bhaaloo

bhaalu
भालु
bhaalu
sanrakshan sthiti
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: praani
sangh: koradeta
varg: stanadhaareepraani
gan: maansaahaari
kul: felide
prajaati: peinthera bhallak
paryaaya
Linnaeus, 1758

Tigris striatus Severtzov, 1858

Gray, 1867

bhaaloo ya reechh uraseede (Ursidae) parivaar ka ek stanadhaari jaanavar hai. haalaanki iski sirf aath gyaat jaatiyaaain hain iska nivaas poori duniya mein bahut hi vistrut hai. yeh Asia, Europe, uttar America aur dakshin America ke mahaadveepon mein paaya jaata hai. dekhne mein, sabhi bhaaluon ke aam lakshanon mein bada shareer, moti taaainge-baajoo, lamba bukk (naak), poore badan par ghane baal aur paaainv mein sakht naakhoon shaamil hain. dhruvi bhaaloo (polar beyar) adhiktar maans-machhali hi khaata hai aur bada paanda (jaayant paanda) sirf baans ke patte-tahaniyaaain khaata hai, lekin bhaaluon ki anya chhah jaatiyaaain sarvaahaari hoti hain aur maans aur vanaspati donon khaati hain.

bhaaloo akela rahana pasand karte hain aur jhundon mein naheen. keval bachche janane ke liye nar aur maada saath karte hain aur fir alag ho jaate hain. bachchon ke paida hone ke baad, ye chhote bhaaloo kuchh samay ke liye apni maaain ka saath rakhate hain. bhaaloo jyaadaatar din ke samay hi sakriya hote hain, haalaanki kabhi-kabhi raat ko bhi ghoomate hue ya khaana dhoondhate hue paae ja sakte hain. unki soonghane ki shakti bahut teevr hoti hai. dekhne mein bhaari-bharakam lagne ke baavajood bhaaloo teji se daud sakte hain aur unhein pedon par chadhne aur paani mein tairane ki bhi achhi kshamata hoti hai. ye aksar gufaaon ya jameen mein bade gaddhon mein apna ghar banaate hain aur bhaaloo ki kuchh jaatiyaaain sheetanishkriyta (sardiyon ke mausam ko so kar gujaarana) pradarshit karti hain.

anukram

anya bhaashaaoain mein

sanskrut mein bhaaloo ko "riksh" kehte hain, jis se "reechh" shabd utpann hua hai. angreji mein bhaaloo ko "beyar" (bear) kehte hain. faarasi mein bhaaloo ke liye "khurs" (خaaرaaس) shabd hai, jismein 'kh' ka uchchaaran dhyaan dene yogya hai. yoonaani mein iske liye "aarktos" (ἄaaρaaκaaτaaοaaς) shabd hai aur laatini mein "ursus" (ursus). dhyaan deejiye ki reechh, riksh, khurs, aarktos aur ursus sabhi aadim-hind-Europeeya bhaasha ke "hritkos" (h₂aaŕaḁaatḱaaos) shabd se utpann hue milte-julate sajaateeya shabd hain.

sandarbh

  1. Cat Specialist Group (2002). Panthera Tigris. 2006 viluptapraaya prajaatiyon ki IUCN soochi. IUCN 2006. abhigman tithi: 10 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is endangered.

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