bhaarateeya arthavyavastha

bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ki ek jhalak 1
mudra 1 rupaya (roo) = 100 paisa
vitteeya varsh 1 April - 31 March
vyaapaar sangathan (sadasya) saafta, aasiyaan aur vishv vyaapaar sangathan
aaainkade
sakal ghareloo utpaad mein sthaan dasavaaain[1]
sakal ghareloo utpaad 113550.73 arab rupaye (2013-14)[2]
sakal ghareloo utpaad vaastavik vruddhi dar 8.3%
sakal ghareloo utpaad prati vyakti 2,900$
sakal ghareloo utpaad vibhinn kshetron mein krushi (13.9%), udyog (26.1%), seva kshetr (59.9%)[2]
mudraasfeeti dar 3.8%
gareebi rekha se neeche ki aabaadi 25%
shramik kshamata 47.2 karod
vyavasaaya dvaara shramik kshamata (1999) krushi (60%), udyog (17%), seva kshetr (23%)
berojgaari dar 9.5%
krushi utpaad chaaval, gehooain, tilhan, kapaas, joot, chai, ganna, aaloo; pashu, bhains, bheind, bakari, murgi; matsaya
mukhya udyog vastr udyog, rasaayan, khaadya prasanskaran, ispaat, yaataayaat ke upakaran, cement, khanan, petrolium, bhaari masheenein, saaftaveyar
baahari vyaapaar
aayaat (2003) 74.15 arab dollar
mukhya aayaatit saamagri kachcha tel, masheenein, javaaharaat, urvarak, raasaayan
mukhya vyaaparik sahayogi (2003) sanraaamerika 6.4%, Belgium 5.6%, Britain 4.8%, cheen 4.3%, Singapore 4%
niryaat 57.24 arab dollar
niryaat ke mukhya saamaan kapde, javaaharaat aur gahane, injinyaring ke saamaan, raasaayan, chamada
mukhya sahayogi (2001) sanraaamerika 20.6%, cheen 6.4%, Britain 5.3%, Hongkong 4.8%, Germany 4.4%
saarvajanik vaanijya
rin 1.810701 arab dollar (sakal ghareloo utpaad ka 59.7%)
baahari rin 101.7 arab dollar
aay 86.69 arab dollar
vyaya 101.1 arab dollar
pooainji vyaya 13.5 arab dollar
vitteeya sahaayata grahan (1998/99) 2.9 arab dollar

Bhaarat ki arthavyavastha vishv ki teesari sabse badi arthavyavastha hai.[3] kshetrafal ki drushti se vishv mein saatavein sthaan par hai, janasankhya mein iska doosra sthaan hai aur keval 2.4% kshetrafal ke saath Bhaarat vishv ki janasankhya ke 17% bhaag ko sharan pradaan karta hai.

1991 se Bhaarat mein bahut tej aarthik pragati hui hai jab se udaareekaran aur aarthik sudhaar ki neeti laagoo ki gayi hai aur Bhaarat vishv ki ek aarthik mahaashakti ke rup mein ubharakar aaya hai. sudhaaron se poorv mukhya rup se bhaarateeya udyogon aur vyaapaar par sarkaari niyantran ka bolabaala tha aur sudhaar laagoo karne se poorv iska jordaar virodh bhi hua parantu aarthik sudhaaron ke achhe parinaam saamane aane se virodh kaafi had tak kam hua hai. halaaki moolabhoot dhaaainche mein tej pragati na hone se ek bada tabaka ab bhi naakhush hai aur ek bada hissa in sudhaaron se abhi bhi laabhaanvit naheen huye hain.

anukram

teesari sabse badi arthavyavastha

April 2014 mein jaari report mein varsh 2011 ke vishleshan mein vishv bank ne "krayashakti samaanata" (parachejing power pairiti) ke aadhaar par Bhaarat ko vishv ki teesari sabse badi arthavyavastha ghoshit kiya. bank ke intaranaishanal kanperijn program (aaiseepi) ke 2011 round mein America aur cheen ke baad Bhaarat ko sthaan diya gaya hai. 2005 mein yeh 10vein sthaan par thi.[3] 2003-2004 mein Bhaarat vishv mein 12veen sabse badi arthavyavastha thi. sanyukt raashtra saankhyiki prabhaag (yooenaesadi) ke raashtreeya lekhon ke pramukh samaahaar daataabes, December 2013 ke aadhaar par ki gayi deshon ki ranking ke anusaar vartamaan moolyon par sakal ghareloo utpaad ke anusaar Bhaarat ki ranking 10 aur prati vyakti sakal aay ke anusaar Bhaarat vishv mein 161vein sthaan par hai.[1]san 2003 mein prati vyakti aay ke lihaaj se vishv bank ke anusaar Bhaarat ka 143 vaaain sthaan tha.

itihaas

Bhaarat ek samay me sone ki chidiya kahalaata tha. aarthik itihaasakaar engas maidisn ke anusaar pehli sadi se lekar dasveen sadi tak Bhaarat ki arthavyavastha vishv ki sabse badi arthavyavastha thi. pehli sadi mein Bhaarat ka sakal ghareloo utpaad (GDP) vishv ke kul GDP ka 32.9%% tha ; san 1000 mein yeh 28.9% tha ; aur san 1700 mein 24.4% tha.[4]

british kaal mein Bhaarat ki arthavyavastha ka jamkar shoshan va dohan hua jiske falasvaroop 1947 mein aajaadi ke samay mein bhaarateeya arthavyavastha apne sunahari itihaas ka ek khandahar maatr rah gayi.

aajaadi ke baad se Bhaarat ka jhukaav samaajavaadi pranaali ki or raha. saarvajanik udyogon tatha keindreeya aayojan ko badhaava diya gaya. beesaveen shataabdi mein soviyt sangh ke saath saath Bhaarat mein bhi is pranaali ka ant ho gaya. 1991 mein Bhaarat ko bheeshan aarthik sankat ka saamana karna pada jiske falasvaroop Bhaarat ko apna sona tak girvi rakhana pada. uske baad narasinh Rao ki sarkaar ne vittamantri Manmohan Singh ke nirdeshan mein aarthik sudhaaron ki lambi kavaayad shuru ki jiske baad dheere dheere Bhaarat videshi pooainji nivesh ka aakarshan bana aur sanraaamerika, Bhaarat ka sabse bada vyaapaarik sahayogi bana. 1991 ke baad se bhaarateeya arthavyavastha mein sudrudhta ka daur aarambh hua. iske baad se Bhaarat ne prativrsh lagbhag 8% se adhik ki vruddhi darj ki. apratyaashit rup se varsh 2003 mein Bhaarat ne 8.4 pratishat ki vikaas dar praapt ki jo duniya ki arthavyavastha mein sabse teji se ubharati arthavyavastha ka ek sanket samjha gaya. yahi naheen 2005-06 aur 2007-08 ke beech lagaataar teen varshon tak 9 pratishat se adhik ki abhootapoorv vikaas dar praapt ki. kul milaakar 2004-05 se 2011-12 ke dauraan Bhaarat ki vaarshik vikaas dar ausatan 8.3 pratishat rahi kintu vaishvik mandi ki maar ke chalte 2012-13 aur 2013-14 mein 4.6 pratishat ki ausat par pahunch gayi. lagaataar do varshon tak 5 pratishat se kam ki s.gh.u. vikaas dar, antim baar 25 varsh pehle 1986-87 aur 1987-88 mein dekhi gayi thi.[2]

inhein bhi dekhein: bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ki samayarekha
inhein bhi dekhein: Bhaarat mein aarthik udaareekaran

sakal ghareloo utpaad

2013-14 mein Bhaarat ka sakal ghareloo utpaad bhaarateeya roopayon mein - 113550.73 arab rupaye tha.[2]

aankada shreniyaan 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
s.gh.u. (Ru karod)
(vartamaan baajaar moolya)
6477827 7784115 9009722 10113281 11355073
vruddhi dar (%) 15.1 20.2 15.7 12.2 12.3
s.gh.u. (Ru karod)
(ghatak laagat 2004-05 ke moolya par)
4516071 4918533 5247530 5482111 5741791
vruddhi dar (%) 8.6 8.9 6.7 4.5 4.7
prati vyakti nivl raashtreeya aay
(maujooda keematon par upaadaan laagat)
46249 54021 61855 67839 4380

vibhinn kshetron ka yogadaan

kisi samay mein Bhaarat krushi pradhaan desh tha kintu nae aaainkade bataate hain ki yeh desh apni vikaas ki yaatra mein kaafi aage nikal gaya hai tatha viksit deshon ke itihaas ko doharaate hue dviteeyak evam truteeyak kshetron ka yogadaan GDP mein badhotri ka rujhaan darsha raha hai.[2]

aankada shreniyaan 1999-2000 2007-08 2012-13 2013-14 (anumaan)
praathamik kshetr
(krushi aur sahabaddh)
23.2 16.8 13.9 13.9
dviteeyak kshetr
(udyog, khanan, vinirmaan)
26.8 28.7 27.3 26.1
truteeyak kshetr
(sevaaeain - vyaapaar, hotel, parivhan, sanchaar, vitt beema aadi)
50.00 54.4 58.8 59.9

Bhaarat bahut se utpaadon ke sabse bade utpaadako mein se hai. inmein praathamik aur vinirmit donon hi aate hain. Bhaarat doodh ka sabse bada utpaadak hai or geh, chaaval, chai cheeni, aur masaalon ke utpaadan mein agraniyon me se ek hai yeh lauh ayask, vaaksaait, koyala aur taaiteniym ke samruddh bhandaar hain.

yahaaain pratibhaashaali janashakti ka sabse bada pool hai. lagbhag 2 karod bhaarateeya videshon mein kaam kar rahe hai. aur ve vishv arthavyavastha mein yogadaan de rahe hain. Bhaarat vishv mein saaftaveyar injeeniyron ke sabse bade aapoorti karttaaon mein se ek hai aur silikaun valley mein sayunkt raajya America mein lagbhag 30 % udyami poonjeepati bhaarateeya mool ke hai.

Bhaarat mein soocheebaddh companiyon ki sankhya America ke pashchaat doosare number par hai. laghu paimaane ka udyog kshetr, joki prasaar sheel bhaarateeya udyog ki reed ki haddi hai, ke antargat lagbhag 95% audyogik ikaaiyaan aati hai. vinirmaan kshetr ke utpaadan ka 40% aur niryaat ka 36% 32 lakh panjeekrut laghu udyog ikaaiyon mein lagbhag ek karod 80 lakh logon ko seedhe rojagaar pradaan karta hai.

varsh 2003-2004 mein Bhaarat ka kul vyaapaar 140.86 arab Amreeki dollar tha jo ki sakal gharelu utpaad ka 25.6% hai. Bhaarat ka niryaat 63.62% arab Amreeki dollar tha aur aayaat 77.24 arab dollar. niryaat ke mukhya ghatak the vinirmit saamaan (75.03%) krushi utpaad (11.67%) tatha lauh ayask evam khanij (3.69%).

varsh 2003-2004 mein saaftaveyar niryaat, pravaasi dvaara bheji raashi tatha paryatan ke falasvaroop baahya arjan 22.1 arab ameriki dollar ka ho gaya.

videshi mudra bhandaar

March 2014 tak bhaarateeya videshi mudra bhandaar 304.2 billion ameriki dollar ka ho gaya. ameriki dollar ki keemat 60rupae ke star par ja pahuainchi[2]

aankada shreniyaan 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
videshi mudra bhandaar
(billion ameriki dollar)
279.1 304.8 294.4 292.0 304.2
ausat vinimay dar
(Ru / ameriki dollar)
47.44 45.56 47.92 54.41 60.5

antarraashtreeya vyaapaar evam videshi rin

vaishvik niryaaton aur aayaaton mein Bhaarat ka hissa varsh 2000 ke kramash: 0.7 pratishat aur 0.8 pratishat se badhta hua varsh 2013 mein kramash: 1.7 pratishat aur 2.5 pratishat ho gaya. Bhaarat ke kul vastu vyaapaar mein bhi ullekhaneeya sudhaar hua hai jiska sakal ghareloo utpaad mein hissa 2000-01 ke 21.8 pratishat se badhkar 2013-14 mein 44.1 pratishat ho gaya.[2]

Bhaarat ka vastu niryaat 2013-14 mein 312.6 billion Amreeki dollar (seema shulk aadhaar par) tak ja pahuncha. isne 2012-13 ke dauraan ki 1.8 pratishat ke sankuchan ki tulana mein 4.1 pratishat ki vruddhi darj ki.[2]

2012-13 ki tulana mein 2013-14 mein aayaaton ke moolya mein 8.3 pratishat ki giraavat hui jiski vajah tel-bhinn aayaaton mein 12.8 pratishat ki giraavat rahi. sarkaar dvaara kiye gaye anek upaayon ke kaaran sone ka aayaat 2011-12 ke 1078 tan se kam hokar 2012-13 mein 1037 tan tatha aur kam hokar 2013-14 mein 664 tan rah gaya. moolya ke sandarbh mein, sone aur chaandi ke aayaat mein 2013-14 mein 40.1 pratishat ki giraavat hui aur vah 33.4 billion Amreeki dollar ke star par aa gaya. 2013-14 mein aayaaton mein hui jabarast giraavat aur saadhaaran niryaat vruddhi ke parinaamasvaroop Bhaarat ka vyaapaar ghaata 2012-13 ke 190.3 billion Amreeki dollar se kam hokar 137.5 billion Amreeki dollar ke star par aa gaya jisse chaaloo vyaapaar ghaate mein kami I.

chaaloo khaata ghaata

2012-13 mein kaid mein bhaari vruddhi hui aur yeh 2011-12 ke 78.2 billion Amreeki dollar se kaheen adhik 88.2 billion Amreeki dollar (s.gh.u. ka 4.7 pratishat) ke rikaard star par ja pahuncha. sarkaar dvaara sheeghrataapoorvak kiye gaye kai upaayon jaise sone ke aayaat par pratibandh aadi ke parinaamasvaroop, vyaapaar ghaata 2012-13 ke 10.5 pratishat se ghatkar 2013-14 mein sakal ghareloo utpaad ka 7.9 pratishat rah gaya.[2]

videshi rin

Bhaarat ka videshi rin stock maarchaant 2012 ke 360.8 billion Amreeki dollar ke mukaabale maarchaant 2013 mein 404.9 billion Amreeki dollar tha. December, 2013 ke ant tak yeh badhkar 426.0 billion Amreeki dollar ho gaya.[2]

rojgaar

Bhaarat mein rojgaar dene mein vibhinn kshetron ka pratishat yogadaan[5] :

kshetr/varsh 1999-2000 2004-05 2011-12
praathamik (krushi aadi) 59.9 58.5 48.9
dviteeyak (udyog aadi) 16.4 18.2 24.3
truteeyak (sevaaeain) 23.7 23.3 26.9

kar pranaali

Bhaarat ke kendra sarkaar dvaara arjit aay[6] :

aaainkade karod rupayon mein not: 1 karod = 10 million

not- yog mein antar "anya" karon ke kaaran hai.

Head 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
vyaktigat aayakar 122475 139069 164485 196512 237789
nigam kar 244725 298688 322816 356326 394677
kul pratyaksh kar 367648 438477 488113 553705 633473
custom 83324 135813 149328 165346 172132
eksaaij 102991 137701 144901 175845 169469
seva kar (service tax) 58422 71016 97509 132601 154630
kul apratyaksh kar 244737 344530 391738 473792 496231
kul kar raajasv 624528 793072 889177 1036235 1133832

raajasahaayata (subsidy)

Bhaarat mein raajasahaayata praapt pramukh madon ki soochi tatha 2013-14 ke aaainkade va 2014-15 ke bajat praavadhaan is prakaar hain[7]:

mad 2014-15
(bajat praavadhaan)
2013-14
(July 2014 ke sanshodhit anumaan)
urvarak subsidy 67970.30 67971.50
khaadya subsidy 115000.00 92000.00
paitroliym subsidy 63426.95 85480.00
b‍aayaaj subsidy 8462.88 8174.85
an‍aaya subsidy 847.49 1889.90

2008-09 ke baad se kendreeya raajasv ghaate mein badhat karaane vaale pradhaan kaaranon mein se ek kaaran sabsidiyon ka uttarottar badhte jaana raha hai. lekha mahaaniyantrak (seejeee) ke anantim vaastavik aankadon ke anusaar, 2013-14 mein pradhaan sabsidiyon ka yog 2,47,596 karod rupae tha. sabsidiyon mein teevr vruddhi hui hai jo 2007-08 mein s.gh.u. ke 1.42 pratishat se badhti hui 2012-13 mein s.gh.u. ke 2.56 pratishat ho gayi, 2013-14 (sanshodhit anumaan) ke anusaar yeh s.gh.u. ka 2.26 pratishat thi. urvarak subsidy ka anshat: viniyantran hua hai, isi prakaar petrol ki keematein viniyantrit kar di gayi hain tatha diesel ki keematon mein 50 paise prati liter ki maasik badhotri karaayi ja rahi hai.

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. a aa "prati vyakti aay". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 25 July 2014. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=29260. abhigman tithi: 28 July 2014.
  2. a aa i E u oo A ai O au "aarthik sarvekshan, arthavyavastha ki sthiti". vitt mantraalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. July 2014. http://indiabudget.nic.in/es2013-14/hchap-01.pdf. abhigman tithi: July 2014.
  3. a aa "Bhaarat bana duniya ki teesari sabse badi ikaunami". navabhaarat taaims. 30 April 2014. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/business/business-news/india-displaces-japan-to-become-third-largest-world-economy-in-terms-of-ppp-world-bank/businessarticleshow/34389534.cms. abhigman tithi: 30 April 2014.
  4. angas maidisn (Angus Maddison) 'the vard ikanaumi : a ilenial paraspektiv'
  5. rangaraajan see॰, seema aur i॰aema॰ vibeesh (2014), 'devalpameints in di varkafors bitveen 2009-10 end 2011-12, ikanaamik end pauleetikl weekly, vaalyoom XLIX (23)A
  6. kendreeya bajat dastaavej aur lekha mahaaniyantrak (seejeee).
  7. "raajasahaayata mein kami". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 11julaai 2014. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=28835. abhigman tithi: 12 July 2014.
Bhaarat ko aajaad hue 68 saal ho chuke hain aur is dauraan bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ki dasha mein zabardast badlaav aaya hai| audyogik vikaas ne arthavyavastha ka huliya hi badal diya hai. aaj Bhaarat ki ginti duniya ki sabse teji se badhti arthavyavasthaaon mein hoti hai. vishv ki arthavyavastha ko chalaane mein Bhaarat ki bhoomika badhta ja raha hai. IT sector mein poori duniya Bhaarat ka loha maanati hai. aaj Bhaarat ka hauva poori duniya mein kyon hai javaab jaanane ke liye nazar daalte hain kuchh aaainkadon par. is saal pesh kiye gaye aarthik sarvekshan mein varsh mein Bhaarat mein 8.1 pratishat vikaas dar ki baat kahi gayi thi.
 bhaarateeya rijrv bank ne April mein apni vaarshik neeti par jaari bayaan mein Bhaarat mein varsh mein vikaas dar 7.5-8.0 feesadi ke beech rahane ki ummeed jataai hai. 27 October 06 ko khtm hue saptaah mein videshi mudra bhandaar kareeb 167.092 arab dollar tak pahuainch gaya. sone ka bhandaar 6.202 arab dollar tak pahuainch gaya hai. kabhi videshi sansthaanon se karj lene vaale Bhaarat ne varsh 2003 mein antararaashtreeya mudra kosh ko karj dene ki ghoshana ki. varsh mein pratyaksh videshi nivesh mein 33.8 feesadi ki vruddhi hui. haal hi mein sanyukt raashtra ne bhi ek report jaari ki hai jismein kaha gaya hai ki agale do saalon tak Bhaarat mein aath feesadi ki dar se vikaas hota rahega audyogik kshetr mein aath to seva kshetr mein 8.5 pratishat ki vikaas dar rahegi. Bhaarat ki arthavyavastha mein sabse zyaada vikaas hua hai udyog aur seva kshetr mein. varsh mein dasveen panch varsheeya yojana shuroo hone ke baad se in donon kshetron mein saalaana saat feesadi ya usase zyaada ki dar se vikaas hua hai. bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ke majabut hone ka ek aur pramaan jaani-maani antararaashtreeya kansalteinsi sanstha praaisavaatarahaaus koopars ya peedablyoosi ki ek report kehti hai ki 2005 se 2050 ke beech cheen ki arthavyavastha kaaaakaar doguna ho jaaega. saath hi ismein ye bhi kaha gaya hai ki Bhaarat duniya ki sabse teji se badhti arthavyavastha bana rahega. pi dablyoo si ki report kehti hai ki tak Bhaarat aur braajeel Japan aur Germany ko peechhe chhodkar doosare aur teesare number ki arthavyavastha ban jaaeainge.
 pichhle kuchh saalon mein bhaarateeya arthavyavastha mein kaafi teji I hai. badhti vikaas dar ke alaava bhaarateeya arthavyavastha se jude kai sakaaraatmak pahaloo saamane aae hain. in sakaaraatmak pahalooon mein se ek aham pahaloo hai- bhaarateeya share baajaar mein jaari majbooti ka daur.
 Bhaarat mein March mein share soochakaank raha 6493 joki March 2006 mein 11,280 par pahuainch gaya aur is par pratifl mila 73.7 pratishat. vartamaan me yeh 13,000 ke etihaasik satar ko paar gaya hai. share baajaar ne sirf 16 kaaryadivson mein hi 11 hajaar se 12 hajaar tak ki ooainchaai praapt kar li. is avadhi ke dauraan bhaarateeya share soochakaank ne duniyaan ke anya share soochakaankon ke mukaabale adhik gati praapt ki hai. aaainkadon ke hisaab se ubharate hue share baajaaron mein Bhaarat ka baajaar sabse jordaar pratifl wala saabit ho raha hai. bhaarateeya arthavyavastha me ek aur mahatvapoorn kshetr banking hai. Bhaarat ke teji se viksit hote madhyavarg ke chalte banking khaase munaafe ka kaarobaar ho gayi hai. kul khreedi gayi kaaron ki assi feesadi kaarein krj lekar khreedi ja rahi hain. das saal pehle makaan maalik banane ki ausat aayu 45 saal thi lekin ab ausatan 32 saal ki umr mein hi makaan maalik ban jaate hain kisi bank se liye gaye krj ki badaulat. tamaam nai banking suvidhaaon ka vikaas ho raha hai. kul milaakar banking kshetr ke munaafe aane vaale kuchh saalon mein teji se badheinge.
 Bhaarat mein arabpatiyon ki sankhya teji se badh rahi hai jo yeh dikhaata hai ki vyaapaar aur vaanijya ke kshetr mein desh teji se aage badh raha hai. pratishthit Forbes patrika mein prakaashit ek report ke anusaar arabapatiyo ki sankhya me 15 pratishat ki vrudghi hui hai aur ab kul 793 arabpati hai aur Asia mein Bhaarat agrani bankar ubhara hai. vishv arthavyavastha mein I uchhaal ke kaaran Bhaarat mein arabapatiyo ki sankhya mein record badhotari hui hai. is sarve ke anusaar Bhaarat mein 23 arabpati hain jinke paas bhaarateeya sakal ghareloo utpaad ka 16 pratishat hissa hai. iska yeh arth nikaala ja sakta hai ki bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ki sehat behtar ho rahi hai. ikaunaumik times ke bureau cheef MK venu ka maanana hai ki Bhaarat me pehle se kaheen jyaada avsar upalabdh hain.
 pichhle kuchh saalon mein krushi kshetr mein vikaas dar do se teen pratishat ke beech rahi hai. varsh 2002-03 mein krushi kshetr mein vikaas dar shoonya se bhi kam thi. 2003-04 mein ismein zabardast uchhaal aaya aur ye 10 feesadi ho gayi lekin 2004-05 mein vikaas dar fir ludhak gayi aur aisi ludhki ki 0.7 feesadi ho gayi. aarthik pragati mein is visangati ko kendra sarkaar bhi sveekaar karti hai. keindreeya vitt raajya mantri pavan Kumar bansal kehte hain, “akrushi peechhe hai ismein koi do rai naheen. agar vikaas dar ko 10 feesadi karna hai to krushi mein bhi chaar feesadi ki dar se vikaas karna hoga.”
 Bhaarat mein logon ko rojgaar avsar muhaiya karavaane, kisaanon ki sthiti behtar banaane aur niryaat badhaane mein baagavaani kshetr ka bada haath hai. varsh 2003-04 mein falon aur sabjion ki paidaavaar mein Bhaarat vishv mein doosare number par tha. falon, foolon aur sabjiyon ki kheti mein niryaat mein bhi kaafi sanbhanaaeain hain.
 varsh 2006 ke March maheene mein Britain ka aam bajat pesh kiya gaya. bajat mein britaani vitt mantri ke bhaashan ka ek mukhya ansh kuchh yooain tha. “aBhaarat aur cheen se milne waali kadi pratispardha ka matlab hai ki ham haath par haath dhar kar naheen baithe rah sakte” isse pehle Amreeki raashtrapati bush ne bhi apne aham raashtreeya bhaashan mein kaha, “aham haath par haath dhar kar naheen baith sakte. duniya ki arthavyavastha mein ham Bhaarat aur cheen jaise nae pratiyogi dekh rahe hain.”
 udyogo mein mainyoofaikchiring, khanan aur bijli kshetr agrani rahe hain. jabki seva kshetr ki baat karein to ismein mote taur par teen kshetr aage hain- banking, beema aur reeyal aistet jinmein 9.5 feesadi ke dar se vikaas hua hai. lekin audyogik vikaas ke baavajood in 59 saalon mein ek tathya jo naheen badla hai vo ye ki aaj bhi Bhaarat ke 65 se 70 feesadi log roji-roti ke liye krushi aur krushi aadhaarit kaamon par nirbhar hain.
 ek or honge seva kshetr aur videshi nivesh jaise pahaloo jahaaain maahaul sakaaraatmak hai. doosari taraf hai madhyam varg ki arthavyavastha jimsein apaar sanbhaavanaaeain hain lekin kai tarah ki pareshaaniyaaain bhi hain aur teesare star par hai ek aisa varg jiska oopar ke do vargon se koi lena dena naheen hai, unki samasyaaeain shaayad vaisi ki vaisi rahane waali hain.
 audyogik aur seva kshetr mein vikaas ki badaulat Bhaarat mein vikaas ki gaadi teji se daud to rahi hai lekin abhi bhi uske saamane kai tarah ki chunautiyaaain hain. Bhaarat mein kai jagahon mein ab bhi sadak, bijli, paani aur svaasthaya jaisi moolabhoot jrooraton ki kami hai aur ye tasveer sirf gaaainvon ki hi naheen- Delhi,bangalaur aur mumbai jaise shaharon ki bhi hai. in moolabhoot jrooraton ke abhaav mein udyog aur seva sector mein jaari vikaas itni hi gati se barkaraar rah paaega ye bhi ek bada savaal hai. lihaaja frraate se daud rahe vikaas ke ghode ko agar lambe race ka ghoda banana hai to aadhaarbhoot dhaaainche, sadak, bijli aur paani jaisi moolabhoot jrooraton ki sahi khuraak sahi samay par ise dete rahana hoga