bartraind rasal

bartraind rasal (angreji mein -'Bertrand Russell')
Bertrand Russell transparent bg.png
janm bartraind aarthar William rasal (angreji mein -'Bertrand Arthur William Russell')
18 May 1872
Trellech, Monmouthshire,[1] United Kingdom
nidhan 2 fravari 1970(1970-02-02) (umr 97)
Penrhyndeudraeth, Wales, United Kingdom
nivaas United Kingdom
raashtriyta British
yug 20th-century philosophy
kshetr Western philosophy
School Analytic philosophy
abhiruchi
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Logic
  • Mathematics
  • Metaphysics
  • History of philosophy
  • Philosophy of language
  • Philosophy of logic
  • Philosophy of mathematics
  • Philosophy of mind
  • Philosophy of perception
  • Philosophy of religion
  • Philosophy of science
ullekhaneeya vichaar
sammaan/puraskaar De Morgan Medal (1932)
Sylvester Medal (1934)
Nobel Prize in Literature (1950)
Kalinga Prize (1957)
Jerusalem Prize (1963)
hastaakshar Bertrand Russell signature.svg


bartreind Russel

bartreind Russel (18 May 1872 - 3 fravari 1970) antararaashtreeya khyaati praapt british daarshanik, ganitjnya, vaigyaanik, shikshaashaastri, raajaneetijnya, samaajashaastri tatha lekhak the.

anukram

jeevani

Russel ka janm trelek, vels ke praacheenatam evam pratishthit raselagharaane mein 18 May san 1872 mein hua tha. teen varsh ki abodhaavastha mein hi ye anaath ho gaye. inke sar se maata-pita ka saaya uth gaya. inke pitaamah ne inka laalan-paalan kiya. inki shiksha-deeksha ghar par hi hui. unka parivaar Britain ke un aitihaasik parivaaron mein raha, jinhonne britren ki raajaneeti mein sadaiv mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai, lekin us yug mein stri mataadhikaar tatha janasankhya niyantran jaise varjit muddon ki vakaalat ke liye yeh parivaar vivaadaaspad bhi raha. inke agraj ki mrutyu ke pashchaat 35 varsh ki vaya mein inhein laard ki upaadhi praapt hui. inka chaar baar vivaah hua. pratham vivaah 22 varsh ki vaya mein aur antim 80 varsh ki vaya mein.

shiksha evam kaarya

arl Russel ne triniti college, Cambridge se ganit aur naitik vigyaan ki shiksha pai. chhattees varsh ki chhoti umr mein hi unhein royal society ka felo bana diya gaya. ve febiyn society, mukt vyaapaar aandolan, stri mataadhikaar, vishv shaanti tatha parmaanu astron ke nishedh ke poorn samarthak the. unhonne kai vishyon par anek pustakein likheen, jinmein pramukh hain- history ov western filaasaufi, the prinsipls ov methemetiks, mairij end maurals, the praablam ov chaayana, anaormd viktri tatha prinsipls ov social rikanstrakshan aadi.

praarambh se hi inki ruchi ganit aur darshan ki or thi, baad mein samaajashaastr inka teesara vishay ho gaya. inhonne 11 varsh ki alp vaya mein ganit ke ek siddhaant ka anusandhaan kiya tha jo inke jeevan ki ek mahaan ghatna thi. ganit ke kshetr mein inki den shaastreeya thi, jisse vah bahut lokapriya naheen ho sake, lekin mahaanata nirvivaad hai. A. N. hvaaikahaid ke sahayog se rachit "prisipiya maithemetika" apne dhang ka apoorv granth hai. inhonne "naabhiki bhautiki" aur "saapekshata" par bhi likha hai.

batrreind Russel "raayal hyooman society" ke sadasya rahe. pratham vishvayuddh ke samay apni shaantivaadi neetiyon ke kaaran inhein jelayaatra karni padi. mahaayuddh ki samaapti ke pashchaat "bolshevijm" par ek granth ki rachana ki. ye peking, Chicago, hauravard aur New York ke vishvavidyaalayon mein darshanashaastr ke praadhyaapak rahe. ye Britain ki "India league" ke adhyaksh chune gaye the. at: Bhaarat ke svatantrata sangraam se bhi inka nikat ka sambandh tha. apni ichha ke vipreet ye sadaiv kisi na kisi vivaad ya aandolan se sambandhit rahe. vruddhaavastha mein bhi ye parmaanu-pareekshanavirodhi aandolanon ke sootradhaar the. "vivaah aur naitikta" naam ki inki pustak lambi avadhi tak vivaad ka vishay bani rahi. dviteeya vishvayuddh ki vibheeshika ke falasvaroop ganit aur darshan ke atirikt samaajashaastr, raajaneeti, shiksha evam naitikta sambandhi samasyaaon ne bhi inki chintanadhaara ko prabhaavit kiya. ye vishvasangheeya sarkaar ke kattar samarthak the. inhonne paap ki paranparaavaadi galat dhaara ka khandan kar aadhunik yug mein paap ke prati yathaarthavaadi evam vaigyaanik drushtikon ka pratipaadan kiya.

batrreind Russel beesaveen shati ke prakhyaat daarshanik, mahaan ganitjnya aur shaanti ke agradoot the. vishv ki chintanadhaara ko itna adhik prabhaavit karanevaale aise mahaapurush kabhi kadaachit hi utpann hote hain. inhein maanavata se prem tha; ye jeevanaparyant is yug ke paakhandon aur buraaiyon ke viruddh sangharsharat rahe. yuddh, paramaanavik pareekshan evam varnabhed ka virodh inka lakshya tha. dakshin viytanaam mein amareeka ke sainikon ki barbarata aur narasanhaar ki jaaainch ke liye sanyuktaraashtr sangh se antarraashtreeya yuddhaaparaadh aayog ke gathan ki sabal shabdon mein maaaing kar is mahaamaanav ne vishvamaanavata ka sarvochch sthaan par pratishthit kiya.

san 1950 mein inhein saahitya ka "Nobel" puraskaar pradaan kiya gaya. inhonne 40 granthon ka pranayan kiya tha. "introduction tu maithemetikl filausaufi", aautalaain ov filausaufi" tatha mairej eeind morailiti" iski mahatvapoorn krutiyaaain hain.

3 fravari 1970 ko 98 varsh ki vaya mein inka dehaant ho gaya.

sammaan evam puraskaar

Russel ko kai puraskaar va sammaan praapt hue, jinmein order ov merit (1949), saahitya Nobel puraskaar (1950), kaling puraskaar (1957) tatha denish soning puraskaar (1960) pramukh hain. bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan ke prati apni sahaanubhooti ke kaaran unhein Britain mein bani India league ka adhyaksh bhi banaaya gaya. prem paane ki utkantha, gyaan ki khoj tatha maanav ki peedaaon ke prati aseem sahaanubhooti in teen bhaavaavegon ne unke 97 varsh lambe jeevan ko sanchaalit kiya.

hastaakshar

BetrandRussell Autograph.jpg

sandarbh

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