barmi bhaasha

barmi bhaasha bolne vaale kshetr

barmi bhaasha (barmi bhaasha mein : မaaြaaနaa်aaမaaာaaဘaaာaaသaaာ / mranmaabhaasa) , svatantr desh myaanmaar (barma) ki raajabhaasha hai. yeh mukhya roop se brahmadesh (barma ka sanskrut naam) mein boli jaati hai. myaanmaar ki seema se sate bhaarateeya raajyon asam, manipur evam andamaan aur nikobaar dweep samooh mein bhi kuchh log is bhaasha ka prayog karte hain.

anukram

bhaasha parivaar

barmi bhaasha tibbati-barmi bhaasha-parivaar mein aati hai jo aarya evam cheeni bhaasha parivaar ke beech mein hai. tibbati-barmi bhaashaaparivaar mein bhi barmi shaakha evam tibbati shaakha - ye do prakaar hain. barmi bhaasha mein cheeni bhaasha ki tarah kuchh shabd ayogaatmak bhi hote hain tatha aaryabhaashaaon ki tarah usamein kuchh shabd yogaatmak bhi hote hain.

myaamaar ki bhaashaaeain

myaanmaar ke bhaasha parivaar
  • 1 = barmi bhaasha bolne vaale kshetr
  • 2 = tibbati-barmi bhaasha bhaashi kshetr
  • 3 = tibbati-barmi bolne vaale kshetr : araakaani tatha barmi
  • 4 = karen (tibbati-barmi bhaasha parivaar)
  • anya bhaasha-parivaar :
  • 5= shaan praant thai tatha dakshini thai
  • 7 = mon praant - mon bhaasha (mon-khamer bhaashaaeain)

barmi bhaasha ki saamaanya visheshataaeain

  • barmi bhaasha ke adhikaansh shabd ek ya do akshar (silaibal) ke hote hain kintu unamein pratyaya judne ke kaaran unka ekaakshareepan chhip jaata hai.
  • barmi bhaasha ek tonal bhaasha hai jismein teen ton hain- ooainchi, madhyam aur neechi.
  • barmi mein 33 vyanjan aur 7 svar hain jo naasikya ho sakte hain.
  • anya bhaashaaon ki tarah barmi bhaasha ke do roop hain - maukhik tatha likhit roop. in donon roopon mein keval shabdaavali ka hi antar naheen hota balki vyaakaran mein bhi antar ho sakta hai.

lipi

aajkal ki barmi lipi mein paali bhaasha ke prabhaav se 33 vyanjan aur 12 svar maane jaate hain. vastut: barmi boli mein varg ke chaturth akshar tatha sampoorn dantya varg naheen hota, isliye praaya: barmi mein varg ke truteeya evam chaturth aksharon ka samaan uchchaaran tatha moordhanya evam dantya vargon ke aksharon ka bhi samaan roop se uchchaaran hota hai. vaidik sanskrut evam paali mein prayukt k ka barmi saahitya mein prayog kiye jaane par bhi vah boli mein naheen hota. barmi bhaasha mein jo 64 svar hote hain unhein 64 "kaaraant" bhi kehte hain. in svaron ke bal par hi sansaar ki bhaashaaon ka uchchaaran barmi bhaasha mein likha ja sakta hai.

saahitya

anya deshon ki bhaaainti barma ka bhi apna saahitya hai jo apne mein poorn evam samruddh hai. barmi saahitya ka abhyudaya praaya: kaavyakala ko protsaahan denevaale raajaaon ke darbaar mein hua hai isliye barmi saahitya ke maanavi kaviyon ka sambandh vaibhavashaali maheepaalon ke saath sthaapit hai. raajasi vaataavaran mein abhyudaya evam prasaar paane ke kaaran barmi saahitya atyant sushlisht tatha prabhaavashaali ho gaya hai.

barmi saahitya ke antargat buddhavachan (tripitk), attakatha tatha teeka granthon ke anuvaad sammilit hain. barmi bhaasha mein gadya aur padya donon prakaar ki saahitya vidhaaeain maulik roop se milti hain. ismein ayurvedik granthon ke anuvaad bhi hain. paali saahitya ke prabhaav se iski shaili bhaarateeya hai tatha boli apni hai. paali ke paaribhaashik tatha maulik shabd is bhaasha mein barmeekrut roop mein paae jaate hain. ras, chhand aur alankaaron ki yojana paali evam sanskrut se prabhaavit hai.

barmi saahitya ke vikaas ko drushti mein rakhakar vidvaanon ne ise nau kaalon mein vibhaajit kiya hai, jismein pratyek yug ke saahitya ki apni visheshata hai.

  • pagan yug (E. 1100-1297)
  • pinya yug (1298-1364 E.)
  • av yug (1364-1538)
  • ketumati yug (1530-1597)
  • dviteeya avayug (1597-1750)
  • ratanaasindh yug (1751-1885) (kunmo)
  • amarapoor yug (1886-1900)
  • mandale yug (1900-1940)
  • aadhunik yug (1941-)

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain