basholi

basholi
nagar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Jammu aur Kashmir
jila kathuaa
janasankhya 5,865 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 460 meter (1,509 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 32°a30′aN 75°a49′aE / 32.50°aN 75.82°aE / 32.50; 75.82 basholi ya basohali bhaarateeya raajya Jammu aur Kashmir ke jile kathuaa mein sthit ek nagar ya kasba hai. yeh sthaan apni ek vishesh prakaar ki chitrakala jise basholi chitrakala kehte hain, ke liye prasiddh hai.

anukram

bhoogol

basholi 32°a30′aN 75°a49′aE / 32.50°aN 75.82°aE / 32.50; 75.82[1]nirdeshaankon par sthit hai. iski ausat ooainchaai 460 meter (1509 foot) hai.

janasaankhyiki

Bhaarat ki 2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar[2] basholi ki janasankhya 5865 hai, jismein purushon ka pratishat 53 aur mahilaaon ka pratishat 47 hai. basholi ki saaksharata dar 77% hai, jo ki raashtreeya ausat 59.5% se adhik hai. kasbe ki 12% janasankhya, 6 varsh se kam aayu ke bachchon ki hai.

basholi chitrakala

ganesh (E. 1730).[3]

basholi apni vishesh prakaar ki chitrakaari, basholi chitrakala ke liye prasiddh hai. ise pahaadi chitrakala ke pratham roop ke roop mein sveekaar kiya jaata hai jo antat: athaarahaveen sadi ke madhya mein kaangada chitrakala ke roop mein viksit hui.[4]

itihaas

apni kalaatmak shreshthata aur raajasi sanrakshan dvaara poshit basholi chitrakala ko aaj chitrakala ki ek jordaar, saahasik, kalpanaasheel, aparanparaagat aur kalaatmak roop se dhani shaili mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. satrahaveen aur athaaharaveen sadi ki shuruaat mein praathamik rangon ka adhik prayog aur vishesh prakaar ke chehare is shaili ki chitrakala ka pramukh gun tha, jo pashchimi himaalaya ki talahati mein yaani Jammu aur Punjab mein adhik prachalit tha. is shaili ke shuruaati chitr raaja kirpaal paal (1678-1693) ke samay ke hain. [5].

basholi se shuru hokar chitrakala ki yeh shaili manakot, noorapur, kulloo, mandi, suket, bilaasapur, naalaagadh, chanba, kaangada aur guler ke pahaadi raajyon tak fail gayi. basholi chitrakala ka pehla ullekh 1921 mein prakaashit bhaarateeya puraatatv sarvekshan vibhaag ki vaarshik report mein hai.

chitradeergha

sandarbh

  1. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bashohli
  2. "Bhaarat ki janaganana 2001: 2001 ki janaganana ke aaainkade, mahanagar, nagar aur gram sahit (anantim)". bhaarateeya janaganana aayog. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. abhigman tithi: 2007-09-03.
  3. raashtreeya sangrahaalaya, nai Delhi. kaarya ke vivran hetu dekhein: Martin-dubost (1997), pru. 73, jiske anusaar: "ganesh apna kamal feinkane vaale hain. basholi laghuchitr, isavi 1730. raashtreeya sangrahaalaya, nai Delhi. poore laal rang ke shareer par naarangi dhoti pahane hain. unke chhote se mukut ke teen konon par kamal ki kali sushobhit hain. ganesh ne apne dono daaen haathon mein se ek mein maala aur doosare mein teen modakon ka paatr utha rakha hai, jabki ek chautha modak unhonein apni soond se uthaaya hua hai aur jise vo chakhane hi vaale hain. apne baaen dono haathon me se ek mein ek kamal pushp aur doosare mein ek parashu utha rakha hai aur is parashu ka hattha unke skandh par jhuka hai. mudagalapuraan (saptam,70), ke anusaar ahankaar ke raakshas mamaasur jisne un par aakraman kiya tha, ke vadh ke liye, ganesh vighnaraaj ne us par kamal feinka tha. us daivik pushp ki gandh se vichlit hokar mamaasur ne ganesh ke samaksh samarpan kiya."
  4. Pahari centres Arts of India: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, Music, Dance and Handicraft, by Krishna Chaitanya. Published by Abhinav Publications, 1987. ISBN 81-7017-209-8. Page 62.
  5. A Review of Basohli Style in Indian Painting, Chandramani Singh, Kailash - Journal of Himalayan Studies vol 2, Number 1&2, 1974 [1]