bannoo jila

khaibar-pakhtoonakhva praant mein bannoo jila (laal rang mein)
bannoo shahar ka ek drushya
bannoo shahar mein

bannoo (urdoo aur pashto: بaaنaaوaaں, angreji: Bannu) Pakistan ke khaibar-pakhtoonakhva praant ka ek jila hai. yeh karak jile ke dakshin mein, lucky maravat jile ke uttar mein aur uttar vajeeristaan naamak kbaaili kshetr ke poorv mein sthit hai. is jile ke mukhya shahar ka naam bhi bannoo hai. yahaaain bahut-si shushk pahaadiyaaain hain haalaanki vaise is jile mein bahut hariyaali dikhaai deti hai aur yahaaain ki dharati bahut upajaaoo hai. british raaj ke jmaane mein yahaaain ke kudarati saundarya se prabhaavit hokar bannoo ki 'svarg' se tulana bhi ki jaati thi.

anukram

vivran

bannoo jile mein san 1998 mein 6,77,346 logon ki aabaadi thi. iska kshetrafal kreeb 1,227 varg kimi hai. yahaaain paani mukhya taur par vajeeristaan ki pahaadiyon se utpann hone waali kurram nadi aur gambeela nadi (urf tochi nadi) se aata hai. bannoo pahaadi ilaaka hai jiske beech mein 100 kimi lambi aur 60 kimi chaudi bannoo vaadi vistrut hai. kurram nadi jile ke pashchimottar kone se jile mein daakhil hokar pehle to dakshin-poorv aur fir mudkar seedha dakshin ki or chalakar lucky maravat jile mein nikal jaati hai. tochi nadi (jise gambeela nadi bhi kehte hain) kurram se 6 kimi dakshin par jile mein aati hai aur fir vah bhi kurram ke baraabar chalakar lucky maravat mein chali jaati hai, jahaaain kurram mein mil jaati hai. in donon nadiyon ke beech ka doaab hi bannoo jile ka sab se upajaaoo kshetr hai.

itihaas

sanskrut ke prasiddh vaiyaakaran paanini ne sab se pehle chauthi shataabdi isaapoorv mein bannoo ka zikr kiya tha aur usaka praacheen naam 'varanu' bataaya tha. saataveen sadi isavi mein bhaarateeya upamahaadveep aaye cheeni dharmayaatri hven tsaang ne bhi bannoo ka daura kiya aur vartamaan afgaanistaan mein sthit gjni ki nagari tak gaye. paarasi dharmagranth avesta mein bhi bannoo ko 'varan' ke naam se bulaaya gaya aur kaha gaya ki ahur majd (yaani paramaatma) dvaara duniya mein banaae gaye 16 sarvotaam jagahon mein se yeh ek hai. itihaasakaaron ko bannoo ke akara naamak kshetr mein maujood teelon mein atipraacheen sindhu ghaati sabhyata ke avashesh mile hain aur madhya Asia se aaye bahut se hamlaavaron dvaara chhode gaye tarah-tarah ke chinh bhi praapt hue hain.

jab Punjab se sikh saamraajya faila to bannoo jila bhi usaka bhaag ban gaya, haalaanki yeh ek pashtoon ilaaka hai. jab angrejon ne Punjab ko british raaj ka hissa banaaya, to bannoo bhi usamein shaamil kiya gaya. yahaaain ke fauji addon se sena ki tukadiyaan aksar tochi ghaati aur vajeeristaan ke kbaaili kshetron mein samay-samay par kaaboo paane ke liye bheji jaati theen. british jmaane mein hi fauj ke prayog ke liye dera gaaji Khan se bannoo tak ek sadak taiyaar ki gayi.

log

yahaaain ke log pathaan ya punjabi hain aur is poore kshetr mein pashto aur hindako (ek punjabi upabhaasha) boli jaati hai. yahaaain ke mukhya samudaaya is prakaar hain[1] -

  • baneeji - yeh pashtoon log ladaake aur svatantrata-pasand bataae jaate hain aur shuroo se hi afgaan, sikh aur angreji sabhi saamraajyon ke viruddh ladte rahate the.
  • vajeeri - yeh log bannoo ghaati mein pahaadon se baad mein aaye. baneejeeyon ke mukaabale mein yeh shaantipreeya hain aur kheti mein lage hue hain.
  • hindakiyon - yeh hindako bolne vaale punjabi jaat hain jo bannoo aakar bas gaye.
  • khtak - yeh ek pashtoon kbeela hai.
  • bhitaani - yeh ek chhota pashtoon kbeela hai, jo dera gaaji Khan ke kshetr mein bhi basa hua hai.
  • maravat - yeh ek pashtoon kbeela hai jiske naam par padausi lucky maravat jile ka naam pada.
  • niyaaji - yeh ek vistrut pashtoon kbeela hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh