bhaageerathi nadi

bhaageerathi (baangla - ভaaাaaগaaীaaরaaথaaী) Bhaarat ki ek nadi hai. yeh uttaraakhand mein se bahti hai aur devaprayaag mein alakananda se milkar ganga nadi ka nirmaan karti hai. bhaageerathi gomukh sthaan se 25 ki॰mee॰ lambe gangotri himnad se niklati hai. bhaageerathi va alakananda Dave prayaag sangam karti hai jiske pashchaat vah ganga ke rup mein pahachaani jaati hai.

anukram

sthiti

bhaageerathi gomukh sthaan se 25 ki॰mee॰ lambe gangotri himnad se niklati hai. yeh sthaan uttaraakhand raajya mein uttarakaashi jile mein hai. yeh samudratal se 618 meter ki ooainchaai par, rishikesh se 70 kimi doori par sthit hain.

tihri baaaindh

Bhaarat mein tihri baaaindh, tehari vikaas pariyojana ka ek praathamik baaaindh hai, jo uttaraakhand raajya ke tihri mein sthit hai. yeh baaaindh bhaageerathi nadi par banaaya gaya hai. tihri baaaindh ki ooainchaai 261 meter hai, jo ise vishv ka paaainchava sabse ooaincha baaaindh banaati hai. is baaaindh se 2400 mega vaat vidyut utpaadan, 270,000 hektar kshetr ki sinchaai aur pratidin 102.20 karod liter peyajal Delhi, uttar pradesh evain uttaraakhand ko upalabdh karaaya jaana prastaavit kiya gaya hai.

itihaas

16veen shataabdi tak bhaageerathi mein ganga ka mool pravaah ke baad nabadveep mein jalaangi se milkar hugali nadi banaati hai. 16veen shataabdi tak bhaageerathi mein ganga ka mool pravaah tha, lekin iske baad ganga ka mukhya bahaav poorv ki or padma mein sthaanaantarit ho gaya. iske tat par kabhi Bengal ki rajdhani rahe murshidaabaad sahit Bengal ke kai mahattvapoorn madhyakaaleen nagar base. Bhaarat mein ganga par frakka baandh banaaya gaya, taaki ganga-padma nadi ka kuchh paani apakshaya hoti bhaageerathi-hugali nadi ki or moda ja sake, jis par Calcutta (vartamaan Kolkata) port commissioner ke Calcutta aur haldiya bandargaah sthit hain. bhaageerathi par baharaamapur mein ek pul bana hai.

katha

bhaageerathi nadi ke sambandh mein ek katha vishvavikhyaat hai. bhaageerath ki tapasya ke falasvaroop ganga ke avataran ki katha [1] hai. katha ke ant mein ganga ke bhaageerathi naam ka ullekh hai-

ganga tripthaga naam divya bhaageeratheeti ch treenpatho bhaavayanteeti tasmaan tripthaga smruta rohit ke kul mein baahuk ka janm hua. shatruon ne usaka raajya chheen liya. vah apni patni sahit van chala gaya. van mein budhaape ke kaaran usaki mrutyu ho gayi. uske guru orv ne usaki patni ko sati naheen hone diya kyonki vah jaanta tha ki vah garbhavati hai. usaki sauton ko gyaat hua to unhonne use vish de diya. vish ka garbh par koi prabhaav naheen pada. baalak vish (gar) ke saath hi utpann hua, isliye 's+gar= sagar kahalaaya. bada hone par usaka vivaah do raaniyon se hua-

sumati- sumati ke garbh se ek toonba nikla jiske fatne par saath hajaar putron ka janm hua. keshini- jiske asamanjas naamak putr hua. sagar ne ashvamedh yagya kiya. indr ne uske yagya ka ghoda chura liya tatha tapasvi Kapil ke paas le jaakar khada kiya. udhar sagar ne sumati ke putron ko ghoda dhoondhne ke liye bheja. saath hajaar raajakumaaron ko kaheen ghoda naheen mila to unhonne sab or se pruthvi khod daali. poorv-uttar disha mein Kapil muni ke paas ghoda dekhkar unhonne shastr uthaaye aur muni ko bura-bhala kehte hue udhar badhe. falasvaroop unke apne hi shareeron se aag nikli jisne unhein bhasm kar diya. keshini ke putr ka naam asamanjas tatha asamanjas ke putr ka naam anshumaan tha. asamanjas poorvajanm mein yogabhrasht ho gaya tha, usaki smruti khoyi naheen thi, at: vah sabse virkt rah vichitr kaarya karta raha tha. ek baar usane bachchon ko sarayoo mein daal diya. pita ne rusht hokar use tyaag diya. usane apne yogabal se bachchon ko jeevit kar diya tatha swayam van chala gaya. yeh dekhkar sabko bahut pashchaattaap hua. raaja sagar ne apne pautr anshumaan ko ghoda khojane bheja. vah dhoondhta-dhoondhta Kapil muni ke paas pahuncha. unke charanon mein pranaam kar usane vinyapoorvak stuti ki. Kapil se prasann hokar use ghoda de diya tatha kaha ki bhasm hue chaachaaon ka uddhaar gangaajal se hoga. anshumaan ne jeevanaparyant tapasya ki kintu vah ganga ko pruthvi par naheen la paaya. tadanantar uske putr dileep ne bhi asafal tapasya ki. dileep ke putr bhageerath ke tap se prasann hokar ganga ne pruthvi par aana sveekaar kiya. ganga ke veg ko Shiv ne apni jataaon mein sambhaala. bhageerath ke peechhe-peechhe chalakar ganga samudra tak pahunchi. bhaageerath ke dvaara ganga ko pruthvi par laane ke kaaran yeh bhaageerathi kahalaai. samudra-sangam par pahunchakar usane sagar ke putron ka uddhaar kiya.