke anya granth hain. laghujaatakateeka, vruttashat, pratishthaavidhideepak.

someshvar truteeya

inke anya naam hain bhoolok mall aur sarvajnyaabhoopaal. ye chaalukya vansh ke raaja the. inhonne shak san 1051 mein abhilaashitaarthachintaamani naamak granth likha.

bhaaskaraachaarya
vaavilaalakochchanna

rachanaakaal : shak sanvat 1220. inhonne sooryasiddhaant ke aadhaar par ek karanagranth likha hai.

mahaadev pratham

ye gujaraati braahman the. shak sanvat 1238 mein inhonne chakreshvar naamak jyotishi dvaara aarambh kiye hue, grahasiddhi naamak saaraneegranth ko poorn kiya.

mahaadev truteeya

ye tryanbak ki raajasabha ke pandit, bopadev, ke putr the. inhonne shak sanvat 1289 mein kaamadhenukaran naamak granth likha.

naarmad

rachanaakaal : shak sanvat 1300. rachana : sooryasiddhaant teeka.

padnaabh

rachanaakaal : shak sanvat 1320. rachana : yantraratnaavali, jiske dviteeya adhyaaya mein prasiddh dhruvamaya yantr hai.

lall

pan sudhaakar Dwivedi ne inka rachanaakaal shak sanvat 421 tatha kern ne shak sanvat 420 maana hai, kintu baalashankar Dixit ke anusaar inka kaal lagbhag shak sanvat 560 hai. inhonne aaryabhateeya ke aadhaar par apna shishyadheevruddhidtantr naamak grahaganit ka granth likha hai. pratyaksh vedh dvaara inhonne kuchh beej sanskaaron ka varnan kiya hai. bhaaskaraachaarya ne siddhaantashiromani mein kai sthaanon par inke gananaasootron ki ashuddhiyaaain dikhlaai hain.

Damodar

rachanaakaal : shak san 1339, granth : bhattatulya. iski grahaganana aaryabhat sareekhi hai.

gangaadhar

rachanaakaal : shak san 1356. granth : chandramaan.

makarand

rachanaakaal : shak san 1400. inhonne sooryasiddhaant ke anusaar saaraniyaaain banaain, jo bahut prasiddh hai. aaj bhi bahut se panchaang inke aadhaar par bante hain.

keshav

prasiddh grahalaaghavaakaar ganesh ke pita keshav ka rachanaakaal 1418 E san ke lagbhag hai. inhonne karanagranth grahakautuk likha. ye bahut nipun vedhakartta the. inhonne apne granth mein pratyaksh vedh dvaara anya siddhaantakaaron ke grahaganit ki ashuddhiyon ka nirdesh kiya hai.

ganesh

keshav ke putr ganesh ka janmakaal 1420 shak san ke lagbhag hai. inke granth hain grahalaaghav, laghutithi chintaamani, bruhattithichintaamani, siddhaantashiromani teeka, leelaavati teeka, vivaahavrundaavan teeka, muhoortatv teeka, shraaddhanirnaya, chhandornav, teeka, tarjaneeyantr, krushnaashtameenirnaya, holikaanirnaya, laghupaaya paat aadi. inki keerti ka mukhya stambh hai grahalaaghavakaran. siddhaantagranthon mein varnya praaya: sabhi vishay ismein hain. iski visheshata yeh hai ki ismein jya chaap ki ganana ke bina hi sab ganana ki gayi hai aur yeh atyant shuddh hai. ye bahut achhe vedhakarta the. inhonne apne pita ke vedhon se bhi laabh uthaaya. iseeliye inhonne ek aisi gananaapranaali nikaali jo ati saral hote hue bhi bahut shuddh thi. inke granth ke aadhaar par Bhaarat mein bahut se panchaang bante hain. grahalaaghav ki anek teekaaeain ho chuki hain.

lakshmeedaas

rachanaakaal : shak san 1422, rachana : siddhaantashiromani ke ganitaadhyaaya tatha golaadhyaaya ki udaaharan sahit teeka.

jnyaaanaraaj

inka rachanaakaal shak san 1425 hai. inka granth sundarasiddhaant hai. iske do mukhya bhaag hain : ganitaadhyaaya tatha golaadhyaaya. grahaganit ke liye inhonne karanagranthon ki tarah kshepak tatha varshagatiyaaain bhi di hain. kaheen kaheen par inki upapattiyaaain bhaaskarasiddhaant se vishisht hain. inhonne yantramaalaadhikaar mein ek naveen yantr banaaya hai.

soorya

inka janam shak san 1430 hai. ye jnyaaanaraaj ke putr the. inhonne ganit jyotish ke sooryaprakaash, leelaavati teeka, beej teeka, shreepatipddhatignit, beejaganit, naamak granthon ki rachana ki hai. kolabruk ke anusaar inhonne siddhaantashiromani teeka tatha ganitmaalati granth bhi banaae hain. inka ek aur granth hai siddhaantasanhitaasaar samuchchaya.

anant pratham

rachanaakaal : shak san 1447. rachana : anantasudhaaras naamak saaraneegranth.

dhundhiraaj

rachanaakaal : shak san 1447 ke lagbhag, rachana : anunbasudhaaras ki sudhaaras-chashak-teeka, grahalaaghavodaaharan, grahafalopapatti; panchaangafal, kundakalpalata tatha prasiddh falitgranth jaatakaabharan.

nrusinh pratham

ye ganesh ke bhaai, Ram, ke putr the. rachana madhyagrahasiddhi (shak san 1400) tatha grahakaumudi.

anant dviteeya

muhoortachintaamani ke nirmaata Ram tatha taajik neelakanthi ke nirmaata, neelakanth ke pita anant, ka rachanaakaal shak san 1480 hai. inhonne kaamadhenu ki teeka tatha jaatakapaddhati ki rachana ki.

neelakanth

rachanaakaal : shak san 509, granth : todaraanand tatha taajikneelakanthi. ganakatarangini ke anusaar inhonne jaatakapaddhati bhi likhi thi. aafrech soochi ke anusaar inke anya granth hain : tithirtanamaala, prashnakaumudi athva jyotishkaumudi, daivajnyaavallabha, jaimineesootr ki soobodhini teeka. grahalaaghav teeka, grahautak teeka, makarand teeka tatha ek muhoortagranth ki teeka.

raghunaath pratham

kaal : shak san 1484, rachana : subodhamanjari.

raghunaath dviteeya

kaal : shak san 1487, rachana : manipradeep.

krupaaraam

kaal : shak san 1420 ke pashchaat, rachanaaeain : beejaganit, makarand tatha yantrachintaamani ki udaaharanasvaroop teekaaeain. inhonne sarvaarthachintaamani, panchapakshi tatha muhoortatatv ki teekaaeain bhi ki hain.

dinkar

kaal : shak san 1500, granth : khetakasiddhi tatha chandraarki.

gangaadhar

kaal : shak san 1508, granth : grahalaaghav ki manorama teeka.

raamabhat

kaal : shak san 1512, granth : raamavinodakaran.

shreenaath

kaal : shak san 1512, granth : grahachintaamani.

vishnu

kaal : shak san 1530, granth : ek karanagranth.

mallaari

kaal : shak san 1524, granth : grahalaaghav ki upapattishit teeka.

vishvanaath

kaal : shak san 1534-1556. ye prasiddh sodaaharan teekaakaar hain. inhonne sooryasiddhaant shiromani, karanakutoohal, makarand, keshabeejaatak paddhati, somasiddhaant, tithichintaamani, chandramaanatantr, bruhajjaatak, shreepatipddhati vasishthasanhita tatha bruhatsanhita par teekaaeain ki hain.

nrusinh dviteeya

janm : shak san 1508, granth : sooryasiddhaant ki saurabhaashya tatha siddhaantashiromani ki vaasanaabhaashya teekaaeain.

Shiv

janm : shak san 1510, granth : anantasudhaaras teeka.

Krishna pratham

rachana : shak san 1500-1530, granth : bhaaskaraachaarya ke beejaganit ki beejanavaankud tatha jaatakapaddhati ki teekaaeain, tatha chhaadakanirnaya.

ranganaath pratham

rachana : shak san 1525, granth : sooryasiddhaant ki goodhaarthaprakaashika teeka.

naagesh

rachanaakaal : shak san-1541, granth : karanagranth, tatha grahaprabodh.

muneeshvar

ye goodhaarthaprakaashikaakaar ranganaath ke putr the. inka janmakaal sh san 1525 hai. inhonne siddhaantasaarvabhaum granth likha tatha leelaavati par nisrushtaarthadooti aur siddhaantashiromani ki mareechi teeka ki. kuchh vidvaan paateesaar bhi inka likha maanate hain.

divaakar

janmakaal : shak san 1528 hai, rachana : makarand ki makarandavivrutti teeka.

kamalaakar bhatt

janm : shak san 1530 ke lagbhag. inhonne kaashi mein shak san 1580 ke lagbhag siddhaantatatvavivek banaaya. yeh aadhunik sooryasiddhaant ke aadhaar par likha gaya hai. ismein bahut si ganit sambandhi naveen reetiyaaain hai. tureeya yantr ka vistrut varnan tatha dhruvataara ki sthirta ka varnan inki nootanata hai. inhonne muneeshvar tatha bhaaskaraachaarya ka kai sthalon par khandan kiya hai, jo kuchh sthalon par inke niji ajnyaaan ka dyotak hai. ye sankshipt na likhkar bahut vistaar se likhte hain. inke 13 adhyaayon ke granth mein 3,024 shlok hain.

ranganaath dviteeya

janm : shak san 1534 ke lagbhag, granth : siddhaantashiromani ki mitbhaashini teeka tatha siddhaantachoodaamani.

nityaanand

rachanaakaal: shak san 1561. inhonne saayan maanon se sarvasiddhaantaraaj granth likha hai. ismein vartamaan 365.14.33.7 40448 dinaadi hai, jo vaastav kaal ke niktatar hai. inke diye hue bhaganon se yeh spasht hai ki ye kushal vedhakarta the.

Krishna dviteeya

inhonne shak san 1575 mein karanakaustubh likhaa1

ratnakanth

inhonne shak san 1580 mein panchaangakaustubh naamak saaraneegranth likha.

viddan

shak san 1626 se kuchh poorv, inhonne vaarshiktantr likha. inka anya granth grahanamukur hai.

jataadhar

inhonne shak san 1626 mein fatteshaah prakaash naamak karanagranth likha.

daadaabhat

inhonne shak san 1641 mein sooryasiddhaant ki karanaavali teeka likhee1

Narayan

rachana : shak san 1661. inhonne horaasaarasudhaanidhi, narajaatakavyaakhya, ganakapriya, svarasaar tatha taajakasudhaanidhi likhe.

jayasinh

raaja jayasinh shank san 1615 mein raajasinhaasan par baithe the. inhonne hindu, musalmaan tatha Europeeya jyotish granthon ka adhyayan kiya aur dekha ki unase spasht grah tatha drushya grahon mein antar hai. isaliye inhonne Jaipur, Delhi, Mathura, ujjain tatha kaashi mein pakki vedhashaalaaeain banavaain jo ab bhi inke keertistanbh ki tarah vidyamaan hain. aath saal tak vedh karavaakar inhonne arabi ka jijmuhammad tatha sanskrut mein samraat siddhaant naamak granth banavaae. siddhaant samraat inhonne jagannaath pandit se shak san 1653 mein banavaaya. inke granth se grah atisookshm aate hain.

shankar

inhonne shak san 1688 mein vaishnavakaran likha.

maniraam

inhonne shak san 1696 mein grahaganit chintaamani likhi.

bhula

inhonne shak san 1703 mein brahmasiddhaantasaar likha.

mathuraanaath

inhonne shak san 1704 mein yantraraajaghatana likha.

chintaamanideekshit

shak san 1658-1733. inhonne sooryasiddhaantasaarani tatha golaanand naamak vedhagranth likha.

Shiv

inhonne shak san 1737 mein tithipaarijaat likha.

dinkar

inhonne shak san 1734 se 1761 ke beech grahavijnyaaanasaarani, maasapraveshasaarani, lagnasaarani, kraantisaarani aadi granth likhe.

baapoodev shaastri

kaashi ke sanskrut kaalej ke jyotish ke mukhya adhyaapak the. baapoodev shaastri (nrusinh) ka janm shak san 1743 mein hua. ye prayaag tatha Calcutta vishvavidyaalayon ke parishad tatha Ireland aur great Britain ki royal ke sammaanit sadasya the. inhein mahaamahopaadhyaaya ki upaadhi mili thi. inke granth hain : rekhaaganit prathamaadhyaaya, trikonamiti, praacheen jyotishaachaaryaashayavarnan, saayanavaad, tatvavivekapareeksha, maanamandirsth yantravarnan, ankaganit, beejaganit. inhonne siddhaantashiromani ka sanpaadan tatha sooryasiddhaant ka angreji mein anuvaad kiya. inka druksiddh panchaang aaj bhi vaaraanaseya sanskrut vishvavidyaalaya se prakaashit hota hai.

neelaanbar sharma

inka golaprakaash shak san 1793 mein prakaashit hua.

vinaayak athva kero Lakshman chhatre

inhonne paashchaatya jyotish ke aadhaar par grahasaadhanakoshthak shak san 1772 mein likha. inka anya granth chintaamani hain.

chintaamani raghunaath aachaarya

janm : shak san 1750. inhonne tamil mein jyotishchintaamani likha.

Krishna shaastri gaadabole

janm : shak san 1753. inhonne vaamanakrushn Joshi gadre ke saath grahalaaghav ka maraathi anuvaad, jyotishshaastr tatha panchaangasaadhanasaar chhapaaya tatha "maasaanaan maargasheershohan" lekh dvaara yeh siddh kiya ki ved shakapoorv 30 hajaar varsh se praacheen hain1

veinkatesh Bapuji ketakar

inhonne shak san 1812 mein paashchaatya jyotish ke aadhaar par "jyotirganit" likha, jisse grahaganana bahut sookshm hoti hai.

sudhaakar Dwivedi

inka janmakaal shak san 1782 hai. ye kaashi ke sanskrut kaalej ke jyotish ke pradhaan pandit tatha apne samay ke ati prasiddh vidvaan the. inhein mahaamahopaadhyaaya ki upaadhi praapt thi. inke granth hain : deerghavruttalakshan, vichitr prashn sabhang, dyucharachaar, vaasvavachandrashrrungonnati, pindaprabhaakar, bhaabhram rekhaaniroopan, dharaabhram, grahanakaran, goleeyarekhaaganit, rekhaaganit ke ekaadash dvaadash adhyaaya tatha ganakatarangini. inhonne sooryasiddhaant, grahalaaghav aadi granthon ki teekaaeain tatha bahut se granthon ka sanpaadan bhi kiya.

shankar baalakrushn Dixit

janmakaal san 1775 hai. inhonne vidyaartheebuddhivrddhini, srushtichmatkaar, jyotirvilaas, bhoovarnan tatha sevel ke sahayog se Indian calendar aadi granth likhe. inki keenrti ka stambh maraathi mein likha bhaarateeya jyotish hai, jismein inhonne anusandhaanaatmak tatha aalochanaatmak dhang se bhaarateeya jyotish ke vikaas ka itihaas likha hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh granth

  • sudhaakar Dwivedi : bhaarateeya jyotish