bhaarateeya adhiraajya

bhaaratiya adhiraajya
Dominion of India
(domeeniyn of India)
British Raj Red Ensign.svg
1947-1950 Flag of India.svg
ध्वज कुल चिन्ह
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan
jan gan man
shaahi taraana
gaaaid sev the King
angreji: God save the King
rajdhani nai Delhi
sarkaar samvaidhaanik raajatantr
shaasak
- 1936-1950 jaurj (shashtham)
Governor-general(mahaaraajyapaal)
- 1947-1948 laaaird maauntabaitan
- 1948-1950 chakravarti raajaagopaalaachaari
pradhaanamantri, (poorvat: raajyasachiv)
- 1947-1950 javaaharalaal Nehru
vidhaayika sanvidhaanasabha
aitihaasik yug madhya 20veen sadi, sheet yuddh
- bhaaratiya svatantrata adhiniyam 15 August, 1947
- pratham Bhaarat-Pak yuddh 1947 22 akatoovar 1947
- samvidhaan ka pravartan 26 January, 1950
kshetr
- 1950 32 km² ( sq mi)
mudra bhaaratiya rupaya

Bhaarat adhiraajya, maujooda Bhaarat(arthaat Bhaarat ganaraajya) ki sankramanakaaleen avastha thi. yeh 3 saal tak; 1947 se 1950 mein samvidhaan ke pravartan tak, astitv mein rahi thi. rah mool roop se Bhaarat mein british-upanivaishik shaasin avastha se svatantr, svaayatt, lokataantrik, bhaaratiya ganaraajya ke beech ki asthaai shaasan athva raajya thi. ise aadhikaarik roop se hindi mein Bhaarat adhiraajya evam angreji mein domeeniyn of India(angreji: Dominion of India) kaha jaata tha. san 1947 mein britaaniyaai sansad mein bhaaratiya svatantrata adheeniym paarit hone ke baad, adhikaarik taur par, yoonaaited kingadam ki sarkaar ne Bhaarat par apni prabhuta tyaag di aur Bhaarat mein svashaasan athva Swaraj laagoo kar diya. iske saath hi british Bhaarat(british-bhaaratiya upanivesh) ka ant ho gaya aur Bhaarat kainada aur Australia ki hi tarah ek svaayattyopanivesh(domeeniyn) ban gaya, (arthaat british saamraajya mein hi svaayattya ikaai). british sansad ke Bhaarat-sambandhit saare vidhaanaadhikaaron ko (1945 mein gathit) Bhaarat ki samvidhaan sabha ke adhikaar mein saunp diya gaya, Bhaarat, british-raashtramandal pradesh ka sahapad sadasya bhi ban gaya saath hi Britain ke raaja ne Bhaarat ke samraat ka shaahi khitaab tyaag diya. british svayattayopanivesh evam rashtramandal pradesh ka hissa hone ke naate ingalaind ke raaja jyaurj (shashtham) ko Bhaarat ka raashtraadhyaksh banaaya gaya evam aanya raashtramandal deshon ki tarah hi bhaaratiya laihaje mein unhein Bhaarat ke raaja ki upaadi se navaaja gaya(yeh pad keval naam-maatr evam shishtaachaar ke liye tha), Bhaarat mein unka pratinidhitv Bhaarat ke mahaaraajyapaal(gavaranar-general) ke dvaara hota tha. 1950 mein samvidhaan ke laagoo hone ke saath hi Bhaarat ek poornat: svatantr ganaraajya ban gaya aur saath hi Bhaarat ke raaja ke pad ko hamesha ke liye sthagit kar diya gaya, aur Bhaarat ke sanvandhaan dvara sthaapit lokataantrik prakruya dvaara chune gaye Bhaarat ke mahaamahin raashtrapati ke pad se badal diya gaya. is beech Bhaarat mein do mahaaraajyapaalon ko niyukt kiya gaya, mahaamahin mahaaraajyapaal laaaird maauntabaitan aur mahaamahin mahaaraajyapaal chakravarti raajaagopaalaachaari.

anukram

itihaas

Bhaarat mein british-upaniveshik-kaal ke dairaan svashaasan va Swaraj ki maangein kai baar uthati raheen par british sarkaar ne in maangon ko har baar khaarij kar diya va saare aandolanon ko bal dvaara dabaane ki koshish karti rahi. parantoo 1920 ke dashak mein Swaraj ke liye shuroo hue is aandolan ko poorn-Swaraj mein parivrtit hone mein der naheen lagi. tamaam utaar-chadhaavon ke baad kareeb 30 varshon ke baad 1947 angrej sarkaar ne Bhaarat ko Swaraj pradaan karne ka faisala kar liya. mahaatma Gandhi dvaara shuroo kiye gaye namak satyaagrah ki saflata va use mile vishaal janasamarthan ke baad angrej sarkaar samajh gayi thi ki Bhaarat ko jyaada samay tak ab videshi-niyantran mein rakhana asambhav tha, aur svatantrata keval samay ki baat rah gayi thi. kaungres dvaara kiye gaye poorn-Swaraj ghoshana, british-bhaaratiya nausena ka vidroh aur dviteeya vishvayuddh ke baad Britain mein I aarthik-mandi ne aakhri keel ka kaam kiya. 1947 mein Britain ki sansad mein bhaaratiya svatantrata adheeniym ke paarit hone ke baad, british sarkaar ne Bhaarat par adhiptyata tyaag di aur isi ke saath Bhaarat mein Swaraj ki sthaapana hui. iske baad, british kaanoonan prakriya ke tahat Bhaarat ko british-upanivesh se british-svaayattayopanivesh(domeeniyn) ka daraja de diya gaya. jiske baad, kaanoon taur par Bhaarat ek svaayattaya evam svatantr raashtra ban gaya evam prakriya-svaroop Bhaarat, british-raashtramandal pradesh ka hissa ban gaya aur aanya raashtramandal pradeshon ki tarah Britain ke raaja, jaurj shashtham ko Bhaarat ka raashtraadhyaksh bana diya gaya, jiske tahat bhaaratiya kaanoonan taihaje mein unhein Bhaarat ke raaja ka paaramparik evam nam-maatr ke pad se sammaanit kiya gaya. Bhaarat mein unka pratinidhitv Bhaarat ke mahaaraajyapaal(Governor-general) dvaara hota tha, jinhein "Bhaarat ke raaja" ka saara kaaryaadhikaar haasil tha. 1950 mein samvidhaan ko sanvidhaanasabha ki sveekruti mil gayi aur 26 January 1950 ko samvidhaan ke paravartan ke saath hi Bhaarat ek svatantr ganaraajya ban gaya aur aadhiraajakiya vyavastha ko samvidhaan dvaara ganaraajakiya vyavastha se badal diya gaya. Bhaarat ke raaja va mahaaraajyapl ke pad ko samaapt kar diya gaya evam lokataantrik roop se chune hue Bhaarat ke mahaamahin raashtrapati ko raashtraadhyaksh bana diya gaya.

raajatantrik vyavastha evam kaaryapranaali

Bhaarat ke Governor-general ka vyaktigat dhvaj

adhiraajakeeya raajatantrik vyavastha mein saare svaayattyopaniveshon (ya adhiraajya) ka keval ek hi naresh evam ek hi raajagharaana hota hai, arthaat saare adhiraajyon par ek hi vyakti (samraat, naresh raaja ya shaasak) ka raaj hota hai. yeh naresh, har ek adhiraajya par saamaanya adhikaar rakhata hai evam har adhiraajya mein samvaidhaanik va kaanoonan roop se use raashtraadhyaksh ka darja praapt hota hai. yeh hone ke baavajood saare adhiraajya svatantr evam tathyasvaroop svatantr rahate hain kyonki har desh mein apni khud ki svatantr sarkaar hoti hai aur naresh ka pad keval paramparaagat evam kathaasvaroop ka hota hai. shaasak ka sampoorn kaaryabhaar evam kaaryaadhikaar us desh ke mahaaraajyapaal ke niyantran me rahata hai jise tathyasvaroop sarkaar dvaara niyukt kiya jaata hai. is tarah ki vyavastha saarthak roop se british saamraajya va british-raashtramandal pradeshon(Britain, kainada, Australia, adi) va poorv british adhiraajyon ki shaasan pranaali mein dekhi ja sakti hai. Bhaarat mein is kshanik svayatyopaniveshiya kaal mein isi tarah ki shaasan pranaali rahi thi. is beech Bhaarat mein vidhaanapaaliki ka poora kaaryabhaar sanvidhaanasabha par tha va kaaryapaalika ka mukhiya Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri the. is beech Bhaarat par keval ek; raaja jaaairj (shashtham) ka raaj raha, evam do mahaarajyapaalon va ek pradhaanamantri ki niyukti hui.

Bhaarat ke nareshon ki soochi

vindasaaair raajagharaana
tasaveer naam janmatithi mrutyutithi padagrahan ki tithi padatyaag ki tithi vivran
King George VI.jpg mahaaraaj jaaairj (shashtham) 14 December 1895 6 fravari 1952 15 August 1947 26 January 1950 Bhaarat ke raaja pad ke ekamaatr prabhaari

Bhaarat ke mahaaraajyapaalon ki soochi

naam chitr padagrahan ki tithi padatyaag ki tithi
mahaamahim mahaaraajyapaal, viskaant, barma ke laaaird maauntabaitan Mountbatten.jpg 15 August 1947 21 June 1948
mahaamahin mahaaraajyapaal shri chakravarti raajagopaalaachaari C. Rajagopalachari 1948.jpg 21 June 1948 26 January 1950

Bhaarat adhiraajya ke pradhaanamantriyon ki soochi

naam chitr janmatithi mrutyutithi kaaryaalaya - pravesh kaaryaalaya - tyaag raajanaitik dal
javaaharalaal Nehru Jnehru.jpg 14 November 1889 27 May 1964 15 August 1947 27 May 1964 bhaaratiya raashtriya Congress

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh