bhaarateeya aam chunaav, 2014

Bhaarat mein saamaanya chunaavon ke liye, bhaarateeya chunaav dekhein.
bhaarateeya aam chunaav, 2014
भारत
2009
poorv sadasya
7 April – 12 May 2014
16veen lok sabha ke sadasyon ki soochi
→ 2019

lok sabha ki sabhi 543 seatein
bahumat ke liye chaahiye 272
opiniyn pol
matadaan % 66.38 %
pehli party doosari party
CM Narendra Damodardas Modi.jpg Rahulgandhi.jpg
neta Narendra Modi Rahul Gandhi
party bhaarateeya janta party bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress
gathabandhan raashtreeya janataantrik gathabandhan sanyukt pragatisheel gathabandhan
neta bane 10 June 2013 19 January 2013
neta ki seat vadodara, Varanasi amethi
pichhla chunaav 159 seatein, 24.63% 262 seat, 37.22%
seatein jeeteen 336 59
seaton mein badlaav Green Arrow Up Darker.svg204 203
lokapriya mat 171,459,286 106,760,001
pratishat 31.1% 19.4 %
utaar-chadhaav Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6.47% Red Arrow Down.svg 17.82 %

Indische Parlamentswahl 2014 Parteien hi.png

bhaarateeya aam chunaav ke parinaam ka maanachitr

pradhaanamantri chunaav se pehle

Manmohan Singh
bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress

nirvaachit pradhaanamantri

Narendra Modi
bhaarateeya janta party

Bhaarat mein solahaveen lok sabha ke liye aam chunaav 7 April se 12 May 2014 tak 9 charanon mein hue. mataganana 16 May ko hui.[1] iske liye Bhaarat ki sabhi sansadeeya kshetron mein vote daale gaye. vartamaan mein pandrahavi lok sabha ka kaaryakaal 31 May 2014 ko khtm ho raha hai.[2] ye chunaav ab tak ke itihaas mein sabse lamba kaaryakram wala chunaav tha. yeh pehli baar hoga, jab desh mein 9 charanon mein Loksabha chunaav hue. nirvaachan aayog ke anusaar 81.45 karod matadaata apne mataadhikaar ka prayog kareinge.[3][4]

sabhi nau charanon mein ausat matadaan 66.38% ke aaspaas raha jo bhaarateeya aam chunaav ke itihaas mein sabse uchchatam hai.[5]chunaav ke parinaam 16 May ko ghoshit kiye gaye. 336 seaton ke saath raashtreeya janataantrik gathabandhan sabse bada dal aur 282 seaton ke saath bhaarateeya janta party sabse badi party bankar ubhari. sanyukt pragatisheel gathabandhan ne 59 seaton par aur Congress ne 44 seaton par jeet haasil ki.[6]

anukram

prushthabhoomi

samvaidhaanik aavashyakta se, lok sabha ke chunaav har paanch saal ki avadhi par aayojit kiye jaane chaahiye. 15 veen Loksabha ke gathan ke liye pichhla chunaav April se May 2009 mein aayojit kiya gaya tha. 15 veen Loksabha ki avadhi 31 May 2014 ko svaabhaavik roop se samaapt ho jaaegi. chunaav ka aayojan Bhaarat nirvaachan aayog dvaara kiya jaata hai. bade chunaavi aadhaar aur suraksha kaaranon ko sambhaalne ke liye chunaav kai charanon mein aayojit kiye jaate hain.

2009 mein pichhle aam chunaav ke baad se, anna hajaare, aravind Kejriwal aur Baba raamadev dvaara bhaarateeya bhrashtaachaar virodhi aandolan ne gati aur raajaneetik hit praapt kiye hain. bhaajapa bhi vibhin vidhaan sabha chunaavon mein bahumat jeetkar aam chunaav ke liye aashaanvit hai. Goa chunaav mein bhaajapa ko bahumat praapt hua aur Punjab mein satta virodhi lahar ki ek parampara ke baavajood jeet haasil ki. haalaanki, bhaajapa uttaraakhand, Himachal pradesh aur Karnataka ke dakshini gadh mein satta kho di.

December 2013 mein aayojit hue chaaron vidhaan sabha chunaavon mein bhaajapa ne jeet praapat ki. bhaajapa ne Delhi mein sabse bade dal ke roop mein ubhari. Congress ko chunaavon hara kar bhaajapa ne Rajasthan mein do-tihaai se jyaada seat praapt ki. madhya pradesh aur Chhattisgarh mein bhaajapa ne teesari baar sarkaar banaai.

aayojan

chunaav kharch ki seema mein vruddhi

prati ummeedavaar chunaav kharch ki seema ko badhne ke prastaav ko bhaarateeya mantrimandal ne manjoori di. bade raajyon mein yeh seema भारतीय रुपया40 lakh se badhaakar भारतीय रुपया70 lakh aur chhote raajyon aur Delhi ko chhodkar sabhi kendra prashasit kshetron mein seema badhaakar भारतीय रुपया54 lakh kar di gayi.[7]

chunaav kaaryakram

bhaarateeya aam chunaav, 2014 ke liye nirvaachan tithiyaaain

5 March 2014 ko mukhya nirvaachan aayukt vi S sanpath ne chunaav kaaryakram ki taareekhon aur taiyaariyon ka ailaan kiya. kul 9 charanon mein mat daale jaaeainge. 7 April ko pehle, 9 April ko doosare, 10 April ko teesare, 12 April ko chauthe, 17 April ko paaainchavein, 24 April ko chhathe, 30 April ko saatavein, 7 May ko aathavein, 12 May ko nauvein charan ka matadaan hoga.[8]

* − chhaatr sangathanon ke band ke kaaran mijoram mein 11 April ko matadaan hua.[10]

dal tatha gathabandhan

raashtreeya janataantrik gathabandhan ke ghatak dal
party seatein ladeen
bhaarateeya janta party 427
telugu desham party 30
shivsena 20
desheeya murapokku Dravid kalagam 14
shiromani akaali dal 10
pattaali makkal kachchi 8
marumalaarchi Dravid munetr kajhagam 7
lok janashakti party 7
raashtreeya lok samata party 3
apna dal 2
Haryana janahit Congress 2
svaabhimaani paksh 2
indhiya jananayaaga kaachi 1
konagunaadu makkal desiya kaachi 1
all India ena॰aaara॰ Congress 1
Republican party of India (athavale) 1
raashtreeya samaaj paksh 1
rivolyooshanari soshalist party (bolshevik) 1
Kerala Congress (raashtravaadi) 1
national people's party 1
naaga people's frant 1
mijo national frant 1
raashtreeya janataantrik gathabandhan 542

13 sitmbar 2013 ko bhaajapa ne Narendra Modi ko pradhaanamantri pad ke liye apne ummeedavaar ke liye naamajad kiya.[11] Congress party ne 17 January 2014 elaan kiya ki Rahul Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi ke bete, Congress ke chunaav abhiyaan ke neta honge. haalaanki, unhein spasht roop se pradhaanamantri pad ke liye ummeedavaar naamit naheen kiya gaya.[12]

bhaajapa ke mukhya sahayogi Maharashtra mein shivsena, Punjab mein shiromani akaali dal, teen tamil paartiyon desiya murapokku Dravid kadgam (deeemadeeke), makkal kaachi paattali (peeemake) aur Dravid munetr kadgam marumalaarchi (emadeeemake) ne Tamil Nadu mein aur Andhra pradesh mein telugu desham party (tedepa) hain. shivsena, shivsena, ek charam hindu raashtravaadi party hai aur shiromani akaali dal, jo paramparaagat sikh party hai, Punjab mein Congress party ki virodhi hai aur bhaajapa ke svaabhaavik sahayogi hain. anya dalon mein yeh maamala naheen hai. telugu desham 2009 ke pichhle chunaav mein vaamapanthi teesare morche ke hisse ke roop mein utari aur 2014 mein raagaj mein shaamil ho kar Andhra pradesh mein sanyukt ummeedavaaron par sahamat ho gayi. bhaajapa ke saath ek samjhaute ke antaragat vartamaan chunaav ki shuruaat se pehle hi yeh sahamati bani. bhaajapa Andhra pradesh ke 42 nirvaachan kshetron mein se 12 par ummeedavaar utaaregi jisme telangaana se aath ummeedavaar honge. Tamil Nadu mein bhaajapa paanch tamil paartiyon ke sahit ek gathabandhan mein shaamil hui. deeemadeeke 14 nirvaachan kshetron par, bhaajapa aur peeemake aath par aur saat par emadeeemake ummeedavaar utaaregi.[13][14][15][16]

mudde

bhrashtaachaar

Bhaarat mein 'bhrashtaachaar' bade paimaane par hai. Bhaarat traansapaireinsi international ke bhrashtaachaar dhaaranaaen soochakaank mein 179 deshon mein se 95 vein sthaan par hai. lekin Bhaarat ke score mein lagaataar sudhaar hua hai jo 2002 mein 2.7 se 2011 mein 3.1 ho gaya.[17] aitihaasik roop se, bhrashtaachaar, bhaarateeya raajaneeti aur naukarashaahi ka ek vyaapak pahaloo ki bhoomika mein hai.[18]

Bhaarat mein bhrashtaachaar ghoos, kar apavanchan aur gaban, aadi ke roop mein upasthit hai. 2009 mein pichhle bhaarateeya aam chunaav ke baad se 2011 bhaarateeya bhrashtaachaar virodhi aandolan aur anna hajaare aur Baba raamadev dvaara anya isi tarah ke aandolanon ke dvaara bhrashtaachaar rokane ke prayaas hue hain.[19] bhrashtaachaar virodhi aandolan ke kaaryakarta anna hajaare dvaara jantar mantar,nai Delhi mein shuroo ki gayi bhookh hadtaal mein bhrashtaachaar ko kam karne ke liye vidhaayi uddeshya ke saath August 2011 mein Bhaarat sarkaar ke maadhyam se jan Lokpal vidheyak ko paarit karne ki shuruaat ki gayi. raamadev ke netrutv mein ek anya uddeshya se Swiss aur anya videshi bankon se kaala dhan ke pratyaavartan ke liye aandolan kiye gaye.

sarvekshan

chunaav poorv sarvekshan

maheena sandarbh sarvekshan sanstha namoone ka aakaar
samprag raajag teemo anya
January-March 2013 [20] times naaoo -seevotar namoone ka aakaar naheen diya 128 184 - -
April-May 2013 [21] hedalaain tude -seevotar 120,000 132 (Modi ke bina)
155 (Modi ke saath)
179(Modi ke bina)
220 (Modi ke saath)
- -
May 2013 [22] ebeepi news -neelasan 33,408 136 206 - -
July 2013 [23] the week - hansa research namoone ka aakaar naheen diya 184 197 - 162
July 2013 [24] seeenaen-aaibeeen aur the hindu seeesadeees ke saath 19,062[25] 149-157 172-180 - 208-224
July 2013 [26] times naaoo -India tude -seevotar 36,914 134 (Congress 119) 156 (bhaajapa 131) - -
August-October 2013 [27] times naaoo -India TV -seevotar 24,284 117 (Congress 102) 186 (bhaajapa 162) - 240
December 2013–janavari 2014 [28] India tude- seevotar 21,792 103 (Congress 91) 212 (bhaajapa 188) - 228
December 2013–janavari 2014 [29] ebeepi news -neelasan 64,006[30] 101 (Congress 81) 226 (bhaajapa 210) - 216
January 2014 [31] seeenaen-aaibeeen -lokaneeti -seeesadeees 18,591[32] 107 - 127
(Congress 92 - 108)
211 - 231
(bhaajapa 192 - 210)
- 205
January-February 2014 [33] times naaoo -India tude -seevotar 14,000[34] 101 (Congress 89) 227 (bhaajapa 202) - 215
February 2014 [30] ebeepi news -neelasan 29,000 92 236 29 186
February 2014 [35] seeenaen-aaibeeen -lokaneeti -seeesadeees 29,000 119 - 139
(Congress 94 - 110)
212 - 232
(bhaajapa 193 - 213)
105 - 193
March 2014 [36] NDTV - hansa research 46,571 129 232 55 130
March 2014 [36] NDTV - hansa research 46,571 123 259 171
March 2014 [37] seeenaen-aaibeeen -lokaneeti -seeesadeees 20,957 111-123 234-246 170-180

chunaav baad sarvekshan

prakaashan tithi sandarbh sarvekshan sanstha
raajag samprag anya
12 May 2014 [38] seeenaen-aaibeeen - lokaneeti - seeesadeees 276 (±a6) 97 (±a5) 148 (±a23)
[39][38] India tude – sisro 272 (±a11) 115 (±a5) 156 (±a6)
[38][40] news 24 – tudej chaanakya 340 (±a14) 70 (±a9) 133 (±a11)
[38] times naaoo – oaaraji 249 148 146
[38][41] ebeepi news – neelasan 274 97 165
[38] India TV – seevotar 289 101 148
14 May 2014 [42][43] NDTV – hansa research 279 103 161

matadaan

charan 1 - 7 April

pehle charan ke matadaan asam ki paanch aur tripura ki ek seat par hue. matadaan pratishat kramash: 72.5 aur 84 feesadi raha.[44]

charan 2 - 9 aur 11 April

naagaalaind mein 82.5%, arunaachal pradesh mein 71%, meghaalaya mein 66% tatha manipur mein 70% logon ne apne mataadhikaar ka prayog kiya.[45][46] chhaatr sangathanon ke band ke kaaran mijoram mein chunaav 11 April tak tal gaya.[10] yahaaain par 60% logon ne apne mataadhikaar ka prayog kiya.[47]

charan 3 - 10 April

teesare charan ka matadaan 10 April ko 91 seaton par hua. Kerala mein 76%, Delhi mein 64%, madhya pradesh mein 55.98%, Maharashtra mein 54.13%, uttar pradesh mein 65%, Haryana mein 73%, Jharkhand mein 58% tatha Jammu mein 66.29% matadaan hua.[48]

charan 4 - 12 April

chauthe charan mein Goa mein 75%, asam mein 75%, tripura mein 81.8% tatha sikkim mein 76% matadaan hua.[49]

charan 5 - 17 April

is charan mein 121 seaton par matadaan hua. uttar pradesh mein 62%, pashchim Bengal mein 80%, Orissa mein 70% se jyaada, Jammu aur Kashmir mein 69%, madhya pradesh mein 54% aur Jharkhand mein 62% matadaan hua. Maharashtra mein 61.7%, manipur mein 74%, Karnataka mein 65%, Rajasthan mein 63.25%, Chhattisgarh mein 63.44% aur Bihar mein 56% matadaan hua.[50]

charan 6 - 24 April

is charan mein 117 seaton par matadaan hua. uttar pradesh ki 12 seaton mein 58.58%, Rajasthan ki 5 seaton mein 59.2%, Jammu aur Kashmir ki 1 seat mein 28%, Tamil Nadu ki sabhi 39 seaton mein 72.8%, Bihar ki 7 seaton mein 60%, Maharashtra ki 19 seaton mein 55.33%, pashchim Bengal ki 6 seaton mein 82%, asam ki 6 seaton mein 77.05%, madhya pradesh ki 10 seaton mein 64.4%, Jharkhand ki 4 seaton mein 63.4% puduchcheri ki ekamaatr seat mein 82.13% aur Chhattisgarh ki 7 seaton mein 63.44% matadaan hua.. chhathavein charan ke saath hi mapr, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Jharkhand ki sabhi seaton ke liye matadaan poora ho chuka hai. iske saath hi 349 seaton par matadaan ho chuka hai.[51]

charan 7 - 30 April

is charan mein 89 seaton par matadaan hua. chunaav aayog ke anusaar Gujarat ki sabhi 26 seaton ke liye hue matadaan mein kul 62 pratishat vote pade. nav gathit raajya telangaana ki sabhi 17 seaton ke liye kul 70 pratishat vote pade hain. Punjab ki 13 seaton ke liye kul 73 pratishat matadaan hua hai. uttar pradesh ki 14 seaton ke liye hue matadaan mein 57.1 pratishat mat pade. Bihar ki saat seaton ke liye 57.74 pratishat matadaan hua hai. pashchim Bengal ki nau seaton par kul 81.35 pratishat matadaan hua hai. Jammu aur Kashmir ki shreenagar seat par 25.62 pratishat, daadara aur nagar haveli seat par 85 pratishat aur daman aur deev seat par 76 pratishat matadaan hua hai.[52]]

charan 8 - 7 May

is charan mein kul 64 seaton par matadaan hua. chunaav aayog ke anusaar pashchim Bengal mein 80.51% matadaan darj kiya gaya. Andhra pradesh ke seemaanndhr kshetr ki 25 seaton par 76%, uttar pradesh ki 15 seaton par 55.52%, Bihar ki saat seaton par 58%, Jammu aur Kashmir ki do seaton par 50% matadaan hua. uttaraakhand ki sabhi paanch seaton par 62% aur Himachal pradesh ki sabhi chaar seaton par 65% matadaan hua. aathavein charan ke saath hi 16veen Loksabha ki 543 mein se 502 seaton ke liye yaani 92 feesadi matadaan sampann ho gaya hai.[53]

charan 9 - 12 May

is charan mein kul 41 seaton par matadaan hua. chunaav aayog ke anusaar uttar pradesh ki 18 seaton par ausatan 54.21 feesad matadaan hua. pashchim Bengal ki 17 seaton par 79.96 feesadi matadaan hua. Bihar mein Loksabha chunaav ke chhathe aur antim charan ke tahat chhah sansadeeya seaton ke liye aaj sampann matadaan ke dauraan 56.67 feesadi matadaataaon ne apne mataadhikaar ka upayog kiya, jo 2009 ke Loksabha chunaav ki tulana mein kareeb 12 pratishat adhik raha. iske saath hi matadaan ke sabhi charan samaapt ho gaye. is baar chunaav ke sabhi nau charanon mein kul milaakar 66.38 feesadi matadaan hua, jo Loksabha chunaavon mein ab tak ka sarvaadhik matadaan hai. pichhla sarvaadhik matadaan 1984 mein darj kiya gaya tha jab 64.01 pratishat matadaataaon ne apne mataadhikaar ka istemaal kiya tha. 2009 ke aam chunaav mein 58.19 feesadi vote pade the.[54]

parinaam

16 May 2014 ko hui mataganana ke anusaar bhaajapa 281 seatein praapt keen. yeh sankhya 545 sadasyeeya Loksabha mein aadhi sankhya yaani 272 se adhik hai. Loksabha ke 543 sadasyon ka nirvaachan hota hai, jabki do sadasyon ko naamit kiya jaata hai. bhaarateeya janta party ke netrutv mein raajag 336 seaton par jeet haasil ki. bhaajapa ne pichhle 30 varshon ke dauraan Loksabha chunaav mein apne dam par bahumat haasil karne waali pehli party ban kar ubhari hai.[55]

336 147 60
raajag anya dal samprag
party bhaajapa Congress edeeemake Trinamool Congress basapa sapa
neta Narendra Modi Rahul Gandhi jayalalita mamata Bannerjee maayaavati mulaayam Singh Yadav
CM Narendra Damodardas Modi.jpg Rahulgandhi.jpg Jayalalithaa.jpg Mamata banerjee.jpg
vote pratishat 31.0%,171637684 19.3%,106935311 3.3%,18115825 3.8%,21259681 4.1%,22944841 3.8%,21259681
seatein 282 (51.9%) 44 (8.1%) 37 (6.8%) 34 (6.2%) 0 (0.0%) 5 (0.9%)
282 / 543
44 / 543
37 / 543
34 / 543
0 / 543
5 / 543


Circle frame.svg

vibhinn dalon ka mat pratishat █a█ bhaajapa (31.0%)█a█ Congress (19.3%)█a█ basapa (4.1%)█a█ trukaan (3.8%)█a█ sapa (3.4%)█a█ annaadramuk (3.3%)█a█ maakapa (3.3%)█a█ anya (31.8%)

party seatein jeeteen[56] badlaav mat pratishat badlaav
bhaarateeya janta party 282 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg166 31.0% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg12.2%
bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress 44 Red Arrow Down.svg162 19.3% Red Arrow Down.svg9.3%
all India anna Dravid munetr kadgam 37 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg28 3.3% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.6%
sarvabhaarateeya Trinamool Congress 34 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg15 3.8% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.6%
Biju janta dal 20 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6 1.7% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.1%
shivsena 18 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7 1.9% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.3%
telugu desham party 16 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg10 2.5% -
telangaana raashtra samiti 11 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg9 1.2% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.6%
bhaarateeya communist party (maarksavaadi) 9 Red Arrow Down.svg7 3.2% Red Arrow Down.svg2.1%
vaaiesaaar Congress party 9 nai party 2.5% nai party
raashtravaadi Congress party 6 Red Arrow Down.svg3 1.6% Red Arrow Down.svg0.4%
lok janashakti party 6 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg6 0.4% Red Arrow Down.svg0.1%
samaajavaadi party 5 Red Arrow Down.svg18 3.4% -
aam aadmi party 4 nai party 2.0% nai party
raashtreeya janta dal 4 - 1.3% -
shiromani akaali dal 4 - 0.7% Red Arrow Down.svg0.3%
all India United democratic frant 3 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 0.4% Red Arrow Down.svg0.1%
raashtreeya lok samata party 3 nai party 0.2% nai party
Jammu aur Kashmir people's democratic party 3 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3 N/A N/A
janta dal (United) 2 Red Arrow Down.svg18 1.1% Red Arrow Down.svg0.4%
janta dal (secular) 2 Red Arrow Down.svg1 0.7% Red Arrow Down.svg0.1%
Indian national lokadal 2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 0.5% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.2%
Jharkhand mukti morcha 2 - 0.3% Red Arrow Down.svg0.1%
Indian union muslim league 2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 0.2% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.2%
apna dal 2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 0.2% -
bhaarateeya communist party 1 Red Arrow Down.svg3 0.8% Red Arrow Down.svg0.6%
pattaali makkal kachchi 1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 0.3% Red Arrow Down.svg0.2%
rivolyooshanari soshalist party 1 Red Arrow Down.svg1 0.3% Red Arrow Down.svg0.1%
svaabhimaani paksh 1 - 0.2% Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.1%
naaga people's frant 1 - 0.2% -
nirdaleeya 3 Red Arrow Down.svg6 3.0% Red Arrow Down.svg2.2%
anya dal 5
kul 543

2014 ke Loksabha chunaav ki vishishtataaeain

  • sarvaadhik matadaan (66.4%)
  • sabse adhik khrcheela
  • ameriki raashtrapati ke chunaav ki tarj par lada gaya. bhaajapa ne Narendra Modi ko pradhaan mantri ka pratyaashi ghoshit kiya tha.
  • sarvaadhik mahilaaeain vijayi (61)
  • uttar Bhaarat ke kshetreeya dalon (sapa, basapa, jadayoo, aarajedi aadi) ki abhootapoorv paraajaya. basapa ko ek bhi seat naheen.
  • 1952 ko chhodakar sabse kam musalmaan saansad (22). uttar pradesh sahit 27 raajya aur kendra shaasit pradeshon mein se ek bhi muslim ummeedavaar Loksabha naheen pahunch saka. 1962 ke baad se hue aam chunaavon ke baad se yeh sankhya sabse kam hai haalaanki 1952 ke pehle aam chunaav mein keval 11 musalmaan hi jeete the.
  • bhaajapa ko ab tak ki sarvaadhik seatein (282), apne dam par saadhaaran bahumat praapt kiya.
  • Congress ko ab tak ka sabse kam seatein (44)

sandarbh

  1. "9 charanon mein honge chunaav, 16 May ko voton ki ginti". navabhaarat times. 5 March 2014. http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/lok-sabha-2014/lok-sabha-elections-in-9-phases-from-apr-7-to-may-12-results-may-16/election2014articleshow/31458532.cms.
  2. "Terms of Houses, Election Commission of India". http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/terms_of_houses.aspx. abhigman tithi: 10 June 2013.
  3. "Number of Registered Voters in India reaches 814.5 Mn in 2014". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. http://news.biharprabha.com/2014/02/number-of-registered-voters-in-india-reaches-814-5-mn-in-2014/. abhigman tithi: 23 fravari 2014.
  4. "bhaarateeya aam chunaav, 2014". http://www.mapsofindia.com/parliamentaryconstituencies/.
  5. Kumar, biml (13 May 2014). "Loksabha chunaav 2014 mein record 66.38% matadaan". ji news. http://zeenews.india.com/hindi/news/lok-sabha-elections-2014/ls-polls-live-voting-continues-in-41-constituencies-in-up-bihar-and-wb-all-eyes-on-varanasi-seat-23-/209279. abhigman tithi: 15 May 2014.
  6. GENERAL ELECTION TO LOK SABHA TRENDS & RESULT 2014, Election Commission of India
  7. "chunaav kharch ki seema 40 se 70 lakh hui". 28 fravari 2014. http://www.jagran.com/news/national-cabinet-approves-ec-proposal-for-rise-in-poll-expenditure-of-candidates-11125751.html.
  8. "9 charanon mein honge chunaav, 16 May ko hoga nateejon ka ailaan". aaibeeen 7. 5 March 2014. http://khabar.ibnlive.in.com/news/116927/12/4.
  9. "General Elections – 2014 : Schedule of Elections" (peedeeef). 5 March 2014. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/current/Press%20Note%20GE-2014_05032014.pdf. abhigman tithi: 5 March 2014.
  10. a aa "mijoram mein ab 11 April ko chunaav". IANS. NDTV India. April 8, 2014. http://khabar.ndtv.com/news/election/now-mizoram-to-vote-on-april-11-384969. abhigman tithi: April 9, 2014.
  11. B. Muralidhar Reddy (2013-09-17). "It's official: Modi is BJP's choice". the hindu. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bjp-announces-modi-as-prime-ministerial-candidate/article5124375.ece.
  12. "India's Rahul Gandhi to lead poll campaign". aljazeera.com. 2014-01-17. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2014/01/india-rahul-gandhi-lead-poll-campaign-2014116195641613141.html.
  13. Prasad Nichenametla (2014-04-06). "TDP back in NDA, ties up with BJP for Andhra polls". the hindoostan Times. http://www.hindustantimes.com/elections2014/state-of-the-states/day-before-india-goes-to-polls-bjp-seals-alliance-with-tdp/article1-1204816.aspx.
  14. "Elections 2014: Telugu Desam Party-Bharatiya Janata Party set to seal the deal". Deccan Chroncle. 2014-04-06. http://www.deccanchronicle.com/140406/nation-politics/article/elections-2014-telugu-desam-party-bharatiya-janata-party-set-seal.
  15. Aswathy (2014-03-21). "Tamil Nadu: BJP teams up with DMDK, PMK, MDMK". news.oneindia.in. http://news.oneindia.in/india/tamil-nadu-bjp-teams-up-with-dmdk-pmk-mdmk-1415210.html.
  16. Sandhya Jain (2014-03-25). "BJP set to win big in Tamil Nadu". Niti Central. http://www.niticentral.com/2014/03/25/bjp-set-to-win-big-in-tamil-nadu-203387.html.
  17. Believe it or not! India is becoming less corrupt. CNN-IBN. 26 September 2007.
  18. [1]
  19. "Loksabha election 2014 predictions Survey — Opinion Poll". Seekers Find .in. 28 January 2013. http://www.seekersfind.in/loksabha-election-2014-prediction-survey/. abhigman tithi: 31 July 2013.
  20. "2014 Lok Sabha polls: Big losses to UPA, no gain for NDA, survey finds". times of India. 17 April 2013. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-04-17/india/38614880_1_ysr-congress-trinamool-congress-160-seats. abhigman tithi: 11 June 2013.
  21. "Narendra Modi is NDA's trump card for 2014 Lok Sabha polls, reveals Headlines Today C-Voter survey". India tude. 21 May 2013. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/narendra-modi-2014-lok-sabha-polls-headlines-today-c-voter-survey-nda-trump-card-india-today/1/272341.html. abhigman tithi: 31 July 2013.
  22. yeh saamagri intaranet se hata di gayi hai ise "http://www.newsbullet.in/india/34-more/42023-upa-set-for-a-crushing-defeatsurvey" par dekha ja sakta hai. is jaalasthal ka naam pehle newsbullet.in tha.
  23. "Lok Sabha polls 2014: Narendra Modi top choice for PM, beats Rahul Gandhi, says survey". Indian express. 4 July 2013. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/lok-sabha-polls-2014-narendra-modi-top-choice-for-pm-beats-rahul-gandhi-says-survey/1137756/. abhigman tithi: 31 July 2013.
  24. "Poll tracker". seeenaen-aaibeeen. 26 July 2013. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/poll-tracker-nda-to-win-172180-seats-upa-149157-others-147155/409672-37-64.html. abhigman tithi: 26 July 2013.
  25. "Survey Methodology". chennai, Bhaarat: the hindu. 22 July 2013. http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/note-on-methodology/article4941444.ece. abhigman tithi: 25 July 2013.
  26. "2014 Poll survey projects NDA making significant gains". the ikanomik times. 29 July 2013. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/poll-survey-projects-nda-making-significant-gains/articleshow/21465407.cms. abhigman tithi: 29 July 2013.
  27. "Congress 102, BJP 162; UPA 117, NDA 186: C-Voter Poll". outlook. http://blogs.outlookindia.com/default.aspx?ddm=10&pid=3061&eid=31. abhigman tithi: 17 October 2013.
  28. "NDA may win over 200 seats as Modi's popularity soars further: India Today Mood of the Nation opinion poll : North, News - India Today". India tude. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/nda-may-win-over-200-seats-as-modis-popularity-soars-further-india-today-mood-of-the-nation-opinion-poll/1/339374.html. abhigman tithi: 23 January 2013.
  29. "ABP News nationwide opinion poll: NDA clear winner with 226, UPA stuck at 101". Abpnews. http://www.abplive.in/incoming/2014/01/25/article254065.ece/ABP-News-nationwide-opinion-poll-NDA-clear-winner-with-226-UPA-stuck-at-101#.UuPtGKy6bcc. abhigman tithi: 25 January 2013.
  30. a aa "Modi-led NDA way ahead than UPA, to win 236 seats in LS polls 2014: ABP News-Nielsen Opinion Poll". Abp news. 2014-02-22. http://www.abplive.in/india/2014/02/22/article267206.ece/Modi-led-NDA-way-ahead-than-UPA-to-win-236-seats-in-LS-polls-2014-ABP-News-Nielsen-Opinion-Poll#.Uwi8xWKSwZM. abhigman tithi: 2014-02-22.
  31. "Poll tracker: NDA to get 211-231, UPA distant second with 107-127". aaibeeen live. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/poll-tracker-nda-to-get-211231-upa-distant-second-with-107127/447602-37-64.html. abhigman tithi: 24 January 2013.
  32. "Methodology of Lokniti-IBN Tracker Round II". lokaneeti. http://www.lokniti.org/tracker-poll-round-2.php. abhigman tithi: 24 January 2013.
  33. "India TV-C Voter projection: Big gains for BJP in UP, Bihar; NDA may be 45 short of magic mark". Indiatv. http://www.indiatvnews.com/politics/national/india-tv-c-voter-projection-big-gains-for-bjp-in-up-bihar-nda--14864.html. abhigman tithi: 13 fravari 2013.
  34. "#WhoWillFormGovt: National Poll Projection - 1". times naaoo. http://www.timesnow.tv/videoshow/4447993.cms. abhigman tithi: 13 fravari 2013.
  35. "NDA close to halfway mark with 212-232, needs more allies". IBNLive. 2014-03-07. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/poll-tracker-nda-close-to-halfway-mark-with-212232-needs-more-allies/456309-37-64.html. abhigman tithi: 2014-03-07.
  36. a aa "The Final Word - India's biggest opinion poll". NDTV. 14 March 2014. http://www.ndtv.com/elections/live-blog/show/the-final-word-india-s-biggest-opinion-poll-495290. abhigman tithi: 14 March 2014. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ndtv1" defined multiple times with different content
  37. "Modi-powered NDA may get 234-246 seats, UPA 111-123". IBNLive. 2014-04-04. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/national-tracker-modipowered-nda-may-get-234246-seats-upa-111123/462610-81.html. abhigman tithi: 2014-04-04.
  38. a aa i E u oo Lok Sabha Exit Polls India tude
  39. India Today Group-Cicero post-poll result: Modi set to be India's next PM India tude
  40. Lok Sabha 2014 - Exit Poll tudej chaanakya
  41. ABP NEWS - NIELSEN EXIT POLL 2014 ebeepi news
  42. "Lok Sabha Exit and Post Poll - Methodology". NDTV India. 14 May 2014. http://www.ndtv.com/elections/article/election-2014/lok-sabha-exit-and-post-poll-methodology-524084. abhigman tithi: 15 May 2014.
  43. "Watch NDTV Exit Poll: BJP and Allies Cross Half-Way Mark, Congress in Double Digits". NDTV India. 14 May 2014. http://www.ndtv.com/elections/live-blog/show/battleground-2014-524253. abhigman tithi: 15 May 2014.
  44. "aam chunaav 2014: pehla charan sampann". the patrika. April 7, 2014. http://www.thepatrika.com/NewsPortal/h?cID=7KumuAtokoA%3D.
  45. "Elections Phase 2: Northeast registers high turnout, peaceful polling once again". oneindia. April 9, 2014. http://news.oneindia.in/guwahati/updates-first-phase-lok-sabha-election-2014-assam-tripura-lse-1425891.html.
  46. "Huge turnout in Lok Sabha polls in 4 northeast states". Hindustan times. April 9, 2014. http://www.hindustantimes.com/elections2014/the-big-story/second-phase-of-lok-sabha-elections-begins-four-northeast-states-vote-for-six-seats/article1-1205941.aspx.
  47. "Lok Sabha elections: 60 percent voter turnout in Mizoram". jaagaran post. 12 April 2014. http://post.jagran.com/lok-sabha-elections-60-percent-voter-turnout-in-mizoram-1397184509. abhigman tithi: 13 April 2014.
  48. "Loksabha chunaav 2014: teesare charan ki voting khatm, janta ne dikhaaya josh, kiya banpar matadaan". aaj tak. 10 April 2014. http://aajtak.intoday.in/story/live-lok-sabha-elections-2014-stage-set-for-3rd-phase-covering-11-states-1-760592.html. abhigman tithi: 14 April 2014.
  49. "High Voter Turnout in Phase 4". aaibeeen live. 12 April 2014. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/ls-polls-moderate-voter-turnout-in-assam-tripura-and-sikkim-till-3-pm/464472-81.html. abhigman tithi: 14 April 2014.
  50. "Loksabha chunaav: paanchave daur mein rikaurdatod matadaan, manipur mein 80, udeesa mein 70 feesadi pade vote". aajatak. 17 April 2014. http://aajtak.intoday.in/story/polling-in-lok-sabha-election-2014-fifh-phase-news-1-761470.html. abhigman tithi: 18 April 2014.
  51. "117 seaton ke liye desh mein rikaard tod matadaan hua". dainik bhaaskar. 24 April 2014. http://www.bhaskar.com/article/ELEC-voting-in-117-seats-in-sixth-phase-of-lok-sabha-polls-today-4591441-NOR.html. abhigman tithi: 24 April 2014.
  52. "saatavein charan mein 57 se 85% tak matadaan". BBC hindi. 30 April 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/india/2014/04/140430_election_seventh_phase_voting.shtml. abhigman tithi: 5 May 2014.
  53. "aathavein charan mein 81 feesadi tak hua matadaan". BBC hindi. 7 May 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/india/2014/05/140507_voting_eight_phase_update_rd.shtml. abhigman tithi: 9 May 2014.
  54. Kumar, biml (13 May 2014). "Loksabha chunaav 2014 mein record 66.38% matadaan". ji news. http://zeenews.india.com/hindi/news/lok-sabha-elections-2014/ls-polls-live-voting-continues-in-41-constituencies-in-up-bihar-and-wb-all-eyes-on-varanasi-seat-23-/209279. abhigman tithi: 15 May 2014.
  55. "tees saal baad apne boote bahumat paane waali party bani BJP". aajatak. 16 May 2014. http://aajtak.intoday.in/story/bjp-becomes-biggest-party-after-30-years-in-loksabha-election-1-764701.html. abhigman tithi: 17 May 2014.
  56. GENERAL ELECTION TO LOK SABHA TRENDS & RESULT 2014, Election Commission of India