beed

bid jile me kapildhar hai

beed (maraathi: beed beed, urdoo: بaaیaaڑ beer) ek shahar aur Bhaarat ke madhya Maharashtra raajya mein sthit ek hi naam ke jile ka prashaasanik mukhyaalaya hai. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar, yeh 138,091 ki aabaadi ke saath jile mein sabse bada shahari kshetr hai [1]. 2010 ki ganana ki aabaadi 161,604 hai. [2] yeh Bhaarat ki janasankhya mein 295 sthaan par hai. [3] jile ke lagbhag 36% shahari aabaadi akele shahar mein rahata hai. yeh 1991 2000decade ke dauraan lagbhag 23 pratishat janasankhya vruddhi dekhi gayi hai.

iski aadhikaarik naam beed hai, haalaanki, Bhir, beer, beer, boli ya boli bhi aadhikaarik aur anadhikrut dastaavejon aur javaanon mein kabhi kabhi dekha ja sakta hai. enasaaiklopeediya britaanika jaise kuchh sandarbhon yeh Bhir, beer aur beer ke roop mein Google maips ke roop mein vishvakosh enkaarta roop mein ullekh hai, jabki yeh boli ke roop mein vishv gazette mein paaya jaata hai. sahi dakshinpanthi hindu Maharashtra mein party shivsena ki sarkaar ke dauraan 1990 ke dashak mein, beed shahar chanpaavateenagar, jo karne ke liye apne puraane naam hone ke liye kaha jaata hai ke roop mein naam ka prastaav kiya gaya hai.

beed ke praarambhik itihaas aspasht hai. itihaasakaaron puraataatvik avasheshon ki shahar devagiri ke Yadav (1173-1317) shaasakon (ab daulataabaad) dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya ho sakta hai ke aadhaar par atkalein. beed shahar Hyderabad (aasaf Jahi kingadam) ke nijaam ke raajya ka ek hissa tha. aajaadi ke baad raajya mein September 1948 mein ek sainya kaarravaai ke baad Bhaarat ko kabje mein liya gaya tha. beed Hyderabad raajya mein 1956 tak bane rahe jab yeh Bombay preseedeinsi mein shaamil kiya gaya tha. 1 May 1960 ko Maharashtra raajya bhaashaai aadhaar par banaaya gaya tha aur maraathi pramukh beed shahar Maharashtra ka hissa ban gaya hai [4] [1].

vahaaain kai aitihaasik imaaratein hain jinmein se kankalesvar mandir sabse prasiddh shahar mein sthit hai. gadh deevaar ke avashesh jo bindusara nadi ke durlabh hai, lekin hinsak baadh se puraane shahar ke ek hisse ki raksha kar rahe hain. jila mukhyaalaya ke roop mein, shahar jila aur nagarapaalika parishdon, jila aur satr adaalaton aur jila collector aur police adheekshak ke kaaryaalaya sahit kai jile aur sthaaneeya prashaasanik kaaryaalayon hai. aspataalon, schoolon, vyaavasaayik prashikshan mahaavidyaalayon sahit aur collegeon ko bhi shahar mein sthit hain.

anukram

sthalaakruti aur jalavaayu

beed Deccan 18.99 pathaar ° N 75.76 ° E, Bendsura nadi ke tat par hai (bhi bulaaya bindusaar) jo godaavari nadi ke ek up sahaayak hai par sthit hai. Bendsura baalaaghaat range, 30 kimi Waghira ke gaanv ke paas shahar ke dakshin - pashchim ki pahaadiyon mein niklati hai. chhote poorvi aur bada pashchimi bhaagon mein nadi shahar mein bitaate hain. baalaaghaat range bahut kareeb faila hai, karne ke liye 10 kimi ki doori par shahar ke dakshin ilaake banaane, mukhya roop se poorvi bhaag mein, undulating. mitti mote aur chattaani kaafi had tak besaalt se milkar hai. upajaaoo kaali mitti ki patali parat bhi Bendsura ke pashchimi tat par uttari bhaag mein aur dakshin mein dekha. shahar ardh - shushk, garm aur shushk jalavaayu hai mukhya roop se teen satron se milkar. greeshmakaal lambe hote hain, madhya February se June tak lagbhag paanch maheene se lekar. 31 ke beech garmiyon mein giraavat mein taapamaan °aC (87.8 °aF) - 40 degree celcius (104 °aF) (1997 ausat). haalaanki, yeh garmiyon khoj mein 40 se adhik degree celcius tak pahunch sakta hai. May 42 ke ek ausat din ke taapamaan ke saath ek varsh ki sabse maheena hai degree celcius (107.6 °aF) jile mein. vintars 12 ke bheetar lekar taapamaan ke saath kam kar rahe hain degree celcius (° fa 53.6) - 20 °aC (68 °aF). December ek varsh mein coldest maheene hai. kabhi kabhi, uttari thand tarangon taapamaan ke kaaran ke roop mein 3 ke roop mein kam gir sakta °aC (° fa 37.4) ya 4 °aC (39.2 °aF). sardiyon mein saapeksh aardrata kam hai aur December ke roop mein 30% ke roop mein kam saapeksh aardrata ke saath ek varsh mein driest maheene hai. baarish durlabh hain aur madhya June se September tak monsoon ke dauraan hi hote hain. vaarshik ausat varsha 66.6 semi (26.22 inch) ausat varsha 1900s ke dauraan darj ki ausat se 9.6 semi ki ek boond mila hai [1] [5] ek saal mein barasaat ke dinon ki ausat sankhya 41 hai. sitmbar ek varsh mein adhiktam varsha ho jaata hai, jabki July adhiktam barasaat ke dinon ki hai. uchchatam varsha 24 ghante (19.18 semi) mein darj ki gayi 17 August 1887 ko hui. [6]

Bendsura ek teji se aur mausami nadi hai. shahar ke liye sinchaai aur peene ke paani ki aapoorti ke lakshya, ek jalaashaya Bendsura pariyojana (mm3 kshamata 7.106) nadi par gaanv paali ke paas 1955 mein nirmaan kiya gaya tha, ke baare mein shahar ke 10 kimi dakshin [7] shahar mein kuchh sthaanon par. nadi sankeern hai aur ek dhaara ki tarah lag raha hai. vanaspati aur chattaani aur undulating ilaake ki kami bhaari baarish mein hinsak baadh ke liye yogadaan deta hai. ye baar baar shahar ke itihaas mein sampatti aur jeevan ke kaafi nuksaan ka kaaran hai, sabse haal hi mein 23 July 1989 ko jab shahar mein teen bastiyon ke ek bade paimaane par baadh laakhon rupae ki mrut ya laapata aur sampatti ke nuksaan ki ek sankhya ke kaaran hota hai. [ 8] beed bhookanpi haijrd jon-III ke tahat nae bhookanpi khatra bhaarateeya maanak bureau dvaara varsh 2000 mein adyatan nakshe ke anusaar Bhaarat mein gir jaata hai. yeh adyatan karne se pehle, shahar kshetr ke tahat kiya gaya tha. [9]

itihaas

beed sanbhavat: madhyayugeen mool ke ek aitihaasik shahar hai, Maharashtra, Bhaarat mein hai. kuchh itihaasakaaron ka yeh ullekh kiya hai ke roop mein yeh mahatva ke ek jagah kabhi naheen bane. shaasakon, lagbhag hamesha, yeh shaayad najaraandaaj kar diya apni mahatvaheen sthaan ki vajah se. aitihaasik lekha

shahar ka pehla aitihaasik ullekh (mool naam gulashan A Ibrahimi) Tāarīakh E - Firishta muhammad kaasim (1560-1620) Firishta, ek 17 veen sadi faarasi bhaarateeya itihaasakaar dvaara sankalit mein aaya tha. Bhaarat mein John brigs dvaara Mahomedan power ka udaya ke is pustak itihaas ke prasiddh angreji anuvaad Bhaarat mein aur videshon mein kiya gaya hai kai baar prakaashit kiya. Firishta shahar ke baare mein apne samay ke chhote lekin bahumoolya jaankaari de di hai. unhonne yeh bhi vistaar mein prasiddh Kankaleshwar mandir ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. 1317 aah mein (1898), kaaji muhammad Qutbullah aur beed ke nivaasi kaaji urdoo mein beed (Tāarīakh E - beer) shahar hai ki samay par upalabdh khaaton ke aadhaar par ki ek vistrut itihaas likha tha. Hyderabad mein, is pustak ki prati, ab keval raajya abhilekhaagaar, saalaar jang sangrahaalaya aur usmaaniya vishvavidyaalaya ke pustakaalaya ke pustakaalaya mein paaya ja sakta hai. haalaanki, shahar riyaaj - ul - abaraar (punya ka garden) ki pehli vistrut itihaas kaaji muhammad fakharuddeen dvaara 1152, aah (1739) mein likha gaya tha. durbhaagya se is kitaab ko sandarbh ke liye pustakaalayon mein upalabdh naheen hai. haalaanki, Qutbullah apne Tāarīakh E - beer (beed ka itihaas) mein is pustak ko uddhrut kiya gaya hai aur khaaton ke liye bhi bheja gaya hai. 1361 aah mein (1942) Sayyed baasit Ali, beed ke ek nivaasi, jo Hyderabad ke city college mein madhyavarti ke ek chhaatr tha, ek sankshipt itihaas urdoo mein Tāarīakh E - beer likha tha. iski pratiyaan usmaaniya vishvavidyaalaya ke pustakaalaya mein paaya ja sakta hai. haal ke samay mein abdul hameed Nathapuri jila urdoo mein beer ki (beed jile ke itihaas) Tāarīakh likha hai jo 1998 mein Mumbai se prakaashit hai. unki pustak mukhya roop se beed shahar ke khaaton deta hai aur kaafi had tak Qutbullah khaaton aur maukhik parampara par aadhaarit hai. kuchh aitihaasik khaaton bhi beed beed jile ke Gazetteers vibhaag dvaara 1969 mein prakaashit jile ke raajapatr mein paaya ja sakta hai. yeh raajapatr ab baahar Maharashtra website ki sarkaar mein print lekin upalabdh online. impeeriyl gaijiteer of India, british shaasan ke dauraan sankalit bhi shahar aur jile ke kuchh mahatvapoorn jaankaari deta hai. foundation aur naam

shahar ki neenv ke itihaas agyaat hai. pauraanik katha ke anusaar, beed durgaavati ke roop mein kauravon aur paandavon ki avadhi mein ek nivaas sthaan tha. iska naam baad mein Balni ke liye badal gaya tha. Champavati, jo vikramaaditya ki bahan thi, par kabja karne ke baad yeh Champavatinagar ke roop mein naam hai. uske baad shahar ke musalmaanon ke shaasan mein kataai se pehle (chaalukya) Calukya Rashtrkuta Yadav aur raajavanshon gir gaya. haalaanki, kuchh vidvaanon ka kehna hai ki yeh sanbhavat: devagiri ke Yadav shaasakon (ab daulataabaad) dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya tha. [4] Tāarīakh E - beer (beed ke itihaas) ka ullekh hai ki muhammad bin tugalak mein ek kila aur kai kuon ke nirmaan ke baad aur shahar ke aaspaas naam beer (arabi 'theek hai'). [8] [10] haal ke samay tak, kuon shahar mein prachur maatra mein the. paani ki aapoorti ke aadhunik suvidhaaon ki vajah se ve kam mahatvapoorn ban gaya hai aur baad mein unamein se jyaadaatar bhar rahe the. yeh spasht naheen hai ki kaise vartamaan naam beed ke roop mein prayog mein aaya. vahaaain kam se kam do vibhinn paranparaaon hain. 1 parampara ka kehna hai ki jab se jila baalaaghaat range ke pair par sthit hai ke roop mein agar yeh ek chhed mein hai, yeh arab (chhed ke liye maraathi) hai jo bhrasht samay ke paathyakram mein boli ke roop mein naamit kiya gaya tha. praacheen Bhaarat ke 2 parampara ke anusaar ek Yavana shaasak, yeh ek bahut hi kam gaharaai par paani khojane ke baad Bhir (paani ke liye faarasi) naam diya hai [4] aur Bhir samay ke paathyakram mein beed ho gaya ho sakta hai. 1 parampara jhooth ho sakta hai, kyonki koi kon ke saath, poore jile mein ek 'chhed' bulaaya ja sakta hai lagta hai. keval jile ke uttar poorvi bhaag mein kam oonchaai aur 10,615 kimi ka ek vishaal kshetr mein hai ² sirf maamooli avasaad ki vajah se ek 'chhed' naheen kaha ja sakta hai. iske alaava maraathi mein arab (chhed) naheen ek maamooli avasaad ke liye ek gahari aur sankeern chhed ke liye baat ki hai. haalaanki, kuchh viroopan hai, 2 parampara ko sach aur ki Tāarīakh Quazi muhammad Qutbullah (1898) E - beer ke saath samjhaute mein hona hota hai. praacheen bhaarateeya saahitya mein shabd 'Yavana' ek yoonaani ya kisi videshi ka matlab hai. ek bahut baad ki taareekh mein yeh aksar Bhaarat ke muslim aakramanakaariyon ke liye laagoo kiya gaya tha. [11] yeh bahut sambhav hai ki muhammad bin tugalak is parampara Yavana shaasak ke roop mein bheja gaya ho sakta hai. musalmaanon par aakraman par shaasan kiya aur sadiyon ke liye Deccan aur unki adaalat ki bhaasha ke roop mein lagbhag sabhi muslim shaasakon faarasi tha. aisa lagta hai ki arabi 'veer' ke ant mein bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein kiya gaya tha mein 'Bhir sunaaya aur logon ko galati faarasi ke roop mein shaasakon ki adaalat bhaasha ke liye is arabi shabd faarasi le liya tha. haal ke samay tak aajaadi ke baad shahar ke 'veer' aur sarkaari dastaavejon mein Bhir 'kaha jaata tha. beed jila taaluka hone: 1.Ashti 2.Beed 3.Kaij 4.Ambajogae 5.Gevrai 6.Majalgaon 7.Parali vaidyanaath aitihaasik ghatnaaon praacheen gadh aur uske Burjs ke degenerating deevaar bhaagyashaali shahar ke nivaasiyon ke liye Bendsura ke hinsak baadh ke liye ek durbhaagyapoorn dhaal.

katha, jab raavan, Sri Lanka ke raakshas raaja (Sri Lanka), seeta (hindu devata Ram ki patni) ka apaharan kar liya gaya tha aur use Sri Lanka ke liye le ja raha hai ke anusaar, Jatayu (igal) use rokane ki koshish ki. raavan apne pankh mein katauti aur ghaayal Jatayu jameen par gir gaya. jab Ram apni pyaari patni ki khoj mein vahaaain pahuainch gaye, Jatayu use poori kahaani ko bataaya gaya aur mar gaya. jagah hai jahaaain vah mar gaya beed shahar mein hone ke liye kaha hai aur Jatashankar mandir ki jagah par khada hai, jo hai, vidvaanon ke anusaar, sanbhavat: devagiri ke yaadavon dvaara banaaya [4] ek anya katha bhi avadhi mein sunaate hain ki beed durgaavati bulaaya gaya tha. paandavon aur kauravon jo mahaabhaarat ka ek vinaashakaari yuddh lada. praarambhik itihaas

shahar ka praarambhik itihaas aspasht hai jab tak yeh tugalak ke shaasan ke adheen aaya. yadi shahar Yadav yug mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha to sanbhavat: yeh raaja Singhana avadhi (1210-47) mein hua, jab Yadav vansh apni oonchaai par pahunch gaya. vah shahar aur Kankaleshwar mandir ka nirmaan ho sakta hai ke roop mein achhi tarah se. beed 1317 mein pehli baar ke liye muslim shaasan ke adheen aaya jab kutub - ud - deen mubaarak shaah (1316-1320), pichhle khilji, devagiri par kabja kar liya aur Yadav vansh khilji vansh kabja kar liya tha. beed 1320 tak khilji ke tahat rah jab Ghiyas - ud - deen tugalak (1320-1325) mein padabhaar sanbhaal liya hai. 1327 muhammad bin tugalak (1325-1351) ne apni rajdhani daulataabaad. tugalak aur usaki sena 1341 (eech 742 islaami calendar) mein daulataabaad Warangal se vaapas yaatra par hai jabki shahar mein dere daale. samraat uske daant mein se ek kho diya hai, jismein unhonne bahut samaaroh ke saath dafan ho aur ek kabr ki jagah mein kiya gaya nirmaan ka aadesh diya [12] kabr abhi bhi gaanv Karjani ke paas bahut hi kharaab haalat mein maujood shahar ke 13 kilometer dakshin mein hai. . joona Khan tugalak saamraajya ke raajyapaalon ke beed mein kuchh samay ke liye rahata hai kaha jaata hai aur shaasan ke kalyaan ke liye kai sudhaaron ki shuruaat ki. vah shahar ke chaaron or ek suraksha deevaar ke nirmaan se pashchim se poorv ki Bendsura ke paathyakram ke liye bhej diya. apne samay se pehle shahar ke liye aisi koi suraksha thi aur yeh nadi ke poorvi tat par sthit tha. uske baad janasankhya kaafi had tak pashchimi bhaag ke liye sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya. [10] 1347 mein beed Bahmanid shaasan ke adheen aaya jab hasan (1347-1358) Gangu, Bahmanid saltanat ke sansthaapak, tugalak shaasan aur daulataabaad chadha sinhaasan ke khilaaf vidroh ke roop mein. aala - ud - deen bahaman shaah. muhammad tugalak sakhti kaam kiya aur Deccan ko vidrohiyon ko vash mein karne ke liye aaya tha. vah pun: kabja daulataabaad ke praant hai, jo, beed ek hissa tha. hasan gangoo aur anya vidrohiyon beedar aur gulabarg ke liye bhaag gaya. isse pehle ki baat poori tarah se basa hua hai ek vidrohi Gujarat mein tod diya aur sultaan Gujarat Deccan ke raajyapaal ke roop mein imaad - ul - mulk ki niyukti karne ke liye sampark kiya. is beech hasan gangoo daulataabaad par hamla kiya aur beed ki or March kiya aur kabja kar liya. uske baad shahar Bahmanid shaasan ke adheen raha hai aur firoj shaah bahamani shaasan (1397-1422) ke tahat vikaas ke charam par hone ke liye kaha. humaayoon shaah (1451-1461) bahamani, Zāalim (kroor) ke roop mein prasiddh ke shaasanakaal ke dauraan uske bhaai hasan shaah vidroh kar diya aur beed ke liye aaya tha. beed ke ek jaageeradaar (saamanti), habeebulla shaah apne samarthak the. humaayoon shaah ek sena bheji aur Kankaleshwar mandir ke maidaan mein ek bheeshan ladaai ke baad, vidroh senaaon humaayoon ki sena ko hara diya. humaayoon ugr ho gaya aur doosare ko vidrohiyon ko haraane ke liye sena bheji. is samay vidrohiyon ki haar gaye, habeebulla shaah ko maar daala gaya tha aur kabja kar liya hasan shaah poonji ke liye liya gaya tha aur ek bhookhe sher se pehle rakha gaya tha [8]. 1600 1858 CE CE ke liye

Bahmanid saltanat ki giraavat ke baad shahar mein ahamadanagar ke nijaam shaahi shaasakon ko gir gaya. kai yuddhon nijaam shaahi aur Bijapur ke aadil shaahi shaasakon ke beech beed beed ke niyantran lene mein lade the. 1598 mugalon ahamadanagar chaand beebi se beed par kabja kar liya. ek saal baad nihang Khan retook lekin jald hi yeh mugalon ke fir se gir gaya. mugal sena ne kuchh samay ke liye yahaaain dere daale. jahaaaingeer ke shaasanakaal (1569-1627) ke dauraan, January Sipar Khan beed shahar ka prabandh kiya gaya tha. vah 1036 aah (1627) mein beed ke jaama masjid ka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. aurangajeb (1658-1707), naayab-e-soobedaar (raajyapaal ke sahaayak) ke roop mein beed mein haaji sadar shaah ko niyukt kiya hai. sadar shaah achha shahar mein kuchh parivartan aur nirmaan kiya. unhonne kaha ki Eid gaah (Eid praarthana ki jagah) 1702 mein aur 1703 mein gaaji pura (islaam pura) ke roop mein poorvi bhaag mein oonchaai par ek nai basti ka nirmaan kiya. yeh ki bani hui hai abhi bhi dikhaai de rahe hain. unhonne yeh bhi puraane bade gadh ke andar ek chhote se (1703) gadh jo kai sau saal ke liye khade karne ke baad baahar pahana tha, tugalak kaal se nirmaan kiya gaya hai. jaama masjid ke mukhya pravesh par faarasi lipi mein ek patthar plate gadh ke varsh 1115, aah (1703) mein sadar haaji shaah dvaara nirmaan ke varsh set. apne shahar ki avadhi ki arthavyavastha mein bhi nikhra hai. Chhagal (paani kantenar) chamade ke bane, (lakdi ki chhadi mein chhipa talavaar) Gupti aadi beed mein kiye gaye kshetr mein lokapriya the. [10] Shahinshah vali kabr ke mukhya pravesh dwaar ameer navaaj jang ke dvaara 1830 mein banaaya gaya tha.

beed Bahmanids aur mugalon ke dauraan kaafi ek khoobsoorat shahar tha. Tāarīakh E - beer kai baagaanon aur in avadhiyon ki suvidhaaon ka ullekh hai. 1960 ke dashak tak shahar mein do achhi tarah se banaae rakha udyaan the. 1724 mein nijaam - ul - mulk aasaf jaah aasaf Jahi raajya ki sthaapana ki, mugal baadshah mohammad shaah (1719-1748) ke shaasan ke khilaaf Deccan kabja. 'nijaam yug mein koi pramukh iske alaava ya nirmaan ke gadh ke liye kiya gaya tha kyonki puraani imaarat ke uddeshya sevaarat tha aur kilon ki aadhunik takaneek se lad ke aagaman ke saath mahatva kho rahe the. gvaaliyr ke maraatha shaasak, Mahadji sindhiya (1761-94) ko paraajit kiya gaya tha aur 1761 mein Panipat ke teesare yuddh mein gambhir roop se ghaayal ho gaya tha aur laapata. unki patni, jo beed se kaha jaata hai ki beed mansoor shaah ki ek muslim soofi ke paas gaya aur use Mahadji ki vaapasi ke liye shikaar karne ke liye kaha tha. gvaaliyr Mahadji lautane ke baad gvaaliyr mansoor shaah ko phone kiya, lekin usane mana kar diya aur apne bete habeeb shaah bajaay bheja. Mahadji apne jeevan ke sabhi ke liye shaah mansoor aabhaari bane rahe. usaki kabr poorvi beed mein hai. 6 nijaam meer mahaboob Ali Khan (1869-1911) ke shaasanakaal beed ke itihaas mein ghatanaapoorn saabit kar diya. vidrohiyon, mahaan akaal aur baadh unke shaasanakaal mein hua. apne pita ke ke shaasanakaal aur ratanaji Jivanji aaya ke pehle collector ke roop mein 1865 mein beed mein avval Taluqdars (collector) Jagirdars pratisthaapit kiya gaya. jile banaae gaye the aur beed jile ke aupachaarik roop se 1883 mein bas gaya tha [5] vah ek basti aur baajaar mahaboob ganj Bendsura ke poorvi tat par (ab heeraalaal chauk) ka nirmaan kiya hai, ki abhi bhi dekha ja sakta hai rahata hai. lagaataar teen 1897-99 varsh mein ek bahut hi durlabh varsha ke baad, mahaan akaal 1900 mein beed mein hui. pashuon aur manushyon ke saikadon ke hajaaron bhukhamari ki mrutyu ho gayi aur hajaaron desh ke padosi bhaagon ke liye chale gaye. 1901 mein janaganana ke beed jile ki janasankhya mein +1,50,464 ki ullekhaneeya kami ki report [5] meer usmaan Ali Khan (1911-1948) apne pita ki mrutyu ke baad aaya hai. Kotwalis, police stationon, schoolon, aspataalon aur aushadhaalayon usaki avadhi ke dauraan banaaya gaya tha. [13] nijaam Bhaarat mein british saamraajya ke sahayogi the. svatantrata ke liye deshavyaapi aandolan ke dauraan, 19 veen aur 20 veen shataabdi mein ve raashtravaad ki bhaavanaaon ko jo svatantrata senaaniyon ki raashtravyaapi prayaason ke kaaran fail rahe the ko dabaane ki koshish ki. Hyderabad raajya mein raashtravaadiyon atyaachaari british saamraajya ke saath nijaam dosti pasand naheen kiya tha. beed nijaam sikandar (1803-1829) jah 1 vidrohi Dharmaji prataap Rao ke netrutv mein beed mein baahar tod diya ki shaasan ke dauraan 1818 mein maraathavaada kshetr mein pehli jagah hai jahaan svatantrata sangharsh 1818 mein shuroo kiya tha. [14] nijaam british lieutenant John sadaralaind ke aadesh ke tahat Navab murtaja yaar jang ki Risala bheja. vidrohi neta aur usaki pareshaan kabja kar liya gaya beed mein ek lambe samay tak aandolan vidroh ka ant ho gaya. [14] [15] 1858 pesh karne ke liye CE Hyderabad sundaralaal report.jpg ki sthiti mein sainya kaarravaai

ek anya vidrohi 1858 mein tod diya aur sabhi vidrohiyon kabja kar liya gaya. avajnyaa ki hai ki kai chhoti ghatnaaon ke baad british shaasan ke khilaaf hua hai, lekin sab bal dvaara daba diya gaya. ek pramukh vidrohi Baba saahab urf ​a​araav saahab ke netrutv mein 1898 mein tod diya. is aandolan ke mahatvapoorn netaaon beed ke braahmanon the aur police aur nyaayapaalika mein braahman adhikaariyon ne bhi aandolan ka samarthan kiya. ve braahman shaasan ka sapana dekh rahe the aur hathiyaaron ke liye jile ke vibhinn hisson mein lootpaat aur daan ke dvaara paise ikattha karna shuroo kar diya. lekin ek chhoti ladaai ke baad vidrohiyon par kabja kar liya aur aandolan ko samaapt karne ke liye aaya tha. lekin avajnyaa ki bhaavanaaon aur daba naheen svaami raamaanand teerth aur govind bhaai shrauf ke netrutv ke tahat vibhinn aandolanon maraathavaada aur raajya mein jaari ho sakta hai. aajaadi ke baad, meer usmaan Ali Khan ko bhaarateeya sangh mein shaamil karne ke liye anichhuk tha. ant mein, 12 September 1948 ko ek sainya kaarravaai operation polo shuroo kiya gaya tha aur raajya mein aasaani se chhah dinon ke bheetar kabja kar liya gaya tha ke roop mein nijaam ki sena thoda virodh. haalaanki operation polo apekshaakrut kuchh hataahaton ki sankhya ke kaaran hota hai, to nimn saampradaayik narasanhaar sabhi ko aur adhik bhayaanak tha. beed aath raajya mein sabse jyaada prabhaavit jilon ke ek tha. baad shaant ho jaao, Bhaarat sarkaar ki or se ek team shahar ka daura kiya aur kendra ko ek report bheji hai. sarkaari, sundaralaal ki report ke anusaar, 27,000-40,000 musalmaanon ko raajya bhar mein maare gaye the. mahilaaon aur ladkiyon, loot, aagajani, masjidon ki apavitrata ke apaharan aur balaatkaar ke bhayaanak aparaadhon, jabaran roopaantaran aur gharon aur bhoomi ki jabti report mein ullekh kiya gaya tha. [16] kuchh anaupachaarik riporton, tathaapi, hatyaaon ka aankada daalata 50,000 se. aur kuchh bhi kuchh sau hajaar [17] ek janamat sangrah sainya kaarravaai hai jismein janasankhya bhaarateeya sangh mein shaamil hone ke paksh mein bhaari matadaan ke baad sheegra hi aayojit kiya gaya tha. dauraan aur baad mein 1948 kai musalmaan Pakistan chale gaye. shahar ke aadhunik Bhaarat mein saampradaayik sangharsh mein kai baar dekha gaya hai. 1949 mein Bendsura pariyojana ke liye shahar aur aaspaas ke gaanvon ke liye peene aur sinchaai ke paani ki aapoorti pradaan karne ke liye shuroo kiya gaya tha. is pariyojana ko 1956 mein poora kiya gaya. beed nagar paalika (nagar parishad) 1952 mein avibhaajit Hyderabad raajya ke tahat sthaapit kiya gaya tha. 1962 mein, Maharashtra raajya ke nirmaan ke baad ek saal, beed jila parishad (jila parishad) sabhi sthaaneeya nikaayon ko bhang karne ke baad astitv mein aaya tha. [4]

kaalakram

 13 veen sadi (sanbhavat:) beed shahar mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha.
 13th/14th century (sanbhavat:) - Kankaleshwar mandir banaaya gaya tha.
 1317 - beed khilji ke liye jaata hai ke roop mein kutub - ud - deen mubaarak shaah devagiri kabja.
 1327 - beed Tughluqs ke tahat aaya hai.
 1341 - samraat muhammad tugalak shahar mein aae. apne aadesh par gadh banaaya gaya tha, Bendsura ke pravaah ko dakshin, kai kuon ke liye kar diya gaya tha aur shahar ke aaspaas khoda gaya aur shahar beer naamit kiya gaya tha.
 1347 - beed aala - ud - deen bahaman shaah founds bahamani saltanat ke roop mein Bahmanid shaasan ke adheen aata hai.
 1,455 (lagbhag) ek bhayankar yuddh humaayoon shaah Zāalim aur hasan shaah ke beech Kankaleshwar mandir ke maidaan mein lada gaya tha. shaasak humaayoon haraaya tha. humaayoon ek aur sena bheji aur vidrohi kabja kar liya tha.
 1499 - beed daulataabaad ke kabja karne ke baad ahamadanagar ke nijaam shaahi raajavansh kabja kar liya tha.
 1583 - khajaana hi Dhnora gaanv mein Bhasker Construkter dvaara nirmaan.

hai ki Phutkanal road banaaya

 1598 mugal kabja ahamadanagar chaand beebi se beed.
 1627 - jaama masjid Jan Sipar Khan dvaara nirmit kiya gaya tha.
 1702 - Eid gaah (Eid praarthana ki jagah) banaaya gaya tha.
 1703 - puraane kile ke andar nai gadh aur poorvi oonchaaiyon par ek nai basti aurangajeb ke shaasan ke dauraan banaaya gaya tha.
 1724 - beed nijaam - ul - mulk jah main Deccan ko jabt aasaf roop aasaf Jahi kingadam (Hyderabad raajya) ka hissa ban gaya.
 1739 - kaaji muhammad fakharuddeen naam urdoo mein '(punya ka garden) riyaaj - ul - abaraar' beed shahar ki ek vistrut itihaas likhte hain.
 1818 - Dharmaji prataap Rao ke netrutv mein vidrohi break. british lieutenant John sadaralaind sena ke saath aata hai aur vidrohi kabja.
 1835 - bade paimaane par baadh shahar hit. kotavaali gate aur bagal ki deevaar aksar hinsak baadh se suraksha ke roop mein nirmaan kiya gaya tha.

Katba - ek patthar kotavaali gate par faarasi mein khudi hui thaali baadh ki taareekh aur suraksha deevaar ke nirmaan 1251 aah (1835) ke roop mein raajyon.

 1858 - ek chhota sa vidrohi tootata hai, lekin sabhi vidrohiyon kabja kar liya gaya.
 1865 - Jivanji ratanaji beed jaageeradaari pranaali ke roop mein nijaam ke dvaara samaapt kar diya gaya tha 1 collector ban gaya.
 1883 - beed jile aupachaarik roop se niptaara kiya gaya.
 1898 - ek vidrohi Baba saahab urf ​a​araav saahab ke netrutv ke tahat tod diya. vidrohiyon par kabja kar liya gaya.
 1898 - kaaji muhammad Qutbullah aur beed ke nivaasi kaaji urdoo mein beed shahar ke ek vistrut itihaas (Tāarīakh E - beer) likha tha.
 1898 - 1900 - great akaal beed mein hota hai. maanav aur pashuon ke hajaaron ki saikadon mar jaate hain.
 1942 - Sayyed Basit Ali urdoo mein beed shahar ke ek sankshipt itihaas likha tha.
 1947 - Bhaarat mein aajaadi ke laabh.
 1948 - operation polo ke liye 12 September ko bhaarateeya sangh mein Hyderabad raajya ke liye shuroo kiya gaya tha. operation ke dauraan saampradaayik sangharsh viraam aur hajaaron narasanhaar mein maare gaye.
 1949 - Bendsura pariyojana ko shuroo kiya gaya tha.
 1952 - beed nagar paalika (nagar parishad) ki sthaapana ki.
 1956 - Bendsura pariyojana ke poora ho.
 1962 - beed jila parishad (jila parishad) astitv mein aaya.
 1969 - pehle beed jile ke tahat aadhunik Bhaarat ke raajapatr mein prakaashit kiya gaya tha.
 1982 - television prasaaran station ka nirmaan kiya gaya tha.
 1982 - beed jile se 43 gaanvon ke kshetr mein ek nav nirmit laatoor jile ke liye diya gaya tha.
 1989 - shahar mein teen bastiyon ko baahar bade paimaane par baadh ponchhe. kai maare gaye hain ya laapata, nasht rupae ki karodon ki sampatti.
 1994 - beed Bubonic pleg ke breakout ke baad surkhiyon mein vyaapak duniya mein aaya tha.
 1998 - abdul hameed Nathapuri urdoo mein beed jile (jila beer KI Tāarīakh) ke ek itihaas likha tha.
 2002 - 23 raashtreeya junior kho - kho championship aayojit ki gayi thi.
 2004 - pehle mobile phone seva shahar mein shuroo kar diya.
 2011 - Phutkanal jo 1583 mein banaaya dvaara nae sire se hai

aitihaasik imaarat

Kankaleshwar mandir

yeh shaayad sabse puraana hai aur shahar mein sabse khoobsoorat imaarat hai. itihaasakaaron is mandir ke nirmaan ki avadhi ke baare mein sunishchit naheen hain. sthaapatya shaili se pata chalta hai ki yeh Yadav ki avadhi ke dauraan kiya gaya hai ka nirmaan ho sakta hai. [4] sabse shaayad shaasanakaal ke dauraan Singhana (1210-1247), jo bhi devagiri (daulataabaad) ki sthaapana ki. is mandir ke design elora ki prasiddh gufaaon par mandiron ke liye kuchh kareebi samaanataaen hain. shahar ke poorvi hisse mein ek chhoti si jheel ke beech mein sthit is mandir mein kaale patthar ke saath banaaya gaya hai aur utkrusht maanav aur paramaatma ke aankade ke saath khudi hui hai. ek nishpaksh 'Mahashivratri.It deva Di Dave mahaadev (shivji) ki ek tample ke dauraan mandir ke maidaan mein aayojit kiya jaata hai. jaama masjid (masjid)

1036 aah (1627) mein apne beed January Sipar Khan mein adhikaari dvaara mugal samraat jahaangeer (1605-27) ki avadhi ke dauraan nirmit, yeh ek beed ki sabse badi masjidon mein se ek hai. kila (gadh) mein shahar ke kendra mein sthit yeh teen vishaal gunbadon aur chaar meenaaron hai. [8] Shahinshah vali kabr - Shahinshah vali kabr soofi Shahinshah vali ki kabr par gunbad.

Shahinshah vali 14 veen sadi ke ek soofi tha. vah muhammad tugalak ke shaasan ke dauraan beed aaya. usaki kabr aur aaspaas ke kshetron mein 1385 se 1840 ke liye alag alag samay mein banaaya gaya tha. vivran beed ke itihaas mein dekha ja sakta hai. yeh poorvi unnayan par sthit hai. har saal ek urs (mela) yahaaain 'rabi al avval, islaami calendar ke teesare maheene ke 2 din par aayojit kiya jaata hai [8]. Khandoba mandir Khandoba mandir aksar beed shahar mein poorvi pahaadiyon par ek buri haalat mein shahar ke stand ke prateek ke roop mein maana jaata hai.

yeh poorvi pahaadiyon par sthit hai. Hemadpanti shaili mein nirmit hai, yeh aksar shahar ke prateek ke roop mein maana jaata hai. do samamit, ashtakoneeya (prakaash ke tower) dīaapmal badhti 21.33 meter (70 foot) ke mandir ke saamane khade hain. taavars manushyon aur pashuon ke aankade khudi hui hai, unamein se jyaadaatar ab viroopit. is mandir ke nirmaan ke baare mein do kahaaniyaaain hain. ek ka kehna hai ki yeh Sultanji nijaam yug ke ek jaageeradaar ninbaalakar ke dvaara banaaya gaya tha. anya ka kehna hai ki yeh sindhiya dvaara Mahadji banaaya gaya tha. Tāarīakh E - beer (beed ka itihaas) ninbaalakar ke saath ullekh kiya hai. [10] mandir Ashwaling

yeh shaayad bade aur shahar mein adhik sundar imaarat. mandir Ashwaling ek Shiv mandir hai. yeh beed mein ek ameer Tempal hai. yeh Pimpalwandi kshetron mein hai. Dhopatwadi gaanv (vaalmeeki M jedhe gaanv) 7 kimi ki doori par hai. door mandir Ashwaling se. mansoor shaah kabr beed shahar ke poorvi bhaag mein mansoor shaah kabr.

mansoor shaah ne 18 sadi soofiyon ki Suharwardy kabeele ke soofi tha. vah Mahadji sindhiya ke ek dharm guru (aadhyaatmik shikshak) kaha jaata hai. usaki kabr Khandeshwari mandir ke paas beed ke poorvi bhaag mein hai. mandir ke gunbad sangamaramar se bana hai [8]. khajaana khair

yeh aitihaasik aur prasiddh achhi tarah se shahar ke dakshin ke baare mein 6 kimi ki doori par sthit hai. yeh 991 aah (1583) mein Salāabat Khan, ke ek jaageeradaar constructer Bhasker AhmadnagarBy ke murtaja nijaam shaah ki avadhi mein beed dvaara banavaaya gaya tha. yeh kaha jaata hai ki is kuen mein paani ka star sookhe mein bhi aparivrtit bani hui hai [8] achhi tarah se, do dhaaraaon se paani ki shuroo ki teen dhaaraaon ke kune mein paani rakhane ke liye aur ek ise baahar le aur Barg O ZAR ki jameen sinchaai (arth ' pattiyaan aur fool shahar dhanora ke aaspaas Balguzāar ke roop mein bol - chaal ka mein spasht). shahar ki nagar paalika sookhe ke dauraan is kuen se paani lene ke liye aur yeh shahar aur aaspaas ke gaanvon ke kuchh bhaagon ke liye aapoorti. Salāabat Khan bhi karanja (favvaare) aur shahar ke kendra mein ek udyaan ka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. Karanja ke tauvar abhi bhi ek bahut hi buri haalat mein shahar ke beech mein khada hai. ek chaaloo hai jo paani se baahar le phutka Nall ke roop mein kaha jaata hai. 1583 vahaan se ek sadak hai jo kuchh graameenon dvaara band kar diya hai. aitihaasik Gates Bāab (safalta ke gate) uz - jafar - 1835 mein ab kotavaali Ves (kotavaali gate) ke roop mein jaana jaata hai Bendsura ke pashchimi kinaare par banaaya gaya tha. faatak kharaab haalat mein ab aur baain taraf aasann fatah burj lagbhag chala gaya hai.

shahar ke ateet mein kai faatakon aur ek chhota sa kila tha [8] ab chaar hi shesh hain aur kharaab haalat mein hain. ek kai ke baahar keval mahaboob ganj (ab heeraalaal chauk) mein poorvi hisse mein banaaya gaya tha. kotavaali gate (kotavaali Ves ke roop mein jaana jaata hai) Bendsura nadi ke pashchimi tat par sthit hai. yeh apne naam mil gaya hai kyonki ek police station (kotavaali) faatak ke nikat sthit tha. ek anya gate, jo ek buri haalat mein bhi hai Milliya parisar ke nikat kila mein paaya jaata hai. chautha gate basheer ganj kshetr mein hai aur shaayad anya faatak, sabse shaayad apne burj par gambhir jo kuchh soofi buland shaah ke hone ke liye kaha jaata hai ke kaaran ki tulana mein ek chhote se behtar haalat mein hai.

janasaankhyiki

2001 Bhaarat ki janaganana ke roop mein, [18] beed shahar 138,091 ki aabaadi thi. purush janasankhya 71,790 hai aur mahilaaon ke 66,301 gathan. shahar mein prati hajaar purushon 923.54 mahilaaen hain. janm dar 15.9 hai jo 22 ke raashtreeya ausat ki tulana mein kam hai. mrutyu dar 3 jo 8.2 ke raashtreeya ausat ki tulana mein kam hai. shishu mrutyu dar 71 prati hajaar jeevit janmon par jo hajaar jeevit janmon ke liye 54.6 mauton ke raashtreeya ausat ki tulana mein bahut adhik hai. tathaapi, maatru mrutyu dar 1 jo 540 ke raashtreeya ausat ki tulana mein behad kam hai. [19] beed jile Maharashtra raajya mein sabse kam ling anupaat mila hai. beed (1000 purush bachchon ke khilaaf 801) 0-6 varsh ke aayu samooh mein 2011 ki janaganana ke anusaar ke roop mein sabse kam sex purush - mahila anupaat hai. Maharashtra ke 0-6 varsh ke aayu samooh mein ling anupaat 1000 ladkon ke khilaaf ke roop mein 883 ladkiyon hai. [20]

yahaan tak ​a​aki is chhote se shahar mein Bhaarat ki dhaarmik aur saanskrutik vividhta ka ek saboot hai. bhoomi ka 69.15 kimi ² hindu, muslim, bauddh, jain, isaai aur sikh samudaaya ke liye ghar hai. 41% - ek ganana shahar mein hindu aabaadi lagbhag 40% shaamil hain. 12,307 hinduon ko shahar mein 1901 mein rah rahe the, jo tatkaaleen janasankhya ka 69.64% thi. [5] yeh anupaat daliton ke ek bade paimaane par bauddh dharm aur isaai dharm ke liye roopaantaran ke baad kam ho gaya tha. iske alaava, jain aabaadi us samay hindu ke roop mein maana jaata hai. beed mein janasankhya ka lagbhag 25% shaamil musalmaanon [21] [22] 4993 musalmaanon ko jo tab ki aabaadi ka 28.25% thi 1901 mein shahar mein rah rahe the. [5] ke roop mein prati varsh 2001 ki janaganana mein 34522 tak pahuainchata hai beed mein muslim aabaadi ki ganana. jile mein dalit (anusoochit daale aur anusoochit janajaati) ka pratishat janasankhya 2001 ki janaganana mein 14.13% (anusoochit jaati 13.01% anusoochit janajaati 1.12%) hai [1] ke roop mein 2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar pariklit shahar mein dalit ki janasankhya 19512 hai. dharm, lagbhag sabhi daliton bauddh hain, lekin kuchh abhi bhi hindu rivaaj ka paalan karein. ek bauddh mandir maali chauk kshetr mein sthit hai. dharmayuddh vauch ke anusaar vahaaain +662 2000 saal jo tab janasankhya ka 0.5% tha mein shahar mein rahane vaale isaaiyon the [23] 1901 mein shahar mein 68 keval isaaiyon ke rahane vaale the aur unamein se jyaadaatar deshi the. [5] protesteint (Bhagwan ki vidhaanasabhaaon) aur roman Catholic church (seint N) shahar mein sthit hain. ek mishnari seint N school abhijaat varg ke utkrusht buniyaadi suvidhaaon ke saath ek pratishtha hai. jain samudaaya (donon Svetambar aur diganbar jain) bhi donon samudaayon ke mandiron ke saath upasthiti hai. diganbar jain mandir joona baajaar, lagbhag poori tarah se muslim kshetr mein sthit hai. sikhon shaayad shahar mein sabse chhoti ikaai dhaarmik hain lekin unke gurudvaara jo 1895 mein nirmit hone ke liye kaha hai. [8] urdoo (Deccani ekseint) musalmaanon ke liye maatrubhaasha hai. hai. hinduon aur daliton maraathi bolte hain. anya samudaayon sanchaar ki ek vidha ke roop mein maraathi aur hindi ka upayog karein. aadhikaarik taur par maraathi, hindi aur angreji bhaasha ke upayog mein hain.

rashaasan

basheer ganj mein nagar parishad ki nai imaarat

nagarapaalika parishad (1952 mein sthaapit) shahar hai jo shahar ki seema ke bheetar jo vartamaan mein 69.15 varg kilometer hai maamalon ke liye seedhe taur par jimmedaar hai ke liye prashaasanik nikaaya hai. shahar ke 40 wardon mein baanta gaya hai, pratyek ward mein apne nirvaachit pratinidhi 'paarshad' kaha jaata hai. paarshadon parishad ke 'raashtrapati' jo hamesha party hai jo parishad mein bahumat se chunaav. nagarapaalika chunaav har paanch saal ke baad aayojit ki jaati hain. jile ke police adheekshak jo kaaryaalaya shahar mein hai. do police stationon shahar ke poorvi aur pashchimi bhaagon ko kavar ke police adheekshak ke tahat parichaalan kar rahe hain. sanskruti biryaani - ek sabse aam maansaahaari pakavaan ki.

sanskruti, haalaanki theth naheen hai, mukhya roop se Maharashtra ke hai. seema shulk dhaarmik vivaah aur anya kaaryon mein peechha kar rahe hain. parivaar, seema shulk aur dharm abhi bhi samaaj mein mahatva rakhati hai. khaadya mote taur par shaakaahaari hai, lekin masaaledaar maansaahaari bhojan bhi lokapriya hai. kai restaurant, dhaabon aur sadak ke kinaare khaadya dukaanon maansaahaari bhojan pradaan karte hain. chikn shaayad samaaj ke sabhi sanpradaayon mein sabse lokapriya gair shaakaahaari bhojan hai. (achaar) Achar paapad (poppadom) aur masaale ek aam uchch mirch aahaar ka hissa hain.

nai peedhi, vishesh roop se purushon, pashchimi kapde pahanane. Shalwar khaamis yuva ladkiyon mein lokapriya hai. vivaahit mahilaaon (rangeen kapde ka ek lamba tukada) saadi aur choli pahanati hain. paaramparik sangathanon lokapriya hain, yadi koi ho, keval bujurg mein. deevaali, holi, Dasehra, Eid - ul - fitr, Eid - ul - adha aur buddh jayanti pramukh tyauhaar hai. nai aavaas nirmaan mukhya roop se thos aadhaarit hain, lekin gareebon mein, dhaatu sheet ki chhaton ke saath keechad aur mortar gharon aam hain. cinema hall aur ek chhote, chhote banaae rakha udyaan ko chhodkar shahar mein koi suvidhaaon ke hain. jo 'ashok' sabse puraana hai, kuchh saal pehle saat cinema hall the, ab chaar shesh hain. do park 1969 tak nagar parishad dvaara banaae rakha gaya [4] ek chhoti lekin achhi tarah se banaae rakha ek chhota sa chidiyaaghar sahit udyaan Bendsura ke poorvi tat par sthit tha. 23 July 1989 ko ek bade paimaane par baadh yeh koi nishaan chhodne se saaf ho. haal hi mein ek chhote se bageeche ke sah chidiyaaghar khaas baag kshetr mein nirmaan kiya gaya hai, lekin yeh bahut sudhaar ki jaroorat hai. parivhan

shahar ke sadak maarg se hi pahuaincha ja sakta hai. raashtreeya raajamaarg 211, solaapur dhuliya jodne shahar ke maadhyam se gujarata hai. Maharashtra raajya sadak parivhan nigam (MSRTC) ek raajya ke svaamitv waali parivhan company Maharashtra aur padosi raajyon mein pramukh shaharon ke liye bas ka upayog pradaan karta hai. kuchh niji paryatan agencyon ko bhi raajya ke pramukh shaharon ke liye seva hai. niktatam ghareloo havaai adde (133 kimi) Aurangabad, niktatam antararaashtreeya havaai addon (418 kimi) mumbai, Hyderabad (428 kimi) aur Pune (250 kimi) hain. najadeeki railway stationon jalana (110 kimi), parali (120 kimi) Aurangabad (133 kimi) aur ahamadanagar (145 kimi) hain. auto riksha shahar ke bheetar saarvajanik parivhan ka ekamaatr saadhan hai. shahar ke andar sadak ausat chaudaai aur ausat se neeche gunavatta ke hain. railway line ka upayog shaayad shahar ke logon ke liye sabse bahuprateekshit baat hai.

arthavyavastha

beed ek naganya vruddhi ke saath ek pichhde arthavyavastha hai. sarama samiti 1997 mein Bhaarat mein 100 sabse pichhde jilon mein se ek ke roop mein soocheebaddh kiya gaya hai beed [19] is listing ke baad Bhaarat ki sarkaar aur Maharashtra ki sarkaar ne 'di' ke kshetr ke roop mein beed shahar nirdisht kar chhutti aur riyaayaton ki ghoshana ke liye aakarshan hai. niveshakon ko jile mein [24] paani ki aapoorti aur parivhan ki suvidha ki samuchit vyavastha ke bina, is ghoshana naheen hui. aarthik pichhdepan praakrutik sansaadhanon, lagaataar sookha, achha parivhan suvidhaaon aur bhrashtaachaar ki kami ki kami ko jimmedaar thaharaaya hai. [21] arthavyavastha poori tarah se monsoon nirbhar krushi, seva kshetr aur chhote vyavasaayon par nirbhar karta hai. beed ke saath 15,303 rupaye prati vyakti sakal ghareloo utpaad (GDP) mein Maharashtra ke sabse gareeb jilon mein se ek ke baare mein (380 dollar) jo Maharashtra raajya ausat sakal ghareloo utpaad (GDP) 17,079 rupaye ke baare mein (427 dollar) ki tulana mein kam hai. [21] [25] ke kuchh laghu udyogon otaai, PVC aur plastic pipe, lakdi kaatne aur sthaaneeya aadhaarit sheetal peya. vyaapaar ke kshetr mein dainik kapda ki jaroorat hai aur automobile ke chhote aur madhyam paimaane khudara aur thok kaarobaar shaamil hain. laghu vyavasaaya sabjiyon, masaalon, khaadya aur namakeen, kapda aur khilaune aadi beed kapda aur padosi shaharon aur jilon se chhote dukaanadaaron ka ek achha thok baajaar yahaaain khareed ke liye drushtikon hai sadak ke kinaare ki dukaanon aur vikretaaon shaamil hain. shiksha Milliya parisar - ek alpasankhyak shiksha kendra aur shahar ke sabse bade parisaron mein se ek 1959 mein meer raunak Ali dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya tha. bahuuddesheeya haai school - nijaam meer usmaan Ali Khan dvaara 1921 mein sthaapit kiya gaya hai, beed mein sabse puraana uchch vidyaalaya, ab ek kachare ka dher hai.

angreji, maraathi aur urdoo shiksha ke maadhyamon hain. kai schoolon aur collegeon mein bahut achha buniyaadi dhaanche aur suvidhaaon hai. praathamik shiksha jila parishad (jila parishad), beed mein mukhyaalaya dvaara prabandhit kiya jaata hai. sabhi maadhyamik schoolon aur junior collegeon Maharashtra maadhyamik aur Pune mein uchch maadhyamik shiksha ke state board se sambaddh hain. ek engineering sansthaan, aaditya engineering college. yeh ek niji college aditya bhaaoo uddheshiya sanstha dvaara 2001 mein sthaapit hai. yeh akhil bhaarateeya takaneeki shiksha parishad (eaaiseeteei) nai Delhi dvaara manjoori de di hai. pravesh eaaiiii aur raajya aayojit seeiti pareeksha ke aadhaar par kiya jaata hai college computer, soochana praudyogiki aur ELECTRNICS aur telecommucination engineering ki shaakhaaon mein engineering pradaan karta hai. ek dairy technology college, ek deintal college, ek ayurvedik medical college, do diploma engineering (ek raajya ko chalaane ka hai) kaalejon, ek homyopaithik medical college, ek diploma faarmesi college aur ek audyogik prashikshan sansthaan shahar mein vyaavasaayik shiksha ki peshakash kar rahe hain. anya collegeon mein kala, vigyaan, vaanijya aur vyaavasaayik sankaayon ki peshakash karne ke liye snaatak star ke baad. sabhi collegeon ko dau॰ baabaasaaheb Aurangabad mein ambedakar maraathavaada vishvavidyaalaya se sambaddh hain.

beed shahar jile ke shahari kshetron mein sabse jyaada saaksharata dar hai [1]. svaasthya

apne svaasthya neeti ke tahat raajya sarkaar shahar mein ek 300 bistar (jila aspataal) ganana tomograafi scan (seeti scan) jaise kuchh aadhunik suvidhaaon ke saath aspataal chalaata hai. aspataal ausat 18,000 rogiyon ko praapt karta hai aur 250 echaaaivi pareekshan maasik pradarshan [26] vibhinn niji kleenikon aur aspataalon aur ek raajya ko chalaane ka pashu aspataal bhi sevaaen pradaan kar rahe hain. inmein Vithai aspataal hai, jo sabse bada chairitebal jile mein malti speshiyliti aspataal mein 200 bistaron vaale hai.

ek homyopaithik aspataal 'Sonajirao Kshirsagar homyopaithik medical college' ke saath chal raha hai. koi suvidhaaon nyoorolauji tarah super visheshata mein upalabdh hain, Cancer aadi beed Bubonic pleg ke failane ke liye August 1994 mein duniya bhar mein surkhiyon mein tha. kuchh shodhakartaaon, haalaanki, yahaan ka pata chala beemaari pleg machi lekin jo maanadandon. [27] ke roop mein prati pushti naheen sakta khel

cricket undisputedly hai, shahar mein sabse lokapriya khel hai. vahaaain kai chhote club cricket khelne hain. raajya stareeya football haal ke dinon mein aayojit pratiyogitaaon mein bhi football aur kuchh futabaul club ke liye pyaar hai shah bhi ubhara kiya gaya hai. vahaaain ek achhi khareedaari jatil hai, lekin gareeb khel suvidhaaon ke saath ek madhyam aakaar ke shahar mein jila stadium hai. 23 raashtreeya junior kho - kho championship 2002 mein stadium mein aayojit kiya gaya. raajya stareeya vaaleebaal aur kabaddi pratiyogitaaon bhi 90 ke dashak ke ant mein aayojit ki gayi. taayakvondo ki tarah khel ki lokapriyta praapt kar rahe hain. jile mein bhi 2008 mein 22 raajya taaikvaando championship ka aayojan kiya. media aur sanchaar aakaashavaani radio prasaaran tower audyogik kshetr (emaaaideesi) mein beed.

adhik se adhik ek darjan maraathi aur do urdoo Dailys shahar se prakaashit kar rahe hain. beed (samaachaar patra) reporter, Champavati Patr (samaachaar patra), lok Prashn (samaachaar patra), Lokasha (samaachaar patra), Parshv bhoomi (samaachaar patra) aur Zunjar Neta pramukh maraathi dainik samaachaar patron hain. sthaaneeya aur kshetreeya samaachaar, sthaaneeya muddon aur raajaneeti par aparaadh aur kahaaniyon lekh dainik samaachaar patron ke saamaanya visheshataaen hain. maraathi, urdoo, hindi aur angreji dainik samaachaar patron sahit Bhaarat ke vibhinn shaharon se prakaashan raashtreeya dainik samaachaar patron mein bhi pravesh kiya hai. shahar naheen patrikaaon mein prakaashit kar rahe hain, lekin sabhi pramukh raashtreeya patrikaaon ke paathakon hai. 1961 mein vahaaain beed vinimay mein keval 51 kaam kar rahe telephone kanekshan the. aaj Bhaarat sanchaar nigam limited (BSNL), ek raajya ke svaamitv vaale telephone seva pradaata, 15,000 se adhik graahakon hai. yeh bhi braudabaind Internet line shuroo ki hai. 2004 mein jile ki pehli mobile phone seva 'idea' dvaara shahar mein shuroo kiya gaya tha. ki BSNL, Airtel, vodaafon, BPL, tata indikaum aur Reliance ke baad bhi badhte baajaar mein kood gaya. 1982 mein tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri indira Gandhi ne sthaleeya television rile kendra ki neenv ka patthar, poorvi pahaadiyon par sthit hai daal diya. keval dooradarshan 1990 tak upalabdh tha jab upagrah channelon aur kebal oparetaron ke kaarobaar shuroo kar diya. kuchh utsaahi ek sthaaneeya kebal channel 'beed news' shuroo kar diya hai. yeh sthaaneeya samaachaar coverage aur naatakon samay ki filmon ko aaraam pradaan karta hai. all India radio efaem 102.9 megaahartj par beed, [28] prasaaran samaachaar, film aur lok sangeet, vividh bhaarati aur kaaryakramon ke kaaryakramon mein krushi aur svaasthya shiksha par aadhaarit hai. 21 veen sadi mein aur muddon aur chunautiyon

ek poore ke roop mein beed jile -

 gareebi rekha se neeche ki aabaadi = 32.4%
 saaksharata = 68.48%
 saakshar mahilaaon = 55.38%
 surakshit peene ke paani (bastiyon ko) = 66.1% ki anumaanit coverage
 gaanvon pakki sadkon se naheen juda hua = 52.82% [29]

beed shahar -

 mahila saaksharata = 65.26%
 ling anupaat 2001 ke roop mein Bhaarat ki janaganana = 923.54 prati hajaar purushon mahilaaon, [18]

beed ek upekshit aur pichhde kshetr ke roop mein ek lamba itihaas hai. 1960 ke dashak mein audyogik aur aarthik pichhdepan, achhi parivhan suvidha ki kami, bijli aur saaksharata muddon the aur aaj ve bhi ek hi hain. [21] [30] kai railway line ki suvidha ke mudde ke saath chunaav lada gaya hai. haal ke dinon mein muddon ki soochi ko peene ke paani ki aapoorti aur bijli, lagaataar sookhe, asafal fasalon aur kisaanon, berojgaari, bhrashtaachaar aur badhti aparaadhon ki aatmahatya ki kami ke saath chala gaya hai. [21] beed bhi record Maharashtra mein sabse jyaada bijli chori. lagbhag 60% karne ke liye jile ke liye bijli ki aapoorti se pehle yeh upabhoktaaon ko jo iske liye bhugataan karne ke liye pahuainch sakte hain chori ki hai. iske alaava, avaitanik bijli ke bill ko lagbhag 4540 karod rupae ($ 113 ke baare mein M) chalaata hai. [31]

saamaajik aur paryaavaran ke muddon par poore desh ki tulana mein alag naheen hain. maanav adhikaar (visheshakar mahilaaon aur bachchon ke), baal shram, gareebi, badhti echaaaivi sankraman, dhaarmik sangharsh, maanav taskari aur yaun shoshan ke beed mein kuchh pramukh saamaajik chinta ke muddon hain. shahar mein ling anupaat mein giraavat par bhi hai ke roop mein mahila shishuon ki bhroon hatya ki vajah se poore desh ka maamala hai.

jile IndianNgos.com anusandhaan aur Bhaarat bhar mein 586 jilon ke vishleshan par aadhaarit hai. [32] [33] maanav vikaas soochakaank (echadeeaai), 30 jilon ke baahar yooenadeepi vidhi, beed rainkon 18 ka upayog kar raajya mein Bhaarat mein saaksharata mein 143 raink Maharashtra ke 0.47 HDI saath. yeh 7 21.21 ke maanav gareebi soochakaank (HPI) ke saath raajya mein sabse gareeb jila hai. [25] vanon ki kataai, banjar, lagaataar sookha, jalaashayon aur peene ke paani ki charam kami sikud, vishesh roop se graameen kshetron mein pramukh mudde hain jo tatkaal dhyaan dene ki jaroorat hai. sarkaari aankadon ke anusaar beed jile, keval 2.47 pratishat van kshetr hai ki kam gunavatta ka bhi hai. [1]

beed ek aitihaasik shahar hai iska pehla naam chanpaavati nagar tha