bauddh dharm ke teerth sthal

teerth yaatra
bauddh
dhaarmik sthal
Dharma Wheel.svg
chaar mukhya sthal
lumbini · bodh gaya
saaranaath · kusheenagar
chaar anya sthal
shraavasti · raajageer
sanakissa · vaishaali
anya sthal
Patna · gaya
kaushaambi · Mathura
kapilvastu · devadaha
kesariya · paava
naalanda · Varanasi
baad ke sthal
saaainchi · ratnaagiri
ellora · ajanta
bhaarahat
dekhein samvaad

bauddh dharm ke bahut se teerth sthal hain. inmein se kuchh pramukh is prakaar se hain:-

pramukh sthal

lumbini

yeh sthaan Nepal ki taraai mein poorvottar railway ki Gorakhpur-nautanavaaain line ke nautanavaaain station se 20 meal aur Gorakhpur-gonda line ke naugadh station se 10 meal door hai.

naugadh se yahaaain tak pakka maarg bhi ban gaya hai. Gautam buddh ka janm yaheen hua tha. yahaaain ke praacheen vihaar nasht ho chuke hain. keval ashok ka ek stambh hai, jis par khuda hai- 'bhagavaan‌ buddh ka janm yahaaain hua tha.' is stambh ke atirikt ek samaadhi stoop bhi hai, jismein buddh ki ek moorti hai. Nepal sarkaar dvaara nirmit do stoop aur hain. rukmanadei ka mandir darshaneeya hai. ek pushkarini bhi yahaaain hai|

baudh dharm teerth sthal

bodhagaya

yahaaain buddh ne 'bodh' praapt kiya tha. Bhaarat ke Bihar mein sthit gaya station se yeh sthaan 7 meal door hai.

saaranaath

banaaras chhaavani station se paaainch meal, banaaras-city station se teen meal aur sadak maarg se saaranaath chaar meal padta hai. yeh poorvottar railway ka station hai aur banaaras se yahaaain jaane ke liye savaariyaaain- taaainga, riksha aadi milte hain. saaranaath mein bauddh-dharmashaala hai. yeh bauddh-teerth hai. Bhagwan buddh ne apna pratham upadesh yaheen diya tha. yaheen se unhonne dharmachakr pravartan praarambh kiya tha. saaranaath ki darshaneeya vastueain hain- ashok ka chaturmukh Singh-stambh, Bhagwan buddh ka mandir (yahi yahaaain ka pradhaan mandir bhi hai), dhamekh stoop, chaukhandi stoop, saaranaath ka vastu-sangrahaalaya, jain mandir, moolagandhakuti aur naveen vihaar.

saaranaath bauddh dharm ka pradhaan kendra tha kintu mohammad Gauri ne aakraman karke ise nasht-bhrasht kar diya. vah yahaaain ki svarn-moortiyaaain utha le gaya aur kalaapoorn moortiyon ko usane tod daala. falat: saaranaath ujaad ho gaya. keval dhamekh stoop tooti-footi dasha mein bacha raha. yeh sthaan charaagaah maatr rah gaya tha. san‌ 1905 E. mein puraatatv vibhaag ne yahaaain khudaai ka kaam praarambh kiya. itihaas ke vidvaanon tatha bauddh-dharm ke anuyaayiyon ka idhar dhyaan gaya. tab se saaranaath mahatva praapt karne laga. iska jeernoddhaar hua, yahaaain naveen vihaar va vastu-sangrahaalaya sthaapit hua, Bhagwan buddh ka mandir aur bauddh-dharmashaala bhi bani. saaranaath ab baraabar vistrut hota ja raha hai.

jain granthon mein ise sinhapur kaha gaya hai. jain dharmaavalanbi ise atishya kshetr maanate hain. shreyaansanaath ke yahaaain garbh, janm aur tap- ye teen kalyaan hue hain. yahaaain ke jain mandiron mein shreyaansanaathaji ki pratima bhi hai. is mandir ke saamane hi ashok stambh hai.

kusheenagar
bauddh dharm

ki shreni ka hissa

Dharma Wheel.svg
bauddh dharm ka itihaas
· bauddh dharm ka kaalakram
· bauddh sanskruti
buniyaadi manobhaav
chaar aarya satya ·
aarya ashtaang maarg ·
nirvaan · trirtn · painchasheel
aham vyakti
shaakyamuni budh ·
Gautam buddh · bodhistv
kshetraanusaar bauddh dharm
dakshin-poorvi bauddh dharm
· cheeni bauddh dharm
· tibbati bauddh dharm ·
pashchimi bauddh dharm
bauddh saampradaaya
theraavaad · mahaayaan
· vajrayaan
bauddh saahitya
triptak · paali granth sangrah
· vinaya
· paali sootr · mahaayaan sootr
· abhidhrm · bauddh tantr

Gorakhpur jile mein kasiya naamak sthaan hi praacheen kusheenagar hai. Gorakhpur se kasiya (kusheenagar) 36 meal hai. yahaaain tak Gorakhpur se pakki sadak gayi hai, jis par motor-bas chalti hai. yahaaain bidlaaji ki dharmashaala hai tatha Bhagwan buddh ka smaarak hai. yahaaain khudaai se nikli moortiyon ke atirikt maathaakuainvar ka kota 'parinirvaan stoop' tatha 'vihaar stoop' darshaneeya hain. 80 varsh ki avastha mein tathaagat buddh ne do shaal vrukshon ke madhya yahaaain mahaaparinirvaan praapt kiya tha. yeh prasiddh bauddh teerth hai.

anya teerth sthal

tathaagat ke nirvaan ke pashchaat unke shareer ke avashesh (asthiyaaain) aath bhaagon mein vibhaajit hue aur un par aath sthaanon mein aath stoop banaae gaye hain. jis ghade mein ve asthiyaaain rakhi theen, us ghade par ek stoop bana aur ek stoop tathaagat ki chita ke angaar (bhasm) ko lekar uske oopar bana. is prakaar kul das stoop bane.

aath mukhya stoop- kusheenagar, paavaagadh, vaishaali, kapilvastu, raamagraam, allakalp, raajagruh tatha betadveep mein bane. pippaleeya van mein angaar stoop bana. kumbh stoop bhi sanbhavat: kusheenagar ke paas hi bana. in sthaanon mein kusheenagar, paavaagadh, raajagruh, betadveep (bet-dvaaraka) prasiddh hain. pippaleeya van, allakalp, raamagraam ka pata naheen hai. kapilvastu tatha vaishaali bhi prasiddh sthaan hain.

shraavasti ka stoop

poorvottar railway ki Gorakhpur-gonda line par sthit balaraamapur station se 12 meal pashchim saheth-maheth gram hi praacheen shraavasti hai. yeh kosal desh ki rajdhani thi. Bhagwan shreeraam ke putr love ne ise apni rajdhani banaaya tha. kuchh logon ka mat hai ki mahaabhaarat yuddh ke pashchaat yudhishthir ke ashvamedh yagya ke ashv ki raksha karte hue arjun ko yaheen ke Rajkumar sudhanva se yuddh karna pada tha. shraavasti bauddh evam jain donon ka teerth hai. yahaaain buddh ne chamatkaar dikhaaya tha. tathaagat deerghakaal tak shraavasti mein rahe the. ab yahaaain bauddh dharmashaala hai tatha bauddhamath bhi hai. Bhagwan buddh ka mandir bhi hai.

saaainchi ka stoop

Bhopal se 28 meal door aur bhelasa se 6 meal poorv saaainchi station hai. udayagiri se saaainchi paas hi hai. yahaaain bauddh stoop hain, jinmein ek ki ooainchaai 42 foot hai. saaainchi stoopon ki kala prakhyaat hai. saaainchi se 5 meal sonaari ke paas 8 bauddh stoop hain aur saaainchi se 7 meal par bhojapur ke paas 37 bauddh stoop hain. saaainchi mein pehle bauddh vihaar bhi the. yahaaain ek sarovar hai, jiski seedhiyaaain buddh ke samay ki kahi jaati hain.

chanpaaner paavaagadh

pashchim railway ki Mumbai-Delhi line mein Baroda se 23 meal aage chaaainpaaner road station hai. vahaaain se ek line paani-maains tak jaati hai. is line par chaaainpaaner road se 12 meal par paavaagadh station hai. station se paavaagadh basti lagbhag ek meal door hai. Baroda ya godhara se paavaagadh tak motor-bas dvaara bhi aa sakte hain. paavaagadh mein prasiddh bauddh stoop hain.

kaushaambi

Allahabad jile mein bharavaari station se 16 meal par. yahaaain ek stoop ke neeche buddh Bhagwan ke kesh tatha nakh surakshit hain.

peshaavar

pashchimi Pakistan mein prasiddh nagar hai. yahaaain sabse bade aur ooainche stoop ke neeche se buddh Bhagwan ki asthiyaaain khudaai mein nikleen. yeh stoop samraat kanishk ne banavaaya tha.

baamiyaan

Afghanistan mein baamiyaan kshetr bauddhadharm prachaar ka pramukh kendra tha. bauddh kaal mein hindu kush parvat se lekar kandahaar tak anek stoop the.